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the Condition of a scientific readiness of a problem.

at a work writing the domestic and foreign literature on criminology, criminal law, "terrologii", sociology and psychology was widely used. Thus it is necessary to notice, that in the foreign literature the considered problem owing to a number of the objective and subjective reasons has received much bigger illumination.
In the conclusions the author of dissertation leant against works of such domestic scientists-jurists, as: A.N.Trajnin, P.S.Romashkin, J.M.Antonjan, V.E.Eminov, J1.H. Galensky, I.I.Karpets, N.F.Kuznetsova, V.N.Kudrjavtsev, L.A.Modzhorjan, A.I.Gurov, E.G.Ljahov, V.P.Panov, M.P.Kireev, V.V.Luneev, V.S.Ovchinsky, S.S.Ovchinsky, A.S.Ovchinsky, E.F.Pobegajlo, G.M.Minkovsky, V.P.Revin, M.I.Enikeev, Century PIllarionov, B. S.Komissarov, O.V.Starkov, V.E.Petrishchev., N.N.Vasilev, N.N.Chuhvichev N.N. And others. Besides it, in work on the dissertation works of modern domestic psychologists, sociologists, historians, political scientists and participants of special divisions of the law enforcement bodies anyhow considering problems of terrorism were widely used. Here it is necessary name following names: C. A.Efirov, V.V.Vitjuk, A.S.Grachev, E.Genri, N.A.Romanov, B.G.Churkov., O.M.Nechiporenko, I.B.Linder, S.A.Titkov, M.E.Orlova, S.A.Goncharov, O.V.Budnitsky, S.A.Stepanov, E.A.Pain, etc. As the beginning of studying of terrorism in the domestic scientific and memoirs literature concerns a boundary XIX - XX centuries, therefore at a manuscript writing, especially in its historical part, the author addressed to P.A.Kropotkina, M.A.Bakunin, A.V.Gerasimov, A.N.Spiridovicha, B.Savinkov, S.JU.Vitte, N.N.Berdjaeva, S.L.franc's products and of some other domestic authors of this period. At last, during research and at a formulation of conclusions the author of dissertation actively used works of such known foreign criminologists, psychologists, and "terrologov", as D.Poust, P.Vilkin-a dream, Dzhenkinz, Alexander R.Sole, M.Pojatovski, Z.Kaufman, U.Laker, N.Kon, R.Pajps, Z.Serve, Z.Deniker, L.Dispo, M.Veviorka, A.Zhejsmar, 3. Freud, E. Fromm, K.Lorentz, K.Horni, A.Adler, B.Skiner, etc. Scientific novelty of the dissertation consists that it actually one of early complex kriminologicheskih terrorism researches in modern Russia and struggle against it. In it a number of new positions is proved, in particular is given kriminologicheskoe definition of terrorism which are represented important as in scientific, and practical plans. Taking into account the scientific importance and novelty of results of research on protection following substantive provisions are taken out: 1. The terrorism is rather mass display of certificates of terrorism and acts of terrorism. In kriminologicheskom the plan the terrorism is a deliberate destruction, damage, capture of any object, including physical persons, or other violent actions concerning them or threat of fulfilment of such actions with simultaneous promotion of political, economic or other socially significant requirements. Thus the basic characteristic of similar acts is intimidation which can act as the purpose and as a consequence. 2. Along with terrorism definition in work its classification is given. On the basis of studying of the available domestic and foreign literature the author suggests to allocate three rather independent versions of terrorism: 1) ideologically caused terrorism, that is having in the basis any ideological underlying reason (its every possible versions nationalist, religious here join, separative and to that of similar character); 2) criminal terrorism - criminal activity of representatives of the criminal environment, having the terrorist form (for example, the crimes made with use of explosives and explosives); 3) terrorism of singles - certificates of terrorism and the acts of terrorism made by separate persons and persons with mental anomalies. 3.
The comparative analysis of pre-revolutionary and modern terrorism for the reasons, motives, the purposes, structure of participants allows to speak about their basic distinction as in the first case it is a question of the political phenomenon, in - the second about criminal. Thus the modern Russian terrorism, being a consequence of logic development of the organised crime and its exit on other level of criminal activity, has mainly mercenary, instead of the political nature. 4. The causal complex of terrorism in Russia at the present stage includes three consecutive levels a determinant: deep - historical, ethnocultural, konfessionalnye the reasons characterised by stability and representing the greatest complexity from the point of view of precautionary influence; base, connected with change of social and economic system and transition period crisis; the current reasons derivative from a determinant of the second level - the most numerous group (for example, a demographic problem, mass distribution of the weapon, legislative neuregulirovannost many questions and other). Each of three groups a determinant in turn incorporates weight concrete kriminogennyh and viktimogennyh factors. 5. In respect of preventive activity, proceeding from the analysis of domestic and foreign experience, necessity of continuation of work on creation of complete and accurate system of struggle against terrorism in Russia at nation-wide level with definition of a role and a place of its each subject is proved. The place of law-enforcement bodies in this system follows from their functional problems. Considering the difficult causal complex of terrorism having three-level structure a determinant, OVD independently can influence only rather limited circle of the last. Role OVD is reduced mainly to suppression of certificates of terrorism by carrying out of special actions. (Detailed consideration of special actions is not included into a subject of the given dissertation). 6. From the point of view of perfection of the criminally-legal legislation it is offered to consider the problem on possibility of change of the formulation of item 205 UK of the Russian Federation for the purpose of more concrete definition of terrorism as political crime and, as consequence, its more accurate differentiation with other kinds of similar criminal actions on the character. In this connection possible carrying over of item 205 to chapter 29 źCrimes against bases of the constitutional system and safety of the state╗ section X UK is represented to the Russian Federation.
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A source: Nazarkin Michael Vladimirovich. Criminological characteristics and prevention of terrorism. Dis. ... Cand. legal sciences - M.. 2007

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