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2.2.2. A retrospective layer of the existential organisation of the letter in the future

The letter in the future, along with diaries, memoirs, autobiographies, concerns the memoirs texts which prominent feature is documentation of stated events, i.e. reality reflexion. The subject of a narration is in last event and out of it (over it) breaking up, thus, on the character and the story-teller.

The story-teller operates in real time and represents the discharged sight at a situation. The character, in turn,
Is in frameworks of memoirs time, having an opportunity to express the subjective attitude.

In a retrospective layer, unlike prospektivnogo, writing it appears to separate more difficult the JA-present from the JA-past as I - the present exists only thanks to last experience. In this connection, for memoirs it is not characteristic multivector dissipatsija persons, with frequent switchings of means personal dejksisa. Referentsija to I - to the past it is carried out by means of a pronoun of 1st person I, or 2nd person you which the author does not change on all extent of a narration. Thereby, writing intentionally reduces a distance between the temporalnymi ipostasjami, perceiving itself as a unit, i.e. I - the story-teller = the JA-character.

The retrospective layer is not obligatory for letters in the future. However in case of inclusion of the given block in the letter, the basic composite form of registration of a retrospective layer is the narration using aktsionalnye verbs in last time, transferring sequence and dynamics of events: Today was okay. I was supposed to hang out with Wendy, but she felt sick so we did not. Instead, I cleaned part of the house. Memoirs time breaks up in the letter in the future on memoirs approached and memoirs kept away. The memoirs approached reflects events of today/yesterday to which is carried out with the help vidovremennyh forms Present Perfect and Past Simple: It has been 4 months since he told me he no longer wanted them; It was 3 years yesterday that I gave my body and heart to him.Авторы letters in the future prefer not to mix memoirs approached and memoirs kept away and concentrate on one last piece: Close or the remote past.

Memoirs remote time of event is transferred by verbal forms in Past Simple, Past Perfect, Past Continuous. Quite often, however,
The chronological statement of events interrupts and there is a switching of the time plan on Present Simple:

(1) Two days ago the man i love invited me over and, mistakenly, i thought it had to do with valentines day but he wanted to break up.

He says he loves me and does not want to lose me but he says he did not take enough time for himself after he broke up with his ex-fiance. He feels like he never had the time to find himself.

Temporalnaja the letter composition is under construction on opposition and rhythmic alternation of the past and the present at the description of the same evening. Faktologija evenings it is transferred by verbal forms of last time: the man i love invited me. i thought it had to do with. but he wanted. He sobbed and said. He wrote me. So I gave him an alternative. The Psychological plan (feelings, experiences, emotions of participants of event) is presented by verbal forms of present time (He says he loves me and does not want to lose me. He feels like. I can not deny him. He get so stressed out. He feels guilty. It does not matter that I'm happy.) .

Impregnations of verbal forms of present time slow down a narration and promote promotion of events and the phenomena on the foreground, underlining, thereby, their importance. Besides, it is necessary to consider the discrepancy factor: at the moment of letter reception in the future the event marked as an event 2 days ago (Two days ago the man i love invited me over) will be removed further away in the past. However the detailed description will allow to reduce psychologically this distance and repeatedly to test emotions as though 2 days ago. Emotions and feelings remain thus in "eternally present".

Using in the letter of the form of present time, the author realises, that in connection with remoteness of the moment of reception of the letter, all described events, without dependence from vidovremennyh expression forms, will be localised in the past. It speaks the nature of an epistolary genre: in the future co-ordinate of the author "JA-JA-now" automatically
It is transformed in "JA-JA-then". At the moment of realisation of the communicative certificate, the addressee adequately decodes the information, switching the present register corresponding to the moment of creation of the letter, on the last.

It is more difficult to interpret the events expressed vidovremennymi by forms of last time. As in letters in the future past can be referentsiej both to the past, and to the present and to the future, in letters arise, so-called, uncertainty zones: im soo propud of you because you've made it to your last year in high school:) i was there with you through it all and i knew how you felt. i hope you have a guy or had a relationship to remember. haha geezzz 18!!! aldulthood! The given letter is sent in the future in day of celebrating of the 18 anniversary. Most likely, the author assumes, that by this time school examinations will be behind and models this situation in the possible world of the future, as already come true. On the other hand, it is possible to consider the given fact as really occurred, i.e. retrospektivno the focused. In any case to verify the given proposition as true the author of the letter can only.

In order to avoid misunderstanding, authors are compelled to enter metatextual reservations into the memoirs text: Sure you are still pretty young, but by now you have gotten a better look around. You are more aware of the things that matter. We knew nothing back then (right now for me) and we were still fulfilling the last of our rebellious urges.

For letters in the future faktologicheskie konstituenty own life are basis of model of the alternative, possible world of the future.

I hope you're still going to church. The 20’s have been rough on our spirit so far, but perhaps, by now, we're travelling calmer seas.

Just thought I'd tell you I got the AD job haha I'm sure you knew that already but yeah...

