research of language parametres of love dialogue: a problem condition

We have considered the major modern approaches to the discourse analysis in its dialogical and monologic versions regardless to discourse genres. Now expedient it is represented to give the characteristic of a state of affairs with research LD and with what approaches are realised in studying of this speech genre.

In Other Greece it was allocated seven kinds of love - four cores and three additional. The cores concern: an Eros (other-grech. ερως) - enthusiastic love, idealisation and worship; filija (other-grech. φιλ l α) — love-friendship, disinterested sincere attachment; storge (other-grech. στοργη) - love-tenderness, especially family; agape (other-grech. αγ a πη) - sacrificial love to near, unconditional love, love of the God to the person. In additional входили:людус (an armour. ludus) - the love-game based on a sexual inclination and directed on reception of pleasures; mania (other-grech. μαν l α) - the love-obsession, which basis — passion and jealousy; pragma (other-grech. πρ a γμα) - rational love, love by calculation.

In culture of the Ancient world the love was considered as divine gift. For Greeks was characteristic dialektiko-dualistichesky a sight at love: as the higher form sincere chuvstvovanija and simultaneously the deepest suffering. At Romans the cult of physical love replaces love spiritual. [Krasavsky 2001: 65-66].

A. A.Ivin suggests to present a field of love in the form of a number of "steps" or a series of "circles". Each of "circles" includes in something close kinds of love, and movement from a kernel to periphery submits to certain principles. The researcher allocates such nine "circles" conducting from erotic love through love to near to love to true, to good, etc. and further to love to the power, to riches etc. [Ivin 1990: 387-388].

B. A.Lukov offers the following characteristic of love as to one of the major constants of world culture: «the Love is close to friendship, but
Differs from it. Its antonyms — hatred (wider aspect), jealousy (in relation to the favourite person). In human relations the love usually contacts sex, but the love from apart »is possible« (for the first time it is described J. Rjudelem, XII century), one-way love (as in «young Werther's Sufferings» Goethe), opposition of love to sex as spiritual affinity in a counterbalance to animal desire or affinity for money is possible also. The love is formed in the course of feeling "crystallisation". A special case - love to ("I" represent itself as object for "I"). This version of love can be perceived both positive ("vanity"), and negative ("self-love") value »[www. durov.com. study].

Last decades kontsept love it was analyzed by leading scientists in following basic directions. The love was described from the point of view of national mentality as the Russian cultural dominant possessing special linguistic and cultural urological value [Kolesov 1987]; searched for ways of adequate parametrical interpretation of love by means of a meta language [Vezhbitsky 1997]; ethnosemantics teleonomnyh (the higher valuable) kontseptov love, happiness in Russian and English languages [Vorkachev 2003] was characterised, etc.

Proceeding from the classification offered by I.A.Sterninym, kontsept the love should be carried to segment kontseptam as it possesses a base sensual layer and it is surrounded by several segments, equal in rights on abstraction degree [Sternin 2001: 60].

Kontsept the love is considered universaliej cultures of a subjective number [Vorkachev 2003: 271] in which the relation to object as to something certainly valuable is focused. Kontsept the love reflects representation about base values in which the basic belief are expressed, principles and the vital purposes, and ranks with kontseptami happiness, belief, hope, freedom, good. It directly
It is connected with formation at the person of meaning of the life as the purposes which achievement falls outside the limits its directly individual life. The love is understood as the direct, deep and intimate feeling as which subject acts, first of all, the person (in some cases it can be a subject having the special vital importance). The love represents means of socialisation of the person, its involving in system of public relations on the basis of spontaneous and at the same time internally motivirovannoj requirements for movement to higher values [Vorkachev 2003].

Besides short representation of approaches of known linguists consideration of the is fundamental-applied monographic researches devoted kontseptu love and LD is interesting. Such consideration will allow to present more full a modern condition of a level of scrutiny of a problem, that, in turn will give the chance to define starting points to studying not investigated.

More low the state-of-the-art review modern jazykovedcheskih dissertations on the given question is offered. Dissertations which are directly devoted concept of love and LD can be divided into three groups: leksikologicheskuju, kognitivno-kontseptnuju and diskursnuju.

Leksikologichesky approaches

In E.V.Kiselevoj's dissertation [2004] the comparative lexicographic analysis kontsepta love / loveв English and Russian cultures is given. Research is conducted in two measurements of lexicographic interpretation - from a word to concept and from concept to a word. The first measurement as a result gives a conclusion about similarity of interpretations that allows the author to speak about working out of own model. The named model gives the chance to establish:

() an optimum set this, incorporated super-semoj feeling - attachment with a shade of a sexual inclination / without that and attachment as aspiration to something;

() components of a microsituation of love with allocation of the subject, object, a positive estimation (also we will note the lexicographic description of concept allocated for Russian culture «unfortunate love»), intensity and accompanying emotions;

() a minimum of typical contexts for support of components of a microsituation of love - parent, hot, love to music.

Let's notice, that parametre components () are allocated on the basis of different signs and are not settling (compare possible additions reciprocity, duration, etc.).

The second measurement is embodied in a variant of ordering of the description - expansion of interpretation established on the first measurement this. The author notices, that features of lexicographic interpretation lay in national-cultural specificity that is traced at level of lexemes, in structure of which lexical value is available natsionalnoyokulturnye semy, at level of illustrations of representation about feeling of the love, developed in culture of carriers of described languages, and at level of a zone of an entry which is specially intended in dictionaries for the extralinguistic information.

As a whole work is devoted in bolshej to a measure to the description of features of lexicographic representation studied kontsepta, than to the analysis of its semantic characteristics.

In A.R.Shamratovoj's approach [2006] from positions of comparative typology are studied izomorficheskie (phonetic) and allomorficheskie (morphological) characteristics of group of English and French words and word-combinations with the general component of value love. It is reached by the decision of some problems, in particular, creations of the generalised semantic model kontsepta in the form of set of the signs corresponding 48

To signs denotata, allowing to reflect its universal conceptual basis.

Theoretically research is based on a combination of ideas about the componental analysis and prototypes, i.e. about system representation, about combination theory of components as a condition of their adequate use in speech. Basically, such symbiosis quite estestven also assumes presence of both components, therefore to declare about its scientific novelty as it does A.R.Shamratova, not absolutely obosnovanno.

In the named work emotivnyj common cultural kontsept love it is presented in the form of 36 components differential this which vary on the occurrence as a part of the sememes concerning different categories. On degree of efficiency of semantic components are allocated in decreasing order «a romantic inclination (based on libido)";"a positive estimation";"a negative estimation";"(+) kauzatsija)","(-) kauzatsija)";"excessively strong (inclination)";"accompanying feeling of admiration";"accompanying feeling of interest";"romantic communication;« accompanying feeling of respect ";" mutual feeling ";" meek feeling ";" external display of feeling ».

The comparative analysis of motivation of the internal form emotivov love, including the analysis of phraseological units, has shown, that in the French language structural motivation above, than semantic, and in English the semantic prevails over structural (that, probably, speaks bolshej degree of analyticity of English language).

