The appendix 1

The most known international educational associations and alliances

1. Association of universities of Commonwealth.

International название:Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU).

Year основания:1913. Structure: an order of 500 universities.

Geography: Australia, Bangladesh, the Great Britain, Botswana, Brunei, Ghana, Guiana (overseas region of France), Hong Kong (special administrative area of China), Zambia, Zimbabwe, India, Cameroon, Canada, Kenya, Cyprus, Lesotho, Mauritius, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua - New Guinea, Swaziland, Singapore, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Fidji, Sri Lanka, the republic of South Africa and Jamaica.

Structure: an order of 500 universities.

It is the oldest university network. In 1913, at movement sources on association of high schools in communities, representatives of 53 British universities have decided together to organise information office. For the last century 24 more high schools have joined them from the United Kingdom. However speech about haughty «English club» here does not go, after all the association has captured also high schools from the wide range of the countries. ACU steadfastly studies conditions in "sponsored" educational institutions, paying attention to quality of preparation and career start of students, tells to the participants about innovative programs and promotes introduction of innovations in student teaching.

The Canadian university company of interuniversity discussion.

International название:Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate. Year of the basis: 1978. Structure: high schools of Canada.

Geography: Canada.

Koimbrsky group.

International название:Coimbra Group. Year основания:1985 Structure: some tens high schools.

Geography: Austria, Belgium, the Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Romania, Turkey, Finland, France, Czechia, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia.

Structure: some tens high schools, among them one Russian - the St.-Petersburg state university.

The group has been named in honour of Koimbrsky university in Portugal. In the course of the formation the community was guided by similar European educational institutions with history. Headquarters - in the Belgian Bruxelles, the group charter - only in French, cooperation of universities - in the academic and cultural aspects.

The Utrecht network.

International название:Utrecht Network. Year of the basis: 1987 Structure: an order of thirty universities.

Geography: Austria, Belgium, the Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Finland, France, Czechia, Switzerland, Estonia.

Structure: an order of thirty universities.

The accessory of this or that university to the Utrecht network means, that this high school is paid by attention of internationalisation of higher education, whether it be the organisation of the international summer schools, an exchange of students and teachers, practice of assignment of double or joint degrees to representatives of foreign high schools or creation of groups on interests for research of new possible directions of activity of a network.

Association of engineering universities of Europe

International название:Top Industrial Managers for Europe (T.I.M.E.).

Year основания:1989. Состав:52 the European university.

Geography: Austria, Belgium, the Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Spain, Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Turkey, Finland, France, Czechia, Switzerland, Sweden. Also the association co-operates with non-European high schools - in Brazil, Vietnam, Indonesia, Canada, China, Korea, Singapore, Chile and Japan.

Structure: 52 European universities and a number of the non-European. Russia in community represent name MGTU D.C. Bauman, MIREA, Sankt - the Petersburg state polytechnical university and Tomsk polytechnical university.

The association purpose - to promote preparation of bilingual engineers with double diplomas.

Association of the Mediterranean universities.

International название:Unione delle UniversitB del Mediterraneo (UNIMED). Year of the basis: 1991. Structure: 85 universities.

Geography: Albania, Algeria, Greece, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Palestin, Portugal, Syria, Slovenia, Tunis, Turkey, Finland, France and Montenegro.

Structure: 85 universities.

The Mediterranean culture is extremely attractive to Russians. The region of the Mediterranean was perfectly developed since times of the Ancient East and antiquity so that it is necessary to use this store of knowledge accumulated from time immemorial. The association has appeared long before occurrence of a modern eurozone, and assistance to mutual understanding growth between the countries - participants was one of the purposes of this union

Network «Europaeum».

Year основания:1992. Состав:10 high schools.

Geography: the Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Finland, France, Czechia, Switzerland.

Состав:10 High schools - Bolonsky and Bonn universities, the Geneva institute of the international relations, Karlov university in Prague, Lejdensky and Oxford universities, university Komplutense in Madrid, university in Paris, the Helsinki and Jagellonsky universities.

