1.1. Methodological approaches to research of rent relations and problems of transformation of rentno-raw model of economy

In spite of the fact that scientific workings out of a rent problematics total some centuries, the theme of the rent, rent relations remains modern and actual. As «rent economic theories … are still rather imperfect; among authoritative experts there are various approaches to definition, an explanation and conclusions concerning the incomes received not in the form of wages» 4.

Such remark of the American authors the Russian scientists, noticing, that «confirm also a question on the rent … – one of the most difficult in political economy and in many respects confused both with theoretical, and with practical the points of view» 5.

Really, in a rent problematics it is a lot of mess. For example,

Since 1990th of one of the most problem for the Russian economy and company that is the theme connected with the accumulated national wealth which as a component includes natural resources. In

2000 Rosstat has published experimental estimations of a national wealth of Russia according to which, the basic contribution (97,3 %) to national wealth cost was introduced by material "not man-made" assets, from them: bowels – 87,7 %, woods – 8,9 %, the earth – 0,7%6. From the practical point of view, it is difficult to understand, why Russia, being the territory so generously ensured with natural resources, is such poor country. After all in world economic practice there were many examples when thanking the natural rent the riches of the separate countries grew the accelerated rates, being accompanied by increase of a standard of life of the population, and the countries could

To achieve appreciable improvement of the mirohozjajstvennyh items.

4 Makkonnell K.R., Brju S.L.Ekonomiks: Principles, problems and a policy. In 2 t. Т.2. M: republic, 1992. С.176.

5 Buzdalov I.Prirodnaja the rent as a market economy category//economy Questions. 2004. № 3. С.24.

6 Features of reproduction of a national wealth in the beginning of XXI century / Under the editorship of L.I.Nesterova. M: the Science,

2006. С.194.

Other example. Complication of an economic life puts the questions connected with an estimation of processes and results of development of economy before an economic science. From the formal point of view, than it is more at the country pure export (in Russia – the it is more extracted and removed abroad natural resources), the this country is more than gross national product and, hence, the more richly and more successfully. However in estimations of riches of Russia it is necessary to be guided by economic, instead of tactical logic. On the one hand, Russia is among the economy of the world richest with natural resources, and with other – the indicator of an exhaustion of power resources of the country in 1995-2005 was equal 27, that

Exceeds average for economic size in 4,3 раза7. According to

To the cost law, with growth of extraction of raw materials and minerals on equivalent size cost of their stocks decreases, and in a situation when the large part of cost extracted in the country is realised abroad, in interests of the foreign capital, the national wealth is reduced. «It becomes real the country more poorly though its pauperisation masks formal, especially tactical growth of gross national product», – S.Gubanov8 pays attention.

Gross national product – an indicator originally planned for a macroeconomic estimation of a condition of the markets – has turned at method otsenivanija a standard of living, that is the social and economic characteristic, that in a root wrongly.

One more example. E.Karpikov writes, that today it is necessary to speak not only about traditional factors of production and the forms of the income connected with them (work – a wages, the capital – percent etc. – L.D.), but about the rent factor of production which allows its holder to receive an additional revenue, over a certain average level. Thus under the rent factor the researcher means «a diverse sort resources (first of all natural), which as a result of the economic operation

Allow their exclusive holder (to the proprietor, the user) to receive

7 Indicator of a power exhaustion settles up as product of physical volumes of extraction of a crudeoil, natural gas, coal on size of the resource rent (a difference of a market price of resources and cost of their extraction and distribution) (Olejnik And. About the nature and the reasons of the administrative rent: features of business dealing in Russian region N//economy Questions. 2010. № 5. С.59).

8 Raw growth against technological development//the Economist. 2004. № 5. With. 21-22, 29.

The additional unearned income (excess profit) on a product or services »9. But after all so the understood rent resource also is the traditional factor of production

"Earth" to which there corresponds the traditional factorial income "rent"? About the earth and other natural resources as about the rent factor of production, scientific speak any more one century (as well as about the rent, as one of factorial incomes).

