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types kontseptov

As the individual and collective conceptual system differs a variety and flexibility it is possible to assume existence of different types kontseptov. Researchers allocate types kontseptov on several parametres.

So, on character obektivatsii kontsepty classify as lexical, phraseological and syntactic. On degree kontseptualiziruemoj information kontsepty share on such types as representation, the scheme, concept, the frame, the scenario, a Gestalt, etc. On character of stability kontsepty are subdivided into steady and unstable formations. On observability kontsepty share on verbalizovannye units having in language regular means of expression, and latent units, neverbalizuemye or verbalizuemye it is artificial in the conditions of compulsorily task in view. Exist also abstract and concrete kontsepty (popova, Sternin 2001, 72).

Preliminary on the basis of the existing works devoted ‘ to a family ’ (introduction see), the object investigated by us can be carried to type steady, concrete, verbalizovannyh kontseptov.

It is necessary to notice, that, considering obvious or implicit orientation kontsepta on language, scientists allocate such types kontseptov, as subject, priznakovye, sobytijnye (Karasik 2009, 24).

With reference to a theme of our work cause the big interest key kontsepty this or that culture. Nuclear units of a picture of the world which possess ekzistentsionalnoj the importance both for the separate person concern them, and for lingvokulturnogo communities in whole (Maslov 2001, 51) kontsepty, functioning in collective consciousness. Such kontsepty also name culture constants which exist constantly or, at least, very long time (Stepans 2001, 84).

Kontsepty can be parametrical and nonparametric. Parametrical kontsepty act as classifying categories for comparison of real characteristics of objects: the space, time, quantity, quality, etc. Nonparametric kontsepty have the subject maintenance. Among nonparametric kontseptov are allocated reguljativnye and nereguljativnye. Those mental formations in which maintenance on the first place there is a valuable component ("happiness", "debt", etc.) concern the first; to the second - syncretic mental formations ("travel", "gift", "health" etc.) (Karasik 2009, 29).

On the basis of these reasonings studied by us kontsept it is ranked first of all to cultural kontseptam nonparametric character.

Generalising different typology kontseptov, V.I.Karasik considers, that first of all reguljativnye kontsepty break up to following types:

- Universal (universal) which example are ‘ true ’, ‘ kindly ’, ‘ beauty ’;

- Ethnospecific which concern, for example, in Russian culture ‘ soul ’, ‘ destiny ’, ‘ melancholy ’;

- sotsiospetsificheskie as which example can serve ‘ intelligence ’, ‘ dignity ’, last designates aristocratic self-respect at people who realise the high social status);

- Individual which we face basically in art and philosophical texts, for example: Impudence - extensive hope. J. Kardano (Karasik 2009, 31).

This typology has much in common with the typology offered before V.A.Maslovoj which has allocated following types kontseptov:

1. Universal (universal).

2. National-cultural.

Such kontsept it is caused by human life in this or that national-cultural environment.

3. Social, defined by the social status of the person.

4. Group. Such kontsept it is caused by an accessory of the native speaker to some polovozrastnoj to group.

5. Individually-personal. Data kontsept it is formed under the influence of psychophysiology, education, formation, life experience of the person (Maslov 2004).

Results of researches ‘ families ’, spent on a Russian material (Matveeva 2007; Kireeva 2008; Zanegina 2011; Ani Rahmat 2013;, etc.), German (Gunjashova 2007), English (Terpak 2006), Turkish, Tatar (Biktagirova 2007) languages, data kontsept simultaneously universal (universal) and national-cultural, ethnospecific allow to consider.

G.A.Gunjashova, considering presence in kontsepte FAMILIE various social signs and reljatsy the person a society, ranks it to

To social type (Gunjashova 2007).

In relation to a theme of our research also causes interest classification kontseptov, considering transition kontsepta from one individual to another and from one culture to another, i.e. a sign transliruemosti. To broadcast kontseptam concern arhetipicheskie kontsepty in which basis the system of installations and behavioural reactions (Karasik 2009, 31) lays.

Numerous types kontseptov are allocated with M.V.Pimenova. So, on the basis of occurrence in national kontseptosfere kontsepty share it on primordial and borrowed kontsepty. The first have arisen in national kontseptosfere, the second in it have been introduced from others national kontseptosfer. To other sign - to a sign of development of structure - are allocated developing and fallen asleep kontsepty. Developing kontsepty, unlike fallen asleep, are actively used in national kontseptosfere, replenishing with new signs. Exist also constant (remained) and transformed kontsepty. The first are such at which the conceptual and valuable part of base structure kontsepta has not changed. The second are what have been transferred on new realities in connection with disappearance of referential base. With the account of a sign of primacy primary (cores) and derivatives kontsepty are allocated. Primary - what have appeared earlier and have formed base for development of derivatives. On the basis of an urgency are differentiated conducting and minor kontsepty. Conducting, or key, kontsepty it is wide reprezentirovany in paremiologicheskom fund, a folklore material, fiction. Minor kontsepty are on periphery, they are secondary, are less actual, them reprezentanty are less frequency. Are besides, allocated constantly actual, irrelevant and variable ("floating") kontsepty. Constantly actual - leaders (key) kontsepty, irrelevant - minor kontsepty, variables ("floating") are kontsepty, periodically becoming actual and irrelevant (Pimenova 2011).

From a position lingvokognitologii, considering the conceptual information of different level of complexity, N.N.Boldyrev allocates 1) elementary kontsepty which give representation about concrete subjects of world around and are accompanied by familiar visions (for example, the FLOWER, the TREE); 2) complicated kontsepty, capable to reflect experience of interaction of the person with world around, experience of typification of events and the phenomena, i.e. frames and scenarios; 3) difficult conceptual structures of the higher degree of abstraction which reveal by means of the whole text or of some texts (for example, RUSSIAN SOUL, ENGLISH HUMOUR) (Boldyrev 2001, 64-66).

Within the limits of E.V.Dobrovolsky's this approach, having investigated kontseptualizatsiju families in Russian picture of the world, considers the FAMILY polikontseptom as which semantic components cogitative pictures act, frames, scenarios (Dobrovolsky 2005, 41). Other author carries type kontsepta the FAMILY to Gestalt-structures (Ruhlenko, 2005).

In the special literature also are allocated kontsepty, occurring in certain type of a language picture of the world: mythological, religious, ethical, scientific, aesthetic, political, art. Some scientists speak about functioning kontseptov in different areas of public consciousness (in scientific, ordinary-language, religious consciousness), partially coinciding with discourse types (Vorkachyov 2002).

In dependence on a discourse in which are realised kontsepty, are allocated 1) daily and art kontsepty, defining the lichnostno-focused discourse, and 2) institutsionalnye kontsepty (political, scientific, business, sports and others), defining this or that kind institutsionalnogo a discourse (Karasik 2009, 25).

1.3.

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A source: ShChegolihina Julia Viktorovna. Kontsept FAMILIE in lingvokulture the Russian Germans of Siberia. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tomsk - 2015. 2015

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