The network centre is out of continental Europe is Oxford, - however «Europaeum» to the greatest degree is interested in the European researches.

Group "Russell".

International название:Russell Group. Year of the basis: 1994. Geography: it is association of universities of the Great Britain.

Состав:24 Leading university - Birmingham, Jorksky and others.

The group purpose - to maintain reputation of a British education in the conditions of the world competitive environment, to build teaching and researches definitely, proceeding from the reasonable educational policy which is conducted in the country.

Association of universities of the countries of Asian-Pacific region.

International название:Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU). Year of the basis: 1997.

Geography: Australia, Indonesia, Canada, China, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, the United States of America, Thailand, Taiwan, Philippines, Chile, Japan.

Structure: 45 universities, including one Russian - DVFU.

The region of Pacific ocean takes a significant part of a surface of the Earth. Universities in forces to display and develop the academic measurement of this extensive territory. Summer programs for bachelors, stipendial programs and professional exchanges are connected with it,
Offered by association, and also organizuemye under supervision of APRU postgraduate conferences.

Global network of innovative universities

International название:Global University Network for Innovation (GUNI). Year of the basis: 1999.

Geography: Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium etc., only 68 countries. The network Headquarters is in Spain, in Barcelona.

Structure: over one and a half hundreds organisations, among them a number of the Russian universities - RUDN, the Saratov state technical university of a name of Gagarin JU. A and others. Network GUNI is based by the well-known UNESCO so that the high schools participating in this association, are in focus of attention of researchers both from UNESCO, and from the United Nations giving special attention of social responsibility of formation. And it is easier to such universities to find access to necessary data for own researches, and also to extend own good undertakings more widely.

League IDEA.

International название:IDEA League. Year of the basis: 1999.

Geography: the Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, France and Switzerland.

Structure: Delftsky technical university, Imperial college of London, Rejnsko-Vestfalsky technical university of Aachen, the Swiss higher technical school of Zurich, and since 2006 - also the Parisian institute of technology.

Name IDEA develops of following letters: I - from Imperial College London, D - from Delft University of Technology, E - from ETH Zurich and A - from RWTH Aachen University. Students of the mentioned high schools have possibility to participate at uniform summer schools, to run in programs of a joint magistracy and to apply for special grants.

The world university network

International название:Worldwide Universities Network (WUN) Year of the basis: 2000. Structure: 17 universities

Geography: Australia, the Great Britain, Canada, China, Norway, the USA, the republic of South Africa.

Structure: 17 universities.

Not having quantity of high schools - of participants corresponding to the name, the World university network nevertheless actively undertakes to develop a wide spectrum of the international projects which are keeping within frameworks of 4 priority directions for studying (climatic changes, mutual understanding of cultures, global formation and public public health services). The network grants people environment in which those could solve operatively questions, for example - supplies researchers with a material for the studying, inaccessible at their native university.

Network «Universia»

Year основания:2000.

Geography: Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela, Guatemala, Honduras, Dominican republic, Spain, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Uruguay, Chile, Ecuador.

Structure: all began with 35 Spanish universities, and today «Universia» has turned to the largest network consisting from more, than 1200 high schools, training in which is conducted in the Spanish and Portuguese languages.

Iberoamerikansky university network «Universia» - active educational community with daily updated news. It has offers for students, graduates of high schools, teachers and researchers.

League of the European research universities

International название:League of European Research Universities (LERU). Year of the basis: 2002. Structure: 21 high school

Geography: Belgium, the Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Finland, France, Switzerland, Sweden. Состав:21 high school.

The universities which are a part LERU (for example - Ludwig-Maksimiliana Munich university) attend fundamental issdelovanijami.

Alliance «Paris sciences and gumanistika - Latin quarter»

International название:Paris Sciences et Lettres - Quartier Latin (PSL). Year основания:2005. Geography: France.

Structure: the Higher normal school, the Higher school of industrial physics and chemistry of the city of Paris, the Higher school of chemistry of the city of Paris, the College de France, university Paris-Dofin, Institute Kjuri and the Parisian observatory. The list of members of an alliance is not finished - new and new establishments join it: Mountain school of Paris, the Parisian conservatory, diverse funds, etc.

