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4.1.5 Features of structure KK with link-verbs.

The Ukrainian language concerns languages with a free word order. For it any order of elements in structure of type SVO that causes its big flexibility in comparison with English language for which the fixed word order is characteristic is admissible.

Research of syntactic features of statements with analytical kauzativom has shown, that in the Ukrainian language the given designs are used as infinitive addition [78, with. 509; 96; 139]. In modern Ukrainian language some groups of verbs with which addition in the form of an infinitive is combined are allocated.

4.1.5.1 KK with davati. In a case with KK with a davatiglagol-sheaf expresses value sprijannja abo pereshkoda at виконанні d і ї. For example: Ti not dash мені spati'ty you do not allow to me to sleep ’. Value of this design can be formulated so: the process expressed by the basic verb (dash), is considered not simply in relation to its object, and in connection with action (spati), a condition or quality which is attributed to object. All three components of a design are interconnected. Between them three types of relations are expressed: 1) action and its object (not dash men і); 2) action and that is informed on its object (dash - spati); 3) object and that is informed on it (мені - spati). Between the second and third components of this design (мені - spati) there are same relations, as in a complex.

In an intrasyntactic sentence structure infinitive addition corresponds with a direct object expressed by the form of an accusative case of a noun, forms indirect nonprepositional and prepositional objects (see [160]).

During the analysis following structural models KK with davati (tab. 4.17 see) have been revealed.

Table 4.17

Structural models KK with davati

Model Kol-in %
(0) - Vcaus - Complex O 180 60
S - Vcaus - Complex O 75 25
S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O 45 15
In total 300 100

Model (0) - Vcaus - Complex O in which (0) - implitsitnyj the subject, Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb davati, Complex O - difficult addition totals 180 KK (60 %): Meta zhivopisu - not davati rozkoshuvannja to eyes, and zaklikati to molitvi [375]. Difficult addition in this case is expressed by structure Complex O = Noun (a noun rozkoshuvannjav an accusative case) + Noun (a noun to eyes in a dative case). A variant of the given model are cases when first component Complex Object can be and a pronoun.

The structure 75 KK (25 %) corresponds to model S - Vcaus - Complex O... Feet krutjat, spati not dajut... [350], in which S - the subject (a foot noun in the Nominative case), Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb dajut, Complex O - difficult addition (spati). In given example Complex O is truncated and it is expressed by infinitive addition. The subject can be expressed as a pronoun (implitsitno, the example above see), and a noun. The second component expressing action, can be presented an infinitive as in active, and passive voice.

The structure 45 KK (15 %) can be expressed model S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O (він not musit davati will svom pochuttjam here [342]), in which S - the subject (personal pronoun Mi in the Nominative case), Vmod - a modal verb musit, Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb davati, Complex O - the difficult addition expressed by structure: N (will) + N (svom pochuttjam). The subject, basically, is expressed by a pronoun (the example above see), is much more rare - a noun.

4.1.5.2 KK with robiti. During the analysis following structural models KK with robiti (tab. 4.1 8 see) have been revealed.

Table 4.18

Structural models KK with robiti

Model Kol-in %
(0) - Vcaus - Complex O 180 60
S - Vcaus - Complex O 75 25
S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O 45 15
In total 300 100

Model (0) - Vcaus - Complex O in which (0) - implitsitnyj the subject, Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb robiti, Complex O - difficult addition totals 180 KK (60 %): potuzhno dimujut, zrobili the sky kudlatim, buro - oranzhevim... [353]. Difficult addition in this case is expressed by structure Complex O = Noun (sky) + Adj (kudlatim).variantom to the given model cases when first component Complex Object can be and a pronoun are.

The structure 75 KK (25 %) corresponds to model S - Vcaus - Complex O

151... ніхто z hazjajskih синів not схотів zrobiti її gospodineju [389] in which S - the subject (ніхто), Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb robiti, Complex O - difficult addition (її gospodineju).subekt difficult addition can be expressed as a pronoun (the example above see), and a noun. The second component of a design can be presented an infinitive as in active, and passive voice.

