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the Urgency of a theme of research.

the problems connected with slowing down of growth rates of industrial production, insufficient development of small and average business in Russia, decrease in size of investments, including foreign, predetermine necessity of steadfast attention to questions of stimulation of development and regional placing of industrial points of the growth optimum depending on features of concrete region.
Besides, in theory and practice of management by regional economy unsolved and rather actual there are questions of spatial non-uniformity and territorial placing of industrial forces. The industrial parks which have proved the efficiency not only in the majority of the developed countries, but also in a number of subjects of the Russian Federation can to become one of effective mechanisms of the decision of the designated problems, in our opinion. New industrial points of growth of regional economy can remove also dependence of monocities on activity of one major concern, and regional and to local authorities - to solve a problem of employment of the population.

The important aspect which has predetermined an urgency of the chosen theme of research, was necessity of decrease importozavisimosti the Russian economy at the expense of creation and development of production of import analogues of the goods. Decrease importozavisimosti acquires the special importance in the light of the last economic and political decisions.

As in theoretical, and the methodical literature considering problems of regional economy, there was no common opinion concerning corresponding terminology, there is uniform mechanism of creation, development and an estimation of efficiency of activity of industrial parks as no elements of structure of regional economy. In a number of subjects of the Russian Federation the corresponding local legislation regulating questions of reference of territories to a category of industrial park is accepted, and also the system of tax privileges and preferentsy for such structures is generated. However measures on creation and development of industrial parks have isolated fragmentary character and in many respects depend on political conditions of the given territory.

Besides, appeared elements razuporjadochenija in a number of sectors of the Russian economy, have caused increase of interest to questions of placing productive with allowance for konkurentno-market principles of the managing, called to become basis of the decision of problems depressivnosti the Russian territories.

Vysheoznachennye problems have predetermined an urgency of the chosen theme of research, necessity of development of the conceptual device, and also working out of methodical bases of creation and an estimation of efficiency of activity of industrial parks in territory of Russia.

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A source: SMOLJANINOVA TATYANA JUREVNA. INDUSTRIAL PARKS In REGIONAL ECONOMY: the MECHANISM of CREATION, PROSPECT of DEVELOPMENT. 2015

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