Network tsentralnoevropejskih universities on izuchenijupredprinimatelstva.

International название:Entrepreneurship Research and Education Network, ERENET. Year of the basis: 2005.

Geography: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Great Britain, Hungary, Venezuela, Germany, Greece, Georgia, Denmark, Israel, India, Iran, Italy, Canada, Cyprus, China, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, the USA, Turkey, Ukraine, Finland, France, Croatia, Montenegro, Czechia, Switzerland and Estonia. As you can see, here not only the European states. However the activest countries - participants - Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia.

Structure: the economic and technical universities, separate faculties (more often - business, economy, management), the research centres, funds, colleges, business incubators and agencies on business development, consulting firms, divisions of chambers of commerce and even
The ministries of some states. From Russia the network includes Financial university at network Government R.Chleny inform one another on the researches and conducted actions.

The international network of research universities

International название:International Research Universities Network (IRUN). Year of the basis: 2007. Structure: 10 universities

Geography: the Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, France.

With the initiative of creation of a network the University of Nijmegen of a name sacred Radboda Utrecht in the Netherlands has acted. The is better the student of one of high schools-participants, the above at it chances of study on an exchange in other high school-participant studies. Also the network develops joint magisterskie and doctor's programs.

University alliance "Mother country Ruhr"

International название:Universitatsallianz Metropole Ruhr (UAMR). Year основания:2007. Geography: the Ruhr area of Germany and partner branches of an alliance in Brazil, Russia and the USA. Structure: the regional union which has begun with cooperation of universities of Bochum, Dortmund and Duisburg-Essen, has involved hundreds partners worldwide. Among them there are also Russian high schools. Cooperation of Bochum university and MIIT is carried out within the limits of UAMR. The Ruhr area of Germany - large industrial centre and base for formation, researches and practice.

University of the Shanghai organisation of cooperation (universitetshos).god основания:2008.

Geography: Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan - member countries SHOS; India, Iran, Mongolia, Pakistan - the countries-observers.

Thus as basic languages SHOS are considered Russian and Chinese.

Structure: over 50 high schools.

Russian - the Altay and Astrakhan universities, the Bashkir state pedagogical university of a name of M.Akmully, the Belgorod state university, LETI, MGIMO, the HAZE, the Moscow State University of a name of M.V.Lomonosova, MISiS, MPGU, MEI, MESI, NIU VSHE, NIU ITMO, Novosibirsk classical and technical universities, the Orenburg state institute of management, RANHiGS, RUDN, SibFU, Pacific state university, UrFU a name of the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin, JUUrGU.

According to the concept of network university, the basic spheres of cooperation of the countries SHOS (mechanical engineering, transport, linguistics, regionovedenie and others) should find the reflexion and in curriculums of high schools making it. It, in turn, will positively affect mutual relations of the states in which such high schools work. However the educational structures involved in realisation of similar plans while are insufficiently brought into accord with one another. The university is planned to develop from joint postgraduate studies to joint programs of a bachelor degree.

The Russian-Chinese association of economic universities

International название:Association of Sino-Russian Economic Universities (ASREU). Year основания:2013.

Geography: Russia and China.

Structure: 25 high schools, from them Russian - the Baikal state university of economy and the right, the Vladivostok state university of economy and service, DVFU, MGIMO, MESI, RANHiGS at the President of the Russian Federation, RGGU, RUDN, REU G.V.Plehanova's name, SibFU, SPbGEU and Financial university at the Government of the Russian Federation.

The agreement on association creation has been signed in November, 2013. The university union between the countries of the block BRICK, unconditionally, is necessary. Mutual supervision over a course of preparation of economists in Russia and China is a lien of effective cooperation of the countries in the future.

