Historically classification of objects of a state ownership and poyorjadok their references (differentiation) to one of government and management levels and the municipal property were carried out according to poyostanovleniem the Supreme body of the Russian Federation from December, 27th, 1991 About differentiation gosuyodarstvennoj properties in the Russian Federation on federal sobstvenyonost, a state ownership of republics in sos tave the Russian Federation, edges, areas, autonomous region, autonomous regions, cities of Moscow and Sankt - Petersburg and the municipal property . All state imuyoshchestvo, except for municipal (the appendix 3 given decrees) were considered as the federal. The federal property has been in turn divided into exclusively federal property (the appendix 1) and on federal imuyoshchestvo which can be transferred to the possession subjects of the Russian Federation (the appendix 2). In cases when objects of a state ownership directly are not mentioned they are transmitted () to subjects of the Russian Federation to the property after spetsialyonogo circulations in this occasion ' their supreme bodies of the power which were allocated with the right to transmit objects being in their property in the municipal property. Five kinds of objects have been carried to exclusively federal property:

- The objects making a basis of a national wealth: resources kontinenyotalnogo a shelf of territorial waters and a marine zone of the Russian Federation, protected or osoyobym in the image used objects, objects istoriko - a natural, cultural both natural heritage and art values, culture establishments obshcheyorossijskogo the significances possessed in territory of the Russian Federation;

- The objects necessary for maintenance of functioning of federal governing bodies and the decision of the all-Russian problems: the state treasury of the Russian Federation, imuttsestvo the armed forces, special armies, security service, vnutrenyonih affairs and other establishments financed from a public finance; and as objects of the Russian Academy of Sciences, branch academies, the Ministries nauyoki, and the technical policy, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, the state centres of science, the enterprises and objects geological, cartographical, gidyorometeorologicheskoj services, the control over a condition and protection of an environment and natural resources, sanitary - epidemiological and veterinary service, standardization and metrology, machine-building stations and ranges, gosudaryostvennye stocks, mobilisation reserves and the enterprises supplying their preservation;

- Objects defensive proizvods tva;

- Objects of the branches supplying ability to live of national economy RosYOsii as a whole and development of other branches of a national economy: objects dobyyovajushchej the industry (except for extraction of local raw materials), toplivno - a power complex, electric power industry, transport (behind an exception avyotomobilnogo), river and a marine sea fleet, gasification, automobile it is expensive the general use, telecommunications agency, teleradioperedajushie station, gosuyodarstvennye breeding and horse-breeding centres, state farms, selektsionno - hybrid tsenyotry, the state seed inspections on sortoispytaniju selskohoyozjajstvennyh cultures, sortoispytatelnye stations and plots, the enterprises and hoyozjajstva on production valuable and anodromnyh kinds of fishes, serpentariums.

- Other objects: the pharmaceutical industry enterprises, mediko - biological preparations, the enterprise and the organisation on production spirit and likerovodochnoj production.

Landed property kinds, its bowels, water resources, wood funds and fauna are defined according to the legislation of the Russian Federation.

The enterprises of all branches have been carried to the second group of objects nayorodnogo the economy taking a leading position on Russian and meyostnyh the commodity markets, the services and works, the largest enterprises with mid-annual cost of a fixed capital for 01.01.1992 more than 200 million rbl. or the general chisyolennostju the 10 thousand people taken more, the enterprise of nuclear and power mechanical engineering, the fishery industry, zverosovhozy. As a part of such objects are named by nanosecond entering into property of the enterprises sanatorno - kuyorortnye the establishments which are in management of the central bodies goyosudarstvennogo managements by the Russian Federation, obekty a hotel economy, establishment of public health services and national education, culture and sports, scientifically - issleyodovatelskie, design - the design, prospecting and prospecting organisations, scientifically - production associations, the enterprises avtoyomobilnogo transport, on building and operation water economic sisyotem and structures, the polygraphic enterprises and publishing houses, information and telegraphic agencies of the Ministry of Press and the mass information of Russia, obshcherespublikanskie the building enterprises, production building mayoterialov and designs, the average special educational institutions having resyopublikanskoe significance, bases of a complete set, a refrigerating machinery, it is wholesale storage rooms, elevatornoe an economy, The enterprises for liquidation posledyostvy extreme situations.