In our opinion, today to speak it is necessary not only about traditional resource factors of production which, being involved in production process, bring to the holders a certain superincome, but about not economic resources, capable to generate unearned incomes. For example, at all times the fact of possession production assets (the earth, the capital, etc.) was a basis for operation of other people. But now the main resource, allowing to maintain the person the person, the administrative resource – a post and the position taken by the subject is. The question on the property became less significant, than a question on management. The significant share of a national wealth in modern company is pirated by not so much proprietors of production, how many

Managers (officers, top-managers) 10. Destiny of the companies all

More depends not on those who formally possesses them, and from those who really supervises over them. In the literature this phenomenon is noted as revolution of managers.

The administrative resource is non-material by the nature, but it does not do its less effective in respect of possibility of operation of other person and extraction of the administrative rent, especially in Russia. Marking dependence of distribution of different forms of the rent from institutsionalnoj environments, A.Olejnik results such example: in documents in English (found it

26.03.2009 through search engine Google) relative frequency of use

Expressions the administrative rent and the resource rent makes 1 to 34,5, in that

9 Karpikov E the "Fresh" sight at a rent problem//Economic sciences. 2004. № 6. С.18.

10 we Will notice, in IV century BC Aristotle in "Rhetoric" has formulated thought, that the riches consist in use, instead of in the property right.

Time as in Russian-speaking documents – 2,2 to 111. In our country always the imperious resource had huge significance, allowing to extract the political, status rent.

At discussion of prospects of the Russian economy, possibilities of its reduction rentno-raw (mainly, oil and gas) dependences, it is necessary to make the exact diagnosis of a condition of economy to define directions and factors of its transformation. It is necessary to note, as in foreign, and in the domestic research environment the considerable number of authoritative scientists and experts find time and attention for the analysis of oil and gas dependence of the countries-exporters mineralno-raw ресурсов12. At the same time, as shows the subject analysis of a question, in modern Russia there is no distinct and consecutive strategy of social and economic development of the country; productivity of actions of the authorities on overcoming of rentno-raw dependence and deindustrializatsii economy remains to the lowest.

For deindustrializatsiju the Russian economy domestic researchers assign a certain share of fault to the theory of postindustrial economy according to which, development of progressive mankind in XXI century will be defined by sphere of services. In 1990th in Russia submissions were popular, that supposedly the national economy has "overripe" industrial structure of the employment, the hypertrophied share of sphere of the production of goods, stirring to it to become постиндустриальной13. As a result, the negative condition for the country deindustrializatsii economy was issued by reformers and their ideologists for objective transition to a postindustrial stage of development of company and economy.

Today, for a designation of the basic tendencies of obvious changes in

Industrial, a financial field, organizational structures and

11 Olejnik And. About the nature and the reasons of the administrative rent: features of business dealing in the Russian region

N//economy Questions. 2010. № 5. С.58.

12 See, for example, Ergin D.Dobycha: a struggle World history for petroleum, money and the power. M: Alpina Pablisher,

2011; How to avoid a resource damnation/under the editorship of M.Hamfrisa, D.Saksa, D.Stiglitsa. M: Izd. Institute

Gaydar, 2011; Gaydar E.Gibel of empire. Lessons for modern Russia. M: ROSSPEN, 2006.

13 Balatsky E, Potapov A.Otraslevye of law of market transformation of economy//Economic and the international relations. 2000. № 6.

Relations, researchers began to use the term «new economy», and as synonyms to it – economy of knowledge, creative economy and т.п.14. Domestic authors, analyzing a phenomenon of new economy in Russia in a context of overcoming of export-raw model of development and modernisation developed in the country rentozavisimoj systems of public reproduction, even more often use definition neoindustrial (new industrial, реиндустриальная15) economy, underlining thereby, that the new economy, being both creative, and information, and economy of knowledge, is completely based on industrial basis.

The given item is accurately formulated by S.Gubanovym. The scientist has allocated in the course of industrialisation two historical phases and has shown process continuation during the newest time, its qualitative eminence. The first phase based on electrification, our country has passed during the Soviet period of the history. The second phase (neoindustrialization) is based on labour-saving technologies (a computerisation, the automated mechanical production), and its problems of Russia should be decided in present веке16. The similar conclusion does V.Suprun: «the Main conclusion of a modern economic science consists that without industrial production and constant updating of all industries it is impossible to supply realisation of achievements of a neoindustrial stage» 17.

