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speech reprezentatsija intertext dialogichnosti Russia and Germany

Dynamics of expansion of a disputed discourse is expedient for considering in two texts which are operatively making comments on visit of Angela Merkel to Russia on May, 2nd, 2017 (Table 6). The events devoted to the analysis and development of the forecast of its development, texts show the semantic positions developed in intranational media discourses of Germany and Russia.

The attacking position of Germany is presented to publications Riharda Hertsingera «Weak Merkel could to oppose of nothing to Putin» in the German edition "Velt" (Die Welt) (InoSMI. 04.05.2017). As a reacting position of Russia we will consider Jury Baranchika's comment on a portal agencies "Регнум" (news agency REGNUM) from 03.05.2017"Visit of the chancellor: Merkel has surrendered. The West raises blockade» where the author proves, that the "attacking" side any more has no bases for attacks. Both texts have been divided into three semantic blocks - conditional interaktsii where the first block of one text is considered by stimulus, and the first block of the publication of the Russian journalist by the certificate of speech reaction.

Table 6

The "attacking" text The "protective" text
The federal chancellor vyskayozala to the critic only in zavualirovanyonoj to the form. And the Russian president has not given any signals otnosiyotelno that it is ready to be offset minimum at least from a place. And what for? It and so finds in evroyopejskih capitals sufficient koyolichestvo understanding. In Sochi there was that should occur sooner or later, - West capitulation in otnoyoshenii Russia. game is made - Russia has won this round evropejyoskoj politicians. But that it (game) has passed all the stage realiyozatsii, it will be necessary to put still soyoglasovannye mutual efforts.

The more aggressively dejyostvuet Vladimir Putin on a world scene, showing thus the contemptious ratio to mezhduyonarodnomu to the right, the more to it is ensured attention obespokoenyonogo the West. First of all in evyoropejskih capitals nobody nameyoren to refuse from narrativa which essence is reduced to that it is the gone astray latent friend whom by means of persevering belief it is possible to return back to a reasonable position and cooperation.

By similar representations was guided also federal chancellor Angela Merkel during the short meeting with Putin in Sochi - just in that place where Putin was during Olympic dopingovyh games of 2014 when it has given the order about anyoneksii Crimea. Indefatigable gotovyonost to dialogue from MerYOkel, naturally, could not smjagyochit a position of the owner of the Kremlin.

What has occurred yesterday in Sochi? First, there was a place of a meeting in Sochi. Merkel has arrived in Sochi, priyoletela there where the Russian side has wished. Could not arrive. But then for Germany and for Merkel personally, in respect of September elections, all would be much worse. Therefore has decided not to risk.

Secondly, Merkel not prileyotala to Russia almost two years - with 2015­го. What the such has occurred, what the best representatives western prayovjashchej elite have designated removal from Russia of that blockade with which they to her and suited? Has occurred neyoskolko events - an exit of Britain from the European Union - Brexit, victory Trampa on presidential elections of the USA and a position of Russia which for last two years has not receded neither on centimetre nor on one of key questions sovreyomennoj a geopolitical situation in the world.

As a result Germany remains in private not only with sinking in financial and economic plan EvYOrosojuzom, not only with millions rushed refugees, but also with probleyomoj the breaking up Ukraine.

In compared texts - "attacking" and "reacting" - at an identical information occasion and the corresponding message on it the first results differently are estimated. Deep aksiologicheskogo researches in both texts it is not presented, because they are published operatively, in two-three days after a meeting of leaders of the countries, however relaying of basic elements of disputed interaction in a speech fabric prisutstsvuet.

First, at lexical level of both texts are found out konfliktogennye lexical markers (on V.S.Tretjakovoj). These are lexemes with semantics of condemnation, opposition, military metaforika: "has surrendered", to "oppose", "criticism", «the contemptious ratio», «aggressively operates», "capitulation", "lifting of a blockade", «has not receded on centimetre».

Secondly, authors of texts disperse in a situation estimation as vnejazykovogo an element making referentsialnoe a field of their statements. Referentsija as correlation «with individual both each time new objects and situations» (Paducheva, 1985: 8) at identical sobytijnom filling (a meeting of leaders of the states) each author is built in the estimated and emotional framework corresponding to its picture of the world, generated on a basis vnutridiskursnyh tendencies, on the basis of semantic positions. For example, both sides pay attention to such element of a situation, as a locus - to a place of carrying out of a meeting. The German author states a negative estimation through perifraz, characterising a place negative events from its point of view: «in Sochi - just in that place where Putin was during Olympic dopingovyh games of 2014 when it has given the order on annexation of Crimea». The Russian author at a locus estimation connects volitivnuju semantics: « Has arrived in Sochi, has arrived there where the Russian side »has wished.

Authors of the Russian and German editions do not coincide in an estimation of behaviour of A.Merkel. In publication Die Welt the behaviour of the chancellor mismatches expectations and, hence, is characterised otritsatelnoyootsenochnoj by lexicon: it is accented obessilivanie the German leader by means of an adjective "weak". Negatively painted adjective - definition is supported by an is negative-estimated predicate volitivnoj semantics «could oppose nothing». In a material lead negative harakterizatsija insufficiency of intensity of action is supported by an intensifying particle "only", underlining in relation to a nomination «in the veiled form». Besides, in the first text of the characteristic of positions in dialogue are opposed: «readiness for dialogue» - «a position of the owner of the Kremlin».

The Russian text shows "otvetnost", picking up aspiration to estimate behaviour of the German leader. Unlike the German journalist describing time easing of the chancellor in proceeding dialogue, Russian "answers" with the understanding, entering semantics itogovosti: «Merkel has surrendered. The West raises blockade». In this "reacting" text the substantiation of an author's estimation will be organised not by negation and censure, as at the German author, and expansion of arguments in favour of a recognition of the "" side as won, and other - lost. "Protective" character of the text proves to be true new application of a military metaphor: «has not receded neither on centimetre nor on one of key questions of a modern geopolitical situation in the world».

