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RE-STRUCTURING IT IS SUBJECT - OBJECTIVE STRUCTURE OF MANAGEMENT gosobstvennnostyo AND THE ECONOMIC RIGHTS OF THE SUBJECT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

Offers but optimisation organizational - economic struktuyory managements are reduced to following positions:

As a regional government priority it suggested to pass to factorial model of management.

It assumes:

1. Reduction legislatively - standard maintenance of management in sootyovetstvie with the constitutional norms supplying realisation ekonoyomicheskih of the rights of regions within the limits of institute joint management.

2. To initiate an adoption of law about nationalisation; privatisation of objects of a state ownership should be carried out in case proyoizvoditelnost work, an occupation level and payments of workers, izyoderzhki, a technological level of production on private enterprises in the given branch above, than on the state.

3. To achieve re-structuring of the economic rights of subjects of the Russian Federation and predostavyolenie it bolshej economic freedom with the purposes of a financial provision of authorities anov the power of the subject of the Russian Federation to make changes in the item of the federal law 184 - FZ and legislatively to grant the subject of the Russian Federation the right reguliyorovat volume, branch localisation of a state ownership, uroyoven to its concentration in authorised capitals of companies with the mixed Russian property, proceeding from national interests, interests of the population, the purposes and development problems:

- The principle of conformity of structure of the state property to functions gosuyodarstva in management of subjects of the Russian Federation should be subordinated to a principle ekonomiyocheskoj expediency dictated specificity of functions gosudarsgvennoj sobstvenyonosti: at optimum formation gosudarsgvennoj properties in region privayotizatsija, "federalizatsija", "munitsipalizatsija", "nationalisation", privatisation, reyoorganizatsija or liquidation of unprofitable state property should be used on modernisation of the enterprises and state establishment, foryomirovanie an effective state block of shares of shares with the purposes of stability increase upravyolenija and controllability of economy.

2. Re-structuring of organizational structure of management.

The purpose: increase of mobility, flexibility and quality of management, optimiyozatsija costs for management, increase of the control from the party predstavitelyonoj the authorities behind managerial process.

Problems: redistribution of functions of management on levels organizatsiyoonnoj structures:

- Fastening pravoustanavlivajushchih functions behind the ministry ekonomicheyoskogo development and external relations of Khabarovsk territory;

- Creation (establishment) by the government of edge of agencies on management of groups of objects commercial state sobstenposti with transfer to it pravoprimeyonitelnyh functions, by state capital entering in ustavnyj the capital of the given agencies;

- Optimisation of professional structure of management on a basis application of competitive procedures of selection of shots on the basis of the automated procedure of selection;

- Creation in a legislature of region of committee on management gosudarstyovennoj the property and a control supply with information for isyopolzovaniem and the order a state ownership.

3. For condition and dynamics diagnostics it is subject - objective structure it suggested to consider principal views of macroeconomic effects which are characteristic for a state ownership and which give in izmereyoniju by following criteria:

- Criterion vosproizvodstvennoj a management efficiency (the analysis organiyozatsionno - economic structure of management state sobstvenyonostju the subject of the Russian Federation);

- Criterion of the budgetary efficiency defined by account koeffn -

UD

tsienta under the formula: 6 - 100 %, D - not tax and tax incomes bjud -

G

zheta from a state ownership minus costs for management, G

- Cost of the state ownership involved in a turn-over; it predyopolagaet working out and creation of an accounting system tax and not tax doyohodov from possession, use and the order of a regional state ownership.

- Criterion socially - demographic effectiveness.

Economic benefit: as at present time such sisyotema the analysis is absent, the analysis vosproizvodstvennoj, budgetary and sotsiyoalno - demographic effectiveness of management state sobstyovennostju (as a whole and on groups of objects) is not conducted, that is inevitable iskazhayoet real structure of sources of incomes of the regional budget, a place and a role goyosudarstvennogo managements of incomes. It will allow to raise speed reagiroyovanija on change of economic structure of region and will reduce time on razrayobotku and introduction of correcting effects.

4. Re-structuring of objective structure regional state sobstyovennosti by:

- In sphere it is standard - legal regulation: realisations of the constitutional norm carrying a part significant and vysokolikvidnyh of objects gosudarstvenyonoj of the property to subjects of joint management;

- In sphere it is material - technical and technological maintenance: uveliyochenie volume and quality of objects of a regional state ownership puyotem redistributions of objects of a federal state ownership state sobstveshjusti on regional level and especially in otnoyoshenii economically significant objects on the basis of working out of regional programs of development by subjects of the Russian Federation;

Economic benefit: minimisation transaktsionnyh costs from priyovatizatsii and destabilising effect of external factors. Signs optimum organizational - economic structure are stabilizayotsija economy, ability of region independently to supply development reyogionalnogo communities or that in an ideal is defined as "samodostatochyonost".

