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1.4.2. An express technique of a comparative estimation of regions on effektivyonosti uses of non-material factors

Application of a technique of a comparative estimation of efficiency ispolzoyovanija non-material factors for development of regional economy, opiyorajushchejsja on the considered indicators (1.17), (1.19), (1.21), (1.23), is not always convenient owing to great volume of the necessary information.

It obuslovyolivaet expediency of construction more simple from the point of view informayotsionnogo maintenance of a technique of such estimation. In interests of its construction, as well as earlier, we will believe, that economic space of the state razdeyo
leno on I regions. Thus as the generalised characteristic ekonoyomicheskoj situations in region we will accept valovyj a product for established proyomezhutok time t, falling to one worker taken in sphere proyoizvodstva, that is

Where q (t) - the generalised indicator of an economic situation in i-м region;

Qi (t) - valovyj a product in i-м region for the period t;

Mi - A volume of employment in production sphere in i-м region.

In the presence of the information on structure of the gross product the economy of each region can be characterised by a gross product vector) in region;

J - Quantity of the allocated structural parts of the gross product.

It is obvious, that at J=1 indicators (1.24) and (1.25) coincide, that is (1.24) is a special case (1.25). Therefore further we will talk about an indicator (1.25) meaning its equivalence to an indicator (1.24). pokazayotel (1.25) contains the information as about material, and non-material factors of production in corresponding regions. Hence, the problem of an estimation of efficiency of non-material factors, first of all, assumes an establishment of their share in an indicator (1.25).

In interests of an establishment of a share of non-material factors we will be polayogat, that an indicator (1.25) are defined by technological level proizvodyostva in region, an environment of region and realised in region neyomaterialnymi factors.

Let's designate:

- Share of influence of a technological level of production in i-м regiyoone on a deviation j-й components of an indicator (1.25) from its average significance;

- Share of influence of an environment in i-м region on a deviation j - j components of an indicator (1.25) from its average significance;

- Share of influence of non-material factors in i-м region on otkloyonenie j-й components of an indicator (1.25) from its average significance.

Velichinyotrazhajut otnositelyo

noe influence of corresponding factors on an economic situation in regiyoonah.

With their account absolute influence of the allocated groups of factors on proizyovodstvo in i-м region during time tопределяется a parity

At b=3показатель (1.27) characterises absolute influence nemateriyoalnyh factors on an indicator j-й a component of a vector (1.25) economic situations in i-м region.

For definition величинi = 1,2..., I, j = 1,2..., J, b = 1,2,3, tselesoyo

Figuratively to start with the typical information situation, consisting that experts for each region can generate only a variation number from these sizes, that is number them in decreasing order, but cannot indicate exact significance what or from them. Formation of this number zakljuyochaetsja in comparison for each i th (i = 1,2..., I) region of sizes

Components of the gross product with elemenyotami a variation number

Numerical significances of elements of some (1.28) and, hence, sootvetyostvujushchih it of sizes β (t), j = 1,2,3для j-й (j = 1,2..., J) components valoyovogo a product of each of i th (i = 1,2..., I) region in considered informayotsionnoj situations, are defined by estimations Fishborna.

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Where p - a serial number of an element of a variation number (1.28);

P=3 - Quantity of elements of a variation number (1.28).

Numerical significances of elements of the variation number defined sootyonosheniem (1.29) are resulted in tab. 1.6.

Table 1.6

Numerical significances of elements of a variation number

Number elements Р1 R rz
Numerical significances 1/2 1/3 1/6

With allowance for the received parities productivity neyomaterialnyh factors in economy of i th region is defined by a parity

Technique application we will consider on an example of a comparative estimation of two regions on productivity of non-material factors. We will put, that for the established space of time tваловый the product peryovogo region has made 30 billion roubles. Number of workers, uchastvujuyoshchih in production for the first region - 100000 persons. In the second region for the same period valovyj the product has made 40 mlrd roubles, and number of workers - 100000 persons. It is required to compare regions on productivity of non-material factors provided that a variation number (1.26) for the first region looks like

The decision. Under the formula (1.24) we define indicators economic siyotuatsii in the first and second regions:

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With allowance for variation numbers from tab. 1.5, we find

Hence, according to a parity (1.27), influence nemateyorialnyh factors on an economic situation in the first region equally

Influence of non-material factors on an economic situation in vtoyorom region equally

Whence follows, that absolute influence of non-material factors on an economic situation in the second region exceeds their influence in the first region, and relative influence of non-material factors in the first region equally 1/6, and in the second - 1/3.

As a whole the considered techniques allow to carry out sravnitelyonuju a macro-estimation of regions on productivity nematerialyonyh factors for economy development.

Conclusions on chapter 1:

1. In the course of studying of genesis of theories of regional economy sisteyomatizirovany stages of development of regional economy in Russia and for rubeyozhom.

2. The analysis of concepts is carried out: efficiency, region, economic development. Definition of development of regional economy as development of economy of region as is offered to a part of territory Russian FeYOderatsii, having generality of the natural, social and economic, national-cultural and other conditions, which result will be soveryoshenstvovanie its functioning in a context of satisfaction it opredeyolennyh public requirements.

3. Classification of factors of development of economy of region by a resource sign is specified.

4. The essence is revealed and the role of a category non-material fakyotorov developments of economy of region for the purpose of working out of the concept of management by non-material factors of growth of regional economy is opened.

5. The author's technique of a comparative estimation of regions on productivity of non-material factors razviyotija the economy is considered and offered, allowing to carry out a comparative macro-estimation regiyoonov on productivity of non-material factors for razviyotija economy.

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A source: NAZAROV Alexey Jurevich. INCREASE of PRODUCTIVITY of NON-MATERIAL FACTORS of DEVELOPMENT of REGIONAL ECONOMY. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. Kursk - 2019. 2019

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