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Introduction

The urgency of a theme of research of associative forms of co-operation of subjects of the Russian Federation is caused by requirements of strengthening and the further development of horizontal federal relations for the Russian Federation, and also government perfection at regional level.

Associative cooperation at level of subjects of the Russian Federation is rather new practice of intersubject interaction in the Russian Federation which formation was necessary for carrying out of the constitutional reform of a state system of Russia in 90-s' years of the XX-th century on the basis of principles of the state integrity, unities of system of the government, differentiation of terms of reference and powers between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, equality and self-determination of the people in the Russian Federation, and also equality of subjects of the Russian Federation among themselves.

Introduction in action of the Federal act from December, 17th, 1999 № 211-FZ «About the general principles of the organisation and activity of associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation», the legal and accepted with a view of maintenance legal, economic and organizational guarantees of their activity, promoted consolidation of efforts of subjects of the Russian Federation in preservation and functioning of uniform economic and legal space in all territory of the Russian Federation.

Now both the federal and regional legislation give to subjects of the Russian Federation is right to define independently kinds of intersubject interaction, including by creation of inter-regional associations (associations), an establishment of a legal regime of their activity, definition of ways of participation of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in their organisation and activity, etc.

At all variety of the problems solved by subjects of the Russian Federation by legislative fastening of forms of associative cooperation, in the Russian science of a constitutional law till now there are no the special researches devoted to an establishment of their special legal nature and the organisation-legal mechanism of realisation.

Thus, from the theoretical and applied point of view the given dissertational research represents timely and necessary.

Degree of a readiness of a theme of dissertational research.

Intersubject cooperation in the Russian Federation and its kinds represent an interdisciplinary object of research. In a science of a constitutional law questions of interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation among themselves, as a rule, obzorno are considered in a context of federal and parliamentary building of the Russian state.

The considerable part of proceedings in which questions institualizatsii inter-regional communications are considered, belongs to representatives of other social studies. So, politiko-legal aspects of cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation are analyzed in L.N.Gabdrahmanovoj, N.D.Borshchika, K.J.Kudina, V.J.Peskova's works, and social and economic - in G.S.Akbashevoj, N.V.Beketov, B.A.Gambovoj, E.A.Izvolsky, A.O.Lesovoj, N.A.Mamedovoj, J.V.proporenko, V.V. Smirnova, J.I.Trubnikovoj's scientific publications, etc.

At the same time a constitutional law science the dissertational researches devoted to intersubject interaction in the Russian Federation are known, including: A.A.Goncharov «Horizontal level of federal relations: questions of legal regulation of relations between subjects of the Russian Federation» (2002); M.A.Meshcherjakovoj «the Konstitutsionno-legal mechanism

Interactions of subjects of the Russian Federation »(2010);

R.I.Nurutdinovoj «institute of inter-parliamentary cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation» (2013); L.I.Bagautdinovoj

«Inter-regional cooperation of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation: konstitutsionno-legal research» (2016).

Despite presence of some scientific works on various aspects of inter-regional cooperation in the Russian Federation, questions of associative cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation in horizontal federal relations demand separate and deeper studying in a constitutional law science.

Object of dissertational research are the public relations arising in the course of legislative fastening and practical functioning of associative forms of co-operation of subjects of the Russian Federation.

As subject of dissertational research rules of law of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, federal acts, subordinate legislation standard legal acts of the Russian Federation, constitutions (charters), laws and subordinate legislation standard legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, certificates of contractual law-making, doktrinalnye positions about inter-regional associations (associations) of subjects Russian act

Federations, and also legal acts of parliamentary associations and associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation.

Methodological basis of dissertational research

Have constituted general philosophical, general scientific, special and private methods of knowledge: dialectic, system-structural, sravnitelnopravovoj, historical, legallistic and other methods of research.

The general dialectic method of scientific knowledge has allowed to analyse scientific views and the representations devoted to intersubject cooperation in the Russian Federation and its kinds, in their unity, interrelation and development. The system-structural method has allowed to consider the problem comprehensively on the state functions, to systematise available kinds and forms of the inter-regional

Cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation in horizontal federal relations to establish ways of participation of municipal unions in associative forms of co-operation of subjects of the Russian Federation. Rather-legal method of knowledge has allowed to define the general and especial lines in legal nature of parliamentary associations and associations of economic interaction of subjects

The Russian Federation. The historical method of knowledge was used for an establishment of objective laws in formation and development of legal regulation of associative cooperation of subjects

The Russian Federation and its basic forms. At studying of standard and empirical bases of dissertational research it is applied

Legallistic method of knowledge.

The purpose of dissertational research consists in developing and proving complete scientific representation about associative forms of co-operation of subjects of the Russian Federation at the present stage of development of horizontal federal relations in the Russian Federation.

