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Types kauzativnyh situations with link-verbs in English language

KK with copular verbs, for example, with letпредставляют itself classical type kauzativnoj models [301]: one force (agonist), aspiring to rest, is opposed other force (antagonist) continuing resistance and

111 forcing agonista to move, for example: The brisk wind had yellow leaves fly away ‘ the Strong wind blew off yellow leaves ’.

As marks L.Talmi [286], agonist and the antagonist can enter relations of four base types. First two types reflect aspiration agonista to rest at the strong or weak antagonist:

1) agonistu, aspiring to rest, stronger antagonist who surpasses resistance agonista resists and forces it to move, for example: The ball was rolling because of the wind blowing on it ‘ the Ball slid that on it the wind ’ blew;

2) the aspiration agonista to rest overcomes force of the antagonist influencing it, for example: The tent kept standing in spite of the brisk wind ‘ the Tent continued to stand, despite a strong wind ’.

Following two types reflect aspiration agonista to movement at the strong or weak antagonist:

3) agonist aspires to movement as it is more powerful than force resisting to it, for example: The ball kept rolling in spite of the high grass hindering it ‘ the Ball continued to slide, despite a high grass stirring to it ’;

4) agonist aspires to movement at stronger antagonist blocking its aspiration (agonist remains motionless), for example: The dog kept lying on the incline because of the ridge there‘Собака continued to lay on a bias because of a furrow ’.

Result of collision of forces in cases 1 and 3 is movement, and in cases 2 and 4 - rest. The first and fourth examples illustrate the strong antagonist and a total condition agonista, opposite to its aspiration. The analysis of dynamics of force includes concepts contrary to something and its contrast thanks to something, that corresponds to concepts of "hindrance" and "blocking" [286]. Relations of dynamics of force have grammatical reprezentatsiju. In case agonist is a subject, the role of stronger antagonist can be expressed by means of becauseили because of. The role of weaker antagonist can be expressed with the help althoughили in spite of. Application of models of dynamics of force probably in two

112 cases: 1) at existence of distinctions between more and less powerful forces that allows us to draw a conclusion on interference of the named objects; 2) for definition of relations between more and less strong participants.

Classification offered in research kauzativnyh situations on parametres of the theory of dynamics of force reflects many-sided nature kauzativnyh relations in designs with kauzativnymi link-verbs.

3.4.1

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A source: BESSONOV NIKITA JUREVICH. SEMANTIC OF CAUSATIVE VERBS OF THE LINKS IN DIFFERENT-STRUCTURED LANGUAGES (ON THE MATERIAL OF ENGLISH AND UKRAINIAN LANGUAGES). Theses for the degree of candidate of philological sciences. Tver - 2018. 2018

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