Kognitivno-kontseptnye approaches

In E.E.chestnut's approach [1977] love is considered as Russian emotional lingvokulturnyj kontsept. The complex sight at the nature kontsepta as on a keyword of the Russian culture, providing is accepted: development of semantics of a word with expansion
The internal form to the LDGICHESKY limit (a symbol or a myth) in borders of Russian culture; art figurativeness, i.e. preservation of a continuous communication with derivatives on an unequivocal root; preservation semantic sinkretizma values of a root as semantic invariant all word-formation model; vstroennost in system of ideal components of Russian culture; obshcheobjazatelnost for all carriers of Russian culture.

Approach basis working out of model of research kontsepta makes love. This model represents sequence of research actions and includes three stages: (1) revealing on the basis of corresponding texts of Russian philosophy of constant senses and the oppositions making the general world outlook principles of the maintenance kontsepta love; (2) on the basis of lexicographic data an establishment of semantic zones of it kontsepta and studying semantics refraction kontsepta in ordinary consciousness; (3) on the basis of texts rock-and pop cultures revealing of ways speech predstavlennosti studied kontsepta. The model, in our opinion, does not possess high degree of originality and answers characteristic tradition for traditional linguistics - to stages of studying of the language phenomena within the limits of the general technique «from the competence to the use»; but the material of the third stage is interesting, as introduces in the traditional approach fresh data of real speech practice. By the author it is established, that kontsept the love in mass culture texts is realised through following steady senses: 1) pleasure, warmth, happiness, care; 2) passion, instant inspiration, fleeting hobby; 3) a pain, suffering, experience, loneliness, a flour; 4) a sexual inclination, sex, sensual communication, erotic perception of object; 5) death, a physical pain, a sexual distortion, illness.

Traditional it is necessary to recognise and the model of a love situation including protected by the author () the subject of an emotional condition / experiences, () object of an emotional condition / experiences and ()
Feeling - a condition / experience. But the given model helps to reveal features of realisation kontsepta love in a mass culture: in pop culture the subject of feeling appears as the generalised image of the enamoured subject, and in rock texts, on the contrary, there is an individualization of an image of the subject of feeling. The modelling-segment analysis gives the chance to establish features of substantial components-invariantov for the subject and object of love - accordingly, () "love", "admiration", "tenderness", "caress", "kindness", "care", "pleasure", "happiness", "hope", "dream", "irreality", "a sexual inclination", "kiss", "intensity", "passion", "fidelity", "change", "suffering", "pain", "hatred", "separation", "disappointment", "indifference"; () "fidelity", "fidelity", "confidence", "reciprocity", "tenderness", "interest", "appeal", "hobby", "desire", "passion", "pleasure", "experience", "suffering", "tears", "treachery", "disappointment", "loneliness".

In a zone of crossing of components of structure of an image of the subject and object of love experience and contextual senses of a word-concept love there are steady substantial signs: tenderness, care; pleasure, happiness; suffering, experience, a pain; fidelity; hobby; a sexual inclination, passion; loneliness; disappointment.

In L.E.Vilms's approach [1997] love is considered from the point of view of the theory emotivnosti. Emotivnost as the mentality sphere has dialectic communication with language as means obektivatsii the mental (emotional) and intellectual (rational) phenomena. The author reveals such dialectic communication in the treatment kontsepta. Terms concept and kontsept, though and not absolutely distinctly differ: compare: kontseptom «it is considered the concept maintenance which volume can make out a subject of a language sign as that» [Vilms 1997: 6]. For the explanatory the term semantic (probably, situational) the value which maintenance also is indistinctly crossed with the term sema is entered. The term lingvokulturologichesky is entered
Variant in "filling" of concept love in different languages. This term, according to the author, helps to explain the phenomenon relative not - to universality of the concept from the point of view of its registration in various kontseptah and differences of a cultural background of the last. But such explanation tavtologichno: kontsept at L.E.Vilms initially it is considered national, and concept nadnatsionalnym, therefore concept realisation in kontseptah cannot keep all signs of universality. (Theoretical) position taken out on protection №3 [Vilms 1997: 7] is not quite original: in it it is a question about known of LDgiki a parity of volumes of concepts (in case of L.E.Vilms - of properties of values in compared languages) - about coincidence, a crossing and submission.

Advantage of analyzed research consists, in our opinion, not in theoretical study of an investigated meta language, and in interesting data about dynamics of judgement of love in German and Russian culture. The basic conceptual signs kontsepta love - love are feeling, or a complex of emotions, various on mental parametres (intensity, quality, duration, value, otsenochnost etc.). The general signs kontsepta for both cultures - ‘ to love ' - means to be true, betrayed in relation to the partner; ‘ to love ' - means to admire with the / the elect/-tsej; ‘ the love ' - is passion; ‘ love ' - this joyful feeling; it is bad, when the feeling is paraded: it is necessary to be constrained; ‘ to love ' - means to show care, anxiety on the favourite; it is bad, when the love odnostoronne is directed = meek ‘ love ’; there are stronger feelings/emotions, capable to suppress ‘ love ’ (will, pressure of all mental forces, sincere efforts).

The dictionary data resulted by L.E.Vilms are curious also. Distinktivnye (distinctive) signs of love for German and Russian cultures - definitsionnye components divinity (for both cultures 18 century), virtue (for both cultures 18 and 19 centuries), illness (for German culture 18 and 19 centuries), passion, an inclination ^dlja German culture 19 century, for

Russian - 18 and 19 centuries), respect (for German culture 19 century), the world, the consent (rest) (for Russian culture 18 century), a spiritually-physical unification (for both cultures 19 century). Modern dictionary definitions

Testify to that prevailing distinktivnymi components are: in Russian culture - depth and attachment, in German - force, passion, selflessness. The author allocates and scrupulously describes 23 groups of interpretation of love in paremicheskom fund and in fund of speech cliches of both languages. Such data speak about gravity of scientific novelty of research.

In E.J.Balashovoj's approach [2000] kontsept the love is considered from positions of two scientific traditions - lingvokulturologii and etnopsihosotsiolingvistiki. Consideration is under construction in a support on contrast with kontseptom hatred that allows to allocate more accurately distinktivnye love signs. The author offers a technique of the comparative analysis of nuclear, base and peripheral parts kontseptov with use of their methods kognitivnoj and semantic interpretation. As the analysis tool the is qualitative-quantitative analysis of parametres kontsepta serves.

The qualitative analysis undertakes on the basis of use of methods free and directed associative experiments; the quantitative analysis is spent traditional by calculation. Scientific novelty of research the author sees in working out and use of five-step psycholinguistic experiment. This experiment sets dynamics of research and explains procedural character of revealing of components investigated kontsepta.

protsedurnost it is defined that the love and hatred are in difficult dialectic mutual relations, so under certain conditions (it agree to data American lingvokultury) or without them (according to Russian lingvokulture) transition of one kontsepta in another is possible. The ideal component kontseptov is shown in Russian, and practical - in the American culture; it is connected also by that
imennopomeshchaetsja in the attention centre at experience kontsepta: in American lingvokulture it is object of love, in Russian - the subject, therefore, as it is represented, for the first procedure obektivatsii, and for the second - actualisations is characteristic. Nuclear parts kontseptov in both lingvokulturah have considerable quantity of the general signs (it and it is no wonder, considering universality analyzed by the author kontseptov).