The objects possessed in territories have been carried to the municipal property, being in management corresponding legislative oryogana - urban (except for cities of regional significance) and regional (except for areas in cities). It is housing and uninhabited fund, obsluzhiyovajushchie them housing - operational and repair shops, objects inyozhenernoj infrastructures, urban and a passenger transport (including metyoropoliten), an external accomplishment and the enterprises serving them etc. To it the objects which are in management of state governing bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation, such as are carried also: the retail trade enterprises, obshchestyovennogo a food, population consumer services, it is wholesale - warehouse moshchnoyosti, the enterprises it is industrial - the technical complete set, necessary for maintenance of trade turnover and volumes of services of the above-named enterprises.

According to item Z of the given decree till the definition moment soyootvetstvujushchego the proprietor all indicated objects are federal sobyostvennostju. All objects which have been not indicated in Appendices 1 - 3 are transmitted in sobstyovennost subjects of the Russian Federation.

Thus, differentiation of objects of a state ownership were defined by two basic processes - federalizatsii and munitsipalizatsii a significant part of objects of a state ownership. Itself sobyostvennost the subject of the Russian Federation, as well as the basic functions of controls in force neyosovershenstva or absence of the legislation have not been accurately defined. It in many respects spoke that actually management during the period till 1999 had unsystematic character and was accompanied by privatisation nizkolikvidnyh, ubyyotochnyh the enterprises in the form of voucher privatisation and privatisation you - sokoshgkvidiyh the major concerns which are in the federal property by means of them aktsionirovanija or sales at the competitive auctions.

Since 1999 management of a state ownership began to acquire concrete parametres and to have more and more system, ordered character.

For the period passed since 1999 in the country certain work on streamlining of objective structure on groups of objects of management has been executed:

1. Inventory of objects of a state ownership and nayolazhen monitoring of their condition at federal level is conducted, is adjusted sistemayotichesky the control of estimated activity;

2. The system of economic analysis and activity planning goyosudarstvennyh unitary the enterprise (State Unitary Enterprise) is created, the order and organiyozovan audit of the reporting unitary the enterprise is established;

3. The monitoring system is created acts and in joint-stock companies with goyosudarstvennym sharing;

4. The register of the federal real estate containing kolichestyovennye, technical and legal characteristics of objects is generated;

5. In many respects the standard base of management is anew created; has begun realiyozatsija the Ground code and other laws regulating questions of a turn-over of the ground areas;

6. Bases for transition to system poobektnogo managements are mortgaged;

7. Management procedure imushchestvenno-zemelYonym by a complex at all levels of the government - from the decision of the cabinet to the schedule of actions of the ministerial expert is in details regulated.

In management practice a number of the negative moments, dezoryoganizujushchih management of objective structure and reducing budgetary efyofektivnost managements/13 / takes place:

1. Absence of a coordination of address investment programs with rasyohodnoj a budget part. So, in the federal property is more than 7 thousand not complete buildings, and for budgetary money of work are conducted tolyoko on 224 objects (3 %), and the others not only lose investment priyovlekatelnost, but also become dangerous to associates.

2. The contradiction between radical signs of official body (dayolee under the text - GU) and practice of their functioning: formally remaining bjudyozhetopoluchateljami, largely steels upon independent komyomercheskimi manufacturers of services.

3. Inefficient use of federal property (preservation obekyotov not complete building in the state property conducts to dopolyonitelnym to expenses and their destruction).

4. Not fulfilment of planned targets on privatisation. prognoznyj the plan (proyogramma) privatisations of federal property for 2003, which predusmatyorival transfer to private hands of the share of 1978 open joint-stock companies and 970 federal state unitary enterprise (further under the text - FGUP) has not been executed. In 2004 it is planned to sale of 717 more blocks of shares of Open Society and 1063 FGUP. The plan as has not been executed.

According to Medvedeva J.M. and Andrievsky, Anisimov of L. A, the given approach will allow most rigid method to forbid the enterprises and uchrezhyodenijam to parasitize on property which is not used for authorised activity. It is obvious at that, that while the property is not sold, it should efyofektivno cope and bring in the stable income in the form of rent plateyozhej, dividends and other renewed incomes. It means toughening of the account of objects and their use. For state unitary predyoprijaty and establishments it will mean withdrawal of excessive property and management optimisation / 87,21 - 26; 88,2 - 4; 13; 14,39 - 46/.

