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the substantive provisions which are taken out on protection

1. One of the most actual problems facing to a psychological science in modern conditions, working out of the theoretical concepts surveying development of the person and a society as interconnected components of uniform process is, opening mechanisms of the given interrelation and allowing to develop programs of its empirical studying in a concrete socially-psychological context.
The decision of this problem demands overcoming of limitation traditional paradigmalnoj model of scientific knowledge and transition to pluralistic methodology. To carry out such transition in practice the model of knowledge developed and verified in a number psihologo-akmeologicheskih of researches by the Russian scientists allows, in particular, kulturadigmalnaja.

2. Potentially all listed conditions are answered with the concept of development of E.Ericson developed on the basis of the psychosocial approach. By the basic problem moments bound to finishing of the given concept to level of the polydisciplinary theory and realisation of its potential in praktikoorientirovannyh researches, first of all in the field of social psychology, concern: absence of accurate substantial definitions of variety of key concepts; an insufficient readiness of the problem bound to revealing of motive forces of process of psychosocial development and the mechanism of interrelation of the person and a society within the limits of this process; absence of the standardised methods of studying of dynamics of psychosocial development adapted for the Russian conditions and structures of psychosocial identity of the individual.

3. The social structure of each society includes a certain set of basic social institutes which reflect the universal experience which has been saved up by mankind during historical development in forms specific to a given concrete society. The given institutes are immediately bound to stages epigeneticheskogo a cycle both in substantial, and in chronological plans (from the point of view of sequence of their veneering in the course of historical development of human community). It allows to survey onto - and sotsiogeneticheskoe development as the interconnected components of uniform process of psychosocial development. The main motive power of the given process is dialectic interaction of a nursery and institutsionalnoj vitalnostej. The nursery vitalnostju is understood as universal requirement of the individual for implication and a reinforcement throughout all life cycle of the initially biologically determined uniqueness in the course of social interaction. Institutsionalnaja vitalnost characterises degree of a susceptibility of social system to changes and it is defined by result of the permission at level of basic institutes of the dialectic contradiction between innovative and conservative tendencies of social development.

4. The immediate channel through which in practice interaction of a nursery and institutsionalnoj vitalnostej is carried out, referential figures and groups are specific to each stage epigeneticheskogo a cycle. Depending on their qualitative features, within the limits of characteristic for each stage epigeneticheskogo a cycle of a social situation of development, institutsionalnoe the nursery reinforcement vitalnosti can amplify or, on the contrary, to be blocked in the course of immediate interaction.
As a result of such interaction the resolution of conflict of this or that stage of psychosocial development in the concrete individual can appear as coinciding with prevailing within the limits of corresponding basic institute of a society a vector of social development, and opposite to it.

5. The parity of levels of a nursery and institutsionalnoj vitalnostej defines psychosocial balance of a society on which fastness of social system and a trajectory of its development depend. At coincidence of dominating principles of maintenance of integrity of social system and the person the reached identity of a society — positive which is characterised by a parity integrity — integrity, or negative, characterised by a parity totality — totality takes place. Crisis of identity of a society takes place in a case when quantity of individuals, whose individual psychosocial development is objectively oppositional in relation to a dominating principle of maintenance of integrity of social system, exceeds during any moment critical mass for the given population — i.e. the psychosocial balance appears broken. Societies with the reached identity are stable enough while societies with identity crisis represent the unstable systems aspiring to restoration of psychosocial balance in this or that kind. Thus the most teleorgnic are societies with the reached positive identity. Thereupon the primary goal of socialisation of rising generations is maintenance of the conditions, allowing to refer to a creative bed and simultaneously in the maximum degree to realise caused by a nursery vitalnostju potential of destruction existing and produtsirovanija new social norms, supporting thereby dynamics of social development. Thus, the global conflict between the individual and a society receives the positive dialectic permission at the expense of purposeful use of mechanisms of creative destruction.

