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§ 2. Information-legal regulation of the public The control in a context of development of the new it is information - Communication technologies

The aspiration to reach borders of an information society is supported today with that as already developed public relations, and only formed, receive a new impulse for development in the light of application of new information-communication technologies.

Public relations habitual to us get the updated forms when information-communication technologies are organically entered in processes of their realisation. Their introduction urged to optimise processes in a civil society, to deduce them on qualitatively new level that will allow to reach objects in view faster and with the least expenses. Occurrence new, only formed public relations, already sees impossible without use, even start up partial, it is information-communication technologies. And it not simply tribute to "an information fashion». Here the supervising role is played by reduction of public relations in conformity to promptly accelerated rates of development of a civil society, to its raising requirements.

All traditional public relations realised with use of the new it is information-communication technologies in the information environment, qualitatively change (in particular, are characterised by change of the structure). Besides, a number of public relations formed thus are essentially new, have no analogues in traditional sphere, and,

As consequence, form for the right essentially new objects

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Regulations.

Realisation of procedures of public control also is not an exception. Legal relations in the given sphere can be carried to formed, after all public control development frequently runs ahead its standard regulation. Meeting certain difficulties at public control realisation, its subjects require optimisation of existing legal base, occurrence of new norms of legal regulation in the given sphere. But presence of norms yet does not give the quality assurance of their realisation in practice. Plurality of forms of public control in a due measure can be supported introduction is information-communication technologies, that, according to a number of experts in the given sphere, and will allow to start a wave of positive changes in the given sphere.

In the conditions of democratisation of a public life, objective requirement for public control development necessary preconditions should be created that citizens took part in the state and municipal management more actively

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By the will.

According to Federal act positions «About the information, information technologies and about information protection» information technologies are understood as processes, methods of search, gathering, storage, processing, granting, distribution of the information and ways of realisation of such processes and methods. Inclusion in the term of definition used by us "communication" underlines an information interchange role in [352 [353]

Relations with use of similar technologies.

When we speak about public control, especially sharply there is a question on information interchange, on its openness. And here the openness can be considered from two parties. First, an information openness, access to which it is possible at realisation of procedures of public control. Secondly, the openness of the information on public control realisation is meant: about its objects, the selected forms, partially about subjects, the actions, revealed infringements (or on the contrary encouragements diligent checked), and also about results of the control.

The similar bilateral openness also can be a basis of a guarantee of the control of the public behind public control realisation, and for objects of public control - a guarantee of objectivity of the control and minimisation of infringements at its realisation, and infringements from both parties.

For attraction of broad masses of the public, for universal introduction of public control, use is information - communication technologies can play an invaluable role. Data of the information on forms, public control kinds, on its subjects and objects, on infringements, on lawful behaviour and encouragements, on a course of actions, on results together, in one source, under condition of open access to it will allow to deduce public control realisation on qualitatively new level of regulation. It is a question of creation of uniform information system in which the information set forth above on public control will be collected. The information system in the legislation is understood as set of the information containing in databases and the information providing its processing

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Technology and means.

In the conditions of development it is information-communication

Technologies access process to the information becomes simpler. There is a possibility to approach machinery of state to the population. Information technologies allow citizens not only odnostoronne to receive the information, but also to co-operate with

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The state bodies.

As already it was underlined above, with a view of optimisation of already existing public relations in them elements are introduced is information '-communication technologies. We will consider a number of similar examples.

The state automated system of the Russian Federation "Elections" are the automated information system realising information processes by preparation and elections and a referendum [354 [355] [356]. Legal relations in suffrage sphere are socially significant, during carrying out of elective actions cases of occurrence of disputes are frequent. Therefore realisation of the given legal relations properly, and also optimisation of internal processes, are a paramount problem of legal regulation.

Use GAS "Elections" by preparation and elections is one of guarantees of realisation of suffrages of citizens of the Russian Federation on the basis of maintenance of publicity, reliability, efficiency and the full information on elections.

GAS "Elections" is territorially-distributed,

The telecommunication, automated system

Nation-wide level for realisation of information processes during preparation and elections and referenda, and also for the decision when due hereunder the problems which have been not connected with elections and referenda.

