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«volume, the organisation and research techniques»

In the second chapter of the dissertation are included data about volume, conditions and techniques of dissertational research.

The decision of problems of dissertational work was carried out in a course of the complex psychological research including studying of psychological readiness for activity in extreme situations, psihologo-akmeologicheskih qualities of the person and results of efficiency of sports activity of 786 sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats.

The general plan and strategy of empirical research are caused complex psihologo-akmeologicheskim by the approach to working out of the scientific problem put in the dissertation. The organisation of the collecting of initial data was under construction on the basis of a comparative method in its two forms - in the form of "longitudinal" (longitjudnogo, dynamic) and "cross-section" (comparative) sections.

The choice of methods of research with which help the basic scientific results have been received, was defined by character of research problems. Thus the priority has been given those psychological tests which have positively proved at inspection of various contingents of sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats and used by sports psychologists. On the basis of B.G.Ananeva's classification all methods of research have been sectioned on organizational, empirical, processing and interpretatsionnye. From empirical methods their following versions were applied to the decision of specific targets of research: interrogation (questioning, interview, conversation), psychological testing, observation, the analysis of results of activity, an expert estimation, matematiko-statistical methods of processing of the received empirical data.

Besides, special questionnaires which initial data for an estimation of efficiency of sports activity and psychological readiness of sportsmen of power single combats have allowed to obtain in the structured kind have been developed for the decision of research problems.

For realisation of tasks in view we had been carried out complex research which included the theoretical analysis of a problem of psychological readiness, psychodiagnostic inspection of sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats with the subsequent estimation of levels and components of their psychological readiness and success of activity extreme situations. Psychological inspection was spent with observance of demands of a professional psychodiagnosis. Were used group (personal questionnaires, intellectual tests, psychomotor tests, etc.) and individual (conversation, expert estimations, etc.) inspection forms.

The estimation of distribution of sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats on level of psychological readiness for activity in extreme situations is executed at 217 persons, from them at 98 sportsmen the analysis of interrelation of psychological readiness with experience of the international competitive activity is made. Interrelation of psychological readiness with success of activity, and also the multidimensional analysis of the contribution of the basic components of psychological readiness it is executed by results of an expert estimation of these parametres at 117 sportsmen.

For the decision of a problem of revealing of psychological features of the person at sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats with various level of psychological readiness for activity in extreme situations, and also workings out of multidimensional mathematical model of forecasting of long-term psychological readiness psychological testing of 78 sportsmen has been executed.


During inspection the conversation, observation, and also the tests standard and well proved in a psychodiagnosis were used.

For an estimation informativnosti psychological express tests and working out of mathematical model of forecasting of operative psychological readiness psychological testing of 138 sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats by means of express tests the DIGNITY, RDO, the colour test, diagnostics of a functional condition, reactive uneasiness, Прогноз-2 has been executed.

Check of efficiency of this algorithm is executed on control sample of sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats. Formation of psychological readiness of sportsmen is executed on sample of 236 sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats. Thus, the total amount of the surveyed has made 786 sportsmen of power single combats.

The basic directions, volume and research techniques in the generalised kind are resulted in tab. 1.

The total amount of the surveyed has allowed: first, to generate representative enough samples, allowing to receive objective and a trustworthy information about level of psychological readiness, success of sports activity, level sformirovannosti the basic components of psychological readiness; secondly, to develop mathematical forecasting models of long-term and operative psychological readiness for competitive activity in extreme situations and, at last; thirdly, to develop on representative samples the scientifically-proved references on perfection of system of formation of psychological readiness of sportsmen to activity in extreme situations.

Statistical processing of materials of research is executed by means of standard packages of applied programs «STATIGRAPHICS», «STATISTIKA 5.0», providing performance standard one-dimensional the statistican and the multidimensional matematiko-statistical methods adequate to research problems.

Table 1

The basic directions, volume and research techniques





Thus, in the course of research the complex of psychological techniques of the psychodiagnosis intended for the psychological analysis of features of the person and a psychological condition of sportsmen of the top skills of power single combats was used.
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A source: Bobrishchev A.A.. Psychological and acmeological concept of psychological readiness of athletes of the highest qualification of martial arts. 2009

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