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INTRODUCTION

a theme Urgency. The outlined tendency adventivizatsii natural ekosistem leads to global losses of a biodiversity, an ecological damage, bears threat to population health. At the present stage it is impossible to stop intrusion of alien kinds of plants on new territories.
Nevertheless, it is necessary to intensify work on development of the measures reducing probability of introduction of neophytes or softening their influences on local ekosistemy in case introduction nevertheless has occurred, and also to aspire to the organisation of global monitoring of process adventivizatsii (Vinogradova, etc., 2010; Global biodiversity..., 2000; Linking plant..., 2007).

Consequences of introduction of alien kinds of plants are various and difficultly predicted. They can lead to essential ecological shifts in natural ekosistemah, causing pauperisation of a specific variety of native flora, hybridization and occurrence more proof invazionnyh plants etc. Understanding importance of a problem and estimating a damage from biological invazy both in Russia, and in the world as a whole, the big work on studying antropogenno the transformed flora (Gorchakovsky, 1979 is led; Malyshev, 1981; Tuganaev, Puzyrev, 1988; Ignatov and dr., 1990; protopopova, 1991; Berezutsky, 1999; Hmelev, Berezutsky, 2001; Mirkin, Naumov, 2001; Morozova, 2003; Papchenkov, 2003). Drawing up of an information database invazionnyh kinds of regional level is a basis for the decision of many questions of any levels of the organisation of live organisms. Creation and development of such databases is already led in some regions of Russia (Morozova, 2003).

Besides creation of information databases, working out and the publication of "black lists and regional Black books (Vinogradova, etc., 2010, 2011 became the important direction in studying zanosnoj florae; Silaeva, Ageeva, 2012; Panasenko, etc., 2011; Horun, 2013). Are already published the Black book of flora of Average Russia (2010) and the Tver area (2011), and before other subjects of the country the problem under their edition is put. At the heart of the program on preparation of the Black book of flora of the Voronezh area following positions lay: list drawing up invazionnyh plants (the black list, black

list); revealing of ways and ways of their immigration (drift) to region; distribution monitoring (abundances, number, activity, dynamics of populations, fitotsenoticheskogo conditions, sites) within municipal areas and city districts of area; studying of ecological and biological features, carrying out of the comparative analysis in different parts of a secondary (anthropogenous) area; working out of the programs warning introduction invazionnyh of plants in natural communities; working out of actions for struggle against them; the analysis and the forecast of the economic damage put invazionnymi by plants.

object of research: invazionnaja fraction of flora of the Voronezh area.

an object of research: the structural organisation and spatial placing invazionnoj fractions of flora of area on the basis of modern biogeographical analytical approaches.

the purpose and research problems. The work purpose is revealing and a biogeographical estimation of the structural organisation invazionnoj fractions of flora of the Voronezh area.

for purpose achievement following problems are put and solved: the black list invazionnoj fractions of flora of the Voronezh area is constituted; cards of dynamics of documentary registration of spatial placing invazionnyh plants in territory of area more than for 170 years are created; variants of spatial placing invazionnyh plants in area territory are defined; The analytical estimation invazionnoj is given fraction of flora of region with the account ekobiomorfologicheskoj and geographical structure, time and ways of immigration, degree of naturalisation, a specific saturation of municipal areas and city districts; the comparative analysis invazionnoj fractions of flora of the Voronezh area with some regions of the European Russia is carried out; distribution invazionnyh plants of 1st status on types of district of area is defined.

scientific novelty of work. During research performance: for the first time invazionnoj fractions of flora of the Voronezh area, numbering 120 kinds of vascular plants the annotated abstract is constituted of 1 department, 2 classes, 44 families, 94 sorts. Their dynamics more than for 170 years is given; 8 variants of spatial placing invazionnyh plants in area territory are established. 120 cards, with reflexion of laws and orientations of processes of formation of secondary areas are created; Distribution invazionnyh plants under 4 statuses for drawing up of the annotated abstract invazionnoj fractions of flora of region is spent; the analysis invazionnoj fractions on degree of naturalisation, time and a way of immigration is made; data of the complex characteristic invazionnoj fractions of flora of region which can become a basis for drawing up of the Black book of area are received.

the theoretical importance of work.

the obtained data expand representation about a condition invazionnoj fractions of flora of the European Russia, and also supplement data on flora of the Voronezh area. Materials of the performed work are important for studying sinantropizatsii and modern florogeneza. They can be used at drawing up of regional determinants or floristic reports.

