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3.1. Terminosistema in a social development context

Admittedly any terminosistema is language reflexion of mutual relation of language and a society as «language is one of the major means of storage, processing and an information transfer» [neljubin, 2007, with.

14]. As is known, influence of social factors in bolshej degrees is reflected in lexico-semantic system of language. This results from the fact that values of lexical units have distinct vnejazykovye korreljaty.

Under the influence of istoriko-political and financial and economic events the language system, its lexico-semantic system, the language form of a word, system of categories, system of terms vary. The term as the word, expresses the semantic information and reflects new concepts of a science, technics, the social phenomena of economy, the politician, etc. As marks V.V. Vinogradov, «slovo.otrazhaet understanding of" a validity slice ”and its relation to other elements of the same validity as they were realised or realised by a society, the people during a known epoch and thus with ample opportunities of the latest reconsiderations of initial values and shades» [Vinogradov, 1977, with. 163].

Art to fix and order thoughts opens language as a mosaic reflecting social, political, cultural and financial event of a life of a society. The problems connected with influence of social factors on functioning and development of language, form area 110

Researches in which working out the sociolinguistics - scientific discipline in which «takes part... The main criterion of allocation of the socialised relations from set of the relations shown in the course of functioning and development of language, its structural elements, is the criterion of a sociality» [Desheriev, Krysin, 1988, with. 7].

According to L.L.neljubina's dictionary, the sociolinguistics is «1. The section of linguistics studying causal relationships between language and the facts of a public life. 2. The section of linguistics studying social differentiation of languages, i.e. its various social dialects. 3. The branch of linguistics studying questions of public existence and public conditions of development of language» [neljubin, 2001, with. 174].

The extralinguistic nature of language does not cause doubts. However it is not necessary to forget, that a number of the language phenomena (word-formation and inflectional formativy, a language grammatical system) is set by only intralinguistic factors. B.A.Serebrennikov believes, that «... In language much is connected with society history, but all is far not» [Serebrjannikov, 1983, with. 211]. Including lexical structure of language «mirror of history of language» and admitting that fact, that «language reflects in the structure character of this or that historical epoch», the author simultaneously disagrees with the point of view of some scientists which believe, that the society history always changes words and their values [In the same place. With. 207]. B.A.Serebrennikov writes: «if language consisted only of words it would be possible to admit that reflects society history» [In the same place. With. 11].

About necessity sotsiolingvisticheskogo the approach to studying of terminological systems for the first time wrote E.D.polivanov in 1930th [polivanov, 1968, with. 186]. The modern sociolinguistics continues to show and prove complexity of influence of social factors on language and
Unequal susceptibility to this influence of different sites of language system.

The scientific community pays attention to value sotsialnoyoekonomicheskih events in formation and development of professional language. Any professional work is socialised. As confirms N.B.Mechkovsky, «.trudovaja activity of the person has social character. The society mediates interaction of the individual and an external world.» [Mechkovsky, 2000, with. 9].

The primary goals sotsiolingvisticheskih researches in the field of terminological systems are definition of a source of an origin, ways and the formation reasons terminoedinits, studying of ways of interaction of common-literary language and special lexicon, a parity national and international, presence and sources synonymic, homonymic and polisemicheskih numbers, feature of a terminological nomination, etc.

The theme of extralinguistic conditionality of formation and development of terminological systems interested many researchers, among which R.A.Budagov [Budagov, 2004], S.V.Grinev-Grinevich [Grinev - Grinevich, 2008], J.D.Desheriev [Desheriev, 1968], N.B.Mechkovsky [Mechkovsky, 2000], L.B.Tkacheva [Tkacheva, 1986; 1987], A.D.Schweitzer [Schweitzer, 1978], etc. Scientists notice, that sotsiolingvistichesky the approach gives the chance to systematise and consistently to study history (the reasons, sources) occurrence of terminological units.

A.V.Zhandarova specifies that «the concept of mentality is closely connected with concept of mentality as which it is understood mirovidenie, kontseptualizatsija the world in categories and forms of the native language, uniters, according to scientists, the spiritual and strong-willed qualities of national character in many respects caused sociohistorical and cultural (vnejazykovymi) by factors» [ZHandarova, 2004, with. 70].