The appendix 2

Table 1 Number of foreign citizens from the various countries trained under the internal form in the Russian high schools in 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 academic years

2010/2011 2011/2012 The countries
50986 59318 The CIS countries, including:
811 848 Abkhazia
4166 4353 Azerbaijan
1964 2257 Armenia
4229 4387 Belarus
903 894 Georgia
16616 18862 Kazakhstan
2050 2536 Kirghizia
2543 2851 Moldova (including Dnestr region)
3556 4804 Tajikistan
5297 7967 Turkmenia
3466 4455 Uzbekistan
4919 4644 Ukraine
466 460 South Ossetia
1522 1558 The Baltic States, including:
647 701 Latvia
520 452 Lithuania
355 405 Estonia
2182 2148 The East Europe and Balkan countries, including:
103 82 Albania
293 282 Bulgaria
32 42 Bosnia and Herzegovina
202 191 Hungary
64 65 Macedonia
631 736 Poland
77 65 Romania
290 209 Serbia
196 180 Slovakia
9 44 Slovenia
59 39 Croatia
29 30 Montenegro
197 183 Czechia
1000 669 Countries of Northern Europe, including:
42 49 Denmark
90 56 Norway

758 502 Finland
110 62 Sweden
2010/2011 2011/2012 The countries
4765 4764 Countries of Western Europe, including:
562 342 Austria
0 1 Andorra
145 92 Belgium
379 422 The Great Britain
1395 1425 Germany
278 216 Greece
15 15 Ireland
4 61 Iceland
190 172 Spain
601 678 Italy
128 58 Cyprus
0 1 Liechtenstein
1 83 Luxembourg
2 4 Malta
143 118 The Netherlands
25 21 Portugal
0 1 San Marino
728 884 France
169 170 Switzerland
39178 37306 The countries of Asia, including:
505 625 Afghanistan
211 191 Bangladesh
1 1 Butane
3628 3895 Vietnam
4515 4167 India
141 129 Indonesia
499 485 Iran
73 97 Cambodia
16486 15184 China
25 24 Laos
2903 3083 Malaysia
30 28 Maldives
2998 3022 Mongolia
2401 1407 Myanma (Burma)
175 178 Nepal
160 161 Pakistan
1590 1615 Republic Korea
12 11 Singapore
235 232 Thailand
144 151 Taiwan

1127 1204 Turkey
10 13 Philippines

2010/2011 2011/2012 The countries
479 473 Sri Lanka
678 803 Japan
7266 7609 The countries of the Near East and the North Africa, including:
171 190 Algeria
3 8 Bahrain
399 242 Egypt
439 464 Israel
593 602 Jordan
833 966 Iraq
654 682 Yemen
20 23 Kuwait
341 307 Lebanon
58 35 Libya
6 8 Mauritania
1210 1378 Morocco
77 97 Oman
560 601 Palestin
50 41 Saudi Arabia
1345 1379 Syria
341 401 Tunis
151 178 Persons without citizenship
7856 8092 The countries of Africa (except Northern), including:
587 628 Angola
141 164 Benin
67 92 Botswana
3 4 Burkina Faso
136 150 Burundi
36 39 Gabon
15 7 Gambia
507 583 Ghana
171 228 Guinea
207 210 Guinea-Bissau
196 208 Democratic Republic Congo (Zaire)
11 16 Djibouti
571 632 Zambia
74 92 Zimbabwe
48 47 Cabo Verde (Island of cape Verde)
365 331 Cameroon
491 463 Kenya
11 5 Comoro Islands

355 366 Cat-d'ivuar (Ivory coast)
3 0 Lesotho
83 71 Mauritius
2010/2011 2011/2012 The countries
53 67 Madagascar
34 31 Malawi
55 54 Mali
113 108 Mozambique
214 282 Namibia
0 3 Niger
1244 1292 Nigeria
534 530 Republic Congo
20 23 Ruanda
10 12 Dignity-volume and Prinsipi
43 61 Swaziland
5 7 Seychelles
61 60 Senegal
60 78 Somalia
351 289 Sudan
19 21 Sierra Leone
318 238 Tanzania
10 11 That
44 44 Uganda
5 4 TSAR
233 183 Chad
235 240 Equatorial Guinea
16 14 Eritrea
92 95 Ethiopia
1685 1957 The countries of Latin America, including:
1 5 Antigua and Barbuda
41 21 Argentina
33 44 Bolivia
376 553 Brazil
41 59 Venezuela
69 67 Haiti
6 9 Gyana
17 20 Guatemala
0 2 Honduras
4 4 Dominica
23 36 Dominican republic
187 255 Colombia
17 19 Costa Rica
160 124 Cuba
190 209 Mexico
5 7 Nicaragua