The important role in designing of text space is taken away memories thanks to which the human consciousness is capable to fix last moments. Memoirs are the important part of the autobiographical text which author, being here and now recollects the events which hero it was. The basic lexical marker signalling about switching on a retrospective layer of memoirs, the verb remember serves, and also lexical units with semami to "forget" and "memory" (memory, forget). So, for example, the following typical retrospective fragment from the letter is penetrated by the given signals which not only send to last events, but also regulate perception of the addressee, focusing attention to important points:

(2) A few days ago, Evan got married. I'm sure you have not forgotten that. At the very least, Facebook should have reminded you about their one-year anniversary. In any case, the wedding, the wedding. Or, more specifically, the trip getting to and from the wedding. Oh yes, the road trip with Fern. I hope you have not forgotten about that. Finding a Sonic, the Lunarians and Coast to Coast AM, shady motels on I-5, trying to repair (and failing) a side view mirror. All those memories. Remember how much you tried to convince yourself that you were not actually in love with her for all those years? Well, it was the trip that really sort of convinced you otherwise. And that one sentence, when Sheri asked if we were together, when Fern said something like, "Oh, well not currently, mostly because of the distance." Do you remember how that that line stuck with you for the remainder of the trip?

Subjective character of perception of events reflects the raised emotional background of a fragment shown both on lexical, and at syntactic level. Reconstruction of a former psychological condition is carried out by means of lexical repetitions (wedding, trip, convince), parallel designs (I'm sure you have not forgotten that/1 hope you have not forgotten about that), specifications (or, more specifically) etc.

It is necessary to notice, that on occasion a verb rememberможет to staticize value "reminder", instead of "memoirs" and to have timeless, general character of a maxim: Remember that the love of your marriage should simply be an overflow of God's love into your life.

Feature of a retrospective layer is historical time against which events are developed: Anyway, remember what life was like back here in 2011. Take a minute. Tsunami in Japan happened a little more than a week ago, Libya, Egypt, and the rest of the Middle East is in shambles. Is the war in Afghanistan over? How's the situation in Korea?

Carrying out reversive movements in the past, the author restores communications with last events, people, actions, destroys linearity retrospective narrativa direct speech of heroes of memoirs: ok just showed it to alice, the crettin wants me to add more about her! ok heres her quote ' hey remember that time, alice laughed so hard cus she turned on skype and i was listening to a killer abs workout video '. Introduction in the text of another's voice marked graphically and contrasting with style of an author's narration, promotes its promotion with a view of a reconstruction of accuracy of events or characteristics of heroes of a narration. Besides, quoting several subjects, the author of a narration creates intertekstualnuju the score increasing polyphony of sense.

Destroy linearity of a retrospective narration not only another's voices, but also author's comments: Jesse told you, after he gave you permission to have dinner with Andy, that if you had a romantic dinner with another man, you'd hope he was hot. You have no desire for anyone else and Jesse is the first person to really make you feel that way. You thought you had problems being friends with men.

The past inseparably linked with the future associative or relationships of cause and effect also is for authors of the letter a basis for forming of forecasts, for modelling of the virtual possible world. In a following fragment invisible threads, intertwining, connect all
Three time plans in "energodinamicheskoe" (Myshkin, 1999) the many-voiced whole:

(3) About a person who you like right now reading this, I reeally wonder who. Well at this moment, I still like K, after the Valentainz day me slipping a love letter into her locker and receiving an answer of am not interested in any guys who are interested in me. I thought I was moving on, after the week that I did not talk to her. But just one text from her made me realise that I was wrong, asking me how was my break going. She did not answer to my reply, well-disorganised, I would say. And you?, but that did not matter much.

Analysis of this multilayered design reveals the following: the future merging with the present (right now reading this; at this moment, I still like K); the citation which has been built in a context of the past in original vidovremennoj to the form, not being graphically issued (receiving an answer of am not interested in any guys who are interested in me); internal metatext (well-disorganised, I would say) and external dialogue of the author with itself (And you?, but that did not matter much).

Necessity of exact reconstruction of the past explains presence toponimov and, despite interdictions, the personal names promoting creation of a real retrospective context: Tonight Dakota, Melody (well, not for sure, because Mike is coming tonight and she might be... indisposed), Sophia and I might go to a lesbian bar in the Gay Village.

Intensity of action is reached at the expense of use protjazhennyh nominative chains: Anthony Raneri solo, kevin devine, driving range, coney island bagels, month ends, florida, the keys, disney, ed chasing carlos and i down eaton ct, the first time ed bonded with the girls, the way suzy says hungrrrrrrrry, my claddaugh ring, AC, san gennaro, storm king, apple picking, tomato picking, blueberry picking, greenport, montauk, painting piggybanks, theres tons more but i cannot think of it right now.... its very early lol.

Typical reception is the action organisation in a single whole on the basis of associative-chronological communications: I'm also in the middle of a 35
day period with no days off.... becuse plaza and the pickle people. Also I'm taking 16 credits this semestre. Rebecca lost her first tooth yesterday!! It's 6:40am so she is probably just now getting her dollar or two from the tooth fairy. I have not spoken to mom in 11 months. And its been 9 months since I've spoke to dad.

It is necessary to notice, that occasionally authors use possibility of the introduction into regular autocorrespondence. In this case the letter-answer joins to initsialnomu to the letter with pometoj Re:, becoming, thus, an original remark of autodialogue. Within the limits of a hypergenre an epistolary site these letters are grouped in separate block Replies to the past.Интересно to notice, that in the reciprocal letter there is a change of reference Dear FutureMeна Dear PastMe.Тем most, dynamical recurrence of change ipostasej the individual is traced: I - pass the present in the JA-future, which collision with other I - the present, transforms the JA-future to the JA-past.

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A source: Chesnokova Irina Anatolevna. GENRE SPECIFICITY of the LETTER In the FUTURE In the ENGLISH-SPEAKING VIRTUAL DISCOURSE. The dissertation. Tomsk - 2015. 2015

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