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the Basic scientific results received personally by the competitor, and their scientific novelty

Are presented scientific results of realisation akmeologicheskogo the approach synthesising researches in the field of philosophy, pedagogics, anthropology, andragogiki, the general, social and pedagogical psychology, psychology of development and age psychology, psychology of work, psychology and pedagogics of the higher school, providing a basis for the decision of a large scientific problem of working out akmeologicheskoj to the concept of professional formation of teachers of the higher school.

The concept of professional formation of teachers of the higher school which includes is developed akmeologicheskaja: teoretiko-metodologiche-skoe and an empirical substantiation of a studied problem; akmeologicheskuju model; akmeologichesky algorithm and technologies; akmeologicheskie mechanisms; akmeologicheskuju an estimation of efficiency of professional formation; conditions and factors of optimisation of process of professional formation of teachers of the higher school.

The developed concept allows to define akmeologicheskuju essence, substantial characteristics, to differentiate the purposes and problems of all stages of process of professional formation.

It is defined, that in a context of a uniform problem field of research concept źprofessional formation╗ is in a close connection with categories "subektnost", "competence", "professionalism", "self-actualisation", "self-realisation", "self-development", "efficiency", źa professional maturity╗, źprofessional identity╗, źakmeologicheskoe maintenance╗, "akme", "mikro-akme".

It is taped, that professional work, acting zhizneobrazujushchim the factor of the adult person, provides to it implication possibility subektnosti; "akme", being the higher point of achievement of the person, includes vertex achievements of each stage of professional formation which are defined as "mikro-akme"; achievements "mikro-akme" in the course of professional formation testify to its efficiency when the reached result corresponds with the purposes and to problems of each stage; professional identity, characterising for the individual the importance of a trade, provides to it possibility of self-actualisation and self-realisation in a trade.

Author's definition of concept źprofessional formation╗ which is understood as difficult, dynamic, stage-by-stage process of occurrence, fastenings and transformations of substantial characteristics potrebnostno-motivational, kognitivnoj, the personal and emotionally-strong-willed substructures, providing is made of the subject of activity possibility to show the social and professional activity referred on the decision of specific targets, overcoming of professional problems; to define a vector and the maintenance of vital strategy according to the maintenance and demands of a social situation of professional formation; to correlate a real image to the standard and to project optimum model of activity of the professional; to define points of vertex achievements at each stage.

It is shown, that akmeologicheskaja the concept of professional formation of teachers of the higher school and the maintenance of its each position reflect and provide development:

– Base requirements of the person available the positive vital purposes and prospects, conditions and the factors providing possibility in self-improvement, in constructive interaction with society, by means of performance sredoobrazujushchej functions, satisfactions of requirements for professional work sphere, in realisation of creative potential, in self-knowledge, rising available kompetentsy at all stages of professional formation;

– Requirements of professional community for actualisation sredovyh potentials, use of new technologies, ways, the agents acting as stimulus of rising of activity, creativity, initiative at designing of each stage of professional formation, a choice of optimum ways of achievement of professionalism of the person and activity;

– Representations of teachers about the importance of system poslediplomnogo training for rising of professionalism of activity and the person when the teacher has possibility not only to staticize and fix available knowledge, but also to get new, according to demands the trades providing possibility to build strategy of professional formation in a direction of vertex achievements;

– Representations of teachers about possible strategy of professional formation (strategy of vertex achievements; actualisations of in a trade; career strategy; strategy of primitive functioning) and a choice of the most effective strategy in conditions akmeologicheskoj mediums.
As a basis of construction of strategy of successful professional formation the requirement and ability of the person to self-development, requirement for creation of optimum balance between wished and necessary through the analysis and an estimation of characteristics of a real image acts; readiness and ability to resolution of conflicts, the problems arising at this or that stage of professional formation.