The author believes, that, the hypothesis about presence of binary opposition between kontseptami love and hatred proves to be true both for Russian, and for the American language consciousness as their interrelation is traced at different levels obektivatsii in language and as specified kontsepty possess rational, emotional and estimated characteristics, are cultural-significant both for Russian, and for the American language consciousness. It is thought, that degree of originality of such conclusion is insignificant; data about character of binarity would be more interesting - where it gets privative, and where - ekvipolentnyj a foreshortening.

In L.R.Oganjan's approach [2004] the lexico-semantic system kontsepta love in individual style of one writer is studied and language means of expression of it kontsepta in German and Russian languages are revealed. It is shown, that kontsept the love is equally valuable for mentality of both nations,

Interpretation of the German-Russian is offered lingvokulturologicheskaja

This emotional kontsepta in stylistic perception of writer H.Konzalika.

Kontsept the love in studied idiostile is the difficult three-componental structure which is based on signs: an inclination to the beloved; feeling of attachment to the Native land, the native earth and friends; fidelity and attachment to a family. These semantic components have no accurate borders and find out indissoluble unity in idiostile the writer.

L.R.Oganesyan establishes «conceptual values» love in phraseological units, and also word-formation models of nouns, adjectives and verbs and «conceptual values» love in lexicographic sources. It is necessary to note some, in our opinion, neudachnost the term conceptual value as in this case value appears turned to model, and denotativnoyoreferentnyj the aspect of value is lost.

Semantic features of understanding and expression of love at H.Konzalika consist in use of verbal and nonverbal signs (among the last gestures (index, underlining, allocating are allocated, illustrative), gait (supporting emotions anger (heavy gait), pride (length of a step), suffering (hands "hang"), happiness (hands "fly", gait easy), a rage of characters. L.R.Oganjan considers system of such signs as self-giving - original ankoring for recognition of sense of behaviour of the character.

In H.Konzalika's novels kontsept love tematiziruetsja in such "paradigms", as: the relation of the man to the woman/woman to the man; the relation to the Native land; display of moral feelings. It is thought, however, that, more likely, not paradigms, and thematic spheres kontsepta - as last thematic component klassifikatsionno is beaten out from a triad as can concern to two rests simultaneously.

The most interesting to us in L.R.Oganesyan's approach represent ideas about nonverbal senses kinesiki (i.e. to set telodvizheny, described above) and about cohesion of thematic displays of love.

In A.I.Fofina's approach [2004] frame representation kontsepta love is investigated. The frame approach allows to reveal semantic features of the French lexical units and to establish the general for all members of some the law, potential possibilities characterising them in language and sochetaemostnye possibilities in speech. To the investigated
To units verbs, nouns, adjectives and the adverbs having as a part of value a component love, and also syntactic designs with such units are carried. It is supposed, that the frame approach will provide system research specified kognitivnogo a layer. The frame love is treated as a proposition with obligatory and facultative components. Obligatory are a subject, object, the reason, the emotional condition, characterised by an invariance of substantial filling. Facultative components are external displays of emotion, sincerity of the subject of an emotional condition. It is represented, that it not propozitsionalnyj, and kognitivnyj the approach: the classical treatment of a proposition assumes valentnostnyj is predicate-argumentnyj the approach which does not suppose, for example, the reason as (subject) actant, and deduces it in a rank sirkonstantov.

On the basis of the prototypical approach in the frame the kernel, near and far peripheries is allocated. The kernel of the frame "love" is allocated on a basis definitsionnogo an integrated semantic sign «an emotional condition of love» and reprezentiruetsja: verbs - aimer, adorer, cherir, idolatrer, raffoler, s'eprendre; adektivnymi designs - etre amoureux, tomber amoureux, etre epris; abstract nouns - amour, affection, passion, attachement, adoration; the animated nouns - amoureux,-se, aman ^-е, maitresse, bien-aime,-e, cheri,-e; adjectives and adektivirovannymi participles - amoureux,-se, aimant,-e, affectueux,-se, bien-aime,-e, epris,-e, cher, chere, cheri,-e; adverbs - amoureusement, affectueusement.

Into near periphery of the frame enter: pro-nominal verbs and adektivnye designs with a verb etre - s'affoler, affoler, e§ge affole, s'amouracher, se passionner; nouns amourette, ami; an adjective amical; adverbs tendrement, passionnement, cherement.

In distant periphery of the frame are included: verbs s'attacher, etre attache, s'enamourer, se devouer, etre devoue, affectioner, s'ajfectionner,

sympathiser; nouns inclination, penchant, flamme, tendresse, amitie, galanterie, sympathies; adorateur,-trice, soupirant, galant, idole, chouchou,-te; adjectives amical, ami,-e, galantи adverbs amicalement, adorablement, galament, expressing feeling of love oposredovanno, and also the out-of-date and little-used lexicon (1 level). Lexical units are carried To distant periphery of 2nd level with the basic component of value «love to the God»: nouns devotion, charite, denouement; divot; adjectives charitable, devoue, devot, pieux, humain; adverbs charitablement, devotement, pieusement, humainement

And phraseological units bondir de joie, sauter de joie, danser de joie, tressaillir de Joie, crier de Joie, etre dans la Joie de son coeur, se donner a coeur - Joie, avoir le coeur leger, avoir le coeur gai, avoir le coeur Joyeux.

The confirming psychological phenomenon vysvechivanija supervision about principles of focusing of the frame on a lexical unit is important: if it is unit of a kernel or near periphery as frame focus obligatory components if units of distant periphery - that not obligatory act.

In research lingvokulturnogo kontsepta L.E.Kuznetsovoj's love [2005] is accepted the psycholinguistic gender approach. The love is considered universal universaliej, eksplitsirujushchejsja in a discourse - though in the positions which have been taken out on protection, a distinct explication does not contain. As universalija investigated kontsept belongs to collective language consciousness, for its research in a layer paremiologicheskogo fund instead of expected exact methods at L.E.Kuznetsovoj the method introspektsii is used. But the author managed to receive a number of interesting results. It is possible to carry to them data on predstavlennosti various aspects kontsepta love in paremijah.

For a Russian-speaking language picture of the world in this plan small number of the proverbs devoted to sensual relations, the intimate party of love is characteristic, but the sphere of spiritual qualities is widely presented;

At the general androtsentrichnosti (gender asymmetry in language) perceptions of love the prevalence of female vision of the love understood mainly as the marriage relation is typical; various social roles, relationship degrees, stages of a life of the woman, its various ipostasi (the bride, mother, the wife, sister, the matchmaker, the mother-in-law, the mother-in-law, the daughter-in-law, the sister-in-law, the mistress, the stepmother, the godmother, popadja, etc. are reflected.).

In English-speaking paremicheskoj mainly man's picture of the world is expressed a world picture; the importance of material benefits (money) in love mutual relations, the negative relation to an adultery is presented; pledge of a happy life for the man the good wife is considered, however, the emphasis on feeling of love between spouses thus is not placed.

