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It is skilled-experimental research also its results

Quality of process of vocational training is subjective enough concept, therefore it is necessary to recognise at once, that absolute formalisation of criteria of an estimation and their parity with used technologies, techniques of training and other factors is hardly possible.

However construction of the model describing influence of the above-stated factors on quality of vocational training of the future experts, has allowed, in our opinion, to estimate the general orientation of a vector of quality and to draw a conclusion on efficiency of experiment and prospects of use of Internet technologies in educational process.

The problem and actual condition of use organizational - methodical maintenance of use the Internet - technologies in process to vocational training of the future lawyers have defined teoretikoeksperimentalnyj character of research.

Theoretical conclusions and substantiation of the forecast of use the Internet - technologies in process to vocational training of the future lawyers lean against results of the analysis of experimental work and are the further development introduced in student teaching organizational - methodical maintenance.

The practical model of use developed by us the Internet - technologies in process to vocational training of law students has passed experimental check with the subsequent specifications and updatings in institute "Юждаг" of of Derbent.

Basic purpose of skilled-experimental work (OER) — to check up by approbation functioning of the developed practical model of use the Internet - technologies in vocational training of the future lawyers.

The purpose of our experiment — to estimate efficiency of the developed organisation and a technique of use of Internet technologies as tutorials of the future lawyers in process to vocational training. Experiment on faculty of law on a speciality ź021100 Jurisprudence╗.

Approbation and introduction of results of research were spent during 2001 - 2005 to three stages.

Reception of a primary empirical material for its subsequent theoretical judgement and practical use at following stages of experiment was a main objective of the first of them. Here borders known have been defined, ascertaining of a factorial file is reached.

This stage of experiment has been directed:

Th construction of models of use in educational process the Internet -

/

Technologies;

Th revealing of influence of use the Internet - technologies on perfection of elements organizational - methodical maintenance: methods, organizational forms and means;

Th selection of the corresponding maintenance for training of law students with use the Internet - technologies.

At the second, forming stage of experiment approbation in educational process studied spetsdistsiplin and elective courses with use the Internet - technologies was carried out, specified organizational forms and methodical maintenance in process to vocational training.

At the third, kontrolno-estimating stage of experiment on the basis of a complex of complementary methods, the account and the analysis of data results of forming experiment were processed. Here have spent comparison of predicted results to data of practical introduction.

The Internet - technologies as tutorials spetsdistsiplinam in the course of vocational training of the future lawyers applied most often used comparative experiment to an estimation of efficiency and quality of the developed technique of use: simultaneous work in control and experimental groups, in the first under the traditional scheme, in the second - with use of considered system.

The basic indicator of estimated system is efficiency of its application which in practice is defined under the kind formula:

~~ ZUN

Efficiency =----------------------------------------------------------------

Time

Where ZUN - knowledge, skills.

At carrying out of pedagogical experiment on lecture employment the review of a theoretical material on the studied module was given, and the nearest practical problems were put. In detail studied themes have been presented in the electronic textbook placed on servers:.

fhttp://bak2.narod.rul, rdir.userline.rul.

fedu.nstu.ru/do work/discuss/messages/2.html1 to which students had constant access. To stimulate students to studying of the lecture blocks, criminalistics concerning to history, computer science and mathematics, we had been developed algorithm for reception of own intellectual product. It consisted of the big list of questions on the given theme, each student had a set of numbers of questions from this list. Thus, we have avoided direct copying. Among available 95 abstracts on this theme there was no repetition. To create such abstract to students it was required, at least attentively to familiarise with electronic textbook on given course and to choose therefrom answers to the questions, and a maximum, to connect the additional literature. At reception of abstracts small interrogation on it was made to be convinced of its founder.