For consecutive approach to achievement of the given purpose predlayogaem the following program (subroutine) of re-structuring gosudarstvenyonoj properties.

The program of re-structuring of a state ownership.

I. poobektnaja state ownership re-structuring.

The purpose: overcoming of deformations of regional reproduction and obesyopechenie conditions for stable economic and social development of the subject of the Russian Federation growth of the national gross product.

Problems: 1. Rationalisation of production and increase of profitability private and government facilities; 2. Optimisation qualitative parayometrov a labour and financing of programs of improvement of professional skill of shots only with allowance for requirements of regional economy, the public capital; 3. Restoration of the state control over natural and power resources; 4. Qualitative change of objects gosudarstyovennoj properties of the subject of the Russian Federation.

Principles.

1. A principle of conformity of the program of re-structuring to the strategic plan for development of region.

2. A principle of free transformation of kinds of a state ownership which is understood as the simplified mechanism of transfer state imuyoshchestva from one level of management on other (resubmission).

3. A principle of conformity of cost parametres state sobstvenyonosti and managements to their qualitative characteristics.

The mechanism of realisation of the program of re-structuring.

According to a strategic target declared by the President - peyorehodom on an innovative way of development with the purposes of increase konkurentospoyosobnosti the Russian economy and its integration into the world community, and takyozhe with allowance for specialisations of regions and necessity of formation terriyotorialno - industrial complexes and territorial technoparks, optimisation of incomes of budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation to enter the following stage-by-stage mechanism of re-structuring:

1.opredelenie at federal level of objects of the state property, the unitary enterprises, establishments, state blocks of shares of shares, non-material aktiyovov, and also property being in their management, the unitary enterprises, establishments not required for fulfilment of the state functions at federal level and included in the plan of privatisation or aktsionirovanija.

2. Finishing of plans on given objects federal gosudarstyovennogo property to the governments, bodies executive and predstaviyotelnoj the authorities on districts.

3. On federal districts to define lists of objects federal sobstyovennosti in which transfer on regional level they are interested.

5. On the basis of the offers submitted on federal districts (the given approach will simplify procedure of processing of acting offers, programs) razrayobotat programs) ', consisting of two subroutines: programs pereraspredeyolenija the state property on levels of the government and about - privatisation grammes for three years which is formed on residual prinyotsipu. It should include those objects which with allowance for national interests and an item of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, were not included into the program connected with regionalizatsiej or munitsipalizatsiej of objects of a federal and regional state ownership.

6. Fastening to regions of effective (blocking) state blocks of shares in the state corporations which are carrying out hozjajstvenyonuju activity in territory of region, allowing to influence on dividendnuju to the politician, transportation rates, a price level on energonosiyoteli.

II. The Basic directions of re-structuring of the economic rights of a state ownership of the subject of the Russian Federation

1. All programs of privatisation should be formed with allowance for interests and with the purposes of expansion of the economic rights of subjects of the Russian Federation.

2. Accurate definition by the legislator of the property rights of subjects of the Russian Federation on the large part of incomes of the basic natural resources (bowels, wood fund, ground, water resources), that is dictated by necessity of expansion of structure of taxable base and maintenance of legal grounds for ogyoranichenija price "bespredela" natural monopolies with mixed rosyosijskoj the federal property in regions.

2. Authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation on all kinds of use of bowels should be defined and fixed legislatively, including, in the field of investigation as independent kind nedropolzovanija, systems technical reguliyorovanija (specifications, standards) wildlife management.

3. Application sostjazatelnoj procedures of granting of rights of use by bowels, except for the closed list of acceptance individual reshe - ny on the questions connected with interests of national security should be carried out in common by the subject of the Russian Federation and the federal centre on territoyorii the region, the withdrawn differential rent (introduction of a payment for use of the natural resources, differentiated depending on conditions razyomeshchenija and) should be redistributed in regioyonalnye budgets, the real control use of natural resources will allow to carry out workings out of these resources and to supply them ekologizatsiju and reproduction, and also a management transparency with property relations, stability of a mode of use and definiteness in procedures of the decision of disputes at the expense of introduction of the civil-law beginnings in relations between the state and users of natural resources.