It is possible to carry the free associative experiment directed on revealing psihoyosotsiolingvisticheskih of features of reflexion kontsepta love and it subkontseptov to the used exact methods. As a result of the analysis the associative-verbal network kontsepta love and it subkontseptov is revealed: parent, fatherly, affiliated, filial, love of the man to the woman, love of the woman to the man, love to near, brotherly love. The analysis of associated meaning of the specified stimulus has allowed to create an original associative (mainly genderno-specific) prototype kontsepta love and it subkontseptov. Interesting comparison of the maintenance of these subkontseptov within the limits of man's and female paradigms which gives full representation about gender character of consciousness in frameworks lingvokultury is represented. Steady repeating reactions-assotsiaty are revealed: Forms of display of the relation, intimacy, harakterizatsija feelings, its intensity, fazovost, mutuality, contact feelings and emotions.

According to the theory of the author, under ordinary concept the love is understood, first of all, the interpersonal sexually caused feeling. It is revealed, that the sex of the person of the recipient considerably influences on 58

Structure of an associative field - its quantitative and substantial indicators. The separate gender analysis of associations helps to specify man's and female language pictures of the world in frameworks kontsepta "love".

In kontseptnom I.A.Ivanovoj's approach [2006] attempt to describe the system organisation of semantics and sintagmatiki kontsepta love in diahronii becomes. Formation and transformation of semantic structure of object are presented through steps a lexeme → concept → kontsept. The author shows, that Russian ethnocultural society differently reflects and perceives is figurative-associative communications of an external world, therefore priznakovye lines of concept "love" change differently at different stages of formation and language development. Therefore in kontsepte a certain synchronous cut are allocated lingvokulturologicheskie variants, that, according to the author, is demonstration neuniversalnosti concepts.

Love in Russian language picture of the world reprezentiruetsja as multiplane essence: it mentions emotional, mental and sphere of physiological requirements of the person. The love is characterised by noncontrollable consciousness a category, and carnal

Relations reprezentirujutsja in opposition «spirituality - a corporality».

According to the author, on spirit the language picture of the world, approaches with the mythological. Both of them go from time immemorial and have the general source, that is shown in giperbolizirovannyh characteristics of force of love (immense, omnipotent), found out in mythology as the phenomenon pervonachala and an impulse of powerful, all-conquering force. According to given to I.A.Ivanovoj, ceremonies (plots) have generated the first representation about possibility to influence feelings (to give heart to win heart) that does not coincide with philosophical representations about unpredictability of love according to which the love is defined as unpredictable feeling.

The negative relation to corporal display of love (guilty, low, vicious) has appeared gradually, in process
Common cultural values, in philosophy and religions when the basic postulates of life admitted aspiration to absolute beauty, aspiration to unity good luck, dissociation and loneliness overcoming. In this connection the basic question of Russian culture and, in particular, love - a question on a parity spiritual and material in semantic structure of language unit.

It is represented, that supervision of the author over dynamics of development of representations about love at Russian nevertheless require comparison to corresponding representations at Slavs that would give the chance to reveal actually Russian specificity of data kontsepta.

I.A.Shirokovoj's approach [2006] is focused on expansion prospects obshchesmyslovyh cultural urological frameworks kontsepta love and revealings in it of special senses - images and estimations. It is reached: integrativnym structure consideration kontsepta in the form of hierarchical layers of the sense, providing the analysis of its etymology, historical development, paradigmatic communications and periphery as it is expressed in A.S.Pushkin's poetry; application of a special method frejmo-slotovogo the analysis with revealing of semantic levels in the form of structure of base frames.

The kernel kontsepta love is investigated on the basis of the given dictionaries; it reaches revealing of etymology, evolution and semantic zones kontsepta. Figurative and estimated layers of periphery are studied on the basis of A.S.Pushkin's original and translation texts.

Kontsept love at A.S.Pushkin it is presented by the author in the form of two base frames - "Love-happiness" and "Love-misfortune". In frames on the basis of verses and their transfers two-layer figurative level (with associative and actually figurative subtotals) and the single-layered estimated is revealed. In the associative coincide «Love-passion / Liebe - Leidenschaft», «Love-melancholy / Liebe-Sehnsucht» and "Love-excitement". These assotsiaty raznonapravleny, and their combinations give full semantics of emotions.

In slotah antonymous steams assotsiatov are allocated: «Love-happiness / Liebe-Gluck» - «Love-suffering / Liebe-Qual»; «Love-ecstasy / Liebe - Entzticken» - «Love-despondency / Liebe-Trtibsal»; "Love-pleasure" - «Love-grief / Liebe-Kummer». Also development of emotions with their transition in the opposite is fixed: «Love-affection / Liebe-Ruhrung» - "Love-pity"; «Love-desire / Liebe-Begehren» - «Love-madness / Liebe-Wahn». To specific variativnym slotam the frame "Love-excitement", "Love-love", "Love-pleasure", «Liebe - Rausch», «Liebe-Lust» are carried.

In actually figurative subtotal are allocated sloty «Love-animal / Liebe-Tier;« Love-fire / Liebe-Glut ";" Liebe-Blume "-" Love-flower "," Love-liquid / Liebe-Flussigkeit "-" Liebe-kochendes Wasser ». Metaphorical antonyms are included In a subtotal of images (that actually contradicts the chosen classification procedure separating images from assotsiatov):« Love-light / Liebe-Licht "-" Love-gloom ";" Love-sweet / Liebe-etwas SiiBes "-" Love-bitter / Liebe-etwas Bitteres ». Specific sloty make:« Love-air "," Love - awakening / Liebe-Erwachen "," Love-cool "," Liebe-Sonne "," Liebe - Zauberei "," Liebe-Blume ";" Liebe-Verhinderte "," Love-flower "," Love - a gloom "," Liebe-kochendes Wasser ».

The author managed to show a considerable variety of transfers of poetic images of love on German language and inexhaustibility of translation variations.

In V.V. Tepkeevoj's approach [2007] it is considered kontsept loveво interaction with kontseptom marriageв to an English phraseological and proverbial picture of the world; four are allocated kontsepta (further we will state only that concerns to kontseptu love).v conformity with modern kognitivistskimi representations these kontsepty are considered having three-stage structure - the centre (with the greatest quantity of relevant characteristics kontsepta), an intermediate zone (= near
Periphery) and (distant) periphery; for each of the named zones typical associative signs are described.

In phraseological kontsepte in the centre get () signs ability of love to be shown in the intensive form, necessity to undertake certain actions in love, existence of its several kinds, () associations light, fire, game; in an intermediate zone are allocated () signs existence of difficulties in love, ability to inspire love to someone, () associations the container, birds; at distant periphery are present () signs presence of steady emotional attachment to object of love, ability of love to cause suffering, disinterestedness and romanticism of feeling, () associations an apple

(The favourite person), an arrow of a cupid (silaljubvi).

In proverbial kontsepte in the centre are included () signs all-conquering force, quarrels, jealousy, the validity of feeling, inconstancy, bias, love sources (love, laziness and separation), material welfare, () associations a flame, war, death, temperature metaphors; for an intermediate zone are characteristic () signs impossibility of concealment and disposal, reciprocity, honesty and trust, ambiguity of appearance, a life basis, () associations the goods, fear, a pain, illness; into distant periphery enter () signs ability to deprive of speech gift, communication with a material benefit, application of any methods, necessity to support love, nepodkontrolnost, inevitability, freedom, honesty, trust, () associations game, suffering, the award, thirst, pleasure of a life.