Thirdly, stimulation and reaction occurs and by means of composite-text receptions. So, the syntactic design entering the information on the Russian president, begins with the adversative union "and", that correlates with the opposition declared still in heading. Further the direct negative estimation is supported by negation in a predicate («has not given any signals»).
By means of negations the journalist ascertains absence of an expected result and, answering it the formulated hypothetical question of an audience («And what for?»), proves impossibility of desirable changes: «It and so finds understanding enough in the European capitals». Thus, aggressive stimulation at the given stage of expansion of disputed interaction is under construction on nepodtverzhdenii role expectations which is realised including vprimenenii irony at an estimation of another's position which are not coinciding with the author's: «First of all in the European capitals nobody is intended to refuse from narrativa which essence is reduced to that it is the gone astray latent friend whom by means of persevering belief it is possible to return back to a reasonable position and cooperation».

On a following piece of the text of the logician of a substantiation of an author's position is under construction on presuppozitsionalnyh the judgements assigning to the Russian leader certain labels: «The more aggressively Vladimir Putin on a world scene operates, showing thus the contemptious ratio to international law, the more to it attention of the concerned West». Differently, aggressive actions and the contemptious ratio - that platitude which is not demanding additional substantiations, on which positions is under construction a logic proposition of a condition («the more - the is ensured more»). In it "attacking" character of the text - in any way by not verified negative nominations realising illokutsiju charges also is shown.

The reacting material uses metatext elements at composite registration otvetnosti: «That has occurred yesterday in Sochi?» And «that the such has occurred, what the best representatives of the western ruling elite have designated removal from Russia of that blockade with which they to her and suited?» On the one hand, there is an orientation to inquiry of the hypothetical reader, which information requirement the journalist (see Duskaeva, 2012а) satisfies. On the other hand,
The general is realised illokutivnaja directivity of the answer to charges. "Protective" character of the text proves to be true new application of a military metaphor: «has not receded neither on centimetre nor on one of key questions of a modern geopolitical situation in the world». Besides, underlining of an illogicality of attacking actions of other side with use aktsentuatora - pronouns «becomes the answer to charge:« have designated removal from Russia of that blockade with which they to her and suited ».

Texts find out the essentially attacking and reacting character in the second conditional interaktsii (Table 7).

Table 7

The "attacking" text The "reacting" text
In the east of Ukraine by means of the gibridyonyh armies he continues to spend offensive war against evropejyoskogo the neighbour. In Syria rosyosijskie military-vozdushyonye forces continue to put bombing attacks, operating on side Asada though this mode recently again has applied otravljayojushchy gas. By means of the veto in the UN Security Council Moscow vosprepjatyostvovala to carrying out rasyosledovanija it a miracle - Germany played vdolguju, hoping pereyoigrat Russia on long time otyorezke and to receive Ukraine under the geopolitiyochesky the control, despite the president - the protege of the USA. However Russia played longer game, leaning against those politicheyoskie and financial and economic resources, koyotorye have been created for previous time. Even military presence at Syria could not affect somehow the Russian position in Ukraine, on the contrary, it only has amplified. poyoetomu all these conversations on exchange of Ukraine to Syria or on the contrary which so long conducted as in the West, and in Ukraine political scientists, koyonechno, have no ratio to dejyostvitelnosti.

The matter is that, of course, Syria and Ukra -


vishchnogo the military man preyostuplenija.

In the meantime its experts in area kiyobervojny operate in SoYOedinennyh States, FranYOtsii and Germany, trying to undermine western demoyokratii. In the country Kremlin strengthens podavyolenie oppositionists. And in the Chechen Republic which is a part Russian FedeYOratsii, homosexuals are exposed rough preyosledovanijam.

ina are connected among themselves. However they and razliyochajutsja. Ukraine it is exclusive regioyonalnaja the European problematics, as well as any other country of the post-Soviet territory. And even if for it the antagonism it goes by certain rules - at all to the first blood is conducted. And here Syria it is valid today a key point of world geopolitics. Therefore what the sense for Russia to go on razyomen there, where one part of a puzzle and so ours in an any way? - Any.

This moment has let know Tramp and yesterday. Also it has been made, on the one hand, is very thin, and with another, is deliberately indicative - he has called during negotiations not to Merkel, and PuYOtinu. It is a character very indicative. Tramp poyokazyvaet to world elite: «In ours with VladimiYOrom ratios - Merkel not at affairs, both we will agree, and will be».

Also what to do Merkel? If it now is trapped with Ukraine, a question after all otyonjud not in its re-elections in the autumn, and in future G ermanii.

Aggressive stimulation in the first text is presented through an "attack" explication. The journalist forms a chain of the charges already presented in a disputed discourse at the present stage: «continues to spend offensive war against the European neighbour","in Syria the Russian military-air forces continue to put bombing attacks","Moscow has prevented investigation carrying out
This monstrous war crime to undermine the western democracies "," strengthens suppression of oppositionists "," homosexuals are exposed to rough prosecutions ». Use otritsatelnoyootsenochnyh nominations concerning known events again do not coincide with their neutral harakterizatsiej in the Russian press:« the Russian position in Ukraine "," military presence at Syria ».

Reaction in the Russian text will be organised, first, by use of lexicon with semantics "otvetnosti" at the description of actions - of the reactions undertaken in disputed interaction in the past: «Moscow has not forgotten it and has undertaken the reciprocal and asymmetric actions, having acted as the lawyer of one of the sides in the civil conflict in Ukraine». Secondly, the thesis about an actual inconsistency of the opponent who has incurred a role of an accuser is proved. The Russian journalist builds the reciprocal argument on fixing of unreasonable actions of the opponent with use of "competitive" lexicon: « Played vdolguju, hoping to change ","throw"Vladimir Putin","thought to press through Russia","exchange of Ukraine to Syria","Merkel not at affairs». The abundance slengovyh and the colloquial expressions characterising Germany in the Russian media text, supports illokutivnuju the directivity of the text consisting in expression of a sneer as response to unreasonable claims. And the Russian analyst resorts to irony, twice using historical analogies to a feudal social system at an estimation of mutual relations of the USA and Germany where last occupies the subordinated, vassal position: «it could receive at the USA a label on reigning» when it has gone to it behind a label on reigning ».