Offered actions will allow state governing bodies to acquire real material and financial levers vozdejyostvija on a condition of regional economy and formation of conditions for ekoyonomicheskogo growth and social stability.

The given approach will allow to overcome deformations of phases of process vosyoproizvodstva, to receive economy on all levels of management and to include available property complexes in realisation of plans on development reyogiona, to receive additional investment resources. The cores pokayozateljami efficiency of reform of interbudgetary relations are the share of subjects-recipients, level of the indebtedness regional and local vlayostej before the population, volume of the loans issued by the federal budget, subsiyody and transfer deeds, the size of deficiency (proficiency) of budgets of all levels of management.

S.Programma re-structuring poobektnoj structures of a regional state ownership.

1. Re-structuring of the enterprises can be carried out in a kind:

- Re-structurings of their indebtedness; property re-structuring.

- Indebtedness re-structuring can be made in various forms:

- The conclusion with the enterprise of the agreement for deliveries of production on account of its indebtedness to the budget (indebtedness registration in a kind gosuyodarstvennogo the credit with the minimum interest rate; realisation within the limits of the allocated indebtedness (previously the indebtedness and vneyobjudzhetnye funds is transferred the budget to separate accounts) procedures of clearing of debts with other participants of economic process).

Indebtedness re-structuring reduces outflow of means of the enterprise, odyonako it can be insufficiently. In such cases it is necessary to go further and reyostrukturizirovat the property, for example by issue of additional shares or bonds on the basis of market revaluation in non-turnaround assets of the enterprises for settlement of their indebtedness against the budget.

The property management of the insolvent enterprises - one of the primary goals of management of the insolvent enterprises consists in active application of the mechanism of improvement of the enterprises by realisation of procedures of an inconsistency. Besides, bankruptcy - one of methods pereyoraspredelenija properties from inefficient proprietors to effektivyonym, therefore a question on bankruptcy is a question in bolshej degrees investitsiyoonno - property, than fiscal. Bankruptcy procedures allow to create on the basis of liquid property of the enterprise-bankrupt new effekyotivno the working enterprises, probably, from shares of sharing of edge. According to the Ministry of property relations at a stage of realisation of procedures of bankruptcy orientation to a fiscal component of these procedures, that is to the prompt collection of the indebtedness, does not give real results. It javyoljaetsja the basic distinctive feature of bankruptcy of the enterprises in Rosyosijsky Federation as a whole and Khabarovsk territory in particular. Application of procedures of bankruptcy is also one of the tools changing structure of the property of the subject of the Russian Federation. Rational application of procedures of bankruptcy allows to carry out structural changes obankrotivshegoyosja the enterprises that leads in the future to normal work of production, stable receipt of taxes, increase in number of jobs and privleyocheniju investments. At procedures of bankruptcy of the enterprises there is osyovobozhdenie, the enterprises from nanosecond of function peculiar to it under the contents of objects of social sphere, an involving in a turn-over of objects nedvizhimoyosti to simultaneous preservation of working complexes, proizvodjayoshchih production having real demand. Proceeding from it, bankruptcy first of all should be carried out:

1. With the purposes of sanitation of production, creation of new structural elements proyoizvodstva;

2. Assistance to decision-making on reorganisation or bankruptcy organiyozatsy, having the significant indebtedness against the regional budget, at the initiative of proprietors to capitalise the indebtedness in liquid shares of "pure" effective companies again formed as a result of reorganisation.

3. It is expedient to carry out acquisition in the regional property of shares at the expense of entering of the ground areas in ustavnyj the capital of joint-stock companies with their subsequent sale.

Conclusion: proceeding from the subject of the Russian Federation stated sharing as the creditor, in bankruptcy procedures, should be, attraction of effective proprietors, dosyotizhenie long-term objectives of increase of efficiency of the enterprises to the detriment of is directed on realisation restyorukturizatsii the enterprises, to fiscal short-term interests. It is carried out by kapitalizayotsii a debt to the subject of the Russian Federation, debt converting in the share of companies and their realisation for the decision of the designated problems of management. In practice of resolution of problems of a property management of the insolvent enterprises there are facts, when local administrations and committees on management h

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A source: Averbuh Elena Aleksandrovva. OPTIMIZATION of MANAGEMENT by the STATE OWNERSHIP of the SUBJECT of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION (ON the EXAMPLE of KHABAROVSK TERRITORY). The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. Khabarovsk - 2005. 2005

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