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Degree of a readiness of a problem.

the theoretical questions connected with spatial placing of industrial forces have found the reflexion in works as A.Alekseeva, E.Afanasevskogo, M.I.Leshchenko, V.Bazarova,

M.Bandmana, N.Baranskogo, A.Granberga, V.Gromana, V.A.Dyomin, E.G.Kovalenko, J.Kozlova, N.Kondratyev, N.N.Kolosovsky, P.Krugmana, I.I.Marushchaka, J.Saushkina, O.V.Tolstoguzova, E.Rossejkinoj.

Nevertheless, industrial parks as elements of territorial structure of regional economy practically are not considered. Problems of state-private partnership are considered in works of A.A.Alpatova, V.Varnavsky,

R.M.Dzhaparidze, V.V.Maksimova, J.A.Komarova, M.Kotsubinskoj, however is insufficiently reasonable the mechanism of application ECHP at creation

Industrial parks.

Works of M.A.Akimova, V.A.Dyomin, A.D.Kasatova, J.A.Komarova are devoted an estimation of efficiency of activity of industrial parks,

J.A.nesvetaeva, V.V. Maksimova, I.I.Marushchaka, M.I.Leshchenko, E.V.Talapina, I.R.Pulatovoj, however the uniform mechanism of an estimation of efficiency of industrial parks with allowance for their influences on adjacent productions, and also efficiency of a management company it is not developed.

The term «industrial park» is considered in works as A.N.Asaula,

A. Astahovoj, H.V.Alfena (H.W.Alfen), B.Vebera (B.Weber), O.I.Gamana, I.V.Getman-Pavlovoj, V.Gribanova, L.G.Iogmana, B.Matveeva, B.A.Rajzberga,

O.V.Chistjakovoj and so forth, however authors do not come to a common opinion concerning the given term, the range of its treatments varies from «special type of the real estate» to «the object of industrial appointment leased by the proprietor», the regional aspect of industrial park besides is poorly expressed.

Problems of consideration of region as the difficult system having spatial, economic, technological and other measurement have found reflexion in works of set of authors both Russian, and foreign:

S.Drobyshevskogo, J.A.Gadzhieva, P.R.Krugmana, O.Lugovogo, I.V.Pilipenko, G.N.Ponomarenko, I.E.Risina, O.V.Tolstoguzova, JU.I.Treshchevsky. The theoretical questions connected with spatial placing of industrial forces, are presented in works as A.Alekseeva, E.Afanasevskogo, M.I.Leshchenko, V.Bazarova, M.Bandmana, N.Baranskogo, A.Eranberga,

B. Eromana, V.A.Dyomin, E.E.Kovalenko, J.Kozlova, N.Kondratyev, V.V. Kotilko, N.N.Kolosovsky, P.Krugmana, I.I.Marushchaka, J.Saushkina,

O.V.Tolstoguzova, E.L.Rossejkinoj. However to questions connected with the organisation and development of a network of industrial parks in territory of regions of Russia it is presented, in opinion, the author too narrowly, without detailed consideration of features and principles of their placing, techniques of creation, management of development and an efficiency estimation.

A number of theoretical and applied questions on a research theme has till now no adequate scientific decision. Among them: correlation of concepts "technological" and «industrial park», the list of criteria on which the territory admits industrial park, the mechanism of creation and an estimation of efficiency of activity of industrial park, a management company, residents. The insufficient readiness marked above questions has predetermined a choice of a theme of dissertational research and the basic directions of its fulfilment.

The purpose of the given dissertational work is development of the theoretical positions opening the contents of an economic category

Industrial park and working out of practical recommendations about perfection of the mechanism of creation of industrial park on the basis of state-private partnership.

Research objective statement has predetermined a spectrum of problems decided in research:

- To formulate author's definition of concept industrial park and to systematise its core of the characteristic;

- On the basis of the analysis statistical given to define a role of industrial parks in economy of regions of Russia;

- To reveal the basic differences of acting industrial parks in Russia and a number of foreign countries;

- To systematise the base principles underlying creation and development of industrial park on the terms of state-private partnership;

- To modify the mechanism of creation and development of industrial park in territory of the Russian Federation;

- To offer basic elements of an estimation of efficiency of activity of industrial park and its residents.

Subject of dissertational research were the administrative relations mediating processes of creation and development of industrial parks in territory of the Russian Federation.

As object of research the objective bases and the contents of processes of formation of industrial parks in Russia act.

Scientific novelty of dissertational work consists in working out of the new scientifically-methodical approach to formation of the mechanism of creation of industrial park on the basis of state-private partnership and methodical maintenance of an estimation of its efficiency. In particular, the conceptual device is essentially added: author's definition is offered

Industrial park, its key differences from technological parks and free economic zones are designated; the list of the characteristics is developed, allowing to carry this or that territory to a category «industrial park»; the mechanism of creation of industrial park on the basis of state-private partnership is modified, and also basic elements of a complex estimation of its efficiency are offered. Features of the Russian approach to a question of formation of industrial parks in country territory are revealed. Being based on results of the primary research of existing and potential residents of industrial parks carried out by the author as in Russia, and abroad, factors of a choice of industrial park are revealed by residents. The author conducts an estimation of controllable and uncontrollable factors of investment appeal of Lipetsk area.