At the same time, marking certain warps in conclusions of the colleagues, connected

With a little superficial submission about prospects of the postindustrial

14 See, for example: Zuev A, Mjasnikova L.Elektronnyj the market and «new economy»//economy Questions. 2004. №

2; Sagittarius I.Novaja economy: a hypothesis or a reality?//Economic and the international relations.

2008. № 3.

15 In the given research we will adhere A.Amosova's to approach which underlines, that concepts widely used in scientific community "reindustrializatsija", "neoindustrialization", «innovative industrialisation» and so forth, show different aspects of a modern stage of industrial development. If in the first concept the idea of restoration of the industry reduced in a course deindustrializatsii the second concept reflects a new stage of industrial development tehnotronnogo type, and in the third case on the first is accented

The plan there are innovations. Though for experts in questions of strategic planning these nuances are important,

«For economic philosophy it is possible to consider new industrial development as generalising concept», –

The scientist believes. (Amoss A.Kak to overcome backlog in development//the Economist. 2013. № 4. С.20).

16 Gubanov S.Derzhavnyj break. Neoindustrialization of Russia and vertical integration. M: the Book world,

2012. S.43-44.

17 Suprun V. O of a role of real sector in company development//the Economist. 2012. № 6. S.77-78.

Stages of development of social and economic system Rossii18, we consider, that nevertheless it is necessary to give due to the theory postindustrial развития19. In its frameworks the major questions requiring steadfast attention of researchers are accented. These are the questions connected with a new economic growth type, with varying character of relations of the property and new social

Company structure, with behaviour of managing and regulating subjects and a place of the person in system of transformed social and economic and cultural-psychological relations, with qualitatively new contents of labour activity. Besides, the theory of postindustrial development bases on evolutionary and institutsionalnoj theories, developing, deepening them.

As to idea about necessity of neoindustrialization of the Russian economy it is convincingly reasonable by a domestic economic science and finds the increasing признание20. And today the main thing the question not about sees in what direction it is necessary to focus economic development страны21. A question in how to pass to a way of the new industrialisation, what factors and conditions can promote it and what, on the contrary, should be considered

As braking formation of neoindustrial model of development.

Aktsentuatsija promoting and development deterrents it is especially actual, that there is an obvious discrepancy between formally correct declarations of the authorities on intentions on transfer of the national

Economy from a rentno-raw way of development to a direction innovative and

18 In our opinion, superficial is submission that the essence of postindustrial economy and its signs are connected, first of all, with change of branch structure of economy, with domination of sphere of services in national issue and structure of the taken. We connect definition "postindustrial" with two criteria. First, at the heart of postindustrial economy the new technological way assuming, mainly, nonmechanical methods of transformation of a matter (S.Glazeva, D.Lvova's approach) lays. And, secondly, the postindustrial economy assumes qualitatively new contents of work: instead of reproductive manual or machine work, the accent is transferred on creative activity.

19 Substantive provisions of the theory are presented, for example: Gelbrejt J. New industrial company. M: Open Company

«Nuclear heating plant publishing house»: Open Company "Транзиткнига"; SPb.: Terra Fantastica, 2004; Bell D.Grjadushchee postindustrial company. Experience of social forecasting. M: Academia, 2003; V.Sovremennoe's Foreigners postindustrial company: the nature, the contradiction, prospects. M: Logos, 2000.

20 See, for example: S.Poisk's Tolkachyov of model of neoindustrialization of Russia//the Economist. 2010. № 12; Hubiev K.Neoindustrialnaja modernisation and alternative approaches to it//the Economist. 2013. № 4; TSvetkov V.Ob to a starting point of neoindustrial modernisation//the Economist. 2010. № 11.

21 Though also this question has debatable character. See, for example: Kolganov A, Buzgalin A. Reindustrializatsija as nostalgia? A theoretical discourse//SOTSIS: Sociological researches. 2014. № 1.