The general and specific characteristics of data kontsepta are divided. To universal for English, Russian and some West European languages are carried: the general signs (value of love, a lack of motivation, involuntariness, ambivalence);

Equivalents (a pigeon, heart, an arrow, death, etc.); lexicon groups
(The nature, household subjects, flora and fauna, abstract concepts, somatizmy).

The given research gives a plentiful material for diskursnyh studying in the field of various spheres of love relations, for example, seductions and courtings.

In kognitivno-kontseptnom E.N.Nuzhdovoj's approach [2008] it is studied kontsept love from the point of view of its lexical realisation in transfers of poetic texts. A research objective - drawing up and studying of the list of lexemes, reprezentirujushchih this kontsept in English, French and Russian languages; in perevodovedcheskom the plan the problem of an establishment of optimum conformity between semantic systems lexical reprezentatsy love in the named languages is put, that, we will notice, gives the chance uses subsequently sign (on R.K.Minjar-Beloruchevu) a way of transfer of data kontsepta instead of the semantic. Thus system conformity are built not mehanisticheski, and on the basis of prototypical (at the author - field) the approach.

The Lexico-semantic field of love in all three languages includes the lexemes designating fidelity, trust, mutual understanding, self-sacrifice, suffering, an ambiguity, caress, an inclination.

mezhjazykovye relations are investigated from the point of view of conformity and distinctions in systems. Conformity is observed in identical semah, designating feelings (including passion), intimate relations, object of love, a subject of love, predilection (positive and negative) to something. Last sema lays in near/boundary periphery with a kernel, and in Russian-speaking culture sootnosima about taste to something, predilection for comfort, for alcohol, in French - predilection for freedom, for justice, for art, for diligent performance of work, for game and a profit, in English culture - predilection for cars, culture, music, jewelry, qualitative clothes, for the weapon.

In English and French lingvokulturah the love corresponds with kontseptom courting, thus last is perceived as become outdated - compare corresponding lexemes court, courting, addresses, attentions, wooing (English); faire la cour, assiduites, flirt, galanterie (fr.). The lexemes designating something attractive and charming get To a zone of a nuclear lexeme (charming, delightful, attractive, winning; charmant, ravissant, adorable), and also the god of love (Cupid; Cupidon).

In English lingvokulture the lexeme loveможет to be used at a nomination of a love intrigue, a love story, at a designation of figure "zero" in sports (win by four goals to love); as the form of expression of a greeting (give him my love); as a final phrase in the letter (with love from...).

In French lingvokulture a nuclear lexeme l ' amourиспользуется at a designation of devotion, honouring, self-sacrifice (l'amour de Dieu, de la verite, du prochain), intimacies (Comment vont tes amours?), some fishes and plants.

For Russian microfield presence «constant and strong enthusiasm, propensity to something» (love to the truth, theatre, sports) is characteristic.

In lingvokulturologicheskom F.R.Sigbaevoj's approach [2009] national-specific characteristics of verbalisation lingvokulturnogo kontsepta "Mehebbet" (Love) in the Tatar language picture of the world and feature of its functioning are studied. The author declares working out «a teoretiko-methodological basis of research emotsioyonalnyh kontseptov in lingvokulturologicheskom aspect», that, is not reflected in any way in the positions which are taken out on protection - theoretically they as a whole repeat already known theses lingvokulturologicheskogo the approach, except for metaphor promotion on a leading role in kontseptnom the analysis. Teoretiko-methodological questions are shined in the survey chapter, but they concern traditional for kontseptologii concepts - lingvokulturologija,

Conceptual picture of the world, language picture of the world, the conceptual analysis.

The multilayered structure kontsepta in treatment of the author is traditional also - the conceptual kernel with a key lexeme mehebbet and its derivatives is allocated. Interesting the maintenance statement kontsepta mehebbet in the Tatar language picture of the world is represented - it contains such components, as a mental condition, feeling, physical sensation, existence of a certain space round the person, active independent force, environment / a substance or space, a subject. Thus the central lexeme is used only at the description of interpersonal love, and three others to the Native land, the nature, to native, to the God (as in the traditional representations described by us above) - are coded by derivatives. The figurative component mehebbet in a poetic layer of a discourse considered by the author is realised basically by means of a metaphor. The role of a secondary nomination in expression considered kontsepta where phraseological units are described besides a metaphor is shined.

The morphological aspect of periphery kontsepta mehebbet with allocation of nouns and adjectives is characterised. The statement of syntagmatic communications of the central lexeme (on a basis sinonimii) and it antonimicheskih numbers is interesting.

Text realisation kontsepta is studied on a basis paremy and the Tatar national songs where the basic layer of figurative thinking contacts the live and vegetative nature, with fire and water. Are revealed for the Tatar language picture of the world () external and () internal signs mehebbet - () personifitsitsirovannost, the form, a subject, community, religious attributes, temperature, duration, force, a sound, «an ignition place»; () sakralnost, wisdom, spiritual value, zhivitelnost, feeling, kindness, continuity, test.

Diskursnye approaches

In the approach So-called Dankovoj [2004] it is investigated kontsept love in a poetic discourse. As the basic research method of formation and development kontsepta in A.Ahmatovoj's poetry the field model of language with accent on a system-semantic method is declared; last consists in consecutive ascending movement from one semantic level to another, in realisation of synthesising procedures. The lexical basis kontsepta love, and also the structural organisation and a lexico-semantic field of conceptual signs of data kontsepta is considered.

Studied kontsept it is presented at A.Ahmatovoj by three conceptual signs: () «hot warm propensity, an inclination to the beloved" (a leading sign); () «a deep arrangement and sincere attachment to the Native land and friends»; () «constant, strong propensity, enthusiasm for poetic creativity».

It is represented, that the named semantic plans are not diskursno-specific, except for the last. However the structure and the structural organisation (in the form of nuclear, central, peripheral, paradigmatic and syntagmatic parts) kontsepta love, testify to its originality, complexity and many-sided nature in an individually-author's picture of the world of A.Ahmatovoj.

The reality of the named conceptual signs consists in the following. In a sign () microfields «the strong warm feeling bearing suffering, a flour» are allocated; «the painful feeling, capable to lead to death», «the warm feeling giving happiness», «deep, spiritual feeling», «the warm feeling consecrated with heavens», «passionate feeling». In a sign () microfields "the strong feeling bearing suffering, a flour", "deep, spiritual feeling", "the feeling giving happiness" (for love to the Native land) and "the strong feeling bearing suffering and a flour as a result of separation" (for love to friends) are revealed. The sign () is presented by microfields "strong feeling" and "deep, spiritual feeling". For
idiostilja the poet a thematic variety of realisation kontsepta love by means of words of ordinary language in which literal value is deprived a component love is characteristic.

The picture of the organisation of fields is established kognitivnaja. Verbal units enter into a nuclear part with the maximum degree of the aesthetic importance - units designating the name of warm feeling (direct designations, poetic synonyms, perifrazy); art lexical formations - definitions of feeling of love; aesthetically significant lexemes designating display of love feeling, unit, the naming subject and object of feeling.

In the central part units with average degree of the aesthetic importance, developing semantic lines of a kernel are located.

At a peripheral part there are signs with the minimum degree of the aesthetic importance which do not designate love, and serve as a contextual environment of love lexemes. A distinctive sign of substantial and structural plans considered kontsepta is repetition in nuclear, central and peripheral parts of various microfields of the same lexical sets, and also verbal units which form them.

