images of an oak and a tree yes in Russian and Vietnamese cultures

In investigated Russian FE the word an oak, an esteemed tree at the slavic people is often mentioned. The oak is often mentioned in Russian fairy tales, songs and a poem. It personifies the man's beginning and is compared to the athlete.

The oak is a symbol of long-term experience, the wise witness of events of Russian history [That Thi Ngan An 2006].

Oak - a sacred tree at ancient Slavs. About old, mighty oaks the religious pagan ceremonies which have found, in particular, reflexion in a fantastic poem of A.S.Pushkin Ruslan and Lyudmila were made.

In Russian culture the image of an oak is painted not only in dark negative tone, but also light, vital. It grows on barrows over tombs, as not tamed will of the earth as if the life proceeds after death [CHin Thi Kim Ngok 2000].

The oak is the most sacral tree which symbolises valour, durability, hardness and longevity [Kosharnaja 2003].

In dictionaries the direct sense is given: a large deciduous tree this. Beechen with strong wood and fruits-acorns: century oaks, on an oak or on an oak.

In representation of the slavic people the oak is connected with the legend about a world tree which embraces the earth roots and holds the sky branches. In Russian language picture of the world the oak is presented as a symbol of longevity, a fortress, firmness: It was similar to the old oak burnt by a lightning, but still powerful, strong and proud of the force. [M.Gorky. Makar CHudra 1892]; It was, of course, old, but years have not pierced it, and is faster zadubili. It was heavy and firm, as morenyj an oak [D.Granin. A bison 1987]; Brothers
Geologists! Unrestrained enthusiasts! People of the thirtieth years! Powerful oaks of the College of mines, nowadays scouts and engineers! Three years ago we have said goodbye to institute, have said goodbye with each other. Grown wise experience of study and knowledge of terrestrial bowels afflicted with passion, we were started up in great kocheve [A.N.Arbuzov. Tanja 1938-1947].

The oak is considered a symbol zhiznestojkosti, courage. Comparison strong as the oak expresses representation about the healthy, strong man: the Old man black and strong as the oak, lain hundred years in a bog, opens. - Otkuleshny? What for? - I Search for correct belief [A.Varlamov 2002]; Sacred tree Peruna, a symbol of vital force, the oak [was considered With. V.Melnikova].

The lexeme figuratively as a part of a phraseological unit can have an oak and negative konnotatsiju: a blockhead, an oak grove, dubinnik, dubak, oak on the tonsils (about the stupid, confused person). It speaks, possibly, such word meaning: Oak - a tree seed beechen with strong wood which underlies the metaphorical name silly, thick-headed, dubinogolovogo the person. This figurative sense appears as a result of association on quality of a material . For example, speak stupid as the oak when it is difficult to change opinion of the person which obstinately costs on the point of view, does not perceive new knowledge, does not show understanding. Konnotatsija the stupid, obstinate person it is connected with cultural representation of native speakers of Russian about an oak, as about material badly giving in to processing. In phraseological dictionaries the expressions connected with value the silly person such as cudgel stoerosovaja, to fail from an oak are specified.

For example: Denis Ivanovich has risen. - Ezzhaj, and I will be hung up, - Eudoxia Andreevna has silently, almost quietly said. Denis Ivanovich has sat down. - leave, a cudgel dull! - Eudoxia Andreevna has cried. - Anything in a life you do not understand! [A.Slapovsky. destruction of the guitarist 1994-1995]. In the given situation the cudgel means the silly, dull person.

The divisional has sniffed: - You that, from an oak have failed? At it all deputy case under a heel, and among them a heap of the people having checked up builders [of A.Marinin 2014]. In this case from an oak has failed is a synonym to expression to go mad.

In the phraseological dictionary of Russian there is a phraseological unit to allow to "die" an oak in value. Consider, that occurrence of this expression is connected with Russian ceremony of a burial place under an oak [Birih, Mokienko, Stepanova 2005].

Thus, the image of an oak has huge value in Russian language picture of the world. The lexeme has an oak positive and negative konnotatsiju. In the Vietnamese language the loan word designating an oak, very seldom meets in structure FE because this tree does not grow in territory of Vietnam. However it is possible to find in a national Vietnamese picture of the world analogy to an image of an oak is an image yes (cy đa) - a tree which is considered as most long.

The tree yes can be a symbol of a peace, quiet life. Under a tree yes older persons have a rest, tell to grandsons of a fairy tale and a legend. Under a dome yes enamoured young men do to the beloved the offer. Now under a tree yes peasants in hot weather [Thu Huong - bao Vannghetiengiang 2012] have a rest.

Yes is a longevity and viability symbol. Vietnameses compare yes to outstanding people and concern them with the big respect and gratitude: cy đa, cy đề (old, wise and skilled people).

Therefore yes symbolises the Vietnamese rural culture: cy đa, bến n ướ c đnh lng (yes, a wooden pagoda); đầ u lng cy duối, cuối ng cy đa (a banana tree in the village beginning, yes in the end of village).

In Vietnam also is a spiritual symbol of the people: thần cy đa, ma cy gạo, cu cao cy đề (the god at a tree yes, a ghost at a tree gao). In the Vietnamese culture yes it is considered a sacred and mysterious tree: v ị
thần, ai v ị cy đa (to respect the god and yes); Ở n ướ c ta ở những đề n cha miếu mạo th ờ Thần, Phật th ườ ng hay co trồng những cy đa (yes often grows at pagodas, keeping in themselves sacred spirit to which people address for the help in the most difficult minutes of a life).


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A source: Khong THU HIEN. RUSSIAN and VIETNAMESE PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS C NAMES of PLANTS In LINGVOKULTUROLOGICHESKY ASPECT. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Voronezh - 2019. 2019

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