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2.7. Metaphorical use of names of singing voices and their registers

the Baritone

1. A man's voice, average on height between a bass and the tenor; a singing voice of such timbre. 2. The singer with such voice. 3. A string or wind musical instrument srodnogo the register and a timbre.

[BTS, 2000:544].

Let's consider examples metaforizatsii the given musical term.

Thus the engine rolls so, what all associates unmistakably learn? The Ferrari goes. Buyers pay and for the adjusted baritone of an exhaust. (Alexander ShChuplov. A name of the tinman (2004)//«Round light», 2004.06.15).

In the given example metaphorical carrying over is carried out on the basis of motivating semy «a low sound».

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept» => physical concept ».

From reaching on the river blagovestnogo chorus the dense baritone of a cathedral bell clearly acted.

(A.A.Fet. The uncle and the cousin brother (1855)).

Motivating sema «a low sound».

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept» => physical concept ».

Bass

1. The lowest man's voice; a singing voice of such timbre. 2. The singer with such voice. 3. A string or wind musical instrument of the low register.

Soprano

1. A high female voice. 2. The singer with such voice. 3. The top (first) voice in mnogogolosnom a piece of music [BTS, 2000:1236].

From windows a barrel, in a night pipe the cleared up wind (A.I.Kuprin howled that a bass, a shrill soprano. A black lightning (1912)).

In the given example metaforizujutsja at once 2 lexemes entering into a lexical set «names of singing voices and their registers» (a bass and a soprano).

Motivating semy: «a low sound», «a high sound».

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept => physical concept».

I only have started to fall asleep, as over the right ear at me the shrill soprano of a mosquito (I.A.Goncharov was distributed. A frigate "Pallada" (1855)).

Motivating sema «a high sound».

Metaphorical model:

«Musical concept => physical concept».

Conclusions

1) lexical set Research «» has shown names of singing voices and their registers, that 50 % of units of the given group are subject to processes metaforizatsii.

2) Metaphorical carrying over is carried out on the basis of the following motivating this: «a low sound» and «a high sound»

3) As a result of the analysis of processes metaforizatsii the following model of metaphorical carrying over is revealed: «musical concept => physical concept» (2).

4) It is revealed 3 neleksikografirovannye metaphors.

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A source: HOHONIN DMITRY EVGENEVICH. LEXICON of SEMANTIC sphere "music" in METAPHORICAL USE. 2014

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  2. 2.1. Metaphorical use of names of musical instruments and their components
  3. 2.6. Metaphorical use of names of musical frets
  4. 2.8. Metaphorical use of names of the persons connected with musical activity and a trade
  5. 2.2. Metaphorical use of names of musical forms
  6. 2.9. Metaphorical use of names of the musical terms which are not forming lexical sets
  7. 2.3. Metaphorical use of names of musical rates and dynamic shades
  8. 2.4. Metaphorical use of names of receptions of game on musical instruments and musical strokes
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  10. 2.1. Metaphorical carrying over
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