1.4.1. The typological characteristic of a modality through a prism filologiyocheskoj germenevtiki: opposition of concepts "value" and "sense"

Allocation of objectivity and subjectivity as the cores hayorakteristik, nevertheless, is obviously important to a modality, as they are used as basic parametres of the description conceptual, ideyoalnoj bases of a language modality.

Taking into consideration occurring in philological germenevtike distinction of spheres of application of concepts "znacheyonie" and "sense", is obviously possible to try to rethink osyonovanija the specified typological splitting of a modality in aspect teryominologicheskogo specifications of concepts «modal value» and «modal sense».

Before passing to consideration of differentiation specified teryominov, it is necessary to note A.V.Bondarko's position which characterises a parity propozitsionalnoj bases of the statement and modal parayometrov its actualisations in speech as sopodchinitelnuju structure. It rasyosmatrivaet subjectivity speaking as the basic organizujushchej forces of the specified process. Thus installations and interpretation of a situation by the subject represent itself as intrinsic parametres of functioning of a modality as conceptual field. In a kernel of a field of a modality there are maintenances of the statement established to speaking relation to oppoyo
zitsii realities/irrealities. The specified relation can be predyostavleno in values: an urgency/potentiality (possibility, neobhoyodimosti, gipotetichnosti, etc.); reliability estimations; communicative installation of the statement; statements/negations; zasvidetelstvovannosti (pereskazyvanija/nepereskazyvanija) [Bondarko 2001: 37].

In points of the specified list, except for the last, parametres of qualification of the maintenance of the basic known modalities - aleticheskoj, epistemicheskoj, deonticheskoj are reflected. Also that instead of the formulation "type" of a modality of A.V.Bondarko uses concept of value is important.

In our opinion it is necessary to speak not about modality types, and about razyolichnyh modal values which can be expressed by means of means of various levels of language system. The specified values are a product of existence of the person in the world of senses, the considerable part kotoyoryh forms a conceptual basis of a language modality in a kind kategoriziyorovannoj systems of language modal values: it is necessary - for sti/possibility, obligations/wills, abilities/abilities, beliefs/knowledge. Compare: according to the concept of the Moscow semantic school in human language the special circle of fundamental values is allocated, koyotorye make a basis of semantic system of language and, under certain conditions, can turn each other. Values of a concession, a condition, the reason, the purpose concern such values, a number factive and putativnyh values, value of desire and intention. The same values are called further sistemoobrazujushchimi as the senses entering into a considerable quantity jazykoyovyh of units of the different nature (morphological, lexical, sintaksicheyoskih, word-formation) and rules of interaction of values are under certain conditions identical proyojavljajushchih themselves concerning. pokazatelyono, that among other to them modal senses which or are considered as semantic primitive things concern also - can, the nobility or as more difficult, but senses reduced to such primitive things - the purpose, it is ready, should,
It is intended.

So, the sense "purpose" can be considered as an example vzaimodejyostvija wills and possibilities [Apresjan V. JU, Apresjan V. D, Babayev, Boguslavsky, Iomdin, Krylov, Levontina, Sannikov, Uryson 2006: 30, 52­53].

At level of the text concept "value" of the offered concept sootyonositsja with representation about the text maintenance as sets obedinjaeyomyh a context of values (lexical and grammatical) units making it. In the present research us the maintenance and sense parity as basic levels ideal in the text with modalnoyostju which is considered as the universal remedy operating process of interaction of specified levels also interests.

It is necessary to notice, that, recognising importance of revealing it is pure koyognitivnyh, the bases of interrelation of sense not connected with language and znacheyonija, i.e. that «to-linguistic, the conceptual maintenance myslimoyogo, previous its linguistic strukturatsii in language system» [Kostjushkina 2001: 120], we underline necessity of the analysis otobrayozhenija actually language and speech functioning of a modality in the text within the limits of revealing of a parity of modal value and modal sense. Thereupon the opinion that the language theory should be, first of all, an empirical science [Devitt, Sterelny 1999] is supported. On the other hand, philosophy and linguistics cultivation is unjustified [Kravchenko 2001: 151]. Hence, at modality studying reasonable synthesis kognitivnyh the bases of studied concepts in them obshchefilosofskoj interpretation and empirical evidences of their interaction in language and the text is necessary.

