supply with information Development in a control system of quality in motor industry

The considerable role in management system engineering by conveyor manufacture along with Henry Ford belongs to F.Taylor [152].

Frederik Uinslou Taylor in 1911 has put in pawn bases of the organisation of work and production management.

Operations have been standardised, norms of the charge of materials are injected, and also functions between heads and workers [161] are divided. In a flow process there was a new figure - the inspector (controller) [152]. The trained controllers carried out an estimation of the validity of components on separate control operations with use of productive inspection tools: passes, templates. It provided an exit of products of demanded quality.

Gradually the knowledge base collected, the science role in perfection of technological system [161] more and more increased. In the mid-twenties V.Shuhart has injected into management of production process of products the new tool based on methods of mathematical statistics - control cards. There was a possibility of accumulation of the information on trends of change of quality of the manufactured products during periodic measurements of its elements [119]. The analysis of cards has allowed to make in due time the solution on necessity of adjustment of process [2, 124]. There was possible an analysis statistical

Controllability (predictability) of process [2]. Productivity of process of application of the information has essentially raised. The status of the worker has as a result changed. Now it could become "owner" of a process, providing its stability and quality of products. The volume of control operations has decreased. Also the role of control service of quality in manufacture [88] therefore has decreased.

But in a flow process high level of its stability [78] is expedient to use statistical methods under condition of achievement enough. But also, the statistics does not add knowledge of the maintenance
Process, cannot establish the reason or the nature of deviations. It only elicits the fact of presence or absence of the special reasons of variability [76].

Soon after start of conveyor manufacture G.Ford has offered the new approach to its organisation - «manufacturing of parts of products there where their perfection will be provided, instead of under one roof» [167]. It stimulated unification, typification and interchangeability of knots, simplified modernisation or sweeping repair of old models of cars that was attractive to buyers. In other words, he has created system of suppliers of automobile components. Accordingly, it was necessary to develop management methods suppliers, to improve interacting document circulation.

In [176] it is specified, that essential impact makes on possibility of development of the producer of autocomponents volume of output of headquarters plant. It is considered, that at exhaustion of cars of 25 thousand in a year, development of the supplier for manufacturing of such autocomponent as a sitting headrest is profitable. And only at volume of exhaustion of 40 thousand a year it is expedient to add manufacturing of seats. Thus, growth of sales volumes of cars of headquarters plant is essential stimulus for development of manufacture and perfection of control systems of the supplier of an autocomponent [98].

Originally planning and control functions in organizational structure of the factory should be divided between specialised services.

But this dissociation began to complicate operative expansion of the nomenclature of products in difficult industrial systems [89]. Therefore control systems of manufacture in process of motor industry development were continuously improved, pawning new possibilities of improvement of quality, decrease in expenses, accelerations of an exit of new models, and at the expense of this increase in sales volumes.

The considerable contribution to streamlining of managerial processes has brought in E.Deming to 40-50 years of the XX-th century. It gates out the finished set of components of an individual cycle of management of process: «to Volplane - to Carry out -
To control — to Act »(РDСА) [79]. In management production engineering the emphasis on planning and streamlining of the administrative information has been placed.

Following important step to quality management regulating of values of figures of merit in the form of in-process gauging became direct in the course of machining. All is wider than a steel to be applied automatic control devices. Thus, that it is reliable to control the major factors defining a course of process, it was necessary to investigate preliminary the general regularity of a leakage of operations, and also to generalise knowledge and experience of specialists [40, 116, 136, 170].

The modern quality management passes round quality management on all life cycle of an autocomponent [134], forces to oscillate and use the additional information. In sphere of preparation of manufacture last decades transition to parallel engineering workings out or incorporated working out of products and processes by interfunctional commands [81] which it is made responsible for quality on all life cycle of an autocomponent is carried out.

This commands (flexible base unit) gains resources for management and becomes the owner of life cycle of a product. On the basis of the informational support it should provide most an effective utilisation of production engineering, the equipment, and also to warn significant potential problems [74, 137]. Each participant of a command, carrying out the specific functions, participates in management of full system of processes of life cycle of an autocomponent.

The information for planning of quality, the forestalling of the reasons of emersion of defects, decrease in expenses, and also for observance of ergonomic demands to work stations and for management of a manufacture course should be pawned at a stage of preparation of manufacture [77, 130, 147]. It is Thus important, that the information has given the chance to be switched instantly from manufacture of one product to another [32]. For the supplier it demands the considerable
Holdings [111], and it is favourable only in the presence of long-term contracts with a main plant [169].

Last decades various techniques of constant improvement of quality of a product, for example, a technique «Six sigmas» are applied. It is obvious, that its heading means requirement for the additional information, but authors of the concept do not analyse this problem [140, 169, 182].

From customers of autocomponents in process of raise of a degree of quality demands to the maintenance of engineering specifications [177] increase.

The losses of profit connected with liquidation of the reasons and aftereffects of defects, to the greatest degree reduce competitiveness of the factory [157]. It is important to have a favorable relationship between straight lines both variable costs and the prices of implementation [168]. And the deficiency of the information for management inevitably conducts to losses. Therefore the major problem of the producer - to reduce expenses, and whenever possible and the prices at the expense of exclusion of various losses to provide constant martempering of production processes [7, 181].

Thus, perfection of a control system by quality is connected with expansion of a circle of problems of management by modern difficult engineering systems on all life cycle of products and necessarily accompanied by expansion of volume of the information for production management of autocomponents. Thus it is not necessary to forget, that for involving of workers in achievement of a high degree of quality of products it is necessary to create conditions of conservation of work stations, having expelled risk of dismissal [115].


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A source: Biktimirova Guzel Fanisovna. WORKING out of the METHOD of informational-TECHNOLOGICAL SUPPORT of QUALITY of AUTOCOMPONENTS AT STAGES of PREPARATION of MANUFACTURE. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Tech.Sci. Moscow - 2017. 2017

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  1. In the second chapter «the Control system of development of a complex of the enterprises of motor industry»
  2. the Analysis of features of domestic system of preparation ofthe information for quality management in motor industry
  3. the Organization of a quality control and quality management in domestic motor industry
  5. 2.5. A technique of control of development of a complex of the enterprises of motor industry as samoorganizujushchejsja systems
  6. the purpose of dissertational operation is perfecting of control gears by development of complexes of the enterprises of motor industry for heightening of efficiency of their activity
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