The theoretical importance of work consists in development of the positions opening the economic contents and mechanisms of creation, functioning and the control of industrial parks in territory of the Russian Federation.

The practical importance of work consists that conclusions containing in work and the recommendation have been realised in the course of the organisation and functioning of industrial park «Kuznetsk large village» (Lipetsk area), also they can be used the state government bodies at creation of similar structures in territory of other subjects of the Russian Federation. Materials of dissertational research also have been used at attraction of residents in industrial park «Kuznetsk large village». Materials of dissertational research can be taken as a principle the special rates connected with the theory of regional economy and state-private partnership.

The information base of dissertational research was made by works of the Russian and foreign authors, materials of periodicals, federal and regional acts, official data of Federal Service of the state statistics about size of investments into a fixed capital, dynamics of an industrial production index, quantity of the advanced industrial technologies, indicators of activity of small enterprises, quantity and distribution of monocities; given,

Granted by Association of industrial parks of Russia, agency «Expert RA», company Ernst&Young, normative statements of federal and regional level, materials of federal and regional government bodies, the information placed on official sites of some industrial parks of Vietnam, China, Israel, the USA.

In the course of work fulfilment primary research of potential and existing residents of industrial park «Kuznetsk large village» about revealing of factors of a choice of industrial park by the Russian and foreign investors has been carried out. Also the primary data granted by industrial park «Kuznetsk large village» were used.

The research area corresponds to the passport of speciality VAK the Russian Federation 08.00.05 - Economy and management of a national economy, item 3 «Regional economy» (3.20. Special economic-legal regimes regional and local development. Economic zones, industrial districts and other territorial "points" of industrial and innovative development).

The positions born on protection:

- Author's definition of concept «industrial park».

«The industrial park» follows, according to the author, to allocate as an element of territorial structure of regional economy and to treat the term «industrial park» in the form of territorially isolated industrial complex united by the uniform concept of development, an infrastructure supplying effective development of productions, a management company rendering related services in which territory there is a possibility of reception of the state privileges and warranties.

- Base characteristics of industrial park to which number it is necessary to carry: availability of the ground area of an industrial function, availability of a management company, an infrastructure (engineering, transport, financial, social), availability of special economic conditions, the uniform concept of development of territory, access to potential seller's markets, resources.

- Role of industrial parks in regional economy which is shown at four levels: at level of the Russian Federation as a whole, at level of the subject of the Russian Federation, at municipality level, at level of enterprise structure.

- Base distinctions of practice of formation domestic and foreign

Industrial parks, which can be quantitative (quantity of acting industrial parks, size of the taken area, quantity of residents of park) and qualitative (absence of strongly pronounced specialisation of parks, the uniform legislative base, less developed infrastructure in the Russian industrial parks (practically complete absence of a social infrastructure), small density of fullness of park residents, a prevalence of parks of type greenfield, a high role

Administrative resource and presence of the first persons of the area, different conditions of tax laws and stimulating conditions for residents, and also various strategy of management by creation and development of parks or their absence at all).

- System of main principles of creation of industrial parks, in

Particulars: rationality of use of the cumulative economic

Territory potential, priority use of the state-private

Partnership, strategic partnership of all participants of realisation of plans of formation of industrial parks: the authorities, business, a science and company, synchronisation of actions with the target program and strategic documents acting on territories of areas of the Russian Federation, conformity of functional use of territories of municipal unions to their resource potential, the state support, differentiation of authorities and responsibility of participants in creation and development of industrial parks and, as consequence, division of risks, maintenance of stability of conditions

The investment policy of region during all period of activity of industrial park, efficiency for the budget, competition at a management company choice.

- The modified mechanism of creation of industrial park on a basis

The state-private partnership, an including stage of decision-making, the analytical and organizational stages consisting, in turn, from set carried out in parallel or consistently podetapov, providing raznonapravlennye interrelations between bodies

The government, private investors, a management company, residents and the credit organisations.

- Basic elements of a quantitative estimation of efficiency

The industrial park, economic efficiency of residents of park including an estimation, additional efficiency of activity of the productions involved in a uniform technological chain with the enterprises - residents of industrial park, budgetary efficiency, public

The efficiency received owing to development of an infrastructure of territory of industrial park, efficiency of activity of a management company.

Work structure. Work has total amount of 203 pages, consists of three heads, introduction, the conclusion, the list of the literature including 174 sources, from them 14 - on a foreign language, 14 appendices, contains 38 tables, 15 drawings.

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A source: SMOLJANINOVA TATYANA JUREVNA. INDUSTRIAL PARKS In REGIONAL ECONOMY: the MECHANISM of CREATION, PROSPECT of DEVELOPMENT. 2015

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