If in the German text actions of other side fixing nepodtverzhdenija role expectations in the Russian text provokes attraction of the third actant at the situation analysis are openly condemned. The recognition solving for interaction of the contradictory sides of the third party becomes one more argument in favour of an inconsistency
Accuser. It is realised by language means of opposition - negative particles and the adversative unions: «he has called during negotiations not to Merkel, and Putin. It is a character very indicative». The author of news agency REGNUM resorts and to art fiction, designing the prospective scenario of interaction according to which Germany appears on world policy periphery, thus as a substantiation of the given thought it direct speech enters the statement which only hypothetically belongs to the American president: «In ours with Vladimir ratios - Merkel not at affairs, both we will agree, and will be».

Table 8

The text - "attack" T ekst - "protection"
Putin's familiar propagation.

However Moscow can not be afraid of the international consequences for all the dejyostvija. At press conference in Sochi Merkel has made osyonovnoj accent on a generality of Germany and Russia. The criticism from its side has sounded in the extremely veiled

To the form.

In the answer it has received from Putin streams propayogandy - to it has been told, that for a situation in Ukraine bears responsibility only

All it, certainly, should bespoyokoit Germany and should give rise podoyozreny, that the American president all the same is going to make the Ukrainian question chayostju any transaction with Putin. And esteyostvenno, Merkel should interest, what place in this transaction is taken away ObediYOnennoj to Europe, and its country in particular. In these conditions visit of the chancellor to Russia stayonovitsja original «investigation without fight». And its outcome in many respects will define policy GerYomanii in the ratio not only Moscow, but also the USA.

Not to lose, Angela Merkel should take correctly of a position in a system. It is especially important to make it the day before and to Vladimir Putin and Donald's meeting


Kiev, that Russian pravi - Trampa in July at the twenty summit in Din -
telstvo in the country about - burge. Because if Putin and Tramp dogo -
raztsovo adheres pra - vorjatsja without it also will exclusively notify
vovyh norms, also that Moscow in The German chancellor about an essence of that maneuver, to -
Syria is wanted only by a pattern and ba - toryj it should make, it to it
lansa interests. Political and financial elite of Germany
Putin has not given any Will not forgive. And crisis in Ukraine should be solved.
Signals concerning that, Also Berlin which has tried is guilty in it
That it at least in minimal - To throw Moscow and to put the person.
Ache degrees is ready to refuse And as Tramp has shown, that it in it
From the policy spent by it. Will not interfere, at Merkel remains
And what for it to do? Vme - Only one variant of correct behaviour
Hundred those that it is more active - To agree about conditions honourable kapi -
To counteract it tuljatsii (that it was not visible to another) with pre -
To aggressive policy, euro - zidentom Russia Putin and then in common
pejtsy even express with - To start to merge poroshenko and in general to do
Opinion apropos to action - That strategists have drawn on a paper in
jushchih now The Kremlin.
Moderate sanctions.
Even at us in the country all Probably, it will seem to someone che -
More strongly voices of those sound reschur optimistical or nesvoevremen -
People who consider, that nym, however and resolution of the Ukrainian language kri -
Normal business otno - zisa, and improvement Russian-German from -
shenija with the Kremlin it is more important, Carrying, despite all complexity ny -
Than international law. neshnej situations in ratios of Russia and For -
Though Merkel while vystu - pada it is possible. However much faster these
paet against. However it is Processes will go, if Europe, and Germa -
baja the position in Sochi causes nija in particular, realise, that ratios with
Fear concerning that, Russia it is necessary to develop within the limits of a format

As it cannot long resist to it davleyoniju. The big Europe. Then available proyoblemy become special cases much boyolee the general problem - formations of the general space of safety, trade, finanyosov both economy between EU and Russia.

In any case the meeting first after 2015 of Vladimir Putin and Angela MerYokel on the Russian earth has proved, that proyoishodit prompt fading of Ukraine as Antirussian political active. And from toxic political actives it is necessary izbavyoljatsja as quickly, as well as from financial.

Last conditional interaktsija shows prospects of development of the tendencies revealed in both texts (Table 8). Aggressive stimulation from the author of the text published in the German newspaper, occurs at use of is negative-estimated lexicon: nominations «Putin's familiar propagation», «propagation streams», "aggressive policy". Reaction is under construction on illokutsii recommendations to the opponent: «not to lose, Angela Merkel should take correctly of a position in a system». Besides, the Russian journalist again uses lexicon with semantics sorevnovatelnosti and the conflict and military metaphors ("not to lose", «investigation without fight», "maneuver", «a condition of honourable capitulation», «strategists in the Kremlin», «the won back political figure»). Prospects of the decision of the conflict are metaphorically comprehended by means of officially-business lexicon: "transaction", "active".

The German text in given interaktsii again eksplitsiruet nepodtverzhdenie role expectations, summarising impunity of "aggressor": «Moscow can not be afraid of the international consequences for all actions». The opponent again receives the characteristic by means of negative fixing - absence of actions expected from it («has not given
Any signals, that he at least in the minimum degree is ready to refuse the policy spent by it »). Does not confirm expectations and the"" side departing from use «moderate sanctions» that is qualified as an inadmissible variant which «causes fear». The author polemizes with hypothetical opponents (are expressed by a descriptive design - «voices of those people» more strongly sound) which opinion it estimates as unacceptable and opposes to its norms of international law: «Even at us in the country all voices of those people which consider more strongly sound, that normal business relations with the Kremlin it is more important, than international law».

