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the purpose, problems and an experimental research technique

Along with application of some methods (supervision, measurement, experiment), traditionally used by other sciences about the person, the psycholinguistics has developed also own, caused by features of the psycholinguistic approach to language studying as properties of the person that assumes inadmissibility of the analysis of a language material in a separation from the individual using it.

The psycholinguistics uses a wide spectrum of the research procedures including along with experiment and supervision introspektsiju, modelling, gathering and the analysis of speech errors, the componental analysis, etc.

Experiment in psycholinguistics is the basic method for verification of hypotheses in which the native speaker acts as the examinee with the knowledge and with the system of values. During experiment examinees (further - Ii.) inform the experimenter the information on a word which is perceived through a prism of social and individual experience, thereby leaving on a certain fragment of an image of the world. Processing of this information serves as acknowledgement/nepodtverzhdeniem of prospective hypotheses, to scientific studying of those or other "deviations", i.e. «the psycholinguistics accepts the fact of subjective interpretation by the carrier
Language of a language material not as the hindrance factor, and as the fact which is subject to the scientific analysis »[Belyanin 2003: 129].

Object of our experimental research was the word demanding the comment, and the comment to it. To establish the fact of influence of the comment to an unfamiliar word on construction of a projection of the text by the reader, psycholinguistic experiment has been organised and made.

In the course of preparation for experiment carrying out the following working hypothesis has been formulated: the translational comment is based on forecasting of the future perception of the text of transfer and influences a projection of the text of the reader, approaching it to an author's projection.

Verification of the formulated hypothesis was carried out in a format of two experiments in which process following problems were solved:

1) to define conformity of metacommunicative activity of the translator at a choice and commenting of lacunas in the text to inquiries of readers;

2) to reveal degree of understanding of the text the reader in the absence of the translational comment;

3) to connect the revealed features of projections of the text, the created readers, with lichnostno-psychological characteristics of the last.

2.1.2.

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A source: ZAHAROVA Natalia Vladimirovna. the ROLE of the MADE comments WORD In the PROJECTION of the TEXT of the READER. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tver - 2014. 2014

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