On a practical training on spetstsistsiplinam various methodical instructions on work bases on the personal computers were usually used, allowing trained gradually to pass from simple tasks to more difficult. For an effective utilisation of methods of Internet training, labour-consuming working out of methodical tasks is necessary. During the practical block work with the textbook was led, and practical tasks on the current module were carried out. That students could execute a practical part of a course, the methodical grant on information preparation of students in the form of instructions to a management to laboratory works at the rate "Computer science" has been constituted. Practice shows, that many students who worked with the computer a little, using the grant, can receive skills of work with the basic applied programs (the text and tabular processor, system for preparation of presentations). However, not always it is enough of it, as level of knowledge of students on a course happens very different, therefore in the beginning course teaching some employment always are necessary, which could give a picture of level of knowledge of each student and as to learn them to work with e-mail. To reveal students who can be engaged independently under methodical instructions and those students for whom the constant control and the help is simply necessary at mastering by a new material [126].

For task check were sent in a special mail box by e-mail to the beginning of consulting week. On consulting week in each student's group one internal consultation was spent to audiences, and within all week questions by e-mail were accepted. To the beginning of the block of testing all students should report by a practical part of the module. Testing helps the teacher at acceptance of offsets at a lecture course. To reveal their weak places, blanks and understanding of a material at a minimum of expenses of time and forces.

Following the results of a semestre it has appeared, that from 95 persons studying a course spetsdistsiplin, ahead of schedule it was handed over by 18,6 %, have handed over in time 77,4 %, 3,4 % are in arrears. When the discipline was studied traditionally, results were others - 6,2 %, 80,1 %, 13,7 % accordingly. It means that remote training with Internet application disciplines trained, and at the same time gives possibility independently to plan process of studying of a course, stimulates informative activity, opens new horizons of cooperation between the teacher and its students.

In total 95 persons have taken part in research - students of Derbent institute "Юждаг". At statistical processing of results of research the method of expert estimations, and also processing by means of methods of mathematical statistics was used: a correlation method. Employment for students were spent by means of the standard methods of training — control group, and with use the Internet - technologies - experimental group.

On the beginning of experiment examination has shown practically equal level of readiness of students. The developed model of training of application of Internet technologies in training of students spetsdistsiplinam has given the chance to trained lawyers to take advantage not only classical forms and noegenesis methods, but also to stimulate students to independent self-development.

Level of knowledge of students was estimated by following criteria: high, average and low. At research carrying out the criterion of efficiency of use of Internet technologies based on the logician and structure of the studied maintenance, requirements to levels of development of elements of the theory and means modern psihologopedagogicheskoj diagnostics (fig.-4) also was used.

The control

The experimental

54 % 13 %
WM g.
33 % P [1 [2] [3]


Z-average

П1-High f І2 - low

/; LrlU-4

The control

The experimental

To opinion, differs the big productivity, accuracy, allowing to receive an estimation on the basis of knowledge, experience and intuition of leading experts in the given area. The weight indicator of the importance of the expert witness is defined by its factor of competence which is traditionally calculated on the basis of the analysis of a series of questionnaires of various degree of the relevance, containing mutual recommendations, a self-estimation, an estimation of arguing, biographical particulars and a consent estimation. [17]

As generally quality of vocational training of experts is defined by efficiency of use of the received knowledge, skills in practical sphere at reproductive and productive levels it is possible to present quality of process of vocational training in the form of the following formula:

Q=qi+q2 +... +qn (1),

Where Q - the ordered set of the elements characterising quality of vocational training of the future lawyers, qi, q2, c|3> "*5c [n - set elements - various components in which quality we had been chose following indicators:

Qi-level of use of available and new knowledge and abilities, integration of new knowledge, manufacture of new knowledge - reproduktivnoproduktivnyj level; ’

q2 - Motivation to training;

q3 The formation-maintenance, level of representation of a teaching material;

q4 - Conformity of the purposes of training to modern requirements of an information society and to individual requirements trained;

qs - communications level - the interaction organisation between the student and the teacher;

q6 - Communications level - the interaction organisation between trained and leading experts in considered problem area, access to world information-educational resources.

For direct measurement of an indicator qn the following formula was used:

Qn NnparsZN maks (2),

Where NnpaB — the quantitative estimation of an indicator received during carrying out of concrete experiment, Imaks - the maximum possible quantitative estimation of an indicator which can be received during experiment carrying out.