the practical importance of work. Results of a complex estimation invazionnyh plants can be used at regional monitoring invazionnoj fractions of flora of region and the forecast of dynamics of distribution invazionnyh plants. Data on dynamics of documentary registration of spatial placing invazionnoj flora fractions in territory of area with their drawing on a card, give the information to Department of natural resources and ecology of the Voronezh area, to Management of Federal service on veterinary and phytosanitary supervision on the Voronezh and Volgograd areas, the State inspection on quarantine of plants of the Russian Federation for practical application. Constituted the black list is base for the Black book of the Voronezh area and monographic floristic reports. The received data have found application at drawing up Atlas Florae Europaeae, t.15-16 (2010, 2013) And other monographic reports. In a cycle of broadcasts on VGTRK (01.02.2014 till 01.10.2014) and lectures by pupil -2 (16.05.2014) on a theme Ecological education of the population of of Voronezh questions of ecological danger invazionnyh plants with the detailed description of most aggressive of them are taken up. It is collected 800 gerbarnyh the samples transferred in a herbarium (VORG), with entering in an electronic database Herbarium VORG. For them the number of characteristics with inclusion of time and a way of drift, degree of naturalisation, the status is expanded. It is created ikonoteka Alien kinds, stored on faculty of geography, geoecology and tourism VGU, numbering more than 2500 photos numbering more (formats RAW, JPEG), constantly replenishing with a new material. Results of work are used at reading of courses "Biogeography" and "Biodiversity" at faculty of geography, geoecology and tourism of the Voronezh state university and pawn a basis monitoringovyh researches in the field of geography invazionnyh plants.

the personal contribution of the author consists in material gathering, its analysis, ordering, statistical processing, generalisation of results of research, statement of problems and protected positions, a choice of methods of researches.

approbation of results of work.

the basic materials and results of dissertational work have been reported at the International conferences: Regional effects of change of a climate (Voronezh, 2012), the Biodiversity: studying and preservation problems (Tver, November 2012), Forest-steppe of the Eastern Europe: structure, dynamics and protection (Penza, on June, 10-13th 2013), V.I.Vernadsky's Creative heritage: the past, present, future (Tambov, on March, 1-3st 2013), the International conference devoted to year of preservation of the environment in the Russian Federation (Voronezh, May 2013), the International symposium of" Steppe of northern Eurasia (Orenburg, 2012), the All-Russia working meeting Invazionnaja biology (Moscow, on September, 10-13th 2014), and also at annual accounting scientific conferences of faculty of geography, geoecology and tourism VGU (Voronezh, 2011-2014).

the Positions which are taken out on protection. The structural organisation and the biogeographical characteristic invazionnoj fractions of flora of the Voronezh area - a basis of realisation of effective recommendations about preservation of a biological variety of region. The complex biogeographical approach of studying of the structural organisation and estimation of dynamics of documentary registration of spatial placing invazionnyh plants is the important tool of studying of a condition regional ekosistem and a basis of rational wildlife management. The annotated abstract invazionnoj fractions of flora of the Voronezh area with an establishment invazionnogo the plant status as integrated exponent of its aggression - base of preparation of the regional Black book. Dynamics of documentary registration of spatial placing invazionnyh plants in the area territory, reflected in 120 cards, should become a basis of monitoring of their moving, ways of immigration and the concentration centres.

publications. On a dissertation theme 18 scientific articles, including 3 articles in the editions recommended VAK the Russian Federation are published.

volume and dissertation structure. Work consists of the introduction, four heads, conclusions, the literature and appendix list. The maintenance is stated on 182 pages of the text, includes 12 tables and 23 drawings. The literature list includes 340 sources, from them 120 on foreign languages. The appendix 1 Annotated abstract invazionnoj fractions of flora of the Voronezh area is resulted by separate volume. The appendix has 120 drawings and is stated on 189 pages.

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A source: the Biogeographical estimation of the structural organisation and spatial placing invazionnoj fraktsiiflory in territory of the Voronezh area. 2014

More on topic INTRODUCTION:

  1. in introduction
  2. INTRODUCTION
  3. 10.1. Introduction
  4. INTRODUCTION
  5. approbation and introduction of results.
  6. Introduction
  7. Introduction
  8. INTRODUCTION
  9. INTRODUCTION
  10. Introduction
  11. Introduction
  12. INTRODUCTION
  13. Instead of Introduction …
  14. PRACTICAL INTRODUCTION OF RESULTS OF WORK
  15. 5. Attention strengthening to questions of legal introduction.
  16. Introduction
  17. Introduction