5. Absence of the complete register of federal property and absence pubyolichnogo the register. It brakes management the public register which pozvoyolil to supply an easy approach to a databank state neyodvizhimosti and more effectively to use state nedvizhiyomost, would stimulate growth of demand for it and a gain of receipts in bjudyozhet.

6. Absence of in details developed technique and system of criteria of an estimation of management. In practice the indicator of budgetary efficiency is used: total indicators on groups of incomes: the profit, dividends, a rent etc. At the same time, a part of profit FGUPov began to act in the budget only since 2001 In 2003 these payments have made already more than 2,5 billion rbl.

7. The mechanism of the control of economic activities FGUPov is formed.

Only in 2003 more than 1,5 thousand FGUPov have presented audit reports to the Ministry of Property of Russia. The quantity of the joint-stock companies paying diyovidendy, has increased with 35 in 1997 to one thousand in 2003 On provisional data, receipts in the budget under this article have made nearby 12 mlrd, rubyolej.

So, to subjects of small business it is transmitted on hire basis more than 3,5 million metres of premises of the federal real estate. On the present vreyomja in a private property it is sold more than 20 thousand ground areas, in that

Number, 1 thousand under privatised from the federal property predyoprijatijami. From earth sale in the federal budget in 2003 already postupiyolo nearby 3 mlrd, roubles. As a whole, incomes of the federal budget from ispolzoyovanija federal property only in 1999 - have grown 2002 more than three times, and in comparison with 1997 - almost in 50 times. In 2003 of receipt in the budget have exceeded 125 mlrd, roubles.

Transferred "defects" all above are connected with imperfection zayokonodatelstva and indistinct definition of functions on management, neyoeffektivnoj the organisation of the account, an estimation of objects, absence of techniques diyoagnostiki conditions of management, definition of priority directions of activity, an estimation of "weak" places in the management organisation, miscalculations at planning, etc.

In the end, there was an understanding of the reasons neeffektivnosgi and after this, the approach to definition of functions of the state in economy was changed also, necessity of reorganisation of a controlling mechanism.

Its essence consists that by definition the state in market economy executes two interconnected functions / 68, 11 - 22; 69,9-21/:

1. Regulating function in which frameworks the state sets ekonomiyocheskie "game rules" is a complex of the state measures of the legislative, executive and supervising character which is carried out pravomochnyyomi by the state bodies and public organisations with the purposes of stayobilizatsii and development of economy; and, as regulation it is understood reyogulirovanie through production factors: NTP, employment, investments, current regulation: budgetary, tax, monetary and credit, currency, upravyolenie a state ownership, external economic and legal. It should be combined with a substantiation of prospects socially - economic development - forecasting, indicative planning, a substantiation of branch structure of economy and territorial development.

2. Function of the state businessman possessing and rasporjayozhajushchegosja the state capital and participating on a level with the private capital in economic circulation.

The similar approach corresponds to world experience. In particular, obshchestyovennyj (public) sector plays an essential role in many countries of Europe though their economy and functions on market principles. They fairly believe, that on occasion market regulation of economy should be supplemented with direct interference of the state. The former first deputy minister property otnoyosheny the Russian Federation Medvedev J.M. a hook defines sense of new model of management: ... It means, that, on the one hand, it is necessary to create conditions for planoyovogo care of the state from a market "commercial" niche of economy, and with druyogoj is system to supply effective functioning and development gosudaryostvennoj and the municipal property for activity which KonstiYOtutsiej the Russian Federation and federal laws is assigned exclusively on gosudaryostvo and the higher authority. Owing to developed in our country objective ekoyonomicheskih factors and with allowance for foreign experience we should develop new controlling mechanisms the state property which poyozvolili to raise its efficiency and protection of the rights of the state as sobstvenyonika or the participant (shareholder) commercial and noncommercial organizayotsy / 88, 2 - 4/.

Main purpose - maximisation of budgetary incomes as consequence optiyomizatsii control systems of a state ownership.

