conceptual and language pictures of the world - reflexion of features of human life and attitude

Set kontseptov in consciousness of the person forms a conceptual picture of the world (further KKM) - «a picture which displays specificity of the person and its life, its mutual relation with the world, conditions of its existence» [Maslov 2001: 1].

KKM it is formed gradually, in the course of the informative activity of the person directed on development of the world. It reflects specificity of national spiritual activity of the people.

KKM there is «the global invariant image of the world underlying mirovidenija carriers of this or that culture» [Palashevsky 2005: 92]. KKM constantly undergoes changes; «it is designed, modified and specified by the person» because kontsept has property to change in consciousness; the volume of their maintenance [Pavilyonis 1983: 102] varies in due course both number kontseptov, and.

The person not always truly understands the world phenomena owing to what in its consciousness erroneous representations about this or that subject are formed, the phenomenon, event. With experience true or additional knowledge comes. As a result, «KKM the person constantly varies,“ pererisovyvaetsja ”while a language picture of the world still long time stores traces of these errors and errors» [Maslov 2001: 65]. However in data sluchaet speech nevertheless goes not about errors. «Naive representations about human nature display existing there is no time knowledge of this nature. This knowledge., more likely, can be carried to national gnoseology, these are relic forms of ancient system of knowledge» [Pimenova 2005: 29].

In linguistics the question on a parity of terms a language picture of the world and a conceptual picture of the world is important. There are some approaches to their interpretation. Many researchers consider, that KKM makes basis JAKM. J.D.Apresjan says that «each natural language reflects a certain way kontseptualizatsii (perceptions and the organisations) the world at which knowledge which are expressed in language, form the uniform system of sights representing certain“ collective philosophy ”which“ is imposed ”to all native speakers as obligatory» [Apresjan 1995: 40].

V.A.Maslov as considers, that KKM there is result JAKM: «in the course of a life of concrete modern person JAKM precedes KKM
Also forms it »[Maslov 2001: 66]. E.S.Kubrjakova notices, that JAKM -« a part of the conceptual world of the person »[Kubrjakova 1988: 142], thus, doing an opposite conclusion that JAKM forms KKM. G.A.Brutjan writes, that JAKM is imposed on KKM, defining in much its maintenance. The researcher notices, that JAKM promotes expansion KKM, in connection with ability of language to fix, accumulate new knowledge [Brutjan 1973: 17].

In work «the Objective picture of the world in knowledge and language» plants with G.V.Kolshansky concepts JAKM and KKM: «So-called national specificity JAKM can be interpreted as specificity of a substance of a material sign., but not as specificity of that conceptual picture of the world which is created not by the separate person and not the separate people - the carrier of this or that language, and mankind as comes» [Kolshansky 1975: 37, 76]. JU.N.sentr, in turn, identifies these concepts, underlining, that «JAKM - the conceptual maintenance of the given language» [Sentries 1976: 246].

In domestic linguistics there is a term kontseptosfera which, as a matter of fact, in many researches is synonymous KKM. This term into a domestic science was entered by academician D.S.Lihachev. Kontseptosfera is «set kontseptov the nations» which «is formed by all potentialities of language. The richer culture of the nation, its folklore, the literature, a science, the fine arts, historical experience, religions, the more richly kontseptosfera the people» [Lihachev 1993: 5].

In a science there is a thought, that KKM at different people are identical owing to unity of thinking of the person [Pavilyonis 1983, Sentries 1978, Kolshansky 1990]. As show researches, it not absolutely so. V.A.Maslov considers, that «KKM at different people can be various, for example, at representatives
The different epoch, the different social, age groups, different areas of scientific knowledge etc. the People speaking in different languages, can have under certain conditions relatives KKM, and the people speaking in one language - different. Hence, in KKM co-operates universal, national and personal »[Maslov 2001: 63].

In KKM any ethnos there are the mental units bearing in obvious national specificity. That fact, that such kontsepty even neperevodimy on other language [popova, Sternin 2003: 75] is frequent. Presence lakunarnyh kontseptov defines specificity of national mentality, and revealing and consideration of similar units is very much an important point in researches of many humanitarian disciplines.


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A source: BASOVA ULJANA ANATOLEVNA. MENTAL FORMATION CHILDREN In RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PICTURE of the WORLD. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tver - 2018. 2018

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