Neoindustrial economy, and real политикой22. Moreover, the last years in scientific community attempts to present preservation of export-raw model of domestic economy «as hardly probable not positive though really it is summarised in a word – deindustrializatsija» are observed and involves vosproizvodstvennuju, resource and branch backwardness страны23. Thereupon the question on conceptual priorities of development by which it is necessary to be guided is actual.

We have allocated three methodological campaigns to definition of the conceptual contents of a state policy on transfer of domestic economy from a rentno-raw trajectory of development, for a way diversifitsirovannoj, neoindustrial economy.

The first approach is connected with the technological party of a question on neoindustrializatsi economy. Supporters of the texnocratic approach do special accent on development of productive forces by scale technological modernisation with use of high technologies and are convinced, that «if we for 10-15 years will replace become obsolete engineering and technologies with the newest we become not simply developed, and the mighty state» 24. At all strategic importance of a put forward priority, it is necessary to notice, that it not completely reflects leading tendencies modern socially - economic прогресса25. Development of the fundamental and applied positions connected with optimisation of conditions and factors of expanded reproduction sees important.

The essence of the second approach can be defined as a macroeconomic determinism according to which the following should be key directions of applied efforts: «maintenance of the macroeconomic

Stability, including low inflation and clear rules of a course change

22 See more in detail: Danilenko L.Innovatsionnyj a way for the Russian economy: the declaration, a reality, prospects//Innovations. 2011. № 7.

23 Seleznev A.Resursnoe maintenance of neoindustrial model of development//the Economist. 2013. № 2. С.3.

24 Daskovsky V, Kiselyov V. O measures and state participation forms//the Economist. 2011. № 8. С.43.

25 See: Pliskevich N.Tupiki of tool modernisation//Social studies and the present. 2010. №


The national currency; competitiveness assistance; development of the financial market with

"Long" money; creation by the state of a necessary infrastructure; stimulation of development of branches with a high added value; maintenance of institutes of innovations; decrease in administrative barriers ». Such policy, according to A.Kudrina,« leads to change of structure of economy not as a result of the state expansion to separate sectors of economy, it is evolutionary process of disclosing of market potential of new branches »26.

The third approach is presented in S.Glazeva, G.Fetisova's researches.

Arguing on strategy of a sustainable development of the Russian economy, these scientists underline necessity of overcoming of a macroeconomic determinism, the account of the historical context, that fact, that «a science, engineering, the culture, rational wildlife management, political and civil relations – all is not less significant« productive forces », than the finance or the enterprise initiative». Effectiveness of a policy on economy neoindustrialization assumes the analysis strong and weaknesses of a national economy with allowance for global prospect. Authors are convinced, that «only that policy who considers all complexity modern miroustrojstva, puts problems of development with scientific conscientiousness and

Responsibility, can conduct the country … to success »27. Besides, the strategic

The sight on transformatsionnye processes in the country requires an estimation not only the future, but also the passed stages so that «to comprehend the internal logic of events, … to untangle knots of an interlacing objective with subjective in aggregate the factors defining economic dynamics» 28.

Let's notice, what exactly such methodological approach lays in a channel

Traditions of domestic economic thought which specificity concerns

«Complex sotsio-spiritually-economic perception of the validity; it

26 Kudrin A.Vlijanie of incomes of export of oil and gas resources on a monetary policy of Russia//economy Questions. 2013. № 3. С.5.

27 Glazyev S, Fetisov G. O of strategy of a sustainable development of economy of Russia//the Economist. 2013. № 1. С.13.

28 Kuchukov as the modernisation locomotive//the Economist. 2010. № 9. С.6.

Aiming at a filosofsko-methodological substantiation of economic events and processes; inclusion in the analysis not only "real", but also

"Due"; … accent on national … level and labour character of economy »29. In particular, S.Bulgakov opposed« economic materialism »which as he considered,« should be not rejected, but is internally surpassed »30.