Specific features of activity of teachers of high school which cause the intrinsic maintenance of each stage of professional formation, statement of specific goals and the problems transformed to the personal purposes and problems, bound both with performance of the given activity, and with the is personal-professional development providing development of each stage of becoming and achievement "mikro-akme" are described from a position akmeograficheskogo the approach.

It is taped, that at the first stage of professional formation (an adaptation stage) there is a development of a new social role in the course of what arise and professionally significant personal qualities, individual style of activity and pedagogical positions develop; requirements for performance of research activity start to be formed various the competence, providing an adequate estimation and correlation of individually-typological features with trade demands, and. It causes necessity of statement and the decision of the problems bound to occurrence in a trade, a diffraction of theoretical knowledge in practical experience, realisation of the personal reflexion bound to the analysis of previous experience and psychological readiness for achievement of the maximum results at this stage of professional formation.

At a stage professionalizatsii there is an identification of to a trade, level of knowledge and abilities is formed necessary and sufficient for optimum performance of the ordered functions, the requirement for activity performance at level of samples and achievement of certain results in scientific sphere is staticized. Such representation about the stage maintenance professionalizatsii puts forward the problems bound to definition of barriers, interfering and promoting professional formation, designing of positive vital strategy and vectors of achievement of tops of professionalism, development of is professional-significant personal characteristics, their corrections, transformation that provides formation of socially approved pedagogical positions, an orientation and individual style of activity.

The stage of professional skill is presented by the characteristics reflecting high level of professionalism of the person and activity, the steady pedagogical positions, the generated individual style of activity, ability and readiness to carry out a scientific management of works of students and post-graduate students to carry out a role of the instructor. The primary goals of this stage are bound to definition of ways, warning facilities, depressions and overcomings of professional crises, deformations, emotional burning out, rupture between real image of the professional and the existing standard.

It is proved, that many difficulties in activity of teachers of the higher school are bound to low level psihologo-akmeologicheskih knowledge and insufficient level sformirovannosti professionally significant personal qualities.

Theoretically also criteria, indicators and levels of professional formation of teachers of the higher school are empirically proved. As a result of research it has been allocated two groups of criteria: integrated criteria and system of concrete criteria of an estimation of efficiency of professional formation of the teacher of the higher school.

Integrated criteria are presented objective (its basic indicator the professional efficiency reflecting degree of conformity of a level of development of the person to socially-professional demands) and subjective (which indicators is professional identity, degree of a social maturity, activity of subjects in the course of development of stages of professional formation act) by criteria.

The system of concrete criteria of an estimation of efficiency of professional formation of the teacher of the higher school includes kognitivnyj, motivatsionno-target, operational and emotional criteria.

Indicators of each concrete criterion reflect and allow to estimate sformirovannost professionally significant personal qualities providing achievement of tops of professionalism at all stages of professional formation.

High, average and low levels of efficiency of professional formation of teachers of the higher school which maintenance is defined by degree of conformity of results of each stage of formation to its purposes, to problems are defined on the basis of the analysis of the allocated criteria and their indicators and reflects sformirovannost professionally significant personal qualities.

Sistemoobrazujushchim an element akmeologicheskoj concepts of professional formation of teachers of the higher school is akmeologicheskaja model with its basic components: tsennostno-target, substantial, tool, technological, kriterialno-productive, reflective which maintenance provides representation about the purposes and the problems facing to the higher school, about specificity of the person and activity of the teacher of the higher school; reflects modern representation about professional formation of teachers of the higher school.

It is developed akmeologichesky algorithm of professional formation of teachers of the higher school which is presented as process of consecutive actions of the subject on development of the specific maintenance of the basic stages professionalizatsii:

– The reflective analysis and an estimation of the experience previous the beginning of realisation of professional work; the existing professionally significant personal qualities, special abilities and their correlation with trade demands; professional requirements, interests, psychological readiness for performance of the general professional problems and specific problems of a stage of adaptation; formation of the self-equipments on development, fastening and perfection of abilities, properties, the neoplasms necessary for achievement of results;

– Working out on the basis of identification with professional community of strategy of the professional formation providing possibility of professional self-affirmation; formations and developments of professionally significant personal qualities and scientific competence;

– Self-designing and self-correction of own activity, creative self-realisation on the basis of the generated individual style of the activity, the settled pedagogical positions providing achievement of tops of pedagogical skill.