The author of the Russian edition, unlike the German colleague, positively estimates event results, in the text appears illokutsija reconciliation: «it is possible, it will seem to someone too optimistical or untimely, however and resolution of the Ukrainian crisis, and improvement of the Russian-German ratios, despite all complexity of a present situation in ratios of Russia and the West, is possible». The author formulates the forecast of positive dynamics by means of introduction of a compound sentence with semantics of a condition where the subordinative union "if" accents dependence of speed of "these processes» from actions of Europe «and Germany in particular».

So, publications in the German and Russian mass-media at identical referentsialnom a field - situations of a meeting of leaders of two states -

Prove the settled semantic

Positions by means of

Opposite illokutsy, expressing author's to a speech subject, or an estimation.

The ratio to

The states in

Let's consider collision of semantic positions materials where, except an estimation, it is realised illokutsija promptings.

It is expedient to address in this case to the classification of journalistic speech genres developed in works by L.R.Duskaevoj, and to compare methods of realisation key intentsy authors - carriers
Opposite opinions in RZH «the Offer of the decision of a problem». Such speech genre is directed on stimulation of activity of a mass audience and realised through sequence of the following interaktsy: 1) the danger warning of developing tendencies; 2) a substantiation of an offered method; 3) prompting of the addressee to activity for the sake of achievement of the specified purpose (Duskaeva 2012а: 281-291). These interaktsii "are constructed" by interaction of means of expression dialogichnosti - adresovannosti and otvetnosti. Feature of expansion of texts of this speech genre in a disputed discourse consists that it is presented variantno, depending on a position in dialogue of texts, both stimulating - "attacking", and reacting, "protective". Publication SHteffena Dobberta (Steffen Dobbert) «Sanctions against Russia, immediately!» From German newspaper Die Zeit (it is presented in transfer into a site "InoSMI" 16.12.2016; translation character of the publication affects in stylistic awkwardness of formulations, in an incorrect word order, and sometimes in not expression of a modality peculiar to Russian syntax) sounds as the next information attack against Russia. In attacking character specifies already the heading expressed in the exclamatory offer it is exclusively categorical and categorical. The publication of Russian journalist Vladimir Lepyokhin «G ermanija and Russia: again enemies or all taki friends» (RIA Novosti news agency. 20.05.2016) as information protection against an attack.

In the first interaktsii the critical situation demanding someone's activity (Table 9) is designated. podtsel the first subgenre interaktsii - the prevention of a critical situation which is carried out through following stages: in reply to a question «that occurs?» It is underlined on adverse or even a dangerous situation and by that the motive to its elimination is formulated. Such is semantics of a steady text fragment: the state of affairs which danger forces to reflect on its elimination so is underlined on causing in the author alarm, about
Necessities to operate. However in texts considered by us - attacking and reacting - differently answer a question who is right also who it is guilty.

Table 9

The "attacking" text The "reacting" text
In the first ocheyored Russia bears otyovetstvennost for

Murders in Aleppo. That

To complicate soversheyonie new war crimes, Europe should use the only thing

The effective weapon against Putin.

The Russian and foreign political scientists and soyotsiologi notice, that today one of most rusofobskih the countries of Europe is Germany. This country, similar, is not capable to perceive history lessons. It has appeared again in avant-guard of attacks of the West on the Russian direction.

Despite presence in Germany big rusyoskojazychnoj a community and support Russian poyozitsii the left forces (not only left sotsialiyosticheskoj party, but also many sotsial-demokraYotov), in German mass-media the Antirussian point of view dominates.

As we see, already in an initial part of the text authors, in essence, have exchanged mutual reproaches and charges: the German journalist attributes Russia fault for  destruction of people in Aleppo (the is extremely negative-estimated nominations of actions of "murder", «new war crimes» are used) whereas the Russian journalist considers, that at Germany imperial ambitions are shown, and in hatred to Russians (rusofobii) inability to historical thinking bolshej parts of dominating elite is shown. Semantics of fault is present at both fragments, however in different texts the different sides of the conflict are considered as the guilty.

In the first text the lexicon naming acts, "murders" receiving a negative ethical estimation, «new war crimes», causes feeling of alarm. After the notice on danger it is underlined its source («Russia bears responsibility for»). When
The method of elimination of danger is defined («Europe should use the unique effective weapon against Putin»), appears at illokutivnosti volitivnoe value. Danger elimination is considered as a problem facing to a society. So in the first text semantics volitivnosti is born, expressed by a modal design «should use the weapon against».

In the second text the feeling of alarm causes involving in a turn of lexicon with semantics of sharp opposition, military metaforiki «rusofobskoe the state» which «is not capable to perceive history lessons», «there is in avant-guard of attacks on the Russian direction», «an Antirussian point of view». Volitivnaja illokutivnaja semantics is formed only in implied sense, eksplitsitno is not expressed yet, but preconditions for its explication are put already in pawn.

