chapter 1. « Psychological researches of understanding in psychology ».

In the first paragraph« the Understanding and behaviour »are analysed the teoretiko-psychological bases of communication of understanding and behaviour. The question on possibility of forecasting of behaviour of the person is brought up, considering character of understanding by it of a situation.
Are surveyed agrumenty in favour of understanding and behaviour communication (V.V. Znakov, D.A.Leontev, D.Magnusson,

G.L.Tulchinsky, G. Lange, W.L. Thomas, F. Znanieck) and against presence of similar communication (V.Bem, M.Mej, R.Nisbett, L.Ross, H.Tome, G.L.Tulchinsky, G.Hartshorn, H.Hekhauzen).

Understanding the subject of world around and its action on world transformation vzaimoobuslovleny. Successfully to predict behaviour of the person in a certain situation, it is necessary to consider how he interprets this situation, its elements, understands it as whole. Besides, it is necessary to analyze specificity of perception and understanding of and the possibilities, knowledge, belief and skills, to estimate aspirations and intentions, strategic parcels, objective circumstances. It is necessary to consider not only psychological components of the person, but also moral standards, and also judgements about significant situations, i.e. to estimate representations of the person about sense of own behaviour.

In the second paragraph «understanding Psychology as the basis of interpreting of situations of manipulation» was surveyed an "understanding" category as judgement procedure – revealings and reconstruction of sense of a situation for the subject, and also smysloobrazovanija, that is comprehensions as process and result of generation of sense understood.

Our research is spent in frameworks germenevticheskoj paradigms of research of mentality to which there corresponds understanding type - understanding-interpretation (V.V. Znakov, 2008). The Understanding-interpretation arises at the subject as a result of reference understood to any certain category expressing this or that state of affairs, value, norm, sense, etc. In this case sense of the statement depends not only from objectively told, but also on subjective ways of "decoding" of the purposes speaking, the tsennostno-semantic equipments of the listener, inducing it to carry out interpreting by the reference to a certain category. A distinctive sign germenevticheskogo the approach to mentality research is research of individually-personal characteristics of the subject of knowledge and dialogue. Levels of process of understanding of the text on A.A.Brudnomu are described: installation level, recentering, formation kontsepta. Situation factors influence development and implication of the mental. There are basic groups of factors which determine understanding formation: first, the factor of activity of the understanding subject (V.N.Porus); secondly, the factor of personal conditionality of understanding (G.S.Kostyuk). An adequate explanation of behaviour of the person probably only by means of understanding of subjective value of a situation for it.
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A source: Ruslina A.O.. Age, sex, and professional differences in understanding manipulation. 2008

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