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2.8. Metaphorical use of names of the persons connected with musical activity and a trade

the Drummer

1. The musician playing a drum; the one who beats in a drum. 2. ZHarg. The informer [BTS, 2000:59].

Hitler, with its simple political psychology, with its rude and booming propaganda tool — «the drummer of national Germany», — was able to influence perfectly suffering national feeling, on the offended German patriotism

(N.

V.Ustrjalov. The German national socialism (1933)).

In the given example we meet expression «the drummer of national Germany». It is known, that any piece of music has a rhythmic basis, and the drummer is a person who sets a rhythm.

Just as music execution depends on a rhythm, the rhythm of a life of Germany depended in those days on Hitler as leader.

Metaphorical carrying over is carried out on the basis of motivating semy: «a setting rhythm».

Metaphorical model:

«The person => the person».

Who I, speak, tell, if you know?

It-is known, I speak, who. The German you, Germans the son, the soldier the drummer.

- Has grinned in all physiognomy, porsknul on me, as a cat crazy.

- You have gone crazy, it is visible, the old woman, has absolutely gone crazy! Not the German I, not the drummer, and bogovenchannyj the tsar vseja Russia, your late husband reigning Feodora the stepbrother.

- Here already the rage me took. So to it in a muzzle also has spat, so and has shouted: a dog you, the dog son, the impostor, Grishka Otrepev, an anathema - here you who! (D.S.Merezhkovsky. Peter and Alexey (1905)).

In the given example at the term "drummer" metaphorical value "informer", "informer", the informer »develops, that is equivalent to treachery. Pragmatical value - condemnation. Since the most ancient times the drum, first of all, was used as the alarm tool, therefore, using a word"drummer", the author means, that people have betrayed the Native land, have come over to the enemy party.

Motivating sema "signal".

Metaphorical model:

«The person => the person».

The conductor is the person operating an orchestra, chorus, opera or ballet performance [BTS, 2000:260].

Let's consider examples metaforizatsii the given musical term.

It - one of those who is admitted to development of the basic state decisions, the main conductor of foreign trips of the president

(Elena Dikun. In the Kremlin any more all divide for three//«the General newspaper»,

As to results of research main "conductor" of experiment let will better tell about them — Mark Matveevich.

(Collective. The Miracle-pipe of the Moscow university//«Technics - youth», 1975).

From the Voronezh reference Evgenie Emilevich has received some letters from the brother. In one - about a word native there was a question mark. Another came to the end with barracking: «You understand, what you do?»

The patron of pure napkins and the conductor of shone chandeliers has preferred not to notice anything it. Here as other chief sits in an office, talks by phone, and the secretary asks to tell, that it is not present (Alexander Laskin. Angel flying on a bicycle//"Star", 2001).

In the given examples metaphorical carrying over is carried out on the basis of motivating semy "management".

Metaphorical model:

«The person => the person».

Over our life the Lord, and absolutely other conductor, its name — a Satan supervises not

(Archpriest Dimitry Smirnov. Sermons (1984-1989)).

Motivating sema "management".

Metaphorical model:

«The person => the person».

This universal principle acts as general organizujushchy "conductor" of hierarchical systems in mikro - macro-and the megaworld

(The mechanism of process of a cold transmutation of kernels of chemical elements (2003)//«G eoinformatika», 2003.03.19).

Unless it not the hint of any higher force which is unconditional in us is also which we conditionally we name soul? Unless it not a hint that it, this force, should conduct all what then will be between the man and the woman? But too quickly this gentle touch was filled with sensuality, and then long time only sensuality dictated relations. However, at some this conductor all life continues to supervise over all difficult orchestra of relations of two people. At some, but not at you. You banished the conductor, as tiresome observer. Or it left, feeling, that it here has nothing to do

(Fazil Iskander. A sea scorpion (1977)). In the given examples metaphorical carrying over is carried out again on the basis of motivating semy "management".

Metaphorical model:

«The person => abstract concept».

And here now present, that a brain — this conductor of our organism, — it is drunk or has gone mad

(Jacob Marshak. We will discuss with Marshak (2002)//«Evening Moscow», 2002.04.11).

Motivating sema "management".

Metaphorical model:

«The person => physiological concept».

Conclusions

1) In the given lexical set of 1,58 % of units it is subject to processes metaforizatsii.

2) Metaphorical carrying over is carried out on the basis of the following motivating this: «a setting rhythm», "signal", "management".

3) As a result of the analysis of processes metaforizatsii following models of metaphorical carrying over are revealed:

The person => the person (2)

The person => abstract concept (1)

The person => physiological concept (1)

4) It is revealed 2 neleksikografirovannye metaphors.

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A source: HOHONIN DMITRY EVGENEVICH. LEXICON of SEMANTIC sphere "music" in METAPHORICAL USE. 2014

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