Are defined akmeologicheskie technologies of professional formation of teachers of the higher school (self-knowledge, self-development, self-realisation) which have the humanistic maintenance, are aimed at progressive is personal-professional development, provide a choice of a vector of professional formation.

Are opened akmeologicheskie the mechanisms causing professional formation of teachers of the higher school. It is proved, that determining influence on professional formation of teachers of the higher school is rendered by universal mechanisms (adaptation, self-control, self-checking, a reflexion) which role amplifies action of the specific mechanisms arising at certain stages of becoming (an adaptation stage – stereotypification and social self-identification; a stage professionalizatsii – interiorizatsii, motive shift on the purpose, a locus of the control, a self-apperception; a stage of professional skill - self-actualisations and creation of additional sense).

It is shown, that professional formation of teachers of the higher school is influenced by objective mechanisms, occurrence and which action is caused by the specific maintenance: 1) a professional field of activity (the control, an estimation, stimulation, trust, potentiation); 2) systems poslevuzovskogo formations (kognitivnyj, motivational, forming, stimulating, mobilizujushchy); 3) akmeologicheskogo supports (psychological support, social fasilitatsii, adjustment, developing, a feedback).

It is established, that the allocated mechanisms provide to the teacher of the higher school possibility to realise and adequately to accept trade demands; to identify the real image with optimum image of the professional; to carry out the control over is personal-professional development at stages of professional formation; to get professional work experience, to integrate it; to define vectors of achievement of tops of professionalism of the person and activity.

The estimation of efficiency of professional formation of teachers of the higher school in conditions akmeologicheskoj is given mediums. The Akmeologichesky medium is described as set of the external and internal conditions arising and framed under influence mega - macro-and the microfactors providing efficiency of professional formation of the person, construction of effective strategy of this process, actualisation and realisation of available potentials.

It is shown, that necessary components akmeologicheskoj mediums are: a professional component, an educational component and akmeologicheskoe support, reformative traditional educational medium on medium akmeologicheskuju. Akmeologichesky support fills disadvantages of the developing potential of medium, stimulating the latent possibilities of its other components.

Professional and educational components reflect the intrinsic maintenance of those spheres where the teacher is the subject of professional work, dialogue, knowledge: chair, faculty, postgraduate study, scientific laboratories, the enterprises and establishments in which scientific researches are carried out, faculty of improvement of professional skill, additional education faculties.

Author's definition akmeologicheskogo supports which is understood as system of activity of psychologists and akmeologov, providing development, training and retraining of pedagogical shots at all stages of professional formation on a basis the subject-subject of relations which is referred on actualisation of potential possibilities of the person is presented; on creation of optimum conditions for effective mastering of new knowledge in the field of professional work and construction of vital strategy; on perfection of professionalism of the person and activity.

It is shown, that under influence akmeologicheskoj mediums are observed positive changes on following indicators: readiness of teachers for self-development; ability to realise and overcome the factors interfering professional formation; psihologo-akmeologicheskaja and scientific competence; level of the subjective control, requirement for self-actualisation, a social maturity, self-control and self-checking.

Are empirically taped and proved ameologicheskie dependences which are shown as steady communications between readiness of teachers to accept new and ability to refract received in various spheres of a practical life; level of professional competence and its such component, as psihologo-akmeologicheskaja competence; the tendency to the coordination of the general representation about human nature and growth of informative requirements; between an orientation on self-actualisation in professional work and requirement for self-improvement; the general maturity and requirement for development of own creative potential, personal responsibility, feelings of a civic duty.