The paradigmatic component kontsepta is presented by synonymic numbers where enter both words in a direct sense, and words-images: individually-author's, is traditional-poetic,

The traditional folklore.

Syntagmatic relations of lexico-semantic fields kontsepta love show extremely wide compatibility of lexical units which from the point of view of public language in some cases is simply impossible but which, will notice, and is a distinctive sign of a poetic portrait of the author.

Technically diskursnyj the plan of creativity of A.Ahmatovoj in the dissertation is not investigated - more likely, it is a question of realisation kontsepta in verses.

In E.V.Lobkovoj's approach [2005] kontsept the love is studied as a component of Russian language picture of the world. In the dissertation stereotypes of speech behaviour (a genre "declaration of love") and representations of native speakers of Russian about love, its parametres, a role in a life of people (data of dictionaries, a genre "the general judgement about love") are considered. The love is considered as an image-kontsept outlined by ideographic space invariant and alternative (individually-author's) plans. The author believes, that it managed to recreate public naivnoyojazykovoj an image-kontsept love in the form of multicomponent ideographic space, kognitivno organised in the form of the proposition frame-.

Kontseptoobrazujushchimi as elements of investigated ideographic space are considered: a predicate of the relation (feeling); actants (the subject and object of feeling); body (kvaziorgan) as a feeling source; the reasons (the object and subject characteristic); elements qualitatively - characterising a predicate or actants on different (sirkonstantnym) to parametres semantics (stages of development of relations (origin, a current, fading), speed occurrence (suddenness), time of love from the point of view of age and a season, the behavioural characteristic (love secret / obvious, mutual / not divided, spiritual / corporal, steady / unstable, intensive / not intensive, sincere / false, happy / unhappy, sacrificial/selfish). It is rather detailed and close to settling a picture of love relations which can be taken as a principle researches of a discourse of love relations. The author makes such attempt, assorting three love speech genres - () "declaration of love", () "the description of emotional conditions, enamoured" and () "the general judgement about love".

The genre () is characterised by presence cultural, but not speech stereotypes - its form is free enough; stereotype presence allows not eksplitsirovat it, and to inform on it (from here typical forms of a discourse - reproduction and retelling). Stereotypes do not mention the interconnected parametres readiness / spontaneity and brevity / verbosity, however assume the initiative.

The genre () is presented in three versions - the description of an internal emotional condition, the description of external displays of emotions and interpretation. It is represented, however, that the third version here is a little alien, and the reason of it is absence at the author eksplitsirovannogo criterion of classification of subgenres.

The genre () contains not subgenres, and some lexical sets: «Characteristics of love and its role in a life of the separate person and mankind as a whole»; «the Lines of the person promoting occurrence of feeling, the reason of strengthening of feeling or cooling"; "Lines of love and enamoured, distinguishing a certain historical epoch, national character or age"; "Behaviour enamoured and tactics directed on a gain of liking favourite (favourite)"; "Representations about a love and marriage parity". The given groups are allocated on the basis of the analysis of texts and do not represent a little proved or exhaustive system. In this genre objects of judgements are interesting, to which the author carries the love nature (spiritual / corporal), character of feeling (it is natural / unnaturally, it is unique / povtorimo), influence on the separate person and mankind in whole (it is positive / negatively), hronosnye love characteristics (it is eternal / it is final).

For genres () and () the receptions forming ekspressivnost are characteristic: repetition; not finished phrases; a rhetorical question; gradation and other stylistic receptions; comments of the author on paralinguistic expressional means of oral dialogue for

"Declarations of love"; somatizmy and kvazisomatizmy in a role of the subject of action are most typical for a genre (), expressional lexicon (in particular metaphors) for a genre ().

E.V.Lobkovoj's approach gives a good basis for creation of system of analysis LD.

In D.L.Kolojan's approach [2006] one of rechepovedencheskih versions LD - Courting is considered. Work is based on principles: communications theories (close interdependence of components of system of dialogue; communications as interpretive activity); intercultural communications and gender linguistics (dialogue between men and women can be treated as dialogue of opposite cultures; the important component of social identity of the person, influencing dialogue process - a gender) and zhanrovedenija (a genre of direct and indirect communications).

Courting as is considered a discourse version a difficult semiotics phenomenon, a hypergenre in which kreolizirovannost codes makes original system.

Sistemoobrazujushchimi as Courting signs are considered: presence of regulating and emotional function; a combination faticheskoj and indirect communications; an accessory to the meliorative genres improving the relations between people in the indirectly-direct form; an accessory to androginnym to the genre forms making genre space of a love discourse. With aktsionalnoj the points of view Courting is realised by means of various strategy and tactics and as the hypergenre corresponds with the macrostrategy which purpose — to sweetheart by means of significant for the partner of signs on attention.

Ingerentnye lines kommunikativnosti in Courting the author sees in the socially-communicative behaviour of partners submitting to following factors: similarity degrees between the personal

Characteristics of partners; to level of self-disclosing of the person on different 70

Dialogue stages; sequences of passage of stages in mutual relations; to social expectations (costs and benefits, on J. Lichu). To conditions of success of Courting are carried: kooperativnost; ability correctly to read out verbal and nonverbal signals; an openness and sincerity kommunikantov; presence communicative intentsii to express the feelings to the partner as more as possible full; coincidence of purposes; competent use of communicative strategy; coincidence etiketnyh norms and social identichnostej persons [Kolojan 2006: 7]. Certainly

It is possible to consider as the positive moment of the dissertation sopostavitelnoyogendernyj a foreshortening of studying of Courting when the initiative subject are both the man, and the woman. Also the analysis of Courting from the point of view personologicheskogo style is important: kurtuaznogo, invektivnogo and it is rational-invektivnogo.

At the same time, from the genre point of view in Courting Flirtation, and such variants is included only as persevering harassment (Sticking), undermines the thesis about giperzhanrovosti Courtings a little. Thus Seduction from consideration are not excluded, but its premise in a hypergenre without giving of the separate genre status looks inconsistent because Flirtation is declared to separate consideration only. Flirtation is characterised by following lines: presence of rules; teatralizovannostju behaviour; unexpectedness; creation of the intense moments; deceptive behaviour; an event ambiguity; sorevnovatelnostju; presence of a prize [2006: 6]. This list followed, in our opinion, to add with signs ‘ absence of orientation to duration of resultants of relations ’ and ‘ absence obvious sexual intentsii ’.

Necessity of the stated specifications is dictated by requirement to explain why at nominations of the subject of Courting are present as meliorative, and pejorativnye signs (from the knight to the ladies' man). Then it would be possible to deduce, for example, last nomination for limits
The relevant list. One more lack is connected with classification principles: if Flirtation consideration as genre is made by means of allocation of subgenres of a joke, a compliment, etc. the analysis actually a hypergenre on the basis of subgenres looks theoretically unpersuasive in the conditions of absence of an intermediate element - a genre.