The system allows to solve in a complex problems of the organisation of selective process at all stages: planning of preparation of elections, the account of voters, input of data on candidates, voting carrying out, summarising and the subsequent statistical processing of results.

Besides, in system functions of the coordination of work of electoral commissions of different levels are put in pawn, that practically in a mode of real time allows to sum up voting and by means of display and Internet means to lead up them to each citizen of Russia.

The decision on creation GAS "Elections" the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation «About working out and creation of the state automated system of the Russian Federation"Elections"has fixed the First use of system in country scales has been made in December, 1995.

As result of application of means of automation for gathering, processing and an information transfer used in the course of preparation and carrying out of election campaigns in the Russian Federation, it is possible to name revealings of some public relations and the relations requiring legal regulation both on federal, and at level of subjects of the Russian Federation. [357]

Along with economy of time and material resources at elections, the system allows to inspect synchronously with voting authenticity of bulletins, technically to guarantee results of voting against falsification, to provide evident demonstration of process of elections on all

359

To country regions in dynamics of real time.

According to the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from August, 18th, 1995 № 86 1 [358] [359] the Federal centre of information is created at the Central electoral commission of the Russian Federation (FTSI) and Position about it is approved. FTSI is the official body created with a view of organizational, technical, information and methodical maintenance GAS "Elections", and also increases of efficiency of a supply with information of activity of the Central electoral commission of the Russian Federation. FTSI uses the corporate franchises provided by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. Property FTSI (including means GAS "Elections") is in the federal property, is fixed to it when due hereunder as an operational administration and used according to its appointment and the purposes of activity of the Federal centre. FTSI at the Central Electoral Committee of Russia carries out functions of possession, using and the order the property which is a part of complex GAS "Elections" [360].

Activity of electoral commissions of subjects of the Russian Federation is provided with the information centres financed from means of the federal budget and the budget of the corresponding subject of the Russian Federation. The size of individual share of the subject of the Russian Federation in financing of activity of information centre of electoral commission of the subject of the Russian Federation is defined by the agreement between FTSI, enforcement authority of the subject of the Russian Federation and electoral commission of the subject of the Russian Federation in coordination with the Central electoral commission of the Russian Federation. Activity of territorial and district information services is financed in preparation and elections and referenda from means of corresponding electoral commission (the referendum commission), and during the period between elections - from means of the subject of the Russian Federation and (or) the local budget [361].

GAS "Elections" gives possibilities [362]:

To citizens: to receive through a network the Internet, a mobile communication the information on candidates and political parties and to make the realised choice at voting; to observe of an election campaign course through a network the Internet, a mobile communication; to get acquainted with results of voting by the reports of local electoral commissions placed within days in a network the Internet.

To political parties, to candidates, observers, mass media: to observe of a course of preparation and election campaign carrying out, including to receive the information on federal both regional laws and other normative acts regulating elections, data on the put forward and registered candidates; to receive in ballot day in an operative mode the information on preliminary results of elections; to carry out the control of summarising of voting, including by means of a network the Internet, a mobile communication on each polling district.

To electoral commissions: to use system as the tool at performance of actions at all stages of preparation and elections, a referendum from the moment of their appointment before official publication of results; to use system in daily activity, including to lead the personnel account of electoral commissions, to form is standard-legal database, to supervise sources and the sizes of the property received by political parties, their regional branches and other registered structural divisions in the form of introductory and membership dues and donations of citizens and legal bodies; to lead the electronic Register of voters; to provide improvement of quality and efficiency of work of electoral commissions, having reduced a share of manual skills at the expense of automation more than 800 functions.

The state automated system of the Russian Federation "Justice" is territorially-distributed automated

The information system intended for formation of a uniform information field of vessels of the general jurisdiction and system of Judicial department at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. It provides information and technological support of legal proceedings on principles of maintenance of balance between requirement of citizens, societies and the states in free information interchange and restrictions on distribution of the information [363].

It is intended for information-analytical

Maintenance of functions of vessels of the general jurisdiction, bodies of Judicial community, the device of Judicial department and its managements (departments) in subjects of the Russian Federation [364].