Are taped akmeologicheskie patterns of professional formation of teachers of the high school, caused by influence akmeologicheskoj mediums:

– Efficiency of professional formation of teachers of the higher school is caused by set of conditions which provide persons possibility constantly samosovershenstvovatsja; to establish adequate connection with other subjects akmeologicheskoj mediums; to realise insufficiency of existing experience; to show the activity referred on the analysis, an estimation and self-correction of is personal-professional development, use of possibilities of medium, acquisition of necessary experience;

– Perfection of professionalism of the person of the teacher at any stage of professional formation frames a basis for perfection of professionalism of activity and forms personal readiness for development and self-development;

– Level rising psihologo-akmeologicheskoj competence provides perfection of professionally significant personal qualities at each stage of professional formation, formation of the new equipments on a pedagogical trade, construction of vital strategy;

– Rising of level of a social maturity of teachers promotes occurrence of those neoplasms of the person which provide adequate acceptance of a trade according to its demands, an establishment of optimum balance between real and desirable image by means of transformation of the characteristics to the characteristics reflecting the maintenance of an optimum image of the professional.

Conditions, factors and ways of optimisation of process of professional formation of teachers of high school are defined. Three groups of conditions are taped:

– Is standard-regulating (focus subjects akmeologicheskoj mediums on instructive documents, the laws defining functioning of system of higher education, system of improvement of professional skill and akmeologicheskogo supports);

– Organizational-dejatelnostnye (integration of activity of subjects akmeologicheskoj mediums in a direction of the decision of the problems bound to rising of is professional-personal growth of pedagogical shots, satisfactions of requirement of teachers in self-knowledge, self-realisation, self-actualisation);

– psihologo-akmeologicheskie (are bound to scientific representation about psychology of activity and formation of adults, about strategy of professional formation, about the factors accompanying professional formation of teachers of the higher school, about ways of rendering assistance, support, akmeologicheskogo supports of teachers at stages of professional formation).

It is established, that optimisation of professional formation of the higher school is carried out under the influence of subjective (activity, professional and life experience, ability to a reflexion, requirement for performance of research activity) and objective factors (presence in akmeologicheskoj to medium of the equipments on comprehension and acceptance of demands of a pedagogical trade, on rising of professional skill; an optimum regimen of joint activity of subjects akmeologicheskoj mediums; the agents necessary for realisation of professional work and personal development).

It is shown, that optimisation of process of professional formation of teachers of the higher school is carried out by means:

– Includings of teachers in system poslevuzovskogo formations (postgraduate study, doctoral studies, FPK, training) where various educational technologies are applied. It is taped, that in development psihologo-akmeologicheskoj competence of teachers the wide circulation was received by technology of modular training which promotes formation akmeologicheskoj cultures, translates training on the subject-subject a basis, stimulates creative activity of subjects of joint activity, gives persons possibility to show independence, initiative, to declare own experience, to use the received knowledge in practice that is confirmed by experimental researches;

– Program workings out akmeologicheskogo the supports, providing to teachers formation of the equipments on personal perfection; aspiration to self-knowledge; requirements for the analysis of own personal qualities, potentials and quality of other people; responsibility for process and results of professional work. Necessity of including for system of problems of the program akmeologicheskogo supports of working out individual akmeogramm, providing to the teacher vision of a vector and ways of achievement professional akme is proved.

The basic directions of optimisation of professional formation of teachers of the higher school are defined: perfection of substantial characteristics of components akmeologicheskoj mediums and rising of level of professional competence of subjects akmeologicheskoj mediums. It is established, that in the course of rising of level of professional competence of subjects akmeologicheskoj mediums it is possible to use all variety of theoretical and technological forms of training. It is thus proved, that the accent in the training maintenance is lawful for moving on formation psihologo-akmeologicheskoj competence that allows the person to build own vital strategy, to project steps of personally-professio-nalnogo growth.
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A source: Plugina M. I.. Acmeological concept Professional development of high school teachers. 2009

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