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a methodical plan of research and its basic stages

The research plan is basic idea which connects voediyono all structural elements of a technique of research, defines an order of its realisation, its stages.

Usually economic research consists of three cores etayopov.

The first stage includes:

- Problem and theme choice;

- Definition of object and subject, the purposes and problems;

- Working out of a hypothesis of research.

The research problem starts as a category meaning neyochto unknown in science that it is necessary to open, prove.

The theme - in it is reflected a problem in its characteristic lines. Successful, exact in the semantic relation the theme formulation specifies a problem, outlines research frameworks, concretises the basic plan, sozdayovaja thereby preconditions of success of work as a whole.

The object is that set of communications and relations, properties which exists objectively in theory and practice and is a source neobhoyodimoj for the researcher of the information. In economy as object issledovayonija the enterprises of certain branch, branch, region and the country as a whole more often act.

The object of research is more concrete and includes only those communications and relations which are subject to direct studying in given rayobote, establish borders of scientific search, in each object it is possible to allocate a significant amount of objects of research.

From an object of research follow its purpose and problems.

The purpose is formed short and extremely precisely, in the semantic relation expressing that core that intends to make the researcher. It konyokretiziruetsja also develops in research problems.

The first problem, as a rule, in economy is connected with studying teoreyoticheskih bases of a theme of research, with revealing, clarification, uglubleniyoem, a methodological substantiation of studied object.

The second - with the analysis of a real condition of an object of research, diyonamiki, internal contradictions of economic development.

The third - with abilities of transformation, modelling, opytnoyoeksperimentalnoj checks.

The fourth - with revealing of ways and means of increase of efficiency of perfection of the investigated phenomenon or process, i.e. with prakticheyoskimi aspects of work, with a management problem investigated object.

The hypothesis is the assumption having under self a scientific basis, put forward for an explanation of economic processes and the phenomena and in tseyoljah their prediction. In hypothesis economy are connected first of all with razrayobotkoj forecasts or with promotion of new theories.

The second investigation phase has strongly pronounced individual character, does not suffer rigidly regulated rules and instructions.

During research the program is made. In it should be otyorazheno:

- What phenomenon is investigated;

- On what indicators;

- What criteria of research are applied;

- What methods of research are used;

- Order of application of those or other methods.

Well thought over program (technique) of research allows to receive preliminary theoretical and practical conclusions, soderyozhashchie answers to problems solved in research.

These conclusions should answer the following methodological treboyovanijam:

To be comprehensively given reason, generalising the basic results of research;

To follow from the accumulated material, being logic sledstyoviem its analysis and generalisation.

The third stage (final) - introduction of the received results in practice. Work is literary made out.

Literary registration of materials of research - very much trudoemyokoe and very responsible business, an integral part scientific issledovayonija.

In work on registration of materials of research follows prideryozhivatsja common rules:

- Names and the contents of heads, and also paragraphs should sootvetstyovovat to a theme of research and not to leave for its frameworks;

- Originally, having studied a material for a writing next paragrayofa (heads), it is necessary to think over its plan with the subsequent clarifications and polishings;

- At once to specify, check registration of references, to make spravochyonyj the device and the literature list;

- Not to suppose haste with definitive furnish, to look on mateyorial after a while, to allow to it to "rest in bed";

- To avoid scientism, game in erudition. Style of an exposition dolyozhen to combine scientific severity and efficiency, availability and vyrayozitelnost;

- To observe author's modesty, to consider and notice everything, that is made by predecessors in working out of an investigated problem, soberly and objectively to evaluate the investment in a science;

- Before issuing a fair variant, to conduct approbation rayoboty: reviewing, discussion, etc. to Eliminate defects, vyjavlenyonye at approbation.

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A source: Dmitriev M. N.. Methodology and a technique of researches in economy [text]: the manual of/m. N.Dmitriev; Nizhegorod. gos. arhit. - stroyoit. Un y - N.Novgorod: NNGASU, 2014. - with.. 93 2

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