In a basis of new model of management of a state ownership poyolozheny following principles ' 87, 21 - 26/:

1. A principle of integrity of a control system of the state property. Management at all levels is under construction as uniform complete system, ohvatyvajuyoshchaja:

- All objective structure of a state ownership: the earth, bowels, water reyosursy, woods, property complexes of the enterprises, securities, including state blocks of shares of shares, objects of the inhabited and uninhabited real estate, neyomaterialnye objects (intellectual property, trade marks, proyogrammnye products), property kazn) ' the states;

- Complete set of methods of management (differentiation and creation of new objects of a state ownership; use of various forms of use obyoektami: gratuitous use, lease, concession, the lien, confidential management and methods volume and structure obektov: natsionayolizatsija, privatisation, bankruptcy);

- Supplying tools:

- uchstno a supply with information, an estimation of objects;

- Legislatively - standard maintenance;

- Cadastral maintenance;

- Personnel maintenance;

- The control over use and the order a state ownership.

2. A principle of conformity of structure of the state property to functions gosuyodarstva with consecutive privatisation, reorganisation or liquidation izyobytochnogo property; the state ownership is considered as imushcheyostvennaja (economic) base of the management which borders are set by two funkyotsijami managements;

3. A principle flowing and forward planning at the system control of use of property; the management program should consist of three plans acquisitions, uses and leavings of property and is rigid uvjazayona with working out of the federal budget, federal address inveyostitsionnoj programs, prognoznym the plan (program) of privatisation feyoderalnogo property for the next year. This process should be entered in system budgetary planning and correspond with perspective finanyosovym the plan for three coming years.

The objective structure of federal property looks the following obyorazom:

1. In the register the property 8 820 federal gosudarstvenyonyh the unitary enterprises (FGUP) and 36693 official bodies (GU), 218788 objects of real estate, in particular, is considered, including 25713 ground areas

2. In the federal property there are shares 4 183 joint-stock obyoshchestv; thus share packages on a dale of the Russian Federation the State as the subject pravootnosheny properties, has decisive effect on process of concentration of production and the capital. In authorised capitals razyodeleny as follows:

- 100 % of an authorised capital 124 joint-stock companies;

- More than 50 % of an authorised capital - 552 joint-stock companies;

- From 25 to 50 % of an authorised capital1308 joint-stock company;

- Less than 25 % - 2199 joint-stock companies, including 492 joint-stock companies in which relation the special right to sharing of the Russian Federation in their management is used;

- 148 joint-stock companies in which relation the special right to sharing of the Russian Federation in their management (akyotsii is applied only are considered are not present).

3. As of January, 1st, 2003 the ground fund of Russia makes 1709,8 million in hectares, from which I 580,8 million (92,4 %) are in state sobstyovennosti and 129 million in hectares (7,6 %) - in private.

Management of objects of the real estate and the landed property has improved, but some question is not settled till now / 47, 2 - 8/. In MiYOnisterstve property relations of the Russian Federation there were data only on 265 thousand plots, from which 126 thousand can be carried to federal sobstvenyonosti. The Property right of the Russian Federation is registered all on 7678 plots / 88, 2 - 4/.

In this connection new classification state imushcheyostva, called to supply optimisation of structure of the property in sootvetyostvija is offered by its state functions. Earlier according to order, usyotanovlennym the Governmental order 696 from 1998, minimushcheyostvom Russia have been generated and the register of federal property is conducted. The analysis of data of the register shows, that the structure etoju property is diverse, and on the bases of its finding in the federal property can be presented as follows:

1. The property withdrawn from a turn-over, in particular, property of power departments and similar with it;

2. The property earlier defined as forbidden to privatisation - it is no secret, that acts now the Decree of the President Russian FedeYOratsii and more than 60 normative statements establishing limits, a measure and siyotuatsiju with an interdiction for privatisation of a various kind of property.

3. The strategic enterprises defined by the President, and property, isyopolzuemoe for the decision of separate state problems, including vreyomennyh.

According to these directions it is established following klasyosifikatsija federal property:

1. The property necessary for realisation of functions and problems of the state, further - functional target federal property.

2. The property which has lost such significance, further - commercial federal property.

Naturally, with the course of time any kinds of property can otyonositsja to the first category, pass in the second, probably, on the contrary.

