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theoretical novelty and the importance of research

the teoretiko-experimental substantiation of a new direction of research of special abilities on the basis of representation about structures of mental experience and differentsionno-integration mechanisms of their development is carried out, allowing to integrate the empirical data received in different scientific paradigms.


Author's definition of abilities as functional properties of structures of mental experience of the subject which quantitative characteristic is the measure of conformity of individually-psychological qualities of the subject of a certain subject domain of an objective reality is entered. It is proved internal and external validnost konstrukta mental structures. Quantity indicators of mental structures as mental carriers of special abilities – adequacy, a maturity, the orderliness form, and also ease of their formation and fastness are defined. Patterns of development of mental structures are taped: a growth rule, a rule konstantnosti, a form rule.

The system methodology of studying of the nature of special abilities is developed. Possibility of use of time of reaction of a difficult choice as indicator of a measure of the organisation of mental structures is shown. On the basis of the analysis and generalisation of existing researches the understanding of time of reaction of a difficult choice as the indicator binding together physiological conditions (diskriminativnuju ability of a brain), psychological conditions (mental structures) and mental properties (the general and special abilities) is offered.

Existence of special chemical abilities is proved and their specificity is opened. For the first time the system analysis of mechanisms of development of special chemical abilities as integrated mental formations is realised. Their process kulturogeneza throughout mankind development is described, features of their formation in individual mental experience of modern pupils are opened, communications of components of this structure with other psychological formations – intelligence, kreativnostju are described, by temperament, etc. For the first time communication between quantity of images of a chemical orientation in the nonverbal battery of Torrens and level of a maturity of conceptual structures of chemistry that opens new possibilities of use of the given test as projective is shown.

Age features of development of chemical abilities, and also changes in level and structure of chemical abilities in the conditions of specially developed technology of training are shown. The description of features of the thinking operating with the subject maintenance of chemistry, revealing of its qualitative specificity, and also sformirovannosti relevant to a subject material of ideational actions is new.

The empirical results received in research confirm the ontologic status of structures of mental experience as mental carrier of special (chemical) abilities; dilate theoretical representations about the mental structures defining a level of development of intelligence and special abilities. Work brings the contribution to understanding of conditions and mechanisms of development of the various parties of special abilities to a course onto - and kulturogeneza.
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A source: Volkova E.V.. Development of mental structures as bases of special abilities. 2011

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