Then told in both texts (Table 10) is detailed: charge earlier thrown by the German journalist to Russia is supported with expansion of a picture of tragical consequences of war. Absence of the information on sources and the reasons of war which has led to incalculable victims and sufferings of the people of Syria in which course of thousand people have been executed, burnt or destroyed", allows to attribute easily fault for happened Russia which only at last stage of war has interfered with its course, and to strengthen thereby accusatory sounding of the text. In the second text accusing Germany in kindling rusofobii, it is represented more and more the facts testifying to the hostile ratio to Russia from elite of Germany:

Table 10

In the "attacking" text In the "protective" text
Some days priyoobretajut only vposledyostvii the iskljuchitel - The German elite (unlike the majority of the population of this country), similar, is charged rusofobiej so, that over and over again

noe value. Possibly, Appear in one boat with key
This Tuesday, on December, 13th Opponents of the Russian Federation: from the American hawks and
2016, Nazis of Ukraine to osmanistov Turkey and
As such day and Terrorists of "the Islamic state» (YOKES,
Will become history - It is forbidden in the Russian Federation).
As the most sad day The inadequate ratio of the considerable
This century, as one of Parts isteblishmenta Germany to Russia as to
Those days, when before «To the main world harm» gesture - speaks also
The person of barbarity in kim the control over political system of Germany
Aleppo arises feeling From the American special services, and it is skilful
Shame for the reason prinad - Driven in German pravoradikalnyh
lezhnosti to a sort cheloveche - Circles revanchist moods, and ba -
skomu. As vspomi - nalnym ignorance of the new right.
naetsja a genocide in Ruanda, and Anyway, headed Ange -
Also a bloody slaughter-house in loj Merkel ruling class, obediently following
Srebrenitse, when a forehead - In a waterway amerikanotsentrichnoj geopolitics,
vechestvo during the long Gradually occupies the advanced entrenchments all bo -
Time it is passive nablju - lee protjazhennogo front on border with Russia.
Has given behind an event and Here and on "Eurovision" representatives pop that -
Undertook nothing. Scoops of Germany in jury of competition of a distance rossy -
While to us it is still exact skomu to the singer of 0 points, while the German
It is not known, how many lju - Televiewers have put to it as much as possible vyso -
dej have been executed, with - I forge an estimation - 12.
zhzheny or are destroyed «G ermanija it was got involved in world wars,
On ruins of the east Being assured, that has ripened that
Aleppo, we do not know, To become the master of Europe and the world, and in practice it
How many women and children England, which itself manipulated stremi -
Could keep the las to play this role. However is true also that
Life. Here already almost G ermanija would not allow so to arrive with with -

Six years in Syria svirepyostvuet war. In this fight which has begun as peace reyovoljutsija against dictator Asada, already hundred thousand persons were lost, were rayoneny or are expelled from the native land. But also after padeyonija Aleppo war will proceed. Fight if it did not overwhelm imperial ambiyotsii, following from confidence of Germans of the superiority », - such words in October, 2014 Olga Mironovna Zinoveva warned the nemetsyokih friends.

And today we see the beginning new, tretyoego under the account of a coil and in manipulations GermaYOniej, and in its next self-deception.

In one and a half year after the publication of named article we ascertain presence otyochetlivogo split of Germany on the Russian question: the most part of the left forces of this country - for Russia and cooperation with it, znachitelyonaja a part right actually wages war with RosYOsiej illogically and to own historical experience. But so was and on the eve of the Second World War when iron nemetsyokaja rationality has appeared in actual fact eleyomentarnoj the nonsense which hardly has not resulted GerYOmaniju to full and definitive

To destruction.

In the first text the tragical picture of consequences of war in Syria (so podspudno the journalist tries to explain the politician of open doors of the German chancellor) is developed, tragic element of a situation underline metonimichesky a verb «in Syria war», instructions on duration of event «Here already almost six years», the number of homogeneous predicates depicting consequences of tragedy rages: «already hundred thousand persons were lost, have been wounded or expelled from the native land», underlining repeatability and incompleteness of an event). Attacking character to the first text give:

- naveshivanie labels ("dictator Asad", «barbarity in Aleppo»);

- Comparisons of a picture of a described situation with other tragical pictures known to the wide public observed last decades, use of cardinal numbers («hundred thousand»), by means of the high lexicon creating special «an emotional framework» tragical picture: «will become history as one of those days when in the face of barbarity in Aleppo there is a feeling of shame because of an accessory to a human race. As the genocide in Ruanda, and also a bloody slaughter-house in Srebrenitse» is recollected;

- Tragic element accentuation by intensifying particles («only subsequently», «in quality»), superlatives («the exclusive value», «the most sad day»), index words («this Tuesday», «such day», «this century»);

- Attributing of Russia the unseemly actions, expressed by offers in which as the subject is called Russia, a victim - the Syrian people, actions - the is extremely negative-estimated words (have been executed, burnt or destroyed");

- Persevering formulation volitivnoj semantics a reminder on inactivity as to an error, before the made: «the mankind during long time passively observed of an event and undertook nothing».

In the second text intentsija «the answer to attacks» it is expressed

- Expansion of a picture of origin and wide circulation «rusofobskoj a hysteria» in Germany, for this purpose uses satirical, including military metaforika, transformation of the phraseological units, creating an image of the enemy: «are charged rusofobiej","in one boat with key opponents of the Russian Federation: from the American hawks and nazis of Ukraine to osmanistov Turkey and terrorists of" the Islamic state ”","the ruling class headed by Angela Merkel, obediently following in a waterway amerikanotsentrichnoj geopolitics, gradually occupies
The advanced entrenchments more and more protjazhennogo front on border with Russia "," the beginning of a new, third coil under the account and in manipulations with Germany, and in its next self-deception »;

- Negative estimations of the spent Germany concerning Russia politicians: «ushcherbnosti politicians», «illogically and to own historical experience», «iron German rationality has appeared in actual fact the elementary nonsense, hardly not led Germany to full and definitive destruction»;

- Tearing underlining between elite and citizens of Germany, the statement about split existence in a society units with semantics of opposition by pretexts, antonyms: «unlike the majority of the population of this country, the most part of the left forces of this country - for Russia and cooperation with it, the considerable part right wages war with Russia»;

- Attempt of search of sources of animosities that the speech verb + sushch is expressed by a design «. A pretext...», estimated lexemes: «speaks also the rigid control over political system of Germany from the American special services, and skilfully driven in German pravoradikalnyh circles revanchist moods, and banal ignorance new right»;

- Construction additional accusatory narrativov for transmission of the facts of display rusofobskoj a hysteria in not political events: «Here and on“ Eurovision ”representatives of pop party of Germany in competition jury have given to the Russian singer of 0 points while German televiewers have put it as much as possible appreciation - 12».