6. In the course of individual psychosocial development at each stage epigeneticheskogo a cycle steady egos-components — an ego-force or an ego-alienation — depending on polarity of the resolution of conflict of this or that stage are formed. The Ego-force represents generated on a certain stage of psychosocial development intrapsihichesky a resource of a reinforcement of a nursery vitalnosti the individual in specific, characteristic forms for the given stage of its implication, first of all — in a socially-psychological context. The ego-alienation is understood generated as a result of the negative permission of the basic conflict of this or that stage of psychosocial development as the steady mechanism of suppression on intrapsihicheskom nursery level vitalnosti in characteristic implications for the given stage. Each ego-component quite defined, in unusual way influences formation of behavioural patterns and other steady forms of socially-psychological functioning of the individual.

7. By working out of the standardised methods of diagnostics of features of the individual psychosocial development adequate to the decision of a wide range of applied problems, along with demands of reliability and validnosti observance of following basic conditions is necessary: theoretically proved allocation of the most universal and significant stages of psychosocial development as investigated variables; a possibility of revealing not only polarity of the permission of corresponding psychosocial crisis, but also degree of such permission; use enough the simple and compact diagnostic procedure accessible to the examinee of any age, since the teenage; presence enough simple, algoritmizirovannoj procedures of processing and the interpreting of the received data providing possibility of comparison of results both separate examinees, and groups. All listed conditions are answered sufficiently with differential of psychosocial development.

8. In a modern Russian society process of formation of psychosocial identity of the individual is tightened and leaves for chronological frameworks of the fifth stage epigeneticheskogo a cycle designated by E.Ericson. It is bound, first of all that for a variety of causes sociopolitical and social and economic character the existing social system does not provide conditions for high-grade residing of the psychosocial moratorium at youthful age. Thus, at representatives most socially active age categories, from the point of view of polarity and degree of expression of the permission of basic conflicts of psychosocial development, the second and third stages epigeneticheskogo a cycle that is caused by conservation and, moreover, kultivirovaniem within the limits of basic social institutes of economy, a policy and the right strong paternalistskih traditions, and also existence, practically at all levels of adjustment of public relations, the informal standard systems frequently having frankly antisocial character are problem.

9. In the conditions of a modern society process of formation of psychosocial identity of the individual does not depend directly on ethnospecific factors and is really mediated much wider, close to a universal context universalijami — basic social institutes. Thus at an appreciable part of the senior pupils trained at the Moscow schools, the serious deformation of psychosocial development expressed in the negative permission of basic conflicts of the second, fourth and fifth stages epigeneticheskogo of a cycle that frames real risk of hit of these teenagers under influence of destructive leaders, informal groups of extremist sense, formation at them the aggressive equipments and antisocial models of behaviour, including in an international context takes place. For overcoming of this negative tendency it is necessary real psihologizatsija formations and radical rising of efficiency of high school in respect of realisation of developing function by it.

10. The Statusno-role position of the individual in contact communities of open type, and also process of its occurrence in group are in many respects caused by features of psychosocial development at basic stages epigeneticheskogo a cycle. Thereupon with a view of rising of an overall performance of the psychologist-expert with supervised community including in a methodical package of differential of psychosocial development and use as an interpretatsionno-prognostic agent, along with classical socially-psychological approaches is represented expedient, to the psychosocial theory. It will allow to provide, first of all, for each member of community possibility of the maximum self-realisation in a context of joint activity that is especially important by working out and realisation of the applied programs immediately bound to rising of level of group development, in particular komandoobrazovanija.

11. For the decision of variety of the problems bound to organizational development, personnel selection optimisation, motivation of the personnel, intracorporate training, kouchingom, etc., it is expedient to use differential of psychosocial development as the diagnostic instrument and the concept of psychosocial development as a whole in quality interpretatsionnogo a key, allowing to tap the deep nature of the organizational processes immediately bound to the human factor.

12. In the presented kind the psychosocial concept of development is quite independent and evristichnoj the polydisciplinary theory completely answering obshchemetodologicheskim to principles, signs scientific kulturadigmy, having own research field, the conceptual apparatus and methodical maintenance, and its use in praktikoorientirovannyh socially-psychological researches allows to raise really their scientific and practical importance.

Volume and dissertation structure. The dissertation consists of the introduction, five heads, the conclusion and the list of the literature including 460 names, including 136 — on foreign languages. Total amount of the basic text of the dissertation — 354 typewritten pages.
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A source: Ilyin V. A.. The psychosocial theory as the polydisciplinary approach to the analysis of social processes in a modern society. 2009

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