THE WORK GENERAL CHARACTERISTIC

Dissertational work is devoted studying of features of functioning of English-speaking loans in individual consciousness. For the present moment in the field of research of loans considerable results are reached.

Problems of classification of loans, the reasons of their occurrence in language, and also questions of assimilation of loan words are considered by domestic and foreign linguists (see, for example, [Betts 1949; Vajnrajh 1953; Haugen 1950; Blumfild 1968; Zabavnikov 1966; Rajst 1966; Krysin 1968; Lotte 1982; Zabotkina 1989; Vinogradov 1994; Kostomarov 1994; SHustrova 2008], etc.).

In our research loan is considered not only as result of penetration of words of one language in other language, but also as unit of an individual lexicon of the person. Such psycholinguistic approach to loan sees actual as allows to find answers to questions on how and on the basis of what the understanding of loan words native speakers occurs.

The research urgency is defined by necessity of studying of specificity of functioning of loans for individual consciousness, revealings and concrete definitions of the factors influencing features of understanding of loan words. The work urgency also is connected with studying of the designated problem on a material of loans from English language because last decades the considerable intensification of process of loan of anglicisms is observed.

Object of dissertational research are English-speaking loans, as an object of research features of perception, understanding, identification of English-speaking loans in individual consciousness and the factors influencing their functioning act.

The following hypothesis is put in a research basis: between value of English-speaking loan in consciousness of carriers of language - of the recipient and value of a prototype of this word, fixed in explanatory dictionaries of English language, there are the distinctions caused by influence of a language context, personal experience, language and not language knowledge, linguistic and extralinguistic factors.

The purpose of considered work consists in revealing of specificity of functioning of English-speaking loans in individual consciousness of the native speaker.

For object in view achievement the decision of following problems was required:

1) to study and generalise scientific publications on loan problems, to consider features of the psycholinguistic approach to research of loan words;

2) to study a problem of identification of a word in psycholinguistics;

3) to consider possibilities of influence of a context and other extralinguistic and linguistic factors on functioning of loan words;

4) to choose experimental research techniques;

5) to create the case of investigated English-speaking loans;

6) to analyse the data obtained during experiment and to allocate the strategy used by Russian and Bulgarian participants at identification of English-speaking loans;

7) to analyse means verbal reprezentatsii values of English-speaking loans in consciousness of native speakers on the basis of the received subjective definitions;

8) to define character of associative communications between investigated English-speaking loans and reactions received on them, to track influence of linguistic and extralinguistic factors on features of functioning of English-speaking loans.

Scientific novelty of work consists in the analysis of functioning of English-speaking loans from the point of view of the psycholinguistic approach with focusing on features of strategy of identification of the anglicisms used by carriers of Russian both Bulgarian languages, and the factors causing their functioning.

Following the results of the carried out research are formulated and following theoretical positions are taken out on protection.

1. In the course of identification of English-speaking loans in the conditions of presence of a language context following strategy are used: selection of a synonym-similjara, a direct definition, a concrete definition, a literal translation, an illustration an example, motivations, negations, support on similarity zvukobukvennogo a complex, refusal of a definition.

2. It is possible to consider the revealed strategy of identification of English-speaking loans universal for representatives considered lingvokulturnyh groups, and the choice of this or that strategy and feature of interpretation of value of English-speaking loans are determined by influence of a language context of the use of a word, knowledge and the representations connected with a word, stored in memory of the native speaker.

3. Not in all cases the support on a language context provides adequate understanding of English-speaking loans. Native speakers can neglect a language context if consider that possess knowledge and experience, sufficient for interpretation of value of an anglicism.

4. Formation, a trade, age, a gender influence character of associative behaviour of native speakers at access to English-speaking loan that is shown in specificity of associative communications between a word-stimulus and reaction, in a choice of the support participating in formation of associations.

5. Sound and graphic forms of English-speaking loan are the most actual support for native speakers with a technical education. Native speakers with linguistic formation lean on some kind of the internal form of a loan word is more often.

The theoretical importance of research will be defined by its contribution to studying of features of functioning of the concrete language phenomenon (English-speaking loans) to individual consciousness. Reviewed work shows, that value of English-speaking loan in consciousness of the native speaker is formed under the influence of the language context, available knowledge and previous experience that is shown in discrepancy of values of the same English-speaking loans in consciousness as carriers of one language, and carriers of different languages.

The practical importance of work consists in possibility of use of its results in courses of lectures, seminars and special courses on linguistics, the language theory, psycholinguistics, kognitivnoj to linguistics, at drawing up of explanatory dictionaries, associative dictionaries, by preparation by students of course works and abstracts on these disciplines.

Researches make works of scientists in the field of linguistics, linguistics, sociolinguistics, concepts of loan (L.P.Krysin,

Base foreign kognitivnoj definition

The theoretical

Domestic and psycholinguistics, lingvokulturologii:

L.M.Bash, D.S.Lotte), classifications of loan words (JU.T.listrova However, S.V.Grinev, M.I.Fomina, O.Behagl, F.Vrede, G.Hirt), the psycholinguistic theory of a word as properties of the individual (A.A.Zalevsky), the theory of a many-tier structure of a lexicon (A.A.Zalevsky), the psycholinguistic approach to studying of loans (O.V.Vysochina, I.V.Djakonova, So-called Mamontova), strategic model of identification of a word (L.V.badger, T.G.Rodionova, S.I.Togoeva, T.JU.Sazonov).

As methods and research procedures the method, a descriptive method, subjective definitions were used a method and

The analysis and synthesis, comparative psycholinguistic methods (a method an associative method), generalisation theoretical and experimental

Data.

As research material English-speaking loans have served in Russian and Bulgarian languages.

Table 1. Experiment materials on subjective definitions

Participants Quantity of participants Quantity of investigated English-speaking loans Quantity of the received definitions Total of the received definitions
Russian 92 22 2024 2794
Bulgarians 55 14 770

Table 2. Materials of associative experiment

Participants Quantity of participants Quantity of investigated English-speaking loans Quantity of the received associations Total of the received associations
Students 20 15 391 1112
Teachers

HIGH SCHOOL

20 371
Employees of factory 20 300

The basic results of research have passed approbation in the form of reports and theses at scientifically-practical conferences: the International scientifically-practical conference źScientific and educational space: development prospects╗ (Cheboksary, 2015), International scientifically - practical conference źthe New science: problems and prospects╗ (Sterlitamak, on September, 26th, 2016), VI International scientifically-practical conference źLanguage for the special purposes: system, functions, environment╗ (Kursk, JUZGU, on May, 14-15th, 2016), XVIII International symposium on psycholinguistics and the communications theory (Moscow, on May, 24-26th, 2016), Studentska nauchna sesija - SNS ’ 17 (Bulgaria, of Ruse, on May, 18th, 2017), VII International scientifically-practical conference źLanguage for the special purposes: system, functions, environment╗ (Kursk, JUZGU, on May, 17-18th, 2018).

On a research theme 9 articles in total amount 3,78 items of l are published., 3 from which 1,68 items of l enter into the list of leading reviewed scientific magazines and the editions recommended VAK of the Ministry and a science of the Russian Federation, total amount., the personal contribution - 3,78 items of l.

The structure of dissertational work is defined by specificity of tasks in view. Work consists of the introduction, two heads, the conclusion, the literature and appendix list.

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A source: OVCHINNIKOVA Marina Sergeevna. ENGLISH-SPEAKING LOANS In INDIVIDUAL CONSCIOUSNESS (psycholinguistic research). The dissertation AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Phil.Sci. Tver - 2018. 2018

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