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the GENERAL CONCLUSION

Is developed essentially new direction of research of special abilities as the integrated integrated formations which ontologic nature is defined not in terms of mental functions and not in terms of separate components of activity, and from the point of view of structures of mental experience as mental basis of the general and special abilities which formation corresponds to a differentsionno-integration principle of development.


Within the limits of the given direction of ability are defined as a measure of conformity of individually-psychological qualities of the subject of a certain subject domain of an objective reality, that is special abilities act as functional properties of structures of mental experience of the subject. In the course of ontogenetic development there is a differentiation of previous mental structures, selection and integration among variety of new structural formations of those structures which in a larger measure correspond to this or that subject reality, new integrated mental formation – the special abilities causing more exact adaptation of operational mechanisms to development of concrete activity is thus formed.

Association of theoretical, empirical, evolutionary and gnoseological approaches the scheme has allowed to prove internal and external validnost konstrukta mental structures which is surveyed as most the general concept in relation to concepts an image, reprezentatsija, etc. As the major functions of mental structures are allocated – display, selection and reality transformation in the ideal form; as their base properties – reprezentativnost, selectivity, obobshchennost, hierarchy, activity, development. The major determinantoj and a psychological condition of development of special abilities is formation of conceptual structures of the detailed level, relevant certain area of a subject reality.

The system methodology of research of the special abilities corresponding to a given direction, planning ways of researches of other special abilities is developed. On the basis of the analysis and generalisation of existing researches the understanding of time of reaction of a difficult choice as the indicator binding together physiological conditions (diskriminativnuju ability of a brain), psychological conditions (mental structures) and mental properties (the general and special abilities) is offered. Possibility of use of time of reaction of a difficult choice as indicator of a measure of the organisation of mental structures is shown. The major indicators of mental structures as mental basis of special abilities are defined: adequacy, a maturity, the form of the organisation of mental structures, ease of their formation and fastness.
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A source: Volkova E.V.. Development of mental structures as bases of special abilities. 2011

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