In the present work the accent becomes on integrativnoj to the sense nature as konstrukta which research is necessary for studying and adekvatyonogoopisanija for activity of understanding of the text. Thereupon A.A.Zalevsky speaks about the forward organisation of such process: from a text body to znayocheniju each word as to "property of society», further - to kontseptam as
«To property of the individual» and to sense, as integrativnomu to a product of all this work [Zalevsky 2005: 418]. In this case the sense appears as konstrukt which at text level costs at the highest level to its organisation.

Value and sense often admit two «aspects of realisation znayokovoj to function of language units». Thus for function in the pure state otyovechaet sense: «value and sense opposition, as a matter of fact, is system and function opposition» [Kravchenko 2001: 154-156]. In our opinion, germenevticheskaja the concept of such parity can be developed on the basis of the analysis of interaction of value and sense in the text.

In many works considering a parity of sense and value, primacy of value in relation to sense admits. So, N.A.sljusa of a roar connects speech aspect of thinking only with the inside of language staticized in language values of forms [Sljusareva 1963]. V.A.Zvegintsev, specifying in the dynamic nature of sense, it sushchestvoyovanie only within the limits of a concrete situation, underlines determinirovanyonost all course of manufacture of sense system of the language displaying reyoalnost and, simultaneously, of an objective situation helping the plan inte - riorizirovatsja and to pass in an internal reality of the concrete subject [Zvegintsev 2001: 97]. V.M.Solntsev speaks about a defining role of values in process smysloporozhdenija, specifying, however, on nesvodimost sense only to the sum of values forming it [Solntsev 1974].

V.Z.Panfilov, accepting a postulate on formation of sense on the basis of values of language forms, marks relative independence smysyola, its only partial dependence on values of language units, poskolyoku by means of the set of language means limited for given language in speech such senses which appear nezavisiyomymi from value of any of language forms forming speech product [Panfilov 1982: 35-37] are capable to be expressed.

Senses can be expressed and without means of values. Considering interaction of already developed language and language in its creative ipostasi (art speech), M.Merlo-Ponti specifies in primacy posledyonego, i.e. on a primacy of speech sense, instead of language value. As natural acknowledgement the author specifies in that fact, that language sposoyoben to express sense not by means of words, and by means of their absence [Merlo - ponti 2001: 50].

Value acts as unit of language consciousness [Red 2003: 35], consciousnesses [Leontev 1994: 35]. However the consciousness structure includes not only values. The structure of human consciousness, according to A.N.Leontevu represents a parity of three blocks: values, sense and chuvstvenyonogosoderzhanija [Leontev 1972: 293]. A.V.Kolmogorov considers znayochenie as structurally issued knowledge which is formed in consciousness of the people speaking in one language, gradually in process of accumulation of experience of the reference with language signs by which in conformity are put nekotoyorye elements vnejazykovoj the validity [Kolmogorov, 2007: 10]. KljuYOchevym the moment in this definition the instructions on postepenyonyj character of formation of language value are represented. In our opinion, a primary factor influencing character and an end result of such formation, senses which carry out function of filters are: Values stayonovjatsja only the most frequency, significant for given language kultuyory senses [Bogin, 2001]. N.L.Galeyev notices, that on a measure kategorizatsii senses can pass in values [Galeyev 1999: 100].

Thus, it is possible to draw a conclusion that, first, not all senses become values - some of them so senses and ostanutyosja and not will are fixed by language in values, secondly, the sense should be is connected with some situation, instead of with discrete designated language object of irrespectively concrete situation of its presentation to consciousness (compare: for L.Vitgenstein sense offers, but not names [Vitgenstein 2008 (1921: 144)]) can possess only. The sense in this case acts
As a way of a reality of a subject to consciousness. Compare «sense it not that, and as» [Gogo - tishvili 2006: 367].