Supporting the given item, from its part we will add, that rational management of modern national economy requires the approach to it, as to difficult bio-litiko-socially-ekonomicheskoj to system. For example, today the country which is not considering the tendencies of ekologo-economic development, turns to the outsider of economic and a policy. Not casually increasing attention of researchers is involved with the doctrine of integration of economic and ecological approaches by consideration of problems public воспроизводства31. Green economy as the new model of development of economic (model of ecologically focused growth), was the focus of attention the summit «Rio + 20», taken place in June, 2012 in Rio - de-Zhanejro. Meanwhile, in Russia «completely there is no national strategy« green growth of "national economy" 32 though its development is represented actual. The neglect political sphere and politiko - economic analysis at an estimation and working out of strategic measures of national economic policy leads to hit in different sorts

"Traps", the inefficiency of these мер33 predetermines.

The requirement to understand in effect the social and economic system which have developed in Russia during market transformatsionnyh of processes, and necessity of clarification of a vector of the further development of the country more deeply

29 Kulkov V.Natsionalnaja political economy orientation: necessity and realisation forms//the economic theory Journal. 2013. № 2. С.112.

30 Bulgakov S.Filosofija of an economy. M: the Science, 1990. With. 7.

31 Dyshaeva as uncontested strategy of ekologo-economic behaviour//the Economist. 2013. № 5.

32 Schwarz E, A.Ekologichesky's Scribes an imperative, the ecological policy of Russia 2000 and

Competitiveness of economy//Social studies and the present. 2012. № 4. С.32.

33 See: Asemoglu D, Robinson J. A policy or economy? Traps of standard decisions//economy Questions. 2013. № 12.

Predetermine theoretical and methodological base of our research. As such base two directions of economic analysis serve, mainly: politekonomicheskoe and институциональное34. In spite of the fact that it is primary, on boundary XIX-XX centuries, institutsionalnaja the theory «has arisen and developed as the oppositional doctrine … political economy» 35, modern researchers, revealing internal link institutsionalizma and political economy, justify necessity of formation institutsionalnoj political economy and mark its rich methodological потенциал36. Really, variety of factors promotes rapprochement of subjects and methods of these two branches of an economic theory. We will note some of them.

Unlike Economics (including the theory of neoclassical synthesis, monetarism, the offer theory, a hypothesis about rational expectations, etc.), representing mainstream a modern economic science and studying functional communications in economy at level of productive forces, that is from the "technical" point of view, political economy and institutsionalnaja the theory economic relations which though arise in the course of production, distributions, an exchange and consumption of the blessings, always carry socially, historically, study politically caused character and always, anyhow, institutsionalno are issued. These relations are connected with economic and social interests of different subjects of the property, with dominating type of social and economic assignment. Through the analysis of these relations intrinsic character of the social and economic system formally defined as market economy (the mixed also reveals

Economy of market type) in the majority of the modern countries.

34 Though structurally and political economy, and institutsionalnaja the theory include different concepts (for example, distinguish radical, comparative, international, not orthodox, strukturalistskuju, the constitutional, new, ecological political economy, political economy of development, the power, work, the capital, happiness, etc. a version; allocate traditional institutsionalizm and neoinstitutsonalizm, in borders which the institutsonalno-sociological direction, the theory of the property rights develop, transaktsionnaja the theory of the organisation, etc.), within the limits of our research detailed elaboration of these nuances is not represented important.

35 Nureev R.Evoljutsija institutsionalnoj theories and its structure//Institutsionalnaja economy: the textbook / Under obshch. red. A.Olejnika. M: Infra Th, 2007. С.26.

36 Gritsenko in a retrospective show and prospect//the economic theory Journal. 2013. №

2. С.44.

Besides, Economics, leaning on functional (marzhinalistsky) the approach, being quite operational doctrine in situations when the economy is stable and qualitatively set, appears incapable to solve the questions arising in dynamical and qualitatively uncertain social and economic environment, when even

«The economic mechanism … is changed so fast, that researchers at times have not time to catch communication between numerous variables of system and if are in time, only to be convinced that these communications were already infringed» 37. Meanwhile, dynamical development of modern socially - economic system leads to changes not only in an economic mechanism, but in all elements of system therefore its essence (a subject of the analysis of political economy) and institutsionalnye conditions (a subject for institutsionalizma) varies. At that, and other is badly formalized and poorly gives in matematizatsii Economics, but requires dialectic and logiko - historical methodology.

