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2.5. Metaphorical use of names of accidentals

Bekar is the musical sign cancelling action of a previous sharp or a flat and restoring major importance of the note [BTS, 2000:69].

I too have received yours "bekar" from the ministry, it means, that we will meet not soon.

In the Soviet consulate me have met politely, but promised nothing. Probably, for visa reception the solid patronage or a happy case (V.A.Kaverin is necessary. Before a mirror (1965-1970)).

In the given example the term bekar is used in value "refusal". Just as the sign bekar cancels action of other signs (a previous sharp or a flat), in the resulted example refusal in the request metaphorically is expressed to give the visa.

Motivating metaphorical carrying over semoj "cancellation" in this case is.

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept => abstract concept».

- The poor girl, - has told Edik. Also has added: - Full bekar. On its adverb these words meant fiasco. (L.Zorin, the Farewell march (2007))

According to S.B.Kozintsa and K.A.Solomatina, in the given example «the idea of cancellation, failure something has laid down in a basis of metaphorical value« crash, fiasco »» [Kozinets, Solomatin, 2011: 278]. We agree with the given statement. Motivating metaphorical carrying over semy: "cancellation", «failure something».

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept => abstract concept».

Flat - the musical sign designating fall of a sound on a semitone. [BTS, 2000:71].

It is important to notice, that use in a piece of music of the given accidentals leads to change of harmony of a piece of music.

And music of the Moscow combinations on the western flat you will not shift.

- "Not to lay in the sizes of scores captivating and barbarous confusion" (Don Aminado. A train on the third way (1954)).

In the given example the author underlines specificity of the east and the West: the confusion of the east is opposed the harmonious score of the West. Metaphorical carrying over is carried out on the basis of motivating semy "semitone".

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept => abstract concept».

The sharp is the musical sign designating fall of a sound on a semitone. [BTS, 2000:258].

I - a sharp, in half-tone proud

The sign, burning down a fire.

Sometimes a flat obedient,

If only not to be bekarom!

I - a sharp on a musical camp,

I raise on half-tone Mad dreams Shout in nights of the sleepless

(A.Rosenbaum. The collection of poems of 1996). In the given example metaforizujutsja at once all three names of accidentals: a sharp, bekar and a flat. The author uses such developed metaphor to characterise the inwardness, mood. A sharp - pride, a flat - a humility condition, bekar - cancellation, failure something.

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept => the person».

Conclusions

1) In the given lexical set all lexemes entering into it (100 %) are subject to processes metaforizatsii.

2) Metaphorical carrying over is carried out on the basis of the following motivating this: "cancellation", "semitone".

3) As a result of the analysis of processes metaforizatsii following models of metaphorical carrying over are revealed:

Musical concept => abstract concept (2) musical concept => the person (1)

4) It is revealed 3 neleksikografirovannye metaphors.

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A source: HOHONIN DMITRY EVGENEVICH. LEXICON of SEMANTIC sphere "music" in METAPHORICAL USE. 2014

More on topic 2.5. Metaphorical use of names of accidentals:

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  2. 2.7. Metaphorical use of names of singing voices and their registers
  3. 2.6. Metaphorical use of names of musical frets
  4. 2.8. Metaphorical use of names of the persons connected with musical activity and a trade
  5. 2.2. Metaphorical use of names of musical forms
  6. 2.9. Metaphorical use of names of the musical terms which are not forming lexical sets
  7. 2.3. Metaphorical use of names of musical rates and dynamic shades
  8. 2.4. Metaphorical use of names of receptions of game on musical instruments and musical strokes
  9. 2.1. Metaphorical carrying over
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