Really, development of special lexicon is substantially determined vnejazykovymi by factors as that separate elements of the language mechanism have come to movement, the external push is necessary. I.P.Hutyz, analyzing social conditionality language obektivatsii, writes, that «the social factor predetermines a set kognitivnyh sushchnostej, knowledge representing a set about world around and features of its formation . Communication of language with features of development of a society is expressed in formation new lexical« layers »within the limits of existing language» [Hutyz, 2006, with. 32­33].

The birth and formation of units of terminological systems is in many respects predetermined vnejazykovoj by the validity. According to R.A.Budagova, words-terms arise long before occurrence of those concepts (phenomena), which these terms designate [Budagov, 2004, with. 51].

External influence on language structure of terms can occur meaningly and spontaneously. So, some scientists believe, that in the field of special lexicon in the greatest measure degree of conscious influence of a society is shown. N.Z.Kotelova writes, that «possibility of the subjective beginning in the use and formation of terms, arrangements, uslovlennosti pulls out this language site from objective elements of language» [Kotelova, 1970, with. 124].

Terminological systems are most opened for conscious influence of people as any terminology is a language area which directly is connected with the is conscious-cultural and artificial beginning in language. Rechemyslitelnye the processes connected with use terminosistemy, occur under the big control of reason and consequently, they can be reconstructed rather easily in
Conformity with the new requirements dictated by a society [Mechkovsky, 2000, with. 44].

Conscious activity of a society in relation to language is expressed at different levels and in various forms: first, the society can develop language or, on the contrary, to promote its gradual exit from the use. Secondly, a society in a condition to expand social functions of language: creation of writing, the literature edition etc. Thirdly, a society has possibility to improve or normalise sound, morphological, syntactic, stylistic, leksikoyosemantichesky language systems. Fourthly, the society has the right to regulate processes of interaction of languages. Fifthly, spontaneous changes in language [Desheriev, 1977 submit to conscious influence of a society, with. 180-181].

J.D.Desheriev and L.P.Krysin recognises not only conscious, but also spontaneous influences of social factors on professional differentiation of language [Desheriev, Krysin, 1988, with. 72]. Researchers carry occurrence of neologisms, archaisms, a historicism To spontaneous factors of influence. Among ways of conscious influence for J.D.Desheriev and L.P.Krysin's language allocate ideology propagation, artificial increase in rate of the use of those or other words, their transformation into original words-keys, change of estimated perception of some words at native speakers, conscious loan or tracing from foreign languages defined leksikoyosemanticheskih units, etc. [Desheriev, Krysin, 1988, with. 72-83].

vnejazykovym to factors of influence on formation terminology S.V.Grinev-Grinevich carries to the cores: 1) features of origin of corresponding area of knowledge; 2) the chronological (time) factor; 3) a condition of the given area of knowledge; 4) character of area of knowledge; 5)
Regional distinctions in science development; 6) conditions of national development and interaction of the nations etc. [Grinev-Grinevich, 2008, with. 194-198].

Recognising that bank language is reprezentantoj social and economic history of the people, its culture, a way of life, perception of the world bank sector as a whole and professional bank lexicon in particular test constant influence of external factors. Vnejazykovaja determination of semantics of the bank term is caused by a number of factors, among which: 1) economy (competition level, demand for bank services, degree of development of region, etc.); 2) globalisation; 3) the government; 4) level sotsialnoyokulturnogo society developments; 5) mass-media.

Thus, the importance sotsiolingvisticheskogo the approach in studying of special lexicon does not cause doubts. Influence vnejazykovoj conditionality allows to understand the thought expressed terminoedinitsami more precisely.

In our research we will subject system sotsiolingvisticheskomu to the analysis financial and economic crisis 2008г. As the extralinguistic factor of replenishment bank terminosistem English and Russian of languages. For this purpose we have allocated and have studied the most significant concepts which or were little-used, and in crisis have got the world popularity, or for the first time have appeared in bank lexicon as result of influence of the created situation on lexico-semantic system of language.

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A source: Fedorova Anna Valerevna. ENGLISH And RUSSIAN TERMINOLOGICAL SYSTEMS of BANK SPHERE. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Moscow - 2015. 2015

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