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Structure and structure of organizational culture of the enterprise

One of the major components of dominating culture predyoprijatija is the organizational culture. She assumes, first of all, accurate distribution of functions and increase of responsibility intermeal enterprise or organisation divisions.

The organizational culture is the new field of knowledge entering into a series of administrative sciences which studies the general approaches, principles, laws and laws in organizational relations and behaviour.

- Experts of the St.-Petersburg institute of management and ekonomiyoki consider, that the organizational culture is a certain picture boyolee or representations less homogeneous and adjusted with each other, values and generalisations which are not always visible, operate in labour process and are divided by various professional categories, orientiyoruja and giving sense of their activity, action, existence of the person in certain system;

- N.S.Zlobin in the works specifies, that organizational culture

- It is creative, creative activity of the organisation, as last, embodied in values, traditions, norms, and present, osnovyyovajushchajasja on opredmechivanii these values, norms and traditions;

- B.F.Usmanov, proceeding from the scheme of factors influencing culture koryoporatsii (Bruseliusa-Skavarda), results the definition organizatsiyoonnoj cultures. The organizational culture of corporation represents soyoboj traditions and a behaviour manner in which the cores tsenyonosti оріднизации are embodied, its personnel structure;

- E. M.Korotkov in the textbook "Organizational behaviour” priyovodit the whole series of definitions of organizational culture of foreign scientists. "The culture of the enterprise is become a habit, become trayoditsiej a mentality and a way of action, which in bolshej or menyo
Degree necks all workers of the enterprise and which should be acquired divide and is at least partially accepted by beginners that new members, collective became ”";

- Recognised authority on questions of management of the personnel With. V.Shekshnja in the textbook writes, that organizational culture it tsenyonosti, relations, behavioural norms, characteristic for given organiyozatsii. The organizational culture shows typical for given opi*a - nnzatsii the approach to the decision of problems.

- 3. P.Rumjantseva considers, that organizational culture, vyrabatyvaeyomaja the organisation, joint values, social norms, installations of behaviour which regulate actions of the person;

And, at last, one of the definitions fullest, in my opinion, oryoganizatsionnoj cultures is resulted by E.A.Smirnov in the work of "the Basis of the theory of the organisation” is a system socially progressive formalyonyh and informal rules and norms of activity, customs and traditions, individual and group interests, features of behaviour persoyonala the given organizational structure, style of a management, indicators of satisfaction of workers working conditions, level mutual soyotrudnichestva and compatibility of workers among themselves and with the organisation, development prospects.

The analysis of the resulted definitions of organizational culture poyozvoljaet to reveal a number a component, being indisputable and most often mentioned:

1. Organizational culture - set material, spiritual, soyotsialnyh the values created and created by employees of the company in the course of labour activity and reflecting originality, indiviyodualnost the given organisation.

2. Depending on a stage of development of the company of value can sushchestvoyovat in various forms: in the form of assumptions (at a stage active poyo
The claim of the culture), belief, installations and valuable orientations (when the culture has developed basically), norms of behaviour, rules of dialogue and standards of labour activity (at completely generated culture).

3. The most significant elements of culture admit: values, misyosija, the company purposes, codes and norms of behaviour, traditions and rituals.

4. Values and elements of culture do not demand dokazatel і> stv, are taken on trust, transferred from generation to generation, forming the corporate spirit of the company corresponding to its ideal aspirations.

5. At the heart of the majority of treatments the understanding of culture in the broad sense of the word lays.

Having analysed the given material, I would like to specify opreyodelenie concepts "or і'аннзационная culture” which I will use further in the work.

Такіш In the image, it is necessary to understand sphere of social and spiritual components of the enterprise as organizational culture, formed under the influence of the material and non-material, obvious and latent, realised and not realised processes and the phenomena, moral standards dominating in it and the values, the accepted code of behaviour and ukorenivshieyosja rituals, traditions which are formed from the moment of formation of the organisation and are divided by the majority of the employees, defining unity of philosophy, ideology, values, approaches to the decision of problems and behaviour of the personnel and allowing the organisation to move ahead to success.

The characteristic of organizational culture covers: individual autonomy - responsibility degree, nezaviyo

simosti and possibilities of expression of the initiative in the organisation;

Structure - interaction of bodies and the persons, operating rules,

Direct management and the control;

Direction - degree of formation of the purposes and prospects active
sti the organisations;

Integration - degree, to which parts (subjects) in frameworks organiyozatsii are supported in interests of realisation skoordiniroyovannoj of activity;

Administrative maintenance - degree concerning which meyonedzhery provide accurate communication communications, the help and podyoderzhku the subordinate;

Support - level of the help rendered by heads to the subordinates;

Stimulation - degree of dependence of compensation from rezultayotov a pond;

identifitsirovannost - degree of an identification of workers with oryoganizatsiej as a whole;

Management of conflicts - degree resolved ™ conflicts;

Management of risks - degree, to which workers pooshchrjayo

jutsja in innovations and risk assumption.

These characteristics include both structural, and behavioural measurements. This or that organisation can be subjected the analysis and is in detail described on the basis of listed above parametres and properties.

The structure of organizational culture includes culture of working conditions and manufacture, culture of means of labour and labour process, kulyoturu management and interpersonal relations in labour collective, culture of workers.

Requirements to organizational culture continuously grow, otrayozhaja growth of achievements of science and technology, and also development of a spiritual life of a society (a Fig. 1.7).

Increase of formation and qualification of the personnel

SotsialYOnye proyogrammy

Culture of social relations

NravstvenYOnoe and fiziyocheskoe vosyopitanie

Development

Persons

PrirodoYOohrannaja ekoyologija

SovershenstYOvovanie orgayonizatsionnyh the relation

Development reyosursosbereyogajushchih tehyonologii

Organizational kulyotura

*Иннов

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A source: Tjurikova Maria Mihajlovna. Development of methods for assessing and shaping the organizational culture of a commercial enterprise. Thesis for the degree of candidate of economic sciences. St. Petersburg - 2007. 2007

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