Thus, qn gives in normirovke (0 l), can be compared with any scale of an estimation, and all procedure of the control can be automated.

Special attention the parity of these indicators for definition rezultirujushchego deserves quality as in this case value of training - quality of vocational training - will be defined by not so much values of indicators qn, how many correlation of the indicators received during experiment in control and experimental groups, and also parities between indicators in each of groups.

Let's consider the basic stages of carrying out of pedagogical experiment. Experiment carrying out was preceded by difficult preparatory process which course research available nauchnometodicheskogo a material on a research theme was carried out, the technique of carrying out of experiment has been developed directly criteria on which efficiency of use of Internet technologies for training spetsdistsiplinam will be estimated, in particular, are revealed, the supervision scheme is developed, uchebno-methodical materials for experiment carrying out are picked up.

At a following organizational stage have been picked up eksperimen -

talnye and control groups, research it was spent with students of 1 and 3rd course of faculty of law, a speciality ź021100 Jurisprudence╗. Students have been broken on two groups - experimental and control — on the basis of preliminary testing so that one of the basic requirements of experiment - equality of initial conditions - knowledge, skills was observed. At the same stage the work mechanism in groups and procedure of registration of estimations has been developed.

At a stage of experiment of employment with students of experimental group were spent with use the Internet - technologies within the limits of work with information-educational legal portals and sites (the appendix.) ^), and employment with students of control group, accordingly, passed under the traditional scheme. For an estimation of quality of use in training of Internet resources on base infokommunikatsionnyh technologies 9 questionnaires which maintenance was defined by indicators qn (1), with correction on check not only qualities of formation, but also quality of educational technology have been offered experts. As experts teachers of chair of computer science and management have been chosen, is state - branches of jurisprudence and criminal law and Institute "Юждаг" process, teachers of Derbent branch RGEU "РИНХ" and workers of the Derbent centre the Internet - Formations "Delfi" which possess due level of competence. In total 10 experts participated in experiment.

It was offered to experts to answer the following questions, concerning qualities of preparation of experts in control and experimental groups.

The questionnaire 1. An estimation of reproductive and productive level of knowledge and skills

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

1.1 ability to use the known information for the decision of a new problem;

1.2 ability to receive the new information, being based on the algorithms unknown earlier;

1.3 speed of self-training;

1.4 ability to find the decision of a problem in the conditions of shortage of the information.

The questionnaire 2. A motivation estimation to training.

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

2.1 motivation to training;

2.2 change of motivation;

2.3 occurrence of additional motives;

2.4 preservation of motivation for training continuation

The questionnaire 3. An estimation of the maintenance of formation - organisation level. Estimate value from 0 to 1:

3.1 structurization of a teaching material;

3.2 level of ordering of a teaching material;

3.3 convenience of use of the educational information;

3.4 reduction of time necessary on search of the necessary information.

The questionnaire 4. An estimation of the maintenance of formation - level of representation of knowledge

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

4.1 presentation of a teaching material;

4.2 access to various sources of the information;

4.3 removal of restriction on information volume;

4.4 time necessary on mastering of the information.

The questionnaire 5. An estimation of level of the organisation of educational process.

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

5.1 efficiency of the organisation of educational process;

5.2 share of the school hours allocated for creative tasks;

5.3 prevalence of activity of the student on employment;

5.4 availability of additional tutorials.

The questionnaire 6. An estimation of conformity of the purposes of training.

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

6.1 conformity of the purposes of training to individual requirements of the trained;

6.2 conformity of the purposes of training to modern requirements of a society;

6.3 development of the skills important for the future expert;

6.4 degree of achievement of the purpose at a final stage.

The questionnaire 7. An estimation of level of communications - local level.

