the Analysis of survey of the literature, statement of problems of work

The history of development of world motor industry shows constant perfection of methods of designing, working out of processes, perfection of production processes, and also methods and control systems.

The centenary way of development of a control system of manufacture and quality from G.Ford to present standard ISO/TS 16949:2009 (IATF 16949:2016) is caused by a rigid concurence and desire of world automobile corporations (Volkswagen, Volvo, Audi, Toyota, Ford and others) to remain leaders of sales in the world markets.

The motor industry in Russia is based on the "know-how" got from foreign firms and managements. But further it was not improved under universal laws. The main task of the factories - exhaustion of suitable products in the set volumes. Despite difficulties, localisation of manufacturing and assemblage of domestic cars was provided with engineers successfully, volumes of manufacture of cars have been claimed by the country. But in administrative economy tejlorovskaja the control system has appeared "preserved", especially concerning quality management in manufacture. Government solutions on development of the domestic automobile factories could not match to the best experts of leading motor-car manufacturers.

Now the international standards oblige the Russian producers and users to adjust interacting through procedure RRAR.

Experience of a heading of system of a quality management at the domestic factories has led to some martempering: procedures became more structured. In bolshej to a measure they embrace design life cycle - «planning, working out, preparation of manufacture and products manufacturing». Participation of specialists at a design stage of process as a part of an interfunctional command is passed round. Modern techniques are applied and
Tools of martempering of quality, methods of the solution of problems (tools of economical manufacture). But, despite it, quality of domestic cars calls criticism.

In our country of the demand to a process develop and are documentary made out at a stage of preparation of manufacture of an autocomponent. However stability of production engineering is a consequence of management of characteristics of acting process. She demands presence of the information for adoption of the adequate solution concerning regulating of characteristics of process. In standardised forms ESTD demands to maximum permissible conditions of a leakage of process are defined only. In them management procedures by an acting process still are not ordered, mechanisms for sweeping reaction to originating misfit are not provided. The complete set maintenance is frequently insufficiently verified with reference to housekeeping operations (transport, washing, storage in a warehouse, etc.). Partly the information necessary for management, contains in other groups of deeds (in service manuals and certificates on the equipment).

At a stage of output the system of maintenance of quality of the producer suffers from errors and the omissions which have been put in pawn at stages of preparation of manufacture. "Crude" processes and managerial processes not in a condition to carry out present problems. Work of specialists under the "pushing out" circuit design remains: filling of forms of a complete set of deeds for the statement.

According to demands ISO/TS 16949:2009 the supplier should provide stability of a process concerning special key figures of merit of an autocomponent (the user demand), achieving the minimum value of deviations from the tolerance middle.

But owing to the listed deficiencies the management of the supplier is not provided to the full by the information for proconsolidation of performance of demands of a user
From a stage of preparation of manufacture to industrial work stations. Proceeding from it the first problem of the given work is put:

To analyse the maintenance of the information necessary for management by magnitude of individual figure of merit of an autocomponent, and to develop a method of informational-technological support of quality of autocomponents.

The acting technique of preparation of the standardised complete set of the technological documentation which are the informational basis of management by batch production AK reflects demands of system of Taylor. In it the volume of the informational support of the future production engineering is already certain by matching standardised forms ESTPP. Definition of the maintenance of the information for quality maintenance on work stations remains internal business of the supplier.

Within the limits of working out of manufacturing methods of an experimental batch or a batch production the information influencing controllability TP and maintenance of its stable condition is not tracked. Control parametres, parametres of the product or process of its manufacturing, demanding special attention, do not deposit, hence, by default all of them are equivalent. It complicates verification of performance of demands of the customer (user).

For acknowledging of high stability of processes, the supplier should prepare qualities of the autocomponent and quality of a control system: a card of a stream of process and the quality management plot, which analogues in a domestic complete set of deeds are absent. However the crop of work of specialists with the current information on stability of a flow process does not provide operative regulating of values of deviations of key figures of merit. Heading SMK at the domestic factories frequently formally. Specialists should pass to the "drawing down" circuit design of working out of the information and forms of deeds for management of key figures of merit of an autocomponent according to demands
ISO/TS 16949:2009 and a user. It is necessary to create that information which will allow to fulfil demands.

As the informational support is expressed in deeds and records, it is important to provide also continuity of conformity of their domestic technological documentation.

It has defined statement of the second problem of work:

To develop preparation and use process informatsionnoyotehnologicheskogo supports of quality of autocomponents, structure, forms of deeds and to apply in the conditions of the acting factories.

The important feature of demands ISO/TS 16949:2009 is an estimation

Possibilities of the producer of autocomponents a user. The analysis of the maintenance of complete set RRAR in the Russian conditions shows, that frequently it does not reflect the valid maintenance of processes of output. The complete set information not always coincides with the maintenance of the internal documentation. Presence of informational-technological support of quality of an autocomponent creates possibility to adjust objective check by a user of controllability of processes at all stages of the APQP-design.

The analysis of problems of security the information of process of approval of manufacture of the supplier a user have defined statement of the third problem of work:

To develop algorithm of an objective estimation of possibilities of the supplier of autocomponents within the limits of audit from a main plant (user) with use developed informatsionnoyotehnologicheskogo supports of quality of autocomponents.


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A source: Biktimirova Guzel Fanisovna. WORKING out of the METHOD of informational-TECHNOLOGICAL SUPPORT of QUALITY of AUTOCOMPONENTS AT STAGES of PREPARATION of MANUFACTURE. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Tech.Sci. Moscow - 2017. 2017

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