Necessity of achievement of the specified purpose has predetermined statement and the decision of following problems:

- To carry out the teoretiko-legal analysis of scientific approaches to the characteristic of concept and the mechanism of realisation of function of cooperation in a federative state;

- To establish structure of the mechanism of realisation of function of cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation, to allocate its elements and to investigate their maintenance;

- To formulate concept, to establish structure and the maintenance of the mechanism of realisation of a minorant function of associative cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation;

- To define the basic forms of realisation of associative cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation;

- To establish and open features of legal nature

Parliamentary associations of subjects of the Russian Federation;

- To establish and open features of legal nature

Associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation;

- To define a place and a role legislative (representative) and executive powers of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation in formation and functioning of parliamentary associations and associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation;

- To establish the basic forms of participation of municipal unions and their bodies in associative cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation;

- To reveal the lacks of the current legislation interfering effective development of associative forms of co-operation of subjects of the Russian Federation.

Theoretical bases of dissertational research

Works in the field of history, the general theory of law and the state, a science of a constitutional law, a munitsipalno-legal science and other branch jurisprudence - E.A.Abrosomovoj, S.A.Avakjana have served,

A. A.Antonova, N.V.Ahrem, S.V.Babayev, M.V.Baglaja, L.I.Bagautdinovoj, E.N.Balueva, O.V.Bezrukov, A.I.Bobyleva, O.N.Bulakova, L.D.Burinovoj, J.A.Vaseninoj, JU.A.manag, A.I.Gnatenko, J.A.Demjanenko, N.V.Zagorulko, S.B.Zinnovsky, T.A.Koval, G.A.Kovalchuka,

B. M.Korelskogo, O.A.Kozhevnikova, V.N.Kruchinina, V.V. Lazareva, B.M.Lazareva, E.V.Lukova, A.V.Malko, G.N.Manova, N.I.Matuzova, I.V.Moiseenko, R.R.Mullagalievoj, R.I.Nurutdinovoj, K.V.Obrazhieva, V.D.Perevalova, P.V.Pozdeeva, O.V.Romanovskoj, R.A.Romashova,

A. V.Savoskina, T.V.Sojfer, I.M.Stepanova, V.A.Terekhin,

B. A.Tumanova, G.R.Habibullinoj, T.J.Habrievoj, V.N.Hropanjuka, V.E.Chirkina, J.A.Judina, h.p. JAvicha, etc.

Empirical basis of dissertational research decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation have constituted, legal acts of parliamentary associations and associations of the economic

Interactions of subjects of the Russian Federation, and also dogovory (agreements) on inter-regional cooperation of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, parliamentary associations and associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation.

Scientific novelty of dissertational research is caused by that in it the expediency of allocation of cooperation as the function immanently inherent in subjects of the Russian Federation as direct participants of horizontal federal relations in the Russian Federation for the first time is proved. On the basis of theoretical positions about the state functions developed by the general science of theory of state and law, the mechanism of realisation of function of cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation reveals, its components are allocated and their maintenance is defined. In dissertational research the new idea about allocation in the function of cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation minorant functions of associative cooperation embodying features of their joint cooperation within the limits of parliamentary associations created by them, associations of economic interaction and other forms of inter-regional associations of subjects of the Russian Federation also is proved. The concept and the mechanism of realisation of the given minorant function is defined, its compound components are established and their maintenance is shined. In dissertational research scientific representations about the basic forms of associative cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation in the form of parliamentary associations and associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation also extend, such signs of their legal nature which did not act earlier as a subject of special studying come to light.

Results of dissertational research are the following substantive provisions which are taken out on protection:

1. Cooperation as joint participation of subjects Russian

Federations in the decision of the common causes, carried out by means of inter-parliamentary, intergovernmental and interdepartmental activity of public authorities of subjects Russian

Federations, it is necessary to consider as special function of the regional government in the Russian Federation. As basic elements of the mechanism of its realisation act: the purposes, problems, principles, methods, forms, subjects, intersubject interrelations and interaction communications, and also is standard-legal bases of cooperation.

2. Associative cooperation at level of subjects Russian

Federations are represented by an independent kind of inter-regional activity of public authorities of subjects Russian

Federations, and also the local governments, carried out by them on the joint beginnings by means of voluntary association in it is advisory advisory bodies nadregioanalnogo the level, intended to provide on the basis of principles of equality, partnership and coordination, their adjusted interaction as at the decision of the general questions of their competence, and at representation and protection of their mutual interests.

3. Inter-parliamentary associative cooperation of subjects of the Russian Federation represents one of independent directions of inter-parliamentary activity of legislative (representative) public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation which is carried out by them is joint by means of voluntary association in parliamentary associations of subjects of the Russian Federation as is advisory advisory bodies nadregionalnogo the values called on the basis of equality, partnership and coordination to resolve the questions of their general competence established on the basis of institute of differentiation of terms of reference and powers in the Russian Federation, by the organisation of their combined action.