The purpose of creation GAS "Justice" - to carry out complex automation of all functional and providing problems facing to vessels of the general jurisdiction, bodies of judicial community, the device of Judicial department and its managements (departments) in subjects of the Russian Federation, and the part of routine functions not only is automated, but also carried out automatically. GAS "Justice" functions as the system having multilevel hierarchical structure, corresponding to levels of hierarchy of vessels of the general jurisdiction and systems of judicial department Objects of automation are Central office and managements (departments) of Judicial department at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation in subjects of the Russian Federation, courts regional and equal to them, district (naval) military men sudts і, regional (city) courts and garrison military courts [365].

In the federal target program «Development of the judiciary of Russia» on 2002-2006 [366], such problems, as have been put

Formation of a uniform information field, realisation of the constitutional principles of independence of the judicial authority and independence of judges, maintenance of unity of the judiciary of the Russian Federation, increase of efficiency of activity of vessels, and also realisations of the rights of citizens and legal bodies on is judicial - the legal information [367]. Within the limits of performance of the federal target program creation State is provided

The automated system of the Russian Federation "Justice" in interests of federal courts of the general jurisdiction and system of Judicial department. Creation of the given system also has been directed on realisation of positions of the Federal act «About providing of access to the information on activity of vessels in the Russian Federation» [368].

The problems solved by system in vessels of the general jurisdiction: maintenance of an openness and publicity of the judiciary; automation of workplaces of judges, assistants to judges and secretaries of sessions of the court; providing of access to electronic databases; providing of access to legal information systems; conducting an audio record of sessions of the court; the publication on Internet sites of schedules of sessions of the court and judgements; the publication of the information on appointments of judges.

Internet portal GAS "Justice" - http://www.sudrf.ru/

With a view of the organisation of work and technical support of system the Federal state budgetary establishment «the information-analytical centre of support GAS"Justice"[369 [370] [371] has been created. The given centre urged to provide user support, to store and process the judicial information, including to create electronic archives of lawsuits and to be engaged in integration of information resources and judicial statistics data. As a matter of fact, the structure should create uniform base of lawsuits of vessels of the general jurisdiction.

The establishment has been created to execute the commission of the President of the Russian Federation from December, 15th, 2010 № Пр-3645, decisions of session of Presidium of Council at the President of the Russian Federation on development of an information society in the Russian Federation from April, 14th, 2011 and creation organizational-specifications for realisation in system of vessels of the general jurisdiction of the Federal act from December, 22nd, 2008 № 262-FZ «About providing of access to the information on activity of vessels in the Russian Federation» is directed on formation of a uniform information field of federal courts of the general jurisdiction and world judges.

By main objectives of activity of establishment are defined: operation maintenance programmno-means of the State automated system of the Russian Federation "Justice"; user support of the specified automated system; storage and the automated processing of the judicial information (including electronic archives of lawsuits); integration of information resources and judicial statistics data.

Further development GAS "Justice" should provide increase of efficiency of activity of all judiciary of the Russian Federation, including objects of regional level and the commission of the peace [372 [373] [374].

The electronic government as the new form of the organisation of activity of public authorities has the feature wide application is information -

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Communication technologies.

Any refusal of classical structure of the state organisations here it is not meant. However innovative character of activity on introduction of decisions of the electronic government has demanded from the state organisations responsible for maintenance by resources of the program on realisation of the electronic government, internal structural changes. Introduction of information-communication technologies efficiency of the government, a transparency of activity of the state and activity of involving of citizens raise in

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Activity of the state, decrease in the State expenditure.

In Russian the term «the electronic government» has appeared as a result of direct transfer of an English word «electronic government» or «e-government». In English language the word «government» designates not only the government as the central enforcement authority, but also the government as a whole, and «electronic government» concerns more likely forms and methods of activity of public authorities, than to the government as to the subject of this activity. In literal value it «the electronic government» [375 [376] [377] [378]. Thus, word-combination use «the electronic government» as Russian equivalent «e - government» not quite reflects sense of this concept. More correct

377

Term use «the electronic state» is represented.

In a basis of the Concept of formation in the Russian Federation the electronic government till 2010, the Russian Federation approved by the Government, have been put the Concept of use of information technologies in activity of federal public authorities till 2010 and the Concept of administrative reform in the Russian Federation in 2006 - 2010 [379].

The electronic government includes two components. The first is mutual relations of the power and a society, the second - internal interaction of different levels (central, regional, local), and different branches (executive, legislative, judicial) the authorities.