On the bases of inclusion of property in the federal property its structure can be classified as follows:

- The property withdrawn from a turn-over (in particular property of power departments);

- The property earlier defined as forbidden to privatisation; in nastojayoshchee time acts the decree of the president and more than 60 laws establishing tayokoj an interdiction;

The-strategic enterprises defined by the President, with accounts of the new law on privatisation;

- The property used for the decision of separate time problems: imushcheyostvo, not privatised because of various, including it is pure tehnicheyoskih, the reasons.

As required all objects should be carried or to the property necessary for realisation of functions and problems of the state (funktsioyonalno-target), or to property, lost such significance (kommercheyoskoe). On is functional-target property cannot be paid vzyyoskanie under obligations of the Russian Federation or legal bodies, which it polzujutyosja. The property used for the decision of the limited circle of strategic and socially focused problems should be carried To is functional-target property ' also. Operate it structures, obespeyochivajushchie defence and the safety of the country working in sphere high tehyonology, sciences and preservations of the environment, but not receiving the fast commercial return, natural monopolies, and also the organisations infrayostruktury and municipal services can.

The program of the Government of the Russian Federation on management optimisation gosudarstvenyonoj the property provides the decision of following problems / 13; 87, 21 - 26/:

1.v the relation of the unitary enterprises it is necessary to achieve:

- Considerations and assertions federal bodies executive vlayosti or their territorial interdepartmental commissions proizyovodstvennyh programs; the regular control of their activity, audit financial and accounts; acceptances of the reasonable decisions on use of profit of the enterprises on own development and pereyochislenii its parts in the federal budget.

- Acceptances three-year programs of privatisation with the list of privatised objects for the first year and the forecast of privatisation for two next years;

Combined efforts of government bodies in the centre and on places within three years to reorganise, liquidate or privatise 5-6 thousand FGUP;

- Creations of the interdepartmental commissions to which competence it is offered otyonesti development of recommendations concerning federal property and neyoratsionalnogo uses of other property belonging to Federation;

- Interdiction for sharing state unitary the enterprise in banks since anayoliz has shown, that for share acquisition (shares) in banks only is officially spent by such enterprises more than 2,5 billion rbl. In exchange not received neither dividends, nor capitalisation. Really these banks formed only for finansoyovyh streams of the enterprises;

- Assertions of the list of objects of a state ownership (accordingly either the president, or the government). Changes in this inventory can proizyovoditsja only by entering of amendments and additions into the federal law and only in that case when functions of the state will vary, the purposes and problems goyosudarstvennoj politicians.

- To carry property or it is direct to treasury of corresponding public formation, or it should be fixed on the right operative upravyolenija to the state enterprises or state establishments, vozmozhyonost which creations it is provided by the law About state and muniyotsipalnyh the unitary enterprises;

- Legislatively to establish, that fixed on the operational administration right behind the state enterprises and establishments the property cannot bgg is transmitted on hire basis ' or to be a subject of other civil-law bargains if not the decision on a recognition of such property excessive and subject vysvobozhdeyoniju is accepted.

2. Concerning official bodies it is necessary:

- To produce system of criteria and an activity estimation, and also structure and obyoem property necessary for its realisation;

- To supply revaluation and the property account on an effective cost, and also the control over it, withdrawal of property excessive or used not for the designated purpose;

- To develop an order of privatisation state and municipal uchyorezhdeny which activity has lost significance for the decision gosuyodarstvennyh problems;

- To carry out transformation of official bodies excessive for guarantee of fulfilment of functions of the state, in other forms nekommercheyoskih and the commercial organisations.

3. Concerning management of shares in companies with a state participation the Regulations on realisation of the rights of the Russian Federation as shareholder are confirmed, defined poyorjadok forecasting of result of activity of economic companies and the control of performance of decisions of shareholder meetings, and that number, but vyyoplate dividends. For the further increase of efficiency of this dejayotelnosti it is necessary to supply:

- Application in a daily life of joint-stock company of positions of the Code korporativyonogo the behaviour, directed on increase investment privlekayotelnosti and capitalisations;

- Development in each joint-stock company rational dividendnoj politicians;

- Regular auditing of their activity,

- Transformation of official bodies excessive for guarantee of fulfilment of functions of the state, other forms noncommercial and kommeryocheskie the organisations;