M.V.Polzunovoj's research [2008] is executed within the limits of modern zhanrovedenija on the basis of T.V.Shmelevoj's model [Shmelev 1997], including in model of a speech genre following parametres: the communicative purpose (with allocation informative, imperative, etiketnyh, estimated); an image of the author; an image of the addressee; an image of the past and an image of the future, assuming dependence on the previous and subsequent episodes of dialogue; type sobytijnogo the maintenances, influencing a choice of a genre within the limits of the given situation; a language embodiment. The declaration of love is treated as a difficult speech genre with a corresponding variety of communicative installations and demonstrations.

In novels of J. G olsuorsi complexity of this speech genre is shown in its secondariness and in aggregate simple genres - descriptions, narrations, reasonings, reflexions, the philosophical statement, a narration-aphorism, a narration-confession, a compliment, doubt, a recognition, memoirs, reflexion, the order, the request, council-lecture, dodge, a deceit, emotionally-estimated refleksiva, emotsionalnoyootsenochnogo reguljativa etc. And domination of an informative genre (a speech genre of the author's description and a narration) and a conversation genre (in speech of characters). The special role in this complex genre is taken away: () to the description of internal speech of characters (autodialog, an internal monologue, a nesobstvenno-straight line speech); () lexicon (to synonyms, expressional lexicon, verbal figurativeness (a metaphor, metonimija, a synecdoche, an embodiment, figurative comparison, an epithet, a hyperbole, anafora, epifora); (grammar; () categories of communicative coordination at formation modusa
integrativnosti the dialogue text, namely its interpersonal communicative modality, a tonality, otsenochnosti.

Allocation of typological versions of an analyzed complex genre - «Love to fine», «the Declaration of love to the lost beloved», «One-way love of the man to the woman» and «Love of mother and the child» with a conclusion about unessential coincidence illokutivnoj forces of the speech certificate and communicative sense of a speech act owing to monosubjectivity of the first both intersubektivnosti and kontekstualnosti the second is worthy. The speech act can express some communicative senses, some of which verbally not eksplitsirujutsja.

Are allocated base koordinativnye types of dialogues. Konsentnyj, konformnyj the Declaration of love of mother and the child »,« the Declaration of love to the lost beloved »and« the Declaration of love to fine »are characteristic for genres«. Polemical and disputed dialogues are inherent in a genre «One-way love of the man to the woman».

In M.V.Smolentsevoj's approach [2009] love discourse is considered on the basis of its basic making - kontsepta love which is characterised by five basic prototypical signs in which number by the author are included: 1) a source (the reason) emotions; 2) intensity of emotion; 3) external display of emotion; 4) duration of emotion; 5) character of emotion. Prototypical signs of emotion love form a substratum of kognitivno-semantic structure kontsepta love. We will notice, however, that omission of one more prototypical component - interactivities and its degrees sees wrongful. According to the author, lingvokontsept love reprezentirujutsja corresponding lingvosemioticheskimi the nominative units including a word, a word-combination, the statement, the text. Theoretical illegitimacy of a premise in a nominative number not language realizatsionnogo a sign the statement Is represented, however, (even if to consider the text
Not speech, and a language phenomenon).

As a result of the comparative analysis of the concretising signs entering into semantic structures of values love / Liebe/jaratymash in lexicographic sources, the author comes to conclusion about similarities and distinctions in semantic representation of investigated units in Russian, German and gornomarijskoj lingvokulturah. Components «the emotional experience directed on the person» and «strong feeling of liking, gravitation, an inclination to someone or something» are universal. In German definitions, unlike Russian and gornomarijskogo, essential components strong feeling of liking, an arrangement, more often to the person who is a member of a family »and« intensive feeling which test at sexual vlecheni »admit«.

In quality konstitutivnyh signs pesennogo the text as realizatsionnoj environments kontsepta love / Liebe/jaratymash are allocated: kogerentnost (coherence), dialogichnost, a modality,

intertekstualnost, adresovannost, reproducibility of texts and inconstancy of an audience.

In Russian and German pesennyh dikursah emotion the love has communications with negative emotions, in gornomarijskom - both with negative, and with positive. For Russian and gornomarijskogo addition of a component pity, for German and gornoarijskogo - a component an inclination is characteristic.

These supervision are represented curious and important from the point of view of comparative linguistics.

In V.E.Muratovoj's approach [2010] it is given kognitivnyj the analysis of field structure binary kontseptov love / love and hate (hatred) / hatred in English-and Russian-speaking pesennyh discourses together with the analysis of dictionary definitions kontseptov. The author asserts, that the kernel investigated kontseptov is presented kognitivno-propozitsionalnoj
Structure «the subject — a predicate — object — the love form / hatred and its characteristic — the purpose/reason — time and spatial parametres». Peripheries kontseptov differ near and far. In the first in the form of word-combinations, figurative nominations enter into the second - subjective-modal senses where adjectives enter, adverbs, single-root words and the word-combinations containing lexemes love / loveи hatred / hate (hatred), steady designs, sayings, proverbs of a metaphor and metaphorical predicates.

It is necessary to note an incorrectness of author's treatment of a proposition in comparison with settled in linguistics according to which the proposition joins obligatory actants, but not sirkonstanty (the purpose/reason — time and spatial parametres). Inadequate the terminology used for the description of distant periphery Besides, is represented - substantial konnotativnye components are described on the basis of morphological and syntactic criteria; not quite clearly also, by what criterion figurativeness and a subjective modality which two different zones kognitivnoj set structures kontsepta differ. The principle of binarity requires the separate explanatory: if it is a question about ekvipolentnoj oppositions, it is not clear how to treat a sign "indifference" which sets privative opposition yonalichie a sign - as additional (internal) binarity in investigated steams antonimicheskih kontseptov?

Diskursnye characteristics kontseptov, nevertheless, allow the author to make interesting supervision about not-parallelism values of the last, connected with comparison pejorativnosti / meliorativnosti, applicable to both members of oppositional pairs: for love / love dominates positive konnotatsija, for hatred / hate (hatred) positive and negative konnotatsii are in relations of approximate balance. These conclusions have something in common with received in research [Smolentseva 2009], but in the return relation.

Lexico-semantic fullness kontseptov in percentage terms is allocated: kontsept love: a kernel — 29 %, near periphery — 50 %, distant — 21 %; kontsept hatred: a kernel — 18,7 %, periphery: near — 53 %, distant — 28,3 %; kontsept love:ядро — 32 %, near periphery — 55 %), distant — 13 %; kontsept hate/hatred:jadernaja a zone — 25 %, near periphery — 49 %, distant — 26 %. Distribution is quite comparable, thus isomorphism for base kontseptov above, than for the peripheral.

E.A.Menzairovoj's research [2010] also places kontsept love in space pesennogo a discourse. Kontsept it is treated from positions of the approach of Z.D.popovoj and I.A.Sternina, and in it it is allocated nuclear and peripheral parts. Thus differentiation near and far peripheries (see: [2010: 81,83]) it is made by the author not always accurately and consistently. Besides it, in [2010: 107] three basic components kontsepta love - conceptual, figurative and valuable are listed; however it is not clear, how they settle down in structure kontsepta - that gets to a kernel, and that in periphery.