In the first case it is a question of granting of the state services in the electronic form [380 [381]. The electronic government covers all aspects of administrative processes (decision-making), including, processes of rendering of services in that degree in what processes lean against use of information telecommunication technologies. The principle of granting of the information and rendering of already generated set of the state services at which personal interaction between the state and the applicant is minimised here is put in a basis, and greatest possible information technologies are used. Such changes are directed on optimisation of granting of the state services, increase of degree of participation of citizens in a state administrative office, increase of technological literacy of citizens, decrease in influence of the factor of geographic location, increase of an openness of the information on activity of public authorities and expansion of possibility of access to it [382]. Transition to granting of the state services and execution of the state functions in electronic form federal enforcement authorities also was underlined as a necessary step to realisation of administrative reform [383].

In the second case the electronic government joins system of electronic document circulation of the government, based on automation of all set of administrative processes and directed on increases of efficiency of the government.

Creation of the electronic government assumes construction of the nation-wide meted control system realising the decision of a full spectrum of problems, connected with management of documents and processes of their processing [384 [385] [386]. Use

Information telecommunication technologies takes place not as end in itself, and, first of all, as the tool, a method of the decision of problems on increase of efficiency of the government.

Development of the protected technological system

The interdepartmental electronic document circulation, the efficiency of the government directed on increase, will allow to adjust an operative information and documentary exchange between Administration of the President of the Russian Federation, Governmental body of the Russian Federation, chambers of Federal assembly of the Russian Federation and federal enforcement authorities. Reliability and integrity of the transferred information should be thus guaranteed.

Besides, introduction of new system of document circulation is directed on system perfection is information -

Analytical maintenance of accepted decisions at all levels of the government, maintenance of efficiency and completeness of the control of productivity of activity of public authorities and maintenance of demanded level of information safety.

Experience of the leading countries of the world testifies that rendering of the state services in electronic form gives conclusive advantages, both to citizens, and to the state. With introduction of information technologies in sphere of the state services expenses of time for gathering of documents decrease, administrative procedures become simpler, are reduced administrative expenses, level of availability and quality of given services raises, level grows

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Loyalty of citizens.

Thus, the electronic government is understood as the new form of the organisation of activity of the public authorities, providing for the account of wide application is information - communication technologies qualitatively new level

Efficiency and convenience of reception by citizens and the organisations of the state services and information on results of activity of the state bodies.

With a view of assistance to development of a civil society and improvement of quality of work of public authorities and local governments is created such tool of participation of citizens in questions of the state and municipal management as «Electronic democracy».

Theoretical basis the theory of information democracy here has received. French political scientist Michel Rokar considers

Core of democracy a reality of interrelations between elective persons, mass media and voters. Not pressing [387 [388] in a being of that democracy as a whole as represents the majority power, Michel Rokar concentrates on private aspect of political relations where, in its opinion, there is a formation of the new and effective form of democracy. Novelty of this form of democracy consists that as its components the general suffrage and the free information act. The condition is thus observed, that both components are applied fairly, without manipulations. The information directly defines democratic action of citizens. Public opinion at realisation of a policy plays an escalating role. The new form of democracy Michel Rokar names information democracy which is represented to it rather modern form of the organisation of a society and the state board [389 [390]. Abdeev R. F. Has formulated a principle of "five rings» on which the state in the conditions of scientific and technical progress in the field of development of information systems should be arranged. The state can have prospering economy and progress in the cultural plan only at interaction of five independent authorities: legislative, executive, judicial, the authorities of the information and the intelligence power, - and, last two power should penetrate all the others. The information power here means liberty of the press, publicity, an abundance of popular databanks.

The full-function system «Electronic democracy» represents the communication platform created on the basis of the uniform technological decision for maintenance of discussion of socially significant questions, and also electronic service for monitoring, reception and consideration of references of citizens and the organisations

In public authorities and bodies of the local

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Self-management.

Using the given unified information system of common use, citizens can publish and discuss themes, collect voices in support of their importance, form references in the form of statements, offers, complaints, etc., to direct these references to the organisations on an accessory; to state a public open estimation on the answers placed by the organisations and the made decisions under references. The system «Electronic democracy» provides to citizens and the organisations uniform «an input point» which gives the chance to participate in acceptance of administrative decisions, public discussions of diplomas and the control

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Activity of authorities.

