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INTRODUCTION the Urgency of a theme of dissertational research.

For last years in Russia the system of the political power, economic relations and spiritual sphere have considerably changed. The transformations spent in the country which have concerned practically of all aspects of life of a society and the state, have faced many serious social problems.
Considerable growth of criminality, its qualitative change concerns one of them. The criminality becomes more organised, gets into economy and a policy, possesses considerable financial resources, turns to real threat of national safety of Russia. It objectively causes search of new approaches in the organisation of activity of law enforcement bodies of the country. The special place in system of law enforcement bodies is occupied with criminally-executive system (UIS) which, along with law-enforcement functions, realises problems of education condemned, is industrial-economic activities, is material-household and medical maintenance. For years of the Soviet power in the organisation of execution of punishments many problems have collected: a priority of industrial problems, the ideologizirovanno-compulsory approach to education condemned, essential restrictions of their legal status and many other things. In a complex they have essentially affected character and rates of spent transformations UIS. Last ten years of transformation are carried out on qualitative other principles: democratism, humanism, real expansion of the rights condemned, the account of international legal certificates concerning execution of punishments, participation public both human rights organisations in development and realisation of actions for reforming UIS. Essential lacks of activity UIS and problems which collected decades, and also radicalism of spent transformations, have objectively shown what quickly to carry out reforms in UIS it is impossible. Time, the considerable resources, fundamental scientific researches, and also scale organisation-legal efforts For this purpose is required. Reform UIS in modern Russia actually originates from the end of 80th of XX century In 1996 the President of the Russian Federation the Concept of reorganisation of criminally-executive (penitantiary) system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (for the period till 2005), directed on functioning and development UIS maintenance according to the standard international standards in the field of execution of punishments has been approved. Special value thus has the accepted new Criminally-executive code of the Russian Federation (Wick) which has taken effect since July, 1st, 1997, created strong legal base for development UIS in modern conditions. The important decision in business of democratisation UIS was acceptance on October, 8th, 1997 the decree of the President of the Russian Federation № 1100 źAbout reforming of criminally-executive system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation╗, providing its transfer to Ministry conducting jus - titsii the Russian Federation. The new stage of transformations UIS has begun with this period. As a whole, more than ten years' experience of transformations in UIS has brought positive results. Number condemned in the places of confinement consistently decreases, new relations between the personnel and condemned are formed, based on vzaimouvazhenii and trust, all excessive restrictions as execution of punishments are actually removed, the problem of maintenance condemned by a foodstuff is solved. In result, in the places of confinement it is not admitted mass rioting, the quantity of offences and crimes among the condemned is reduced. The told does not mean, that reform UIS already is completely realised and in it there are no vital issues. Till now actual there are questions of the organisation of activity correctional facilities, the further perfection of legal base of execution of punishments, control systems UIS. Thereupon the theoretical and practical importance is got by the analysis and generalisation of the saved up experience of reforming UIS, revealing of tendencies available here and laws. Taking into consideration from the majority of foreign countries, it is possible to establish scale of spent transformations, their positive estimation, that the given experience has not only Russian, but also the international value.
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A source: JALUNIN V.U.. REFORM of CRIMINALLY-EXECUTIVE SYSTEM of MODERN Russia / the Dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the master of laws. 2004

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