Methodological weakness Economics is its limitation market economy frameworks (a market economic civilisation) which is erected in the absolute. But the modern world is economically non-uniform and there are different tendencies развития38. Political economy, as well as institutsionalnaja the theory, the companies showing dynamics of social and economic processes and the phenomena in a national-historical context act as the theory of development. Within the limits of political economy and institutsionalizma such methodological defect Economics, as domination universalistskih paradigms and approaches, deficiency of national specificity, ignoring of specifically national factors of development of economy (the national economic mentality different is overcome

Requirement of the state presence for economy, etc.).

37 Balatsky, E.Dialektika knowledge and a new paradigm of an economic science//Economic and the international relations. 2006. № 7. С.75.

38 See, for example: Fukuyama F.Konets histories and the last person. M: nuclear heating plant, nuclear heating plant Moscow, poligrafizdat, 2010; Huntington S.Stolknovenie of civilisations. M: nuclear heating plant, Midgard, 2007

Let's notice also, that, on the one hand, any economic activities proceed in defined, historically concrete institutsionalnyh conditions and borders which influence and activity, and on its results. On the other hand, those or others institutsionalnye conditions and frameworks historically develop in the course of economic activities. Hence, the analysis of social and economic model of development, conditions and factors of the expanded reproduction in the country requires integration politekonomicheskogo and institutsionalnogo the approach, and the interrelation of these two directions of economic analysis, owing to obvious its productive character, acts as the important and actual direction of perfection of modern economic-theoretical knowledge.

What aspects of the allocated directions of economic analysis represent the greatest importance for our research?

Speaking about political economy, as the most important such traditional lines of this scientific direction as sistemnost the analysis, instructions on sociopolitical and national-historical aspects of economic development, accent on mutual conditionality of character of economic relations and a level of development and character of productive forces, vosproizvodstvennyj the approach to social and economic system act.

The classical political economy considers socially - economic events from work – categories historically "eternal" as unearned production is impossible basically. In a classical economic theory the question on a parity of a living labour and natural resources in the course of economic development is one of the major: work is understood as purposeful activity of the person by means of which it alters subjects of the nature and adapts them for satisfaction of the requirements; in the course of work there is a development of abilities of the person; work is a substance social and economic

Lives общества39. And, if to the western individualist company «more there corresponds obmenno-poleznostnaja a neoclassical paradigm», for Russia,

«In which historically developed collectivist … community», «characteristics of a labour paradigm» 40 are more organic.

Within the limits of political economy the social party of economic events and processes is reflected in a category of a surplus value which forms in the course of labour activity, distributed and pirated by classes – various on economic and to a social status levels of population. Questions of socially fair revenue distribution, according to the bright representative of classical political economy of J. S.Millja, are key for increase of a standard of living of the people. In the treatise

«Bases of political economy and some aspects of their application to social philosophy» J. S.Mill gave special attention to perfection of relations of distribution and put forward idea of a graduated taxation. And as the most suitable object of taxation Mill considered not earned income, in particular, a gain ground ренты41.

As "locomotive" of development the political economy considers

Production of machine production assets that promotes trudosberezheniju and supplies achievement of higher results of economic activities at smaller expenses of resources. Largely for this reason, in the methodological plan domestic researchers connect the answer to a question, whether there will be Russia is export - import periphery or will take one of leading places in group of industrially developed countries of the world, with failure of the neoclassical (liberal) theory which have received a wide circulation in Russia in the market

Transformations, and a choice in favour of classical political экономии42.

39 Vechkanov G.Planirovanie as system and a management method//the Economist. 2012. № 12. С.13, 14.

40 Kulkov V.Natsionalnaja political economy orientation: necessity and realisation forms//the economic theory Journal. 2013. № 2. С.112.

41 World history of economic thought. In 6 t. Т.2 / the Moscow State University of M.V.Lomonosova. M: Moscow State University Publishing house, 1988. С.115.

42 Suprun V. O of a role of real sector in company development//the Economist. 2012. № 6. S.72 - 73.

It is necessary to notice, however, that classical political economy, forming economic activities reference points, movement to which is characterised as progress of social and economic system, in the political plan assumes following to liberal economic policy.