The given system is created with a view of maintenance and protection of the rights and freedom of the person, the citizen and group of the citizens who have expressed desire on public and open realisation of the constitutional law to extend the information in any lawful way, and also to direct individual and collective references to public authorities and local government. It is reached by granting of a universal communication platform for maintenance to citizens of possibility of public open discussion of socially significant questions, concerning any concrete public authority and the local government located in any administrative territory of the Russian Federation with the subsequent preparation and sending of the public open reference to the addressee. It will give the chance to lower essentially [391 [392] time, organizational and financial costs for citizens and the organisations at references in public authorities and local governments.

By means of system public monitoring of activity of public authorities and local government, and also monitoring of reception and consideration public opened (individual and collective) references of citizens and the organisations in public authorities and local government can be carried out. Increase of social protection and quality of a life of citizens at the expense of increase of responsibility of public authorities and local government at decision-making under public open references of citizens should become result.

Besides, the purpose of functioning of system is public involving in the state and municipal management, formation of the partner relation of citizens to public authorities and local government as an end-product of the open and public discussion of a theme is the document-reference in public authorities and local government.

With a view of maintenance of activity of the President of the Russian Federation concerning a state policy in a scope of information technologies and development of electronic democracy Management of the President of the Russian Federation on application of information technologies and development has been created

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Electronic democracy.

System Internet portal «Electronic democracy» - http://e - democratia.ru/[393]

The structure of electronic system consists of several sections.

Problems on a card: a summary of an essence of the reference, election of group corresponding to it with a thematic badge which displays the corresponding reference on a card. This message is automatically addressed in competent service for correction of the developed situation.

Carrying out of public discussions of diplomas of federal and regional authorities, local governments. Employees of public authority or local government can publish documents for public discussion. Users of system have possibility to make comments on the documents laid out for public discussion, to bring the remarks, offers.

Work with collective references of citizens. Users of electronic system can create joint themes which can be sent subsequently in public authority or in local government as public collective references. Any registered user has possibility to publish a new theme.

The organisations in which address the reference can be sent, get out of the directory of the organisations. After theme creation, the author has possibility to correct the reference text, but has no possibility of updating of the address, the name of the organisation and data on the head of the organisation. This function is accessible only to managers and experts of system. All users who have voted for importance of the published theme have possibility of updating of the text of the reference. Each editing is fixed in system. [394]

All users who have voted for importance of the published theme have possibility of updating of the text of the reference.

After preparation of definitive edition of the text of the collective reference the author of a theme has possibility of sending of the received collective reference in public authority or in local government in the form of the electronic document.

The employee of public authority or the local government, received the collective reference of citizens, has possibility to publish the answer on behalf of the organisation or to place it in the scanned variant.

Carrying out of votings and discussions of offers of users. Any user has possibility to vote for an urgency of the placed theme as which he considers important and significant. After voting for the placed theme, data on the user are reflected in a card of the description of a theme and join in all documents which are at a stage of discussion. Also voting against a theme urgency is possible. Such data also are reflected in a theme card. In case of opinion change, the user can withdraw the voice.

After the publication of the answer to the collective reference of the citizens, all themes which have voted for an urgency, have possibility to estimate the organisation answer also in the form of voting. Take part in an estimation of answers the users who have voted for an urgency of a theme can only. Each user has only one voice. The response and voice change are not possible. Further, these estimations are considered at formation of ratings of the organisations.

Attraction to work of experts (an expert subsystem). Experts it is the users of the system having expanded possibilities at work in system: possibility of formation of new references not only on the published themes, but also on themes of other users;

Possibility of removal of the comments breaking under the expert witness the legislation of the Russian Federation, violence containing propagation and extremism, racial, national or sexual discrimination, the insult to other users. The user receives the status of the expert under offers of users. The status is established by the Manager of system.

Interactive geo-positioning of data at the description that. The author of the publication of a theme or the manager of system can set a concrete point on the map with instructions of a site of a theme, and also change point on the map position in case of need.

Formation of ratings and statistics of activity of local governments provides analytical processing of the information, promotes information ordering on categories, the organisations, a departmental accessory and on regions.