The structure 45 KK (15 %) can be expressed model S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O (Mi повинні zrobiti nadbannjam to the people твій діалог z капіталістом... [376, with. 7]) in which S - the subject (Mi), Vmod - a modal verb povinn і, Vcaus - kauzativnyj the verb zrobiti, Complex O - difficult addition (nadbannjam to the people твій діалог).subekt, basically, is expressed by a pronoun (the example above see), is much more rare a noun.

4.1.5.3 KK with dozvoljati. During the analysis following structural models KK with dozvoljati (tab. 4.19 see) have been revealed.

Table 4.19

Structural models KK with dozvoljati

Model Kol-in %
S - Vcaus - Complex O 201 67
(0) - Vcaus - Complex O 59 20
S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O 40 13
In total 300 100

Structurally 201 KK (67 %) correspond to model S - Vcaus - Complex O... Hto having permitted тобі privlasnjuvati all those, shcho nalezhit тільки men і, Sheikhs і? [376, with. 82] in which S - the subject (hto), Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb having permitted, Complex O - difficult addition (тобі privlasnjuvati).pervyj the element in addition can be expressed as a pronoun (tob і, the example above see), and a noun. The second component can be presented an infinitive as in active, and passive voice (privlasnjuvati).

The structure 59 KK (20 %) can be described by means of model (0) - Vcaus - Complex O, in which (0) - implitsitnyj the subject, Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb

152 dozvoljati, Complex O - difficult addition, for example: Нікого z чабанів so it is far not puskajut z flocks on територію полігона, yak Gorpishchenka, lishe jomu (jakshcho тільки it is silent there) dozvoljajut zahoditi z вівцями tudi, kudi іншим zas [376, with. 11]. Difficult addition in this case is expressed by structure Complex O = Pron (jomu) + V (zahoditi). A variant of the given model are cases when first component Complex Object can be and a noun.

The structure 40 KK (13 %) can be expressed model S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O (Find fault there I will be є zhittja on свій relish, all j is guilty buti it is permitted at одній умові: not бігати із zajavami in комітет on svogo рідного чоловіка... [353]) in which S - the subject expressed implitsitno, Vmod - a modal verb it is guilty, Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb it is permitted in passive voice, Complex O - difficult addition (j all). The first element of difficult addition, basically, is expressed nouns, is more rare a pronoun (the example above - j see). The second element is expressed by the pronoun everything used in value of a noun.

4.1.5.4 KK with primushuvati. During the analysis following structural models KK with primushuvati (tab. 4.20 see) have been revealed.

Table 4.20

Structural models KK with primushuvati

Model Kol-in %
S - Vcaus - Complex O 269 90
S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O 24 8
(0) - Vcaus - Complex O 7 2
In total 300 100

Model 269 KK (90 %) corresponds to model S - Vcaus - Complex O... Najmenshe шарудіння primushuvalo jogo zupinjatis [371] in which S - the subject (шарудіння), Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb primushuvati, Complex O - difficult addition (jogo zupinjatis).subekt can be expressed both a pronoun, and a noun (the example above see). The second component can be presented a verb in the form of an infinitive which can be used as in active, and passive voice.

The structure 24 KK (8 %) is expressed by model S - Vmod - Vcaus - Complex O

153 (I not міг primusiti jti svo ї неслухняні feet [376, with. 106]), in which S - the subject (), Vmod - a modal verb in the negative form not міг, Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb primusiti, Complex O - difficult addition (jti svo ї неслухняні feet). The subject, basically, is expressed nouns, is more rare a pronoun.

During the analysis are fixed only 7 (2 %) KK with primushuvati which structure corresponds to model (0) - Vcaus - Complex O in which (0) - implitsitnyj the subject, Vcaus - kauzativnyj a verb primushuvati, Complex O - difficult addition, for example: Treba sti ochima всіх, treba primushuvati інших відводити och і, - тоді itself stanesh nevidimim! [376, with. 11]. Difficult addition in this case is expressed by the following structure: Complex O = Pron (інших) + V (відводити) + N (och і). A variant of the given model are cases when first component Complex Object can be and a noun.

4.2

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A source: BESSONOV NIKITA JUREVICH. SEMANTIC OF CAUSATIVE VERBS OF THE LINKS IN DIFFERENT-STRUCTURED LANGUAGES (ON THE MATERIAL OF ENGLISH AND UKRAINIAN LANGUAGES). Theses for the degree of candidate of philological sciences. Tver - 2018. 2018

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