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English language

As it was marked above (Introduction, Chapter 1 see), in research focus are kauzativnye copular verbs. Thereupon one of problems was case definition kauzativnyh verbs in English and an Ukrainian language languages, i.e.

the verbs expressing the relation kauzatsii that is a synonym of the cause and effect relation. Thus, kauzativnyj the verb expresses value kauzatsii k and value kauziruemogo conditions. In article źMorphological kauzativ in the Georgian language╗ And. O.Getsadze, V.P.Nedjalkov and A.A.Holodovich notice, that the term źkauzativnyj a verb╗ is used in two values: semantic and formal [58; 167, with. 131]. The case kauzativnyh verbs in English language includes both "formal" kauzativnye verbs, and verbs which can express relations kauzatsii only in
Certain contexts.

The given verbs are shirokoznachnymi. Many researchers adhere enough to the general definition shirokoznachnosti. For example, N.N.Amosov underlines, that shirokoznachnost it is shown in a word in the pure state only in the conditions of isolation of a word from speech and receives known narrowing and a concrete definition at the use of the given word in speech [4, with. 114]. M.V.Nikitin under shirokoznachnostju understands a free communication quality between designatorom (the word form) and designatom (the maintenance, a word meaning), providing not constrained width of a semantic variation. ź The word in shirokoznachnom the use does not introduce the value in total value of a word-combination, and itself is allocated with it from a word-combination as a part of that remains on its share minus values of other components of a word-combination. As in any idiomatic word-combination, initially value whole, and the component is estimated in the second turn as the semantic rest of distribution of total sense ╗[121, with. 112, 122]. E.I.Malyutin divides M.V.Nikitin's point of view, underlining, that the word with wide value loses lexical value:ź shirokoznachnye words do not introduce in a context of the value, and "eat" from it ╗[109]. It will be co-ordinated with known law in the semasiology formulated by G.V.Kolshanskim:ź The the word meaning, the more its dependence on a context ╗[89] is wider. At the heart of a word meaning of wide semantics as much as possible generalised and abstracted sign on which basis the pledged word appears semanticheski compatible to all subjects and the phenomena possessing this sign [172, with lays. 201]. It is necessary to notice, that the majority of the works investigating a problem shirokoznachnosti, are devoted the description shirokoznachnyh nouns or verbs [171], a little smaller quantity - adjectives [76].

In the dissertation analysis KK, functioning within the limits of the statement as speech unit is carried out. The statement, after V.G.Gakom, is understood as źa functional unit, equal to the offer, but

59 differing from the offer that the analysis of this unit pursues the aim not to open its general abstract scheme of the syntactic organisation but to show, how it is connected with a situation, what means and as this last is described ╗[57, with. 352].

The lexicographic part of sample in English language was made by 135 verbs, among which: let, make, cause, get, have, produce, bring about, effect, lead to, induce, result in, engender, effectuate, occasion, stir, generate, provoke, touch off, hatch, breed, spawnи Most shirokoznachnymi verbs with kauzativnym value in English language verbs let, make, cause, get, have are other. These verbs often wrongly are considered (kvazi) synonymous (the term [247]) and more or less interchangeable. However the further analysis shows, that syntactic, semantic, lexical and stylistic characteristics KK with these verbs differ. A verb causeотличается from such verbs as, for example, make, haveтем, that on value is more close to lexical kauzativam, instead of analytical, considered in this dissertation. This verb can express as "manipuljativnuju" kauzatsiju, i.e. Physical manipulation kauzirujushchego the subject kauziruemym the subject or object for realisation kauziruemogo events (English John stood the child up. John moved the chair. I didn, t make the child stand up, but I caused him to stand up), and "directive" kauzatsiju which, basically, express such kauzativnye copular verbs as let, make, get, have (John made Bill move. John got Bill to stand up. John had the child stand up).primery show, that in contexts with such verbs, as let, make, get, haveвыражается more specific kauzativnoe value, than in offers with cause (see, for example, [294, with. 30-32]). In the dissertation are considered KK with verbs let, make, get, have.Текстовую the sample part in English language was made by 1200 examples with these verbs (on 300 examples with each verb).

2.1.1

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A source: BESSONOV NIKITA JUREVICH. SEMANTIC OF CAUSATIVE VERBS OF THE LINKS IN DIFFERENT-STRUCTURED LANGUAGES (ON THE MATERIAL OF ENGLISH AND UKRAINIAN LANGUAGES). Theses for the degree of candidate of philological sciences. Tver - 2018. 2018

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