Exchange of users of experience of use of services of the electronic government. On the main thing to page of a site of electronic system there is a possibility to place publications about the solved themes and comments on them. Also there is a possibility to establish communication between similar themes.

Conducting official blogs of authorities. Lead a blog any user of electronic system can. In a public authority or local government blog their employees have possibility of the publication of messages.

System administration. The manager has possibility of removal or updating of any data placed on a site which contain appeals to infringement of the legislation of the Russian Federation, propagation of violence and extremism, racial, national, sexual or other discrimination, the insult to other users. The manager of system can change statuses of references. The manager of system has possibility to publish

The answer on behalf of public authority in the event that at public authority is not present technical possibility to publish the answer independently.

Identification and autentifikatsija users. Dispatch of messages and notices to users. Users are notified on change of the status of a theme for which have voted. In particular, such notices are dispatched at sending of the collective reference on the paper carrier and at the publication of the answer to the collective reference from public authority or from local government. The system in an automatic mode sends to the user acknowledgement that its voice is considered after the user has voted for a theme urgency. The user has a possibility to refuse such notices on page of options.

Maintenance of protection of the information. At system engineering requirements on information safety are realised and complexes of program, hardware and organizational measures of protection are developed.

Realisations of function of search. Data exchange with other state and other resources. Interaction of electronic system with the Uniform portal of the state and municipal services, with System of interdepartmental electronic interaction and other portals is possible.

The comparative table of operating electronic information systems.

System Internet portal Standard legal acts The organisation of support and activity maintenance
GAS "Elections" http://c ikrf. ru/gas/ The decree

The president of the Russian Federation from 23.08.1994 N 1723 «About

The federal

The centre

Information

At

Working out and creation it is state j

avtomatizirov annoj systems of the Russian Federation "Elections"

The central electoral commission of the Russian Federation
GAS

"Justice"

http://www. sudrf. ru/ The governmental order of the Russian Federation from

20.11.2001 N 805 «About the federal target program« Development of the judiciary of Russia »on 2002 - 2006»;

The federal act from 22.12.2008 N 262-FZ (red. From 18.07.2011)

«About

Providing of access to the information on activity of vessels in the Russian Federation »

The federal

The state

The budgetary

Establishment

«Informatsionn

O-analytical

The centre

Supports GAS "Justice"

The electronic

The government

http://www. go suslugi. ru postano

vlenie

The governments of the Russian Federation from 28.01.2002 N 65

«ABOUT

The federal

The target

To the program

The opened

The government

«Electronic Russia (2002 - 2010)»;

Rasporja

zhenie

The governments of the Russian Federation from 06.05.2008 N 632-r

System

«Electronic

Democracy »

http://e-democratia. ru/ The decree

The president of the Russian Federation

From 21.08.2012 N

1202 «About

The statement

Positions about

Management

The president

The Russian

Federations on

To application

informatsionn

yh technologies

And to development

The electronic

Democracies »

Management

The president

The Russian

Federations on

To application

informatsionny

h technologies and

To development

The electronic

Democracies

After consideration of already existing information systems borders and principles of formation of new information telecommunication structures which should be created with a view of maintenance and public control development clear up. One of main objectives of functioning of all above described systems is creation of conditions of an information openness and availability of socially significant data and the state structures. Use in these purposes of modern information communication technologies and activity of these systems (and, in some cases, and possibility of interaction with them) through a network the Internet opens reception and information interchange possibility to as much as possible wide range of persons. In public relations, on support and which optimisation creation of such information systems is directed, involved bolshee number of citizens. In other conditions, a number of citizens, probably, also would not undertake active actions, but owing to habitualness of the form of a network exchange use information systems.

The public relations underlying procedures of public control also should not become an exception and require support of information communication technologies. For attraction of broad masses of the public, for universal introduction of public control, use information communication technologies can play an invaluable role. Data of the information on forms, kinds

Public control, about its subjects and objects, about infringements, about lawful behaviour and encouragements, about a course of actions, about results together, in one source, under condition of open access to it will allow to deduce public control realisation on qualitatively new level of regulation. Creation of uniform information system in which the information set forth above on public control will be collected, can solve tasks in view. For maintenance of an openness of such system and communications possibility at public control realisation its site in a network the Internet should be created. Together, all complex of the information communication technologies placed in the service to public control it is possible to designate all as the Electronic resource centre of public control.