- Realisation of audit financial and accounts;

- Privatisation in 2003-2005g.g. Blocks of shares of joint-stock companies where the state share makes 25 % and less than percent;

- Perfection of the mechanism of confidential management by joint-stock company shares, nayohodjashchimisja in the federal property, by order preservation prjamoyogo appointments as the state of the representatives in leading joint-stock companies ("Gazprom", UES of Russia. "Transneft", etc.) and attraction to uchayostiju in management of other joint-stock companies of professionals on a competitive basis, with statement before them the specific targets, corresponding materialyonym stimulation and responsibility.

5. Concerning objects of the real estate:

- In connection with coming into force of the federal ground legislation it is necessary to distribute on levels of management of 1500 thousand ground uchayostkov, to carry out reorganisation of ground fund (privatisation of plots);

- To establish a rigid order of use of objects of the real estate, nahoyodjashchihsja and management government facilities and establishments;

- To supply the strict control over conditions of their leasing and postupleyonijami a rent in incomes;

- To generate public reeetse the real estate (databank) which buyodet to contain the information on the leased objects and its conditions, and also data on property which can be transmitted on hire basis, obesyopechit publicity and availability of a databank,

- To pass to a market estimation and rent account;

- Fastening in the federal property of principal views natural reyosursov; accurately to differentiate authorities of the federal centre and regions on voyoprosam orders natural resources; to introduce grazhdansko - the legal beginnings into relations between the state and users natural resuryosov, that will allow to supply stability of a mode of use, a transparency of property relations, definiteness in procedures of the decision of disputes;

- To strengthen a role in regulation rational prirodopolzoyovanija and stable reproduction of natural resources, including by creation of an effective system of the control, system reforming tehnicheyoskogo (specifications, standards) wildlife management with the purposes of soyokrashchenija redundant administrative pressure;

- System perfection nedropolzovanija and accurate definition of kinds of use by bowels, investigation allocation in an independent kind nedropolyozovanija, that will allow to put selectively public funds in working out of deposits which will be compensated by receipts from the auctions on the right of use;

- Expansion of sphere of application of a public liability insurance prirodopol zovatel to it;

- Perfection of the mechanism of lease of natural objects or rights of use of them, the concessionary mechanism of investment. The basic difference of transfer imuyoshchestva under the agreement of concession from lease consists that the right of realisation of activity or granting of the services carried by the Constitution or laws to functions of the state of a local government will be transmitted to the concessioner. For maintenance of such activity it is offered state or muyonitsipalnoe property that requires - correction standard - legal base, re - forms of realisation of a state ownership. It is necessary takyozhe to define, that vozmezdnoe acquisition or property creation should koryorespondirovatsja with the federal address investment program and dohodyonoj a part of the federal budget, since deviation from this order privoyodit to the big losses.

Simultaneously there are processes of re-structuring of the economic rights of subjects of a state ownership and objective structure gosudarstyovennoj properties (Federal laws 184 - FZ and 131 - FZ with izmeyonenijami and additions). The tendency "federalizatsii" most economically effective objects of a state ownership and "reyogionalizatsija" vosproizvodstvennyh and social obligations is marked. It is available failure of "centre" of compensatory payments to regions, financings northern zayovoza, of some social programs, state regulation of the prices on eneryogonositeli and railroad rates thus, that the state actually has in the companies - monopolists controlling interests. It causes an enormous damage national and to regional economy, but, first of all, objects of a state ownership (obvetshanie, raised avayorijnost etc.; The last case with failure and power cutoff in the Russian Open Society "United Power Systems" of Russia - convincing to volume the certificate). Therefore optimisation cannot concern only to one objects state sobstvennoyosti or detailed elaborations of toolkit of management against toughening protseyodur the control, and should have system character.

Let's consider other models on an exit from the developed situation and opyotimizatsii territorial structure the economy realised PravitelYOstvom. Creation of federal districts was the first attempt. But reception of average indicators only statistically "improved" a situation. The second attempt is undertaken within the limits of the doctrine of "integration of regions, predyolozhennaja group of scientists under a management d.e.n., the deserved economist of Russia, vitse - the president of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences V.K.Senchagova modernisation problems goyosudarstvennogo the territorial system of Russia. Prospects socially - economic development of regions in the conditions of their integration and creation noyovyh subjects of the Russian Federation / 104,25 - 67/.