«Ideas of economists of classical school liquidated the hindrances created by century laws, customs … and the genius of reformers and innovators have released of strait jackets of guilds, guardianship of the government and diverse public pressure», – underlined L.Mizes43.

Though, on the other hand, A.Smit, the most outstanding the representative of the classical

Political economy, supported realisation of active social policy, underlining, that the state should «create and contain certain public institutions, creation and which contents cannot be in interests of any separate persons … because the profit on them never can pay costs to separate persons …. Though can often pay with surplus to their big company» 44.

As to institutsionalnoj an economic theory, to it

To workings out the big number Russian ученых45 today addresses. The special attention institutsionalnoj theories to property relations and the property rights, historical conditions of their formation, favourably distinguishes it from other economic schools. Besides, as the basic area of economic analysis in frameworks institutsionalnoj theories the production sphere, and exchange sphere, and in modern economy as has shown our research acts not, the basic sources of unearned incomes are connected not so much with sphere of production of the blessings, how many with sphere of their circulation (exchange).

The importance institutsionalnogo the approach not in the last instance

It is caused and growing comprehension of necessity of correction of the conceptual

43 Mizes L.Chelovecheskaja activity: the treatise on an economic theory. Chelyabinsk: Society, 2005. С.12.

44 Smith A.Issledovanie about the nature and the reasons of riches of the people. M: eksmo, 2007. С.648.

45 See, for example: Administrative barriers in economy: institutsionalnyj the analysis / Under the editorship of A.Auzana, P.Krjuchkovoj. M: DEMAND-KONFOP, 2002; Institutsionalnyj the analysis and economy of Russia / Under the editorship of V.Ryazanov. M: Economy, 2012; Kirdina S. Institutsionalnye matrixes and development of Russia. Novosibirsk: IEiOPP the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, 2001; Nureev R.Rossija: features institutsionalnogo developments. M: Norm, 2009.

Positions of market reforms in Russia, considering their practical results. For example, E.Gontmaher writes, that Russia today faces to a choice of two variants of modernisation – catching up and search. Within the limits of the first variant the problem consists in sampling of the institutes acting in those companies,

«Which ourselves should recognise as front lines». Within the limits of the second variant all appears will join «in a mainstream of ideological searches which now go in the West» so that more difficult as in this case Russia should

«To analyse the tendencies which have scheduled there of development» and «not to repeat mechanically that in these countries is got rid under the influence of public progress» 46. The scientist is convinced (and we divide this belief), that the choice should be done in favour of search modernisation.

In a context of a search variant, a modernisation essence – not simply failure of model of the export-focused and rentno-raw development, and formation of the institutes, capable to supply social and economic and political development of the country with allowance for the newest tsivilizatsionnyh tendencies. One of such tendencies – an exit for limits ekonomikotsentrizma, that is submissions «business factors of development and functioning of company as the cores, base for all other social spheres» 47, narrow

"ekonomitsistskogo" the approach, ignoring social, cultural,

Ecological aspects of development.

For example, installations of type popular in Russia «energosberezhenie – the true method of a cost-saving","ecology is a business», etc., are typical examples "ekonomitsistskogo" the approach. In the West aktsentuatsija all that is connected with green economy has not only the economic contents. It is a question of change of valuable reference points in system of satisfaction of the person a life and estimations of own place in the world. «From

Productions, operation of resources and "proedanija" the nature, we observe transition to

46 Gontmaher E.Rossijskaja modernisation: institutsionalnye traps and tsivilizatsionnye reference points//Economic and the international relations. 2010. № 10. С.3.

47 Matjuhin, A.Ekonomikotsentrizm in the Russian liberal thinking//Обозреватель-Observer. 2011. № 11.


To partnership with it »48, that gives rise to essentially new norms and behaviour standards, both in company, and in business.« Market methods allow to intensify use of all kinds of resources including natural, but it not necessarily means ekologizatsiju productions. Hence, to change it is necessary not only a rate of a policy, but also reference points of social development », – writes L.Dyshaeva49.