The choice of such form of self-control in sphere of realisation of public control as the Electronic resource centre is not casual. Use of information telecommunication technologies at public control realisation have the purpose to make such control as much as possible opened and accessible, to optimise its procedures, to minimise disputes of the parties. Activity of such centre is one of guarantees of realisation of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation on participation in a state administrative office. All information processes in the Electronic resource centre of public control are directed on achievement of the purposes of protection and maintenance of public interests.

Following principles should be put in a basis of use of the Electronic resource centre of public control: observance of constitutional laws of citizens at the automated processing of the information on them; publicity maintenance at public control realisation; operative informing of the public on a course and results of realisation of public control; inadmissibility of intervention in information processes in the Electronic resource centre of public control of public authorities, the state bodies, local governments, their officials, other persons and the organisations; maintenance of safety of the information in the Electronic resource centre of public control in a combination to an openness of system and availability of the information containing in information resources the Electronic resource centre of public control; maintenance of reliability of the information received with use of the Electronic resource centre of public control; Application of licence software of a general purpose.

Information resources of the Electronic resource centre of public control substantially should include: personal data of subjects of public control and others data on subjects of public control; the information on a course and on results of realisation of public control; the information connected with activity of objects of public control; the information on standard legal acts on public control; other information provided by federal acts, the standard legal acts regulating public relations, arising at public control realisation in the Russian Federation.

Certainly, requirements of confidentiality concerning information resources of the Electronic resource centre of the public control, containing personal data should be carried out in established by the legislation of the Russian Federation an order.

Access right to information resources of the Electronic resource centre of the public control, containing personal data, and necessary for public control realisation, should receive only users of the Electronic resource centre of public control. Users of the Electronic resource centre of public control are understood as the physical persons registered when due hereunder on an official site of the Electronic resource centre of public control. Access to information resources of the Electronic resource centre of the public control, not containing personal data, should be opened.

Safety of the information in the Electronic resource centre of public control should be provided by means of application of organizational and technical measures of protection.

The basic measures of protection which should be used in the Electronic resource centre of public control: certification

The electronic resource centre of public control, and also means of its protection; application of the certificated special software and licence software of a general purpose, and also the certificated means and a communication facility; an exception of not authorised access to the Electronic resource centre of public control; maintenance of authenticity and integrity of the information in the Electronic resource centre of public control; information protection by its transfer on communication networks and in a network the Internet; application of the operational documentation approved when due hereunder; the organisation and work on maintenance of safety and working capacity of complexes of means of automation; the preparation of workers confirmed with the certificate on the right of operation of a complex of means of automation.

Works on maintenance of safety of the information in the Electronic resource centre of public control should be spent by the organisations having the licences for corresponding kinds of activity. The electronic resource centre of public control should not admit mass media.

Important point here are mechanisms of maintenance of publicity of public control, and a separate question - legal maintenance of creation and functioning of the Electronic resource centre of public control. By the nature it there should be information a portal in which all participants of system of public control are included. All participants of procedures of public control it is voluntary registered on this portal, placing the information on. Registration is carried out with a view of public informing: they have spent what public hearings or examinations, what have been reached results, that about them wrote different mass media etc. the List of the data necessary for registration on a site of the electronic resource centre of public control, are allocated separately for registered citizens, the organisations of subjects, objects and organizers. Upon termination of registration individual registration number which will provide personification of the participant is generated.

Creation of the resource centre to it through a network the Internet of any citizen sees access possibility in the optimal way of observance of a principle of publicity of public control as procedures of self-control of system of public control are automatically started. All processes occur on a kind of users, in a mode of real time that should bar disputes on various infringements. Availability and an information openness here are counterbalanced by confidentiality requirements to data, access to which is limited according to the requirement of federal acts. Registration procedure urged to show to citizens importance of participation of each public control in actions and to underline personal responsibility of the citizen for its actions.

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A source: Okolyosnova Olga Alekseevna. information-LEGAL BASES of PUBLIC CONTROL In the RUSSIAN FEDERATION. The dissertation On competition of a scientific degree of the master of laws. Moscow - 2014. 2014

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