The mathematical model of optimisation of regional development on type region - the locomotive is simple enough. If the "rich" subject of Federation unites "poor" average indexes of the neogenic subject of Federation will be closer to averages on the country, than each of united subjects for a case of association of two subjects. Let $ - an average on the country significance of some indicator. We will assume, that absolute values of the given indicator 1 both 2 are equal in regions Y and 62, and sizes concerning which settle up an average, - cl I 2. Then an average for regions will be dl-bl/cl and d2~b2/c2. Let average significances of considered indicators in regions differ from an average on the country accordingly in h and at times {x-dl/Sy y=d2/s), thus a situation in the region 1, evaluated on considered poyokazatelju, better, than in region 2, i.e. at. The average for incorporated region significance of an indicator (/) is from expression: f = (bl+b2) / (cl+c2) = (dl*cl+d2*c2) / (cl+c2). The size f differs from average 5 in z=f/s time: Z=f/s = (d} *cl+d2*c2) / (cl+c2) =x*cl / (cl+c2) +y*c2 / (cl+c2). We will compare sizes z, h I at: z-x=x*cl / (cl+c2) +y*c2 / (cl+c2)-xu*s1 / (1+2) +*2 / (1+2)-u=0.

Thus, zy. As was to be shown /104, 37/. But, as has shown experience of creation of the federal districts, the given approach to a problem gives the chance to improve a situation statistically. Without formation vnutrireyogionalnyh financial sources the optimisation problem can be decided only at the expense of inflow of financial assets from the consolidated budget of subjects of the Russian Federation in the form of compensatory payments or federal investments.

Conclusions but chapter 1.

Thus, speech should go about essentially new model of management of the state property which takes one of kljuyochevyh places in system of economic relations, about measures zakonodatelnoju maintenance of new model of management and about controlling mechanism perfection:

1. Use of new model of management by the federal property should supply realisation of the rights of the state as the proprietor and hozjajyostvujushcheju the subject (businessman). But in practice "privatisation" model of management it is subject - objective structure of the property, zakljuyochajushchajasja in nobody the calculated parametre of increase in a share private sobyostvennosti, with allowance for two above the indicated aspects has not led formirovayoniju effekgivnoj national economy to what high specific weight of regions - recipients testifies.

2. Partial identification of the property as economic system, neyorazvitost economic and institutsionalnyh treatments of the property priyovodit to narrowing of a nominal and real field state sobstyovennosti and economic freedom of subjects of managing.

3. The policy of integration of regions will not solve an overcoming problem dotatsiyoonnogo character of regional budgets in long-term prospect owing to limitation of quantity of objects of a state ownership.

4. If in the conditions of proceeding system crisis the basic prioriyotety the politicians declared in the message of the President, on the one hand, and konyotseptsija of management by a state ownership, with other, disperse and in the end cannot supply desirable result.

We believe, that without qualitative change of objective structure gosuyodarstvennoj properties of the subject of the Russian Federation, and gem more in the conditions of its narrowing, will entail decrease in capacity of governing bodies in regions and increase in a cost loading at the federal budget that is predyometom the analysis of the second chapter.

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A source: Averbuh Elena Aleksandrovva. OPTIMIZATION of MANAGEMENT by the STATE OWNERSHIP of the SUBJECT of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION (ON the EXAMPLE of KHABAROVSK TERRITORY). The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. Khabarovsk - 2005. 2005


  2. 2.4. Objective necessity and the basic directions of reform of management of a state ownership.
  5. 3.1. Principles of differentiation of authorities and the rights of management subjects of a state ownership
  8. Principles, functions and the purposes of management of a state ownership
  9. 2.2. System principles of management of objects of a state ownership
  11. Efficiency of activity of Agency on re-structuring of the credit organisations of the Russian Federation in the field of anti-recessionary management
  12. 3.3. Perfection of management of shares of a state ownership in the joint-stock companies.
  13. the methodological approach to formation of tool base of management by a state ownership in region
  16. 3.1. Ways of increase of a management efficiency the state enterprises.