- Reduction of opinion of so-called experts, it is frequent with use of transmission media of another's speech: «“ Germany was got involved in world wars, being assured, that has ripened to become the master of Europe and the world, and in practice it England manipulated, which itself aspired to play this role. However that Germany would not allow so to arrive with itself if it was not overwhelmed with the imperial is true also
The ambitions following from confidence of Germans in the superiority ”, - such words in October, 2014 Olga Mironovna Zinoveva» warned the German friends.

Interaction of the listed means expresses illokutivnye values of the prevention.

Following interaktsija a speech genre - prompting - is developed in reply to this inquiry: the purpose of that activity for which call is defined; the object on which (or against which) it it is necessary to direct actions is underlined; the negative consequences which displays it is possible in case of default of recommended actions are described. We will address to texts (Table 11).

Table 11

Definition of fault and guilty Definition of fault and guilty
Fragments of texts are given in extraction
... But what it is possible to make in such situation? Such question, calming itself, it is possible to set. But the answer will be not such - to do nothing.

They are soldiers and mercenaries Bashara al-Asada conduct nastupyolenie on the Syrian earth and dejyostvujut also against grazhdanyoskogo the population. However without rosyosijskogo interventions in the war, begun approximately one year ago, they would be not in a condition it to do. Russian fighting samoyolety the bombs have laid

What position has won a course of the Intragerman discussion in the late thirties who and as has knocked down in Germany the left forces and who at first has helped Hitler with punishments of communists and sotsialiyostami, and then has pushed him to samoyoubijstvennoj to war from the USSR, it is known. And, certainly, we would not like povtoreyonija in this country of events of 80-year-old prescription as for present rusoyofobiej and a farce with search in Germany of "agents of the Kremlin» with high verojatnoyostju will follow new and real trage - dija. Unfortunately, and in the XXI-st century the role main again is imposed to this country

Way for soldiers Asada and naemni - Shock force in relation to Russian -
kov, and support to them render To the orthodox world. German elite
Still Iran and "Hezbollah". Are again involved in another's and it is monstrous
This person, which Illogical game with predetermined rezul -
Is on side Asada and in tatom, and today to us remains only
Result of indecision To hope for that left and any dru -
Obamy now solves in Syria, gie healthy forces in this country can
How many people in the future were lost - To reject pressure of nazis, revanchists and
No, - this person call Vla - Different sort "sverhchelovekam", and ger -
dimir Putin.... After it is declared - manskie elite all the same will not descend with
nogo ten months ago an output Mind.
Armies have been undertaken sover - Today ruling elite G ermanii
shenno opposite dej - In many respects sorientirovany, as already
stvija. It has been noted, on tearing of ratios with
If the person speaks one, Russia to please the pro-American
And does another, then it To contacts.... The growth culmination geo -
It is possible to name lie. Here already in Political inadequacy rukovod -
Current of several months Vi - stva Germany steels of the decision of the chancellor,
Waists Tchurkin, constant before - Directed on reception by this country
stavitel Russia in Council Without - The big number of refugees... And posledu -
Dangers of the United Nations, Russian mi - jushchee partnership of EU with the core orga -
nistr foreign affairs Sergey nizatorom a stream of refugees to Europe -
Laurels, and also Putin povto - The leader of Turkey Redzhepom Erdoganom.
rjajut this lie rather Si - ... In elite of Germany has appeared and became
rii. «To Aleppo it is spent ope - To rise movement in favour of the sensible
The portable radio set to ensure Sense and a pronational policy,
Safety civil nase - To dictating this country rapprochement with
lenija », - has declared Russian mi - Russia as with the major ekonomiche -
nistr foreign affairs. After skim the partner and quite friendly

It last fight for Aleppo has begun. And recent statements concerning the cease-fire, made while the most part of Aleppo has already been grasped, entered in kategoyoriju Russian false diplomayotii. In relation to Germany the country. The preyomer-minister of Bavaria Horst Zeehofer. Has met the president of Russia and following the results of a meeting has declared, that «with the centres of crises across all Europe it is impossible to consult without Russia». After visit Zeehofera to the Russian Federation to German mass-media have started talking about split in ruling elite of Germany, that, basically, sootvetyostvuet the validity.

In both texts prompting is developed in reply to questions - answer requirements about necessary actions. Grammatical methods of an explication of questions differ: in the first text «but what it is possible to make in such situation? Such question, calming itself, it is possible to set». As we see, the question is formulated directly and placed in «a reflective framework». In the second text questions are presented by a chain as to a part compound izjasnitelnogo offers: «What position has won a course of the Intragerman discussion in the late thirties who and as has knocked down in Germany the left forces and who at first has helped Hitler with punishments of communists and socialists, and then has pushed him to self-destructive war from the USSR, it is known» Questions on the ratio of Germany to Russia before the Second World War emerge in memory by analogy to the period today's when these ratios were heated again to a limit.

Answering questions, the author prepares soil to name the actions necessary for prevention of development of a dangerous situation. For this purpose first of all explains, what aim that activity to which induce. With that end in view in the first text the emotional picture of that it is required to prevent, stop is drawn: «. Soldiers and mercenaries Bashara alyoasada conduct approach to the Syrian earth and operate also against civilians. However without the Russian intervention in war,
Begun approximately one year ago, they would be not in a condition it to do. The Russian warplanes the bombs have laid a way for soldiers Asada and mercenaries, and support to them is rendered still by Iran and "Hezbollah" »;

In the second text the journalist operates differently, it reminds the arrival scenario 80 years ago to the power in Europe the Antirussian political force which «has won a course of the Intragerman discussion in the late thirties», «. Has knocked down in Germany the left forces and. At first has helped Hitler with punishments of communists and socialists, and then has pushed him to self-destructive war from the USSR».