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

7.1 organisation of interaction between trained, working over the separate project;

7.2 efficiency of interaction between the trained;

7.3 activity of the trained;

7.4 personal contribution trained in collective work on the project. The questionnaire 8. An estimation of level of communications - level the student -

The teacher

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

8.1 organisation of interaction between the student and the teacher;

8.2 efficiency of interaction between the student and the teacher;

8.3 independent search of the decision for the permission of problem situations;

8.4 efficiency of activity of the teacher.

The questionnaire 9. An estimation of level of communications - global level.

Estimate value from 0 to 1:

9.1 possibility of the reference behind consultations to leading experts in this or that problem area;

9.2 level of availability of world information-educational resources;

9.3 organisation of interaction at global level;

9.4 rates of development of new knowledge and skills taking into account possibilities of global communications.

Experts have answered all questions of 9 questionnaires, estimating level of preparation of experts in control and experimental group.

Results of interrogation of experts have been tabulated, on crossing of columns and lines where there is a quantitative value of an indicator of this or that expert. On the basis of answers of experts taking into account their level of the competence the total quantitative estimation of each has been defined of. The elements characterising quality of preparation of the future experts (table 3, 4) which is calculated under the formula

9

R: = IlcvkJ (3),

Where J-1

Pi - a total estimation і th element experts,

kj - factor of competence of j th expert,

Cy - a quantitative estimation і th element, j-м the expert.

Table 3 - Estimations of experts (control group)

The expert Factor

Competence

Ki

Pi P2 Rz P4 P5 P6 P7 Ps P9
1 0,80 2,3 2,0 1,97 1,6 1,7 2,15 1,88 1,85 0,85
2 0,93 2,15 2,15 1,76 1,54 1,87 2,15 2,24 1,67 1,7
3 0,75 1,81 1,68 1,56 1,31 1,34 1,75 1,59 1,68 0,73
4 0,60 1,55 1,3 1,18 0,99 1,24 1,43 1,36 1,24 0,76
5 0,79 1,87 1,56 1,4 1,56 1,72 1,95 1,72 1,72 0,87
6 0,88 1,94 1,62 1,62 1,46 1,62 1,86 1,62 1,7 0,93
7 0,75 1,66 1,74 1,34 1,5 1,58 1,82 1,74 1,82 1,31
8 0,84 2,05 1,72 1,31 1,31 1,8 1,97 1,89 1,8 0,97
9 0,65 1,77 1,36 1,16 1,16 1,36 1,43 1,7 1,43 0,84
10 0,66 1,37 1,37 1Д1 1,24 1,3 1,56 1,3 1,43 0,85

Table 4 - Estimations of experts (experimental group)

The expert Factor

Competence

Kj

Pl Р2 RZ і

Р4

Р5 Р6 Р7 Р8 Р9
1 0,85 2,47 2,21 2,38 2,21 2,26 2,9 2,32 2,56 2,08
2 0,93 2,7 2,42 2,51 2,7 2,88 2,6 2,7 2,6 2,7
3 0,75 2,18 2,03 2,18 2,18 2,19 2,05 2,18 2,25 2,33
4 0,62 1,8 1,67 1,92 1,98 1,74 1,87 1,74 1,74 1,67
5 0,78 2,18 2,18 2,42 2,5 2,18 1,98 2,26 2,03 2,26
6 0,81 2,43 2,19 2,51 2,43 2,43 2,18 2,35 2,51 2,59
7 0,79 2,21 2,29 2,53 2,37 2,61 2,26 2,37 2,45 2,37
8 0,82 2,21 2,38 2,48 2,46 2,47 2,26 2,38 2,46 2,46
9 0,68 1,97 1,97 2,31 1,97 1,97 1,9 2,04 2,04 2,18
10 0,65 1,89 1,76 1,96 1,76 1,95 1,89 1,82 2,02 1,89

Estimations of experts on all questions of each questionnaire, factors of their competence and a total estimation of each parametre are resulted in the above-stated tables. Distribution of estimations of experts allows to draw a conclusion that the received information is true and authentic.

