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2.4. The comparative analysis of results of researches 1983г. And 2013

Carrying out of the comparative analysis of results of experiments on understanding of the text children of the preschool age, spent in 1983г was one of problems of our research. E.G.Bievoj and in 2013г.

The author of the given work. A necessary condition of success of such comparison was the exact reconstruction of conditions of experiment 1983г. And exact following E.G.Bievoj's to technique. Not receding from specified above a technique, we have come to the results described in the previous chapter.

The analysis of theoretical conclusions of E.G.Bievoj concerning features of activity of understanding in the investigated age groups allows us to make the conclusion, that the basic stages of formation of this activity in researches compared by us coincide. We, after E.G.Bievoj, can confirm, that in the course of formation of activity of understanding in ontogeneze it is obviously possible to allocate 4 stages.

At the first stage the substantial structure of the text is presented in consciousness of the child as the syncretic formation which not having structures and has been not delimited from subjective sensual experience.

At the second stage the image of substantial structure is made out as a set denotatov, corresponding with separate subjects of the description, but not united by substantial relations.

At the third stage the image of the maintenance starts to be made out as the structure which elements are denotaty, united by substantial relations, and join both denotaty from the text, and denotaty, arising in consciousness thanks to associative communications between the experimental text and previous experience of the child therefore the substantial structure of the text extends, and the real image of the maintenance is deformed.

At the fourth stage the substantial structure is displayed accurately and full for the account of an adequate establishment denotatov and bolshej parts mezhdenotatnyh relations that promotes rapprochement of objective and subjective substantial structures of the text.

Stages of formation of activity of understanding in ontogeneze correspond to a periodization of groups in a kindergarten: the first stage took place in the younger group, the second - in average, the third - in senior, the fourth - in preparatory.

Considering activity on restoration of substantial structure of the text by means of evident means and retelling in groups E.G. Bievoj and the author of the given work, it is possible to notice, that the basic laws of investigated process coincide, distinctions concern only quantity indicators of results of experiments.

Quantity indicators of results of experiment are issued by us on the sample 1983г. For pokazatelnosti comparisons. Data by results of experiment 2013г. Are presented to tab. 2.3. Data by results of experiment 1983г. Are presented to tab. 2.4. Besides, us

140

The understanding average index in each age group has been counted up.

Data on average indexes for 1983г. And 2013г. Are presented to tab. 2.5.

Table 2.4. Data by results of experiment of 1983

Age group of examinees % Adequately identif

soder

itsirovannyh elements zhanija
The text 1 The text 2 The text 3 The text 4
denotatov Relations denotatov Relations denotatov Relations denotatov Relations
The younger 18,8 1,6 35 14,2 7,6 4 40 8,3
Average 57 27,7 53,3 41,3 48,7 37,6 86,3 50
The senior 92,5 60 82 66 74,5 57,2 93 76,6
The preparatory 97 78 97 85,7 90 75 95 85

Table 2.5.

Data on average indexes of 1983 and 2013
Age group of examinees Average index of the identified elements of the maintenance (in %)
denotatov Relations
1983 2013 1983 2013
The younger 25,4 17,6 7 3,4
Average 61,3 47,9 39,2 24,4
The senior 85,5 78,2 65 51,3
The preparatory 94,8 89,6 81 73,4

Also the percentage of change of an indicator of adequately identified elements of the maintenance from 1983г has been calculated. On 2013г. (Tab. 2.6) and percentage of change of an average index of adequately identified elements of the maintenance from 1983г see. On 2013г. (Tab. 2.7) see. Backlog of examinees of experimental group on indicators of the identified elements of the maintenance of the text in comparison with examinees of control group is Abundantly clear.

Table 2.6. Change of an indicator of adequately identified elements of the maintenance

Age group of examinees Change of an indicator of adequately identified elements of the maintenance from 1983г. On 2013г. (In %)
The text 1 The text 2 The text 3 The text 4
denotatov Relations denotatov Relations denotatov Relations denotatov Relations
The younger -28,7 -25 -20 -52,8 -46,1 -67,5 -37,5 -47
Average -21,1 -41,5 -6,2 -31,2 -33,3 -45 -25,8 -34,8
The senior -6,5 -20 -15,9 -20,9 -5,9 -20,3 -6,5 -22,6
The preparatory -4 -10,3 -9,1 -10,9 -10 -12,3 +1 -4,4

Table 2.7. Change of an average index of adequately identified elements of the maintenance

Age group Change of an average index of adequately identified elements of the maintenance from 1983г. On 2013г. (In %)
denotatov Relations
The younger -33,1 -48
Average -21,6 -38,1
The senior -8,7 -21
The preparatory -5,5 -9,5

Dynamics of change of indicators of understanding is presented on fig. 2.16, 2.17. Comparison of schedules visually shows degree of backlog of children of experimental group in comparison with control group. Backlog on indicators identifitsirovanija mezhdenotatnyh relations (-48 % - in younger group,-38,1 - in average,-21 - in senior,-9,5 - in preparatory) is especially indicative.

Fig. 2.16. Change of an average index of identification denotatov

Fig. 2.17. Change of an average index of identification mezhdenotatnyh relations

Considerable backlog of an indicator of an establishment mezhdenotatnyh relations in comparison with an establishment indicator denotatov in experiment 2013г., and also backlog of experimental group on all indicators from control group is the proof of that the general level of understanding of the text children of preschool age has decreased for last 30 years. The lowered ability of an establishment mezhdenotatnyh relations is an indicator of that the greatest difficulty for children formation kognitivnoj represents statement structures. We recognise that understanding of the text it "cognizance" denotatov, but, first of all, formation of the general sense by an establishment of communications between denotatami is not simple. That fact, that children became in the bulk worse to understand the text says that ability to create-standards is lowered images and to structure them, to make out communications between them and to unite isolated senses in one general sense of the text. In our opinion, it is a question of decrease in ability of mental designing and imagination infringements, that in the general context ontogeneza means decrease in a mental potential of modern children in comparison with examinees 1983г., In our opinion, it is necessary to search for the reasons of such state of affairs in the conditions of a life and education of children, in the environment where grows and the child develops. For expired 30 years the situation in a social life has changed considerably. These changes are caused, in particular, by scientific and technical progress and growth of a standard of living. The computerisation of a society and a wide circulation of mass media, in our opinion, are factors of powerful influence on ontogenez, that indirectly proves to be true results of the comparative analysis spent in this chapter.

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A source: Kruzhilina Tatyana Vladislavovna. UNDERSTANDING of the TEXT CHILDREN of PRESCHOOL AGE With the ACCOUNT of FACTORS of the SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT the CHILD (EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH). The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Kursk - 2014. 2014

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