<<
>>

3.2. INFLUENCE OF SEXUAL ACTIVITY ON THE CONDITION OF GENESIAL HEALTH OF TEENAGERS

The second direction of work studying of influence of sexual activity on a condition of genesial health of girls, it was spent within the limits of the Government program Safe motherhood, in 6 cities of Russia (Bryansk, Moscow, Astrakhan, Ekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Surgut in 1995)

The choice of regions is proved by attempt to capture a city with various level of social and economic and ecological both geographical conditions, and a various population.

Work was spent at schools, the TECHNICAL TRAINING COLLEGE, colleges and technical schools of the chosen cities together with teenage gynecologists on places.

The questionnaire of anonymous interrogation of teenagers is developed together with the psychologist. The questionnaire consists, conditionally, of 4 parts, the first of them (with 1 on 8 questions) allow to find out social parametres of a life of the respondent, structure and developed relations in a family, including opinion of the teenager on the relation to it parents. Last question, also as well as specially allocated 11 and 12 questions, have allowed to reflect the basic characterologic features of teenagers. The following part of the questionnaire (questions 9, 10, 16, 20) is conditionally named by us “I consider", gae am found out opinion of the teenager on needs and the most comprehensible (for it) medical aid kinds, ways and a place of giving of the information on sexual education, and also about the physiological processes occurring in the period of puberty.

Logic transition from 2 parts is the following fragment of the questionnaire, designated by us a code “I know" and devoted to finding-out of level of knowledge of the teenager on physiology genesial

The boys, corresponding age groups, filled questionnaires immediately in classes after preliminary given explanatory talks.

Studying of a condition of genesial health of girls, depending on sexual activity, specification of their position in relation to a problem of planning of a family and, the main thing for question finding-out what kinds of the help, in what kind and from whom teenagers are ready to accept was a main objective of the undertaken work.

For the analysis of the received results of the questionnaire have been parted on groups taking into account a sex (boys and girls) and sex activity of teenagers (1 group not living by a sexual life surveyed, living - 2 group). Questioning examples on regions of Russia are presented in the appendix. The basic work is spent in 1995.

Distribution of boys and girls on groups and territories are presented in table 3.2.1.

According to the presented data the share of sexly active teenagers makes 52,34 %. 41,94 % of girls and 60,99 % of boys of the surveyed cohort have experience of a sexual life.

Frequency of occurrence of sexly active teenagers on age is presented in a drawing 3.2.1.

Table 3.2.1

Distribution of respondents with the account of a place residing and sex activity

City / The living

Sexual life (2 group)

Not living a sexual life (1 group)
/ a floor Girls Boys Girls Boys

Systems and contraceptions (questions 13 - 15).

Questions № 16-20 are conditionally united under the name I do. Comparison of sections of the questionnaire allows to characterise indirectly type of behaviour and feature of the person of the teenager. Besides, point 8 of the questionnaire made by the psychologist, contains some question, allowing to define characterologic features of the child.

Last part of questions finds out behaviour, the habits, some details of sex activity and addictings of the teenager (questions 21 - 32). The separate point of the questionnaire is filled with the gynecologist who estimates the gynecologic status and degree of the sexual development, given the anamnesis. On a state of health of the girl the doctor brings the conclusion in the questionnaire. For observance of anonymity of questioning so receptions of authentic, frank answers, the following procedure of carrying out of research has been provided. Girls were invited to preventive gynecologic survey in a medical institution fitted for these purposes. The conversation with an explanation of expediency and necessity of similar research was preliminary spent. Then the doctor or sju the assistant distributed to girls of the questionnaire and they individually filled them. Each of the surveyed entered into an office to the gynecologist with already filled questionnaire, and the doctor, not getting acquainted with the maintenance, on the back of it entered the conclusion about presence or absence of concrete gynecologic diseases at this girl. Thus, we managed to keep confidentiality at research carrying out.

/ 2 3 4 5
Moscow 258 224 318 169
Surgut 331 132 468 121
Bryansk 73 96 157 30
Chelyabinsk 83 ON 129 78
Ekaterinburg 214 87 265 33
Astrakhan 130 28 170 2
In total 1089 677 1507 433
1766 1940

Rice 3.2.1. A share of sexly active teenagers and its change but to age in population on age

Patterns of augmentation of a share of sexly active teenagers, both among boys, and among girls but to age practically coincide and have identical intensity. According to the received curves, boys begin a sexual life

On many before girls and is much more active, as to 14 summer age almost the quarter from them has experience of a sexual life.

Intensive augmentation of number of the boys having sex experience with 14 till 17 years, more than on 60 %, a little zatormazhivaetsja by 18 years. Eighteen-year young men, practically all (92 %) have experience of a sexual life. The active introduction of boys into sex relations are bound to natural hypersexuality of teenagers as a whole, and more active man's behavioural position. These data coincide with opinion of the majority of the authors who have spent similar works (85, 99, 137, 138, 143, 153].

Small, in comparison with boys, the number of the girls entering sexual relations in 14 years and earlier, activly increases and by 18 years is enlarged more than in 6 times. By 18 years, i.e. to age of the introduction into marriage, almost 70 % of girls have experience of a sexual life. It is important to notice, that 10,3 % of girls and 23,3 % of young men had more than 5 sexual partners.

Thus, according to anonymous questioning, to age of a sexual maturity of 70 % of girls and the overwhelming majority of young men have experience of sex relations with which account the future family will be under construction. The experience extended among teenagers dobrachnyh sexual communications allows to carry the similar unions to risk group on IPPP and to sterility.

<< | >>
A source: DOLZHENKO IRINA SERGEEVNA. GENESIAL HEALTH of GIRLS TILL 18 YEARS (a condition, an estimation, system of measures on its conservation) the Dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the doctor of medical sciences. Moscow -. 2004

More on topic 3.2. INFLUENCE OF SEXUAL ACTIVITY ON THE CONDITION OF GENESIAL HEALTH OF TEENAGERS:

  1. 3.1.5. The forecast of a condition of genesial health of girls to 2007 g
  2. the CONDITION of GENESIAL HEALTH of POPULATION of GIRLS TILL 18 YEARS
  3. a condition of genesial health of girls in 1994
  4. Chapter 1. The CONDITION of GENESIAL HEALTH of GIRLS And FACTORS, ON IT INFLUENCING (the literature review)
  5. the Condition of genesial health of girls per 2000
  6. Results of research of vozrastno-sexual characteristics sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and teenagers
  7. 3.4. GENESIAL HEALTH of GIRLS - of PUPILS of the COLONY
  8. DOLZHENKO IRINA SERGEEVNA. GENESIAL HEALTH of GIRLS TILL 18 YEARS (a condition, an estimation, system of measures on its conservation) the Dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the doctor of medical sciences. Moscow -, 2004 2004
  9. Chapter 2. Statement of research of vozrastno-sexual features sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and teenagers
  10. Chapter 3. Empirical model and vozrastno-sexual features sotsioemotsionalnogo intelligence of younger schoolboys and teenagers