In both texts actions are named while indirectly. In the first text only it is underlined necessity of any active actions against Russia. It is necessary to notice, that a phrase, being translation, it is formulated "is alien", "not in Russian": «But the answer will be not such - to do nothing».

Indirectly prompting is expressed and in the second text, as a wish: «And, certainly, we would not like repetition in this country of events 80­летней prescription as for present rusofobiej and a farce with search in Germany of" agents of the Kremlin ”with high probability the new and real tragedy» will follow.

Further in both disputed texts the object against which social activity should be directed is defined. In the first text the object is named metonimichno is Russia which appears guilty. But further guilty and their "acts" appear more definitely. According to the German journalist, Russia is guilty of  destruction of civilians: «without the Russian intervention in the war, begun approximately one year ago, they would be not in a condition it to do». Actions ostensibly a guilty party are described in that modal-estimated framework which seems to the journalist from the German side correct: «the Russian warplanes the bombs have laid a way for soldiers Asada and mercenaries.». The estimated framework is created by metaphorical verbal combinations («have laid a way»), names of the tool of actions («the bombs»), negative
Estimated nomination of supporters («Asad and mercenaries»). To the Russian high-ranking officials, each of which is named by full nominatsionnoj by a chain, by name - surnames - posts, aggression, lie is charged: «And recent statements concerning the cease-fire, made while the most part of Aleppo has already been grasped, entered in a category of the Russian false diplomacy». As we see, the behaviour of those who, according to the journalist, is guilty, receives sharply negative estimations.

In the second text too are named guilty - «ruling elite of Germany», chronically suffering "rusofobiej", their actions - political "farce".chtoby to show, in what of their wine in front of Russia, actions receive the negative standard, utilitarian estimations expressed by phraseological units, metaphors, estimated verbs, epithets: « Leave for a side normal "," the role of the main shock force in relation to the Russian-orthodox world again is imposed to the country "," German elite is involved in another's and monstrously illogical game with the predetermined result "," in many respects sorientirovany on tearing of ratios with Russia to please to the pro-American contacts "," the culmination of growth of geopolitical inadequacy of a management of Germany of a steel of the decision of the chancellor, directed on reception by this country of the big number of refugees. And the subsequent partnership of EU with the basic organizer of a stream of refugees to Europe ». The journalist sees to Germany and the healthy forces which activity is called« as movement in favour of common sense and the pronational policy dictating to this country rapprochement with Russia as with the major economic partner and quite friendly in relation to Germany by the country », i.e. activity of these forces receives positive estimations. Specifying in with what fears of the author are connected, the journalist strengthens uneasiness of sounding of the text: «with high probability the new and real tragedy will follow». As we see, in both texts accurately is called, against whom it is necessary to direct activity,
Negative consequences, possible in case of default by an audience of recommended actions are described.

In this genre unit search of a method of performance of actions to which are induced is described: confusion, doubts, during search and a birth of new ideas - transmission to the text of these details of thought process raises errors dialogical modus the text: interaktsija it is formulated as interaction of semantic positions on development of ways of the decision of a problem situation. In last interaktsii actions to which the audience is induced, not simply name, but describe and prove their legitimacy. Again we will address to texts (Table 12).

Table 12

Offers for the problem decision in

The "attacking" text

Offers for the decision proyoblemy in the "answering" text
Fragments of texts are given in extraction
So to do? If the UN Security Council is more

Not in a condition to carry out the problems as Russia and China by means of the veto block any decisions directed on the terminations fighting dejyostvy then it is necessary to react differently. Now all depends on the European foreign policy.

The European Union. Possesses the effective tool against Russia.eto not tanks, not bombers and not reakyotivnye grenade cup discharges, and economic sanctions which could bridle war in the centre of Europe. Especially sanctions on

However, to "hope" - a wrong word. Today it is important to develop the German elite if not faced to Russia, so half-turned at least to svoeyomu to own people... obyoshchestvo friendship with Germany (ORG) it has been founded in 1922 - and since then... Ensured development kulyoturnyh and other communications between two states. V. otliyochie from many other things rossijyoskih friendship societies. (ORG) has blossomed and has acquired the various

The financial market, entered after Business ties. But after...
Contradicting international law Cooperation Russian and
Annexations of Crimea, have kept Putin from for - Whether - German businessmen on
hvata other territories in Ukraine. nii ORG was in considerable
That could prevent it is thin - Degrees it is curtailed.
shy the variant in Ukraine, can an eye - Russian obshche -
zatsja effective and in Syria. Speech stvennost has made the decision...
Goes about new economic sanctions To try to "reboot"
Against Russia, put in zavisi - Russian-German otnoshe -
most from military participation of the Kremlin in Si - nija. In the interview... Olga
rii. Zinoveva has noticed, that «a feather -
On Thursday there will pass a meeting Loading »ratios of Russia and
Heads of the governments. Certainly, heads To Germany can become I solve -
The states once again name from - shchim the factor, which oprede -
vetstvennyh for war crimes in Lighted of prospect future Eves -
Syria. But it is not enough of it. ropy and the European Union. «If that -
There is a myth, as if Russia kaja "reboot" will occur, at
Has entered war to Syria for this purpose, Europe there will be a chance to defend
To struggle with Islamic state blow - Economic and politiche -
stvom (forbidden in Russia sky the sovereignty and to avoid
The terrorist organisation - a comment Retractions of Europe in new mi -
Recentury). The purpose of the Kremlin in Syria is clear - under - rovuju war ». From the point of view
To hold Asada even if it will be hundred - . Michael Logvinova, «not is -
it lives of thousand peace inhabitants. kljucheno, that an exit of ratios
It is possible to state very simply ar - Russia and Germany on the new
gumenty - the European Union does not have another rea - Level will promote
listichnogo and the effective weapon, To improvement of ratios of Dews -
Except sanctions. Inconceivable events These with the West as that. We
On December, 13th, 2016 in Aleppo should All we hope for it. Hope

To serve as an occasion that, at last, them to enter. On it both our German friends and partners ».