Kontsept it can be staticized through language values of separate lexemes, and also in different kinds of a discourse. French pesennyj the text is defined as harmonious product with a special rhythm and melodikoj, characterising the French language and with depth of a subject line. Kontseptnyj the analysis spent from gender positions, gives the chance to open the maintenance kontseptov through revealing of the maintenance of lexical units, obektivirujushchih data kontsept; thereby diskursnoe the space is regarded by E.A.Menzairovoj mainly from the point of view of its components, kontseptov - "marks" love and the woman, setting development of a discourse. However definitsionnaja the characteristic of lexical units, obektivirujushchih kontsept the love at times faces with theoretical neprorabotannostju - compare use maloadekvatnogo
The term a synonym of a lexeme and a synonym of derivatives of a lexeme: it is obvious, that speech should be conducted about lexico-semantic variants.

Kontsept love it is non-uniform and it is described as set of versions: the love-passion, differing force and all-consuming character; physical love; love-vanity, as a way of self-affirmation of the man. Kontsept the love, realised in considered by the author pesennom S.Gensbura's discourse (Ginsburga), reflects, first of all, its individual aspect which supplements and enriches three basic components national kontsepta: conceptual (selection of individual lexical and stylistic receptions), figurative (expression of personal emotional experience of the author) and valuable (in S.Gensbura's creativity kontsept the love occupies one of the important places among others kontseptov).

In T.G.Rents's concept [2011] LD it is considered from a position interaktsionalnosti and categories emotivnosti - in a foreshortening of romantic dialogue. Interpersonal dialogue is characterised with urovnevyh positions, thus romantic dialogue is carried to is intimate-sign level (without an explication of others), and the basis of identification of its romantic status is made by an exchange emotivnymi signs. Essential allocation konstitutivnyh signs of a romantic discourse to which are carried experience of supervalue of object, emotional markirovannost dialogue, sintonnost attitudes, ritualizatsija, kriptonimicheskaja ezoterichnost, thematic recursiveness, reduction of a communicative distance, a reduction of verbal signs is represented; thus the given signs could be broken into microgroups, for example, to signs ‘ emotivnyj the factor ’,

‘ the organizational-communicative factor ’, ‘ manifestatsionnyj the factor ’.

The author divides research problems rather close in essence, declaring them is perfectly in order from the particular to the general: definition of the conceptual bases of structurization romantic at first is supposed
Dialogue with consideration of allocated stages and only then - revealing and the description konstitutivnyh signs of a romantic discourse. In this connection the problem of revealing of strategy and tactics of communicative behaviour of participants of romantic dialogue is located after the second of the named problems though more pertinently it looks after and on the basis of structurization procedure.

Research of features of romantic dialogue gives the chance its modelling. It is offered [Rents 2011: 6] pjatiyo

Componental model S' (feel) Emo (n) → Aim (n) → D (V/NV) → O (R) which full enough reflects structure of communicative behaviour of the person in LD, however interaktsionalnyj the component in it is not demonstrated, so Object (it is represented as passive though it is called, according to the author, emotionally to estimate and carry out a reflexion on an emotional condition of the subject (S).

Model algorithmization, according to T.G.Rents, is subordinated motivatsionno-potrebnostnomu to a principle of studying of the person and described in time orientation, with allocation of six stages - initsiatsii, otsenivanija, knowledge, intensifications of relations, formalisations of relations. However raises the doubts the thesis of the author, that «the sequence of stages is not predetermined by any scheme, the plan, the program, it rather labilna» [Rents 2011: 12] - it is difficult to imagine, that the formalisation stage was carried out to a stage, for example, initsiatsii. Thus thematic recursiveness (for example, declarations of love) hardly probable can form a basis for the thesis about mobility of stages: the last represent organizational, instead of taktiko-substantial aspect of a discourse. Further, relations are deduced from consideration maritalnogo the plan though motivatsionno-potrebnostnyj the principle of their presence, in our opinion, is difficult for calling in question.

It is allocated five strategy, subordinated by the general «karitativno - gedonicheskoj» theories - organizujushchaja, emotionally-adjusting,
Informative, estimating and consolidating. The formulation of strategy supposes possibility of their correlation with stages. Organizujushchuju strategy, it is possible to correlate with a stage initsiatsii, emotionally - adjusting - with otsenivaniem, informative and estimating - with knowledge, and on a share consolidating drops out, apparently, not only a formalisation stage, but also a stage of an intensification of relations though such character of a parity is not represented obvious as last can be correlated and with a knowledge stage. Probably, it is connected by that the intensification is not quite entered in stadialnuju the scheme and, representing not-ingerentnyj the system element, can be realised, for example, at stages otsenivanija and knowledge.

Are in detail described diskursivnye characteristics of romantic dialogue: a being and kostitutivnye signs of a romantic discourse; dynamics of its strategy and tactics; its semiotics space; dialogue types in it; ezoterichnost; a communicative distance; valuable, informative and behavioural aspects of the romantic person. Characteristics of nonverbal semiotics of romantic dialogue are stated: types of signs - kinesicheskie, gapticheskie, okulesicheskie, proksemicheskie, paralinguistic signs; their functions - emotivno - expressional, affective, faticheskaja, information, reguljativnaja. It is separately characterised emotivnyj parametre emotivnogo dialogue: the model, called to reveal () installations of the sender as information source is offered ((to analyse own feelings; () to inform on the feelings; () to share the feelings; () to give vent to the feelings; () to show the feelings); () installations of the sender as the addressee of the information () to learn about feelings of the addressee; () to ascertain feelings of the addressee; () to analyse feelings of the addressee; () to cause feelings in the addressee. In these installations the component, however criterion of classification is reflected interaktsionalnaja, for example, in () is not registered even if to recognise, therefore, as it type of the addressee (I -
Another), not clearly, as it is necessary to plant components (and (). Are stated emotivnye language means - affektivy, konnotativy, potentsiativy.

Informativnost the given research allows to take on arms for the subsequent consideration (but frequently in other foreshortening) in the practical chapter of the present dissertation following aspects: diskursnyj type (monologicality / dialogichnost); a principle of modelling of types LD; the general parametres of description LD; ezoterichesky a principle and a principle oposredovannosti diskursivnyh relations (for Description LD); hronosno - substantial aspect; a taktiko-strategic principle of realisation of dialogue; a semiotics variation; the installation factor.

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A source: KOTELEVSKAYA ELINA IGOREVNA. MONOLOGIC ASPECT of the LOVE DISCOURSE: EXPERIENCE of the SUBSTANTIAL ANALYSIS. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Kaluga - 2016. 2016

More on topic research of language parametres of love dialogue: a problem condition:

  1. parametres of research of the language person in dialogue
  2. chapter 1 «the Modern condition of a problem of love in the scientific literature»
  4. nonverbal components of love dialogue: communicatively-pragmatical aspect
  5. the chapter the second FEATURES of the ANALYSIS of the MONOLOGIC FORESHORTENING of love dialogue
  6. the condition of a problem of research
  7. a condition of a readiness of a problem of research
  8. a condition of a scientific readiness of a problem of research
  9. a condition of a scientific readiness of a problem of research
  11. a condition of a readiness of a problem of research
  12. pragmatical parametres of dialogue
  13. 1.2.2. Dialogue as the form sushchestvovanijaprofessionalnoj the language person
  14. an evangelical myth about the Christ in structure narnijskih chronicles: with love about the Love Book
  15. management of installation with parametres depending on its condition
  16. installations with the parametres depending on a condition