The comparative analysis of results of processing of answers of experts on the questionnaire 1, presented on the diagramme 1, allows to draw a conclusion that generally use of Internet technologies allows to raise criterion of productive and reproductive use of knowledge of abilities. It is important to notice, that, according to experts, if in a case with reproductive level this increase in criterion slightly in relation to an indicator of self-training, efficiency of use of available knowledge, quantitative growth is great enough. Thus, use the Internet - technologies in educational process allows to transfer the basic accent of formation on the vigorous activity of the most trained, it becomes the subject of the formation, there is a replacement distsiplinarno the focused model of training on model proektnosozidatelnuju, developed on the basis of the lichnostno-active approach.

Диаграмма-1 - Data under the questionnaire 1 (control and experimental groups). On the questionnaire 2 the following answers presented on the diagramme 2 in comparison of control and experimental groups have been received. Experts consider, that use of information-educational technologies in formation allows to create the conditions promoting increase of motivation trained, to desire to continue training, to get

New knowledge and abilities.

The diagramme 1

? Ki

? 20,93 2,152,15 1,76

■ 40,6 1,55 1,3 1,18

■ 6 0,88 1,94 1,62 1,62

■ 8 0,84 2,05 1,72 1,31

? 100,66 1,37 1,37 1,11

? 1 0,82,32 1,97

? 3 0,75 1,81 1,68 1,56

? 5 0,79 1,87 1,56 1,4

? 7 0,75 1,66 1,74 1,34 @9 0,65 1,77 1,36 1,16

Диаграмма-2 - Data under the questionnaire 2 (control and experimental groups)

The Internet - technologies change to some extent the formation maintenance, in particular, it is connected with transition to qualitatively new level of the organisation and representations of the educational information, to such conclusion it is possible to come, having carried out the comparative analysis of estimations of experts under questionnaires 3 and 4 for control and experimental groups (the diagramme 3 and 4). Creation of an information-educational portal makes certain demands to the information filling, rendered services that is positively reflected in the organisation and structure of the given educational information. Trained get the expanded access to various sources of the information, restrictions on its volume act in film, time spent for search of necessary materials etc. decreases

The diagramme 2

10 *0 2

9

? 1 ■ 2? 3? 4 ■ 5? 6? 7? 8 ■ 9 IJU

The diagramme 2 - Data under the questionnaire 3 (control and experimental

Groups)

The diagramme 3 - Data under the questionnaire 6 (control and experimental groups) Internet technologies create favorable conditions for use of the most active methods of the training allowing economically to spend time of the student to involve trained in teamwork over projects (the diagramme 4).

The diagramme 3

? 1? 2? 3? 4 ■ 5 Ib? 7? 8 Н9 IJU


The diagramme 4 - Data under the questionnaire 7 (control and experimental groups) As a result on employment appears more time for independent creative work of the student, communicative competence of students raises,

The diagramme 4

? 1 0 2 PZ? 4 ■ 5 0 6? 7 G 8 И9 D10

Many psychological and social barriers of dialogue act in film, źthe community of students╗ is formed so-called.

Relations between the teacher and students change - the teacher becomes faster the organizer of educational process, than źa conductor of new knowledge╗, that, in turn, demands revision of functions of the teacher, development of new criteria of an estimation of quality of its work (the organisation of teamwork of students, creation of atmosphere of creativity, mutual understanding, removal of problem situations etc.)

Thus, results of the spent pedagogical experiment allow us to draw a conclusion on formation improvement of quality by the criteria allocated above.

As a whole experiment has shown, that developed model of training of law students at studying spetsdistsiplin on the basis of use of Internet technologies, in particular, use of legal portals and sites, raise quality of process of vocational training of the future lawyers, develop productive cogitative activity of students, raise motivation, communicative skills, ability to work in collective, provide readiness for use of the newest Internet technologies in educational and professional work, considerably to improve mastering so difficult for lawyers spetsdistsiplin.

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A source: Gjulmagomedov Tejmur Hanmagomedovich. ORGANIZATIONAL-METHODICAL MAINTENANCE of USE of INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES In the course of VOCATIONAL TRAINING of the FUTURE LAWYERS. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Makhachkala - 2005. 2005

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