4. Discriminating signs of parliamentary associations of subjects of the Russian Federation are predetermined by features of their legal nature, established by articles of incorporation and charters, according to which: the parliamentary association of subjects of the Russian Federation represents the collegiate body with consultative and advisory functions, on the one hand, and the organisation close to the external signs with public associations (public organisations) - with another; the parliamentary association of subjects of the Russian Federation is the noncommercial organisation created by legislative (representative) public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation as public legal bodies, on the one hand, and voluntary association - with another.

5. Created by subjects of the Russian Federation Legislative Councils (heads) of legislative (representative) public authorities can be considered as the independent form of the inter-regional inter-parliamentary association which discriminating signs are caused by features of their legal nature as the collegiate bodies with consultative and advisory functions.

6. Associative cooperation in the form of creation of associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation represents one of independent directions partner (konsensualnoj) activity legislative (representative) and executive powers of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation with participation in the cases provided by charters and articles of incorporation of associations, the local governments, carried out by them is joint on the basis of equality and cooperation by voluntary association in the noncommercial organisation according to requirements of the federal legislation for coordination of their joint cooperation on the general questions of the competence, and also representation and protection of their mutual interests.

7. As discriminating signs of legal nature of associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation act: unity of overall aims and the organisation-legal form (the noncommercial organisation); participation equal in rights legislative (representative) and (or) executive powers of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation in their formation; the special reasons organisation-legal institutsionalizatsii; variety of legal ways institutsionalizatsii; flexibility and dynamism; differentiation of a legal condition of subjects of the Russian Federation as a part of association of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation; polisubektnost associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation as subjects of law.

8. As a legal basis of participation of local governments in associative forms of co-operation of subjects of the Russian Federation the right of municipal unions to inter-regional cooperation with public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation acts. As the basic way of realisation of the right of municipal unions of the Russian Federation on inter-regional cooperation and subjects of the Russian Federation the institute of membership and representation in inter-parliamentary associations and associations of economic interaction of subjects of the Russian Federation, and also in other forms of inter-regional association acts.

The theoretical and practical importance of dissertational research is expressed that the formulated theoretical positions and conclusions develop and supplement: the doctrine about the state functions; the doctrine about federalism regarding specification of subjects of exclusive conducting subjects of the Russian Federation and powers of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation out of limits of conducting the Russian Federation and powers of the Russian Federation in subjects of joint conducting the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation; the doctrine about parliamentarism regarding specification of scientific representations about organisation-legal forms of inter-regional inter-parliamentary activity; theoretical positions of a science of a constitutional law about subjects and constitutional law sources as branches of law.

Results of dissertational research can be used within the limits of practical activities of public authorities and local governments at the organisation of inter-regional associations in the form of association, and also their functioning; in pravotvorcheskoj activity on the further perfection of the legislation in sphere of inter-regional cooperation of public authorities and local governments; in nauchnoissledovatelskoj activity on corresponding problematics; educational process at studying of such disciplines, as "Constitutional law", «the Municipal right», "Administrative law", «the Parliamentary right», and also by preparation of manuals, uchebnometodicheskih materials, lectures and a practical training.

Approbation of results of dissertational research.

Dissertational work is prepared and approved on faculty meeting constitutional and administrative law of the Kazan (Privolzhsky) federal university. Substantive provisions and research conclusions are stated in 13 publications of the author from which 3 have been published in the editions recommended VAK to the Russian Federation, 2 - in the foreign magazines indexed in DB Scopus and Web of Science.

Substantive provisions and conclusions of dissertational work were stated in reports and messages at following scientifically-practical conferences: the International scientifically-practical conference «Innovative development of a modern science» (Ufa, 2014); IX International nauchnoprakticheskaja conference of students and post-graduate students: «Doctrines about

Legal relations at legal schools: to the 210 anniversary of faculty of law of the Kazan university »(Kazan, 2014); IX International scientifically-practical conference« Background political processes and right development (M, 2014); IX International nauchnoprakticheskaja conference «About problems of perfection of the Russian legal system» (N.Novgorod, 2015); H International nauchnoprakticheskaja conference «Legal responsibility in the conditions of the international integration» (Kazan, 2015); XI All-Russia nauchnoprakticheskaja conference «Derzhavinsky readings» (Moscow, Kazan, 2016);

I International scientifically-practical convent of students and post-graduate students «Jurisprudence and practice 2.0: a prospection» (Kazan, 2016); XII All-Russia scientifically-practical conference «Derzhavinsky readings» (Moscow, Kazan, 2017); II International scientifically-practical convent of students and post-graduate students «Revolution in the right: proryvnye ideas in the modern Russian right» (Kazan, 2017); the International scientifically-practical conference «Disclosing, investigation and the prevention of the crimes connected with violence over minors» (Moscow, 2017).

The dissertation structure is caused by an object in view and problems and includes introduction, 3 heads consolidating 7 paragraphs, the conclusion and the bibliographic list.

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A source: IBRAGIMOV ARTHUR GASANGUSEJNOVICH. Associative forms of co-operation of subjects of the Russian Federation: konstitutsionno-legal Research. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the master of laws. Kazan - 2018. 2018

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