In the first text the author repeats the question: what to do? There is in this repetition some confusion, arisen that normally connected mechanisms of general condemnation do not work: «If the UN Security Council any more in a condition to carry out the problems as Russia and China by means of the veto block any decisions directed on the terminations of operations». Intense search of the necessary decision forces to address to other means and subjects of its execution: «.to then it is necessary to react differently. Now all depends on the European foreign policy. The European Union. Possesses the effective tool against Russia». The echo of such search is found out in repetition of a negative particle, using which the author shows, as if it mentally sweeps aside any improper ideas («.eto not tanks, not bombers and not jet grenade cup discharges») and, at last, comes to the necessary: « .ekonomicheskie sanctions which could bridle war in the centre of Europe ». Convincing further in correctness of the chosen measure first of all itself (as it is impossible to convince of it those who knows, that war proceeds as the Kiev power does not leave attempts to take a revenge over rebellious republics), the journalist develops further the thought:« Especially sanctions in the financial market, the annexations of Crimea entered after contradicting international law, have kept Putin from capture of other territories in Ukraine ».

The journalist positively estimates earlier used measure of influence to Russia: «that could prevent the worst variant in Ukraine, can appear effective and in Syria. It is a question of new economic sanctions against Russia, put in dependence on military participation of the Kremlin in Syria». Inspiring the idea, the journalist addresses to the doubting: «.konechno, heads of the states once again name responsible for war crimes in Syria». In «a course go»
Negative offers: «But it it is not enough». The journalist enters polemic with so-called propagation of the Kremlin: «There is a myth as if Russia has entered war to Syria to struggle with the Islamic state (the terrorist organisation forbidden in Russia - a comment of recentury)». Osporivaja arguments of the opponent, the journalist persistently introduces the thought in consciousness: «the Purpose of the Kremlin in Syria is clear - to support Asada even if it will cost lives of thousand peace inhabitants.mozhno very simply to state arguments - the European Union does not have other realistic and effective weapon, except sanctions». Inducing to a step hostile in relation to Russia, the journalist aspires to influence with the help emotivov («Inconceivable events on December, 13th, 2016 in Aleppo») and designs in a combination to modal lexicon: «should serve as an occasion that, at last, them to enter». The Parenthesis "at last" gives to its judgement a special categoriality.

In the second text interaktsija it is constructed similarly. As well as in the first text, the requirement for any activity once again proves to be true: «However,"to hope"- a wrong word». Then by means of modal lexicon in a combination to an infinitive the purpose of necessary actions is formulated: «Today it is important to develop the German elite if not faced to Russia, so half-turned at least to the own people». It is reminded of a possible method of the decision of a problem, estimated means estimate its efficiency: « ... The society of friendship with Germany (ORG) has been founded in 1922 - and since then.obespechivalo development of cultural and other communications between two states. V. Difference from many other things the Russian societies of friendship. (ORG) has blossomed and has acquired various business ties. But after. Cooperation of the Russian and German businessmen in the area of ORG has been substantially curtailed ». Then the journalist it is already more developed proves the position, speaking about« the blessings »realisations of its offer during a life:« "Reboot" of ratios of Russia and Germany
Can become a determinative which will define prospects of the future Europe and the European Union. ",".u Europe there will be a chance to defend the economic and political sovereignty and to avoid retraction of Europe in new world war ",".vyhod ratios of Russia and Germany on new level will promote improvement of ratios of Russia with the West as to that ».

So, research has shown, that the conflictness at intertext level is expressed language and speech reprezentatsiej attacks, and also the answer to it within the limits of a media discourse. Speech mechanisms of display of a conflictness in media texts about the Russian-German ratios are under construction on main principles of the interpersonal conflict - aggressive stimulation and reaction, nepodtverzhdenii role expectations, a divergence in estimations, absence of the coordination. Absence skoordinirovannosti in interpretation of questions of interstate interaction in the Russian and German approaches expressed in Russian-speaking mass-media, forms intertext disputed dialogichnost, reflecting specificity of ratios of Germany and Russia at the present stage. In the specified discourse it is underlined konfliktna a position of Germany: it contains charges, reproaches. The German side represents itself to roles of an accuser. Using nominations which have already settled in a discourse, finds persons who unequivocally appear guilty in occurring troubles. Among expression means dialogichnosti, modal-logic communications "answering" for reflexion between semantic positions, what express protivopostavlennost are especially actively used. Among illokutivnyh the means showing directivity of actions of the attacking and protected sides, is sharply negative-estimated means, including political labels become more active. As a whole animosities and irreconcilability of positions is underlined. As in the text attacks far are not always proved, speech is perceived by the aggressive. Thus dominating

The modality of full confidence of correctness of the position excluding doubts is. A position of Russia other: in it the aspiration to search of positive changes is obvious, it is filled by assumptions of change of reference points with the assistance of the third party. As a result of filling interaktsy such semantics dialogichnost in the text of the Russian author reaktivno-konfliktna, illokutsii are sated by values of the prevention, the offer of reconciliation and updating of the settled scenarios of interaction.

3.3.

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A source: IVANOVA Lubov JUREVNA. SPEECH REPREZENTATSIJA INTERTEXT DIALOGICHNOSTI In the MEDIA DISCOURSE of the INTERNATIONAL RATIOS. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. St.-Petersburg - 2018. 2018

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  2. IVANOV LOVE JUREVNA. SPEECH REPREZENTATSIJA INTERTEXT DIALOGICHNOSTI In the MEDIA DISCOURSE of the INTERNATIONAL RATIOS. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. St.-Petersburg - 2018, 2018
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