The sense influences not only an alternative part of value, but also on it inyovariantnuju a part. Compare definition diskursivnogo type of a sign features of algorithm smysloporozhdenija [Kolmogorov 2007: 51-52]. It is interesting also, that values appear as «the social abstraction generated in certificates of communications» [Millers 1978]. On J.Kristevoj the text javyoljaetsja a place of occurrence of values [Kristeva 1969: 37].

Among the concepts characterising sense and value as sopodchiyonennye each other, it is necessary to note the point of view of h.p. Vygotsky, koyotoryj differentiated semantic and fazicheskoe sintaksirovanie, connected with a semantic system of internal speech and value of external forms sootvetyostvenno. H.p. Vygotsky specified in possibility of transition of one level in another as the qualitative reorganisation providing communications [Vygotsky 1956: 380-381].

Similarly with the mentioned concept of h.p. Vygotsky, analyzing updating of values of language forms and sootnosimogo with them sense in reyochevom a context, A.V.Bondarko has expressed opinion that «... In speech... We deal with a difficult parity of speech realisations language znacheyony, on the one hand, and speech sense, with another» [Bondarko 1978: 42]. As speech sense Bondarko understands the same «speech realisations of language values» which semantic potential is staticized thanking vozyodejstviju the contextual, situational and encyclopaedic information [In the same place].

Definition of that there is a value in language, causes difficulties. In some cases researchers try to leave from the direct answer to this question, representing value as some conceptual reduction in respect of allocation as definition not an essence explanation, but some essential property of value. So, A.Cruise says, that «moyozhet to be considered as value that influences on relative normalnost (relative nor­
mality) grammatical expressions »(offers - E.I.). Thus under« relative normalnostju »the author understands all paradigm of forms (pat­tern), including both the normal and abnormal use in all vozyomozhnyh contexts [Cruse 2000: 43]. Thus, value can sushcheyostvovat only in a speech chain (the contextual approach to value), poyoskolku only at the account of all possible environments of unit it is possible to judge degree of its relevance (normalnosti) in this or that context. Compare:« a word meaning - a set of instructions concerning possibilities (situayotivno-contextual) its use »[Kelemen 1977: 107]. Introduction of units with that or other value (lexical and grammatical) to opreyodelennoj degrees causes thought process. Hence, znacheyonija, in turn, influence on opredmechivanie sense in the text.

Well-known, that value izmenchivo. What is the reason izyomenenija values? The most superficial explanation will be predpoloyozhenie changes of object of an environment with which it is connected given jazykoyovoj a sign or sensation of possibility to connect the given sign with another obekyotom. At the heart of such change or carrying over updating of type or intrinsic characteristics of interaction of the person both with realnostnym object, and with a language sign, with it connected lays. However it is obviously possible to offer and other approach to a variability explanation znacheyonija, namely determinancy of change of value actualisation rayonee the blacked out sides of sense. Under sides of sense (understood) imeyojutsja in a kind «those parties of mastered pithiness of the text (sense + soyoderzhanie) which lichnostno also are socially most essential for kazhyodoj germenevticheskoj situations» [Bogin 2009: 15].

The given actualisations if they masshtabny, i.e. are accessible to a considerable quantity of representatives of the given language community in various texts of culture, are exposed kategorizatsii and become a part sootvetyostvujushchego values. It primacy of sense on otnosheyoniju to value proves to be true. In this case value is a product of life of the person in the world
Senses. In turn, value provides possibility and adekyovatnost raspredmechivanija sense (development). Values, or, more precisely, their associations in certain structures, provide turning smysyola, its investment in words, offers, texts at govorenii with posledujuyoshchim raspredmechivaniem in the course of understanding. However this process opoyosreduetsja designing of blocks of the maintenance. Thus values and smysyoly appear rjadopolozheny as various components of the same activity of understanding [Schedrovitsky 1974]. Also it is doubtless, that communication between sense and value should not be represented as prichinnoyosledstvennaja, but is exclusive as two-forked [Kolmogorov 2007: 45].

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A source: Ilyina Elena Valerevna. the MODALITY AS the MECHANISM of CONSOLIDATION SEMANTIC STRATUMA the ART TEXT. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the Doctor of Philology. Tver, 2014. 2014

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