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Reader's behaviour of younger schoolboys (7-10 years)


As writes V.V. Davidov, younger school age is a special period in a life of the child which was allocated historically rather recently, therefore it is possible to speak only about the most typical lines of this age [144].
The important indicator of psychological age of the child is leading activity - educational. When the child comes to school, there is a reorganisation of its relations to the validity: the system the child - the adult breaks up on the child - the teacher and the child - parents, and the first system starts to define the relation of the child to parents and the relation of the child to children. For the first time the relation the child - the teacher becomes the relation the child - a society. The new social status demands the reference of the child to, an estimation of own changes, a reflexion. Domestic scientists-psychologists have come to conclusion, that children master a material in teamwork with contemporaries [145 [146] is better. For newspaper practice it means, that at creation of children's headings, it is necessary for organisation of children's competitions to give special attention to the command form of their construction, that, besides educational function, will allow to use with the maximum effect aspiration of children of this age to make of the decision in common, feeling support of a companion.
L.S.Vygotskogo's original opening - a zone of the nearest development - the distance between level actual and level of possible development of the child - has practical value in editorial activity: materials should be guided not so much by already ripened functions of children of certain age, how many on potential, necessity to expand a framework of target audience by an application creation for the readers standing as more low, and above younger school age whence follows. If it is a question of independent children's creativity - the journalism can become for the child activity which constantly would give the chance to it of growth, helped it to rise as though above itself. However it is necessary to consider following very important remark: in development of the child it is impossible to hurry up, after all maturing demands time.
Younger schoolboys actively master world around. To this age the steady requirement for acquisition of knowledge is formed, is better informative process "works" in the game form, popular there are sports and intellectual games that it is necessary to consider, thinking over the edition concept. The most attractive to children of this age genres - quizes, comics, fantastic adventures, competitions, joint creativity (hand-made articles, drawing, training to elementary kinds of needlework). Their formula - knowledge through game - is effective at this age.
The condition of physical and mental development of the younger schoolboy defines, according to the Voronezh professor And. M.Shesterinoj, and reader's behaviour that finds reflexion in character of publications [147]. So, in children's editions (for preschool children and younger schoolboys) in great volume meet rekreativnye texts, the considerable role is taken away to illustrations. Children of this age differ the highest activity, requirement in operation and knowledge, materials where their interest to transformation and adventures is considered therefore are most entertaining. There is a jump of interest to the information on animals and the nature. The researcher underlines, that one of the most widespread arguments in editions for children - argument by means of an example, obviously corresponding to features of children's perception.
So, at younger school age the big changes occur in informative sphere of the child. It is age of intensive intellectual development.
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A source: Kapustin Galina Leonidovna. MODERN CHILDREN'S NEWSPAPER AS TYPE of the EDITION. 2014

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