The above-stated reasons staticize importance of the analysis not

It is so much actually economic events and processes, how many necessity of cumulative political, social, historical and economic researches, for which frameworks business factors are only a part of integrated system of functioning modern общества50. The central problem of transformation of a modern public and economic country organisation is socially-political-economical synthesis. In such context the exit for frameworks ekonomikotsentrizma in scientific researches by us contacts device use institutsionalnogo the analysis. The methodological approach mortgaged in its basis, first, is characterised mezhdistsiplinarnostju, and secondly, focused on studying of features of formation of social and economic behaviour of subjects under the influence of varying institutsionalnoj environments and, hence, the rentno-raw model approaches for searches of more comprehensible model of social and economic development of Russia, rather than.

Specifying theoretical and methodological base of our research, we will notice, that to importance of social prospect of consideration of economic processes and the phenomena pays attention known metodolog of the economic

T.Louson51's sciences. In the developed countries already more than two tens years develop

48 Gontmaher E.Rossijskaja modernisation: institutsionalnye traps and tsivilizatsionnye reference points//Economic and the international relations. 2010. № 10. С.7.

49 Dyshaeva as uncontested strategy of ekologo-economic behaviour//the Economist. 2013. № 5. С.78.

50 such approach is characteristic for O.Bessonovoj, S.Barsukovoj, S.Kirdinoj, S.Kordonskogo's researches.

51 Lawson T. The Current Economic Crisis: Its Nature and the Course of Academic Economics//Cambridge Journal of

Economics. 2009. Vol. 33. No 4.

Such direction of an economic science, as социоэкономика52 which subject are «interrelations of social and economic aspects of functioning and development of economic systems of various levels» 53. The last years interest to sotsioekonomicheskoj to dynamics has amplified and among domestic authors, and there were works on data направлению54.

In the research we adhere sredovogo to the approach, and sotsioekonomika just and has appeared under the influence of calls of modern economic practice in which not natural or capital resources are a primary factor of economic development, but human and social; in which the market competitiveness is displaced towards a social field of interaction; in which the understanding of that is reached, economic development is not end in itself, but serves as the tool of development and realisation of potential of the person. In such context the judgement of interrelations between economic, social both other factors of development and aspects of ability to live becomes especially actual and predetermines

Statement of new problems for a science and исследователя55.

The last years researchers define specificity socially -

The economic system which have developed in modern Russia, through concept

«Rentno-raw economy». Thereupon it is important to understand with the economic nature of the rent, as a category of a modern economic science. In the following paragraph we will concentrate attention to the basic characteristics and rent definitions, we will consider some inconsistent judgements supposing double interpretation, concerning given socially -

Economic category.

52 Unlike as economic sociology intensively developing in the last years, sotsioekonomika builds interaction of an economic science with other social studies on the basis of, first of all, economic approach, avoiding, nevertheless, economic imperialism.

53 Tikhonov N.Sotsialnyj liberalism: whether there are alternatives?//Social studies and the present. 2013. №

2. С.34.

54 See: Shabanov M.Sotsioekonomika (for economists, managers, state employees). M: economy, 2012.

55 See: Danilenko L. Sotsiogumanitarnyj a background and factors modernizatsionnyh processes and creation of new economy in Russia: the Monography. M: INFRA TH, 2013.

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A source: Danilenko Lyudmila Nikolaevna Rentno-syrevaja. Rent-based raw materials economy of Russia and the problems of its transformation. Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Economic Sciences. Pskov –2014. 2014

More on topic 1.1. Methodological approaches to research of rent relations and problems of transformation of rentno-raw model of economy:

  3. the Chapter II. The analysis of a condition of rent relations and methodical approaches to rent definition
  4. Danilenko Lyudmila Nikolaevna Rentno-syrevaja. economy of Russia and a problem of its transformation. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the Doctor of Economics. Pskov, -2014 2014
  6. 2.2. The basic methodological approaches to research organizatsionnojkultury
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  8. Problems and prospects of realisation of the program approach at transformation of structure of agrarian sector of economy of region
  9. 2.1. The basic characteristics of rent economy
  11. 2.3. Methodical approaches to rent definition
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  13. Chapter 1. Theoretical and methodological approaches to research of the market of the inhabited real estate
  14. chapter 1. Teoretiko-methodological problems of party domination in system of electoral relations of region
  15. 1.2. Approaches to research of problems of economic safety