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a research Urgency

In psychology active working out of a problem of interpersonal understanding has begun with the XX-th century middle. Abroad this period was marked by active studying of questions of perception and understanding people each other.
The problem was investigated in frameworks kognitivnogo directions of social psychology. In Russia studying of a problem of understanding is bound to G.M.Andreevoj, A.A.Bodaleva, B.A.Yeremeyev, S.V.Kondratevoj, V.N.Kunitsinoj, V.A.Labunskoj, V.N.Panferov's names. In the approach developed by V.V. Znakovym, an understanding phenomenon it is analyzed from a position of psychology of the subject, and is more concrete – as a problem of psychology of human life.

During the present period of development of Russia in public consciousness there is a change of old values on new, their reconsideration and formation of new outlook. The modern market society is characterised by absence of stability and it is impossible without the high competition based on rivalry, competition. The number of cases of manipulation inevitably grows in these conditions public and individual consciousness

(Of this year the Penalty-murza). Manipulation is the psychological influence referred on the person, forcing it to operate according to the manipulator purposes. The manipulation is based on understanding of others. Skills of a manipulation include understanding of the purposes, intentions, the reasons of acts, features of the person. In a context of the above-stated research and revealing of the personal characteristics bound to understanding of manipulation is represented to us actual.

Leading domestic psychologists B.G.Ananev, A.N.Leontev,

S.L.Rubinshtejn, said, that in any psychological certificate is not only reflexion, but also the relation of the subject to the world. With reference to psychological researches of understanding of manipulation is one of the central theses. The understanding always includes the relation. Hence, it is possible to assume existence of two types of understanding of manipulation. This "understanding-acceptance" and "understanding-otverzhenie" which are under construction on the relation of the subject to a situation. As people concern a situation so it and understand.

One of properties of the person which is to the greatest degree bound to manipulation is makiavellizm. Makiavellizm in modern psychology it is described by two main characteristics: first, the belief of the subject that at dialogue with other people them is possible and even needs to be manipulated and, secondly, skills, abilities of a manipulation. It is possible to assume, that people with high indicators on a questionnaire makiavellizma to the person (Poppy-scale) in larger degree accept the manipulation based on unconditional acceptance of dialogue with other person as with a callous thing, its transformation into object of manipulations, and examinees with low indicators, on the contrary, consider its inadmissible.

Proceeding from the aforesaid, a research objective – to tap interrelation of personal characteristics of the person with types of understanding of manipulation.

Object of research – types of understanding of manipulation.

Object of research – the age, sexual, professional and personal characteristics bound to understanding of manipulation.

Research hypotheses:

1. Subjects with type understanding-acceptance have high level makiavellizma and a rigidity appreciation, but low estimations on smyslozhiznennym to orientations (further SZHO) and on social uneasiness. The given type of understanding meets at youthful age, than in the adult is more often; at men more often, than at women.

2. Subjects with type understanding-otverzhenie are characterised by low level of a rigidity, but an appreciation on SZHO, konformnoj an orientation in dialogue (further UFO) and high social uneasiness. This type meets at adult age, than in the youthful is more often; at women more often, than at men.
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A source: Ruslina A.O.. Age, sex, and professional differences in understanding manipulation. 2008

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