15 20 Panama
0 1 Paraguay
199 167 Peru
2010/2011 2011/2012 The countries
1 2 El Salvador
2 2 Uruguay
16 15 Chile
256 269 Ecuador
26 47 Jamaica
2290 2117 The countries of the North America and Ocenia, including:
43 39 Australia
98 105 Canada
6 8 New Zealand
2143 1965 THE USA

The table 2.2Очное training of foreign citizens from the various countries on a contract basis in 2011/2012 academic

To year


The general number of students (Internal)

2011/2012 Number

Students trained on the contract

Share of foreign pupils - of contract employees of % The countries
59318 34682 58,5 The CIS countries, including:
848 187 22,1 Abkhazia
4353 3312 76,1 Azerbaijan
2257 1666 73,8 Armenia
4387 2111 48,1 Belarus
894 571 63,9 Georgia
18862 9417 49,9 Kazakhstan
2536 1031 40,7 Kirghizia
2851 1610 56,5 Moldova (including Dnestr region)
4804 1880 39,1 Tajikistan
7967 6396 80,3 Turkmenia
4455 3044 68,3 Uzbekistan
4644 3400 73,2 Ukraine
460 57 12,4 South Ossetia
1558 779 50,0 The Baltic States, including:
701 392 55,9 Latvia
452 170 37,6 Lithuania
405 217 53,6 Estonia
2148 1077 50,1 The East Europe and Balkan countries, in

That number:

82 8 9,8 Albania

282 226 80,1 Bulgaria
42 23 54,8 Bosnia and Herzegovina
191 43 22,5 Hungary
65 12 18,5 Macedonia
736 450 61,1 Poland

The general

Number of students


2011/2012 Number

Students trained on the contract

Share of foreign pupils - of contract employees of % The countries
65 25 38,5 Romania
209 120 57,4 Serbia
180 56 31,1 Slovakia
44 26 59,1 Slovenia
39 12 30,8 Croatia
30 7 23,3 Montenegro
183 69 37,7 Czechia
669 452 67,6 Countries of Northern Europe, including:
49 34 69,4 Denmark
56 42 75,0 Norway
502 335 66,7 Finland
62 41 66,1 Sweden
4764 3357 70,5 Countries of Western Europe, including:
342 236 69,0 Austria
1 0 0,0 Andorra
92 41 44,6 Belgium
422 395 93,6 The Great Britain
1425 911 63,9 Germany
216 192 88,9 Greece
15 9 60,0 Ireland
61 61 100,0 Iceland
172 131 76,2 Spain
678 548 80,8 Italy
58 48 82,8 Cyprus
1 1 100,0 Liechtenstein
83 82 98,8 Luxembourg
4 4 100,0 Malta
118 91 77,1 The Netherlands
21 12 57,1 Portugal
1 1 100,0 San Marino
884 464 52,5 France
170 130 76,5 Switzerland
37306 30826 82,6 The countries of Asia, including:
625 223 35,7 Afghanistan
191 88 46,1 Bangladesh
1 1 100,0 Butane
3895 2016 51,8 Vietnam
4167 4118 98,8 India

129 22 17,1 Indonesia
485 389 80,2 Iran
97 20 20,6 Cambodia
15184 13692 90,2 China

The general number of students


2011/2012 Number

Students trained on the contract

Share of foreign pupils - of contract employees of % The countries
24 1 4,2 Laos
3083 3081 99,9 Malaysia
28 28 100,0 Maldives
3022 1660 54,9 Mongolia
1407 1405 99,9 Myanma (Burma)
178 38 21,3 Nepal
161 148 91,9 Pakistan
1615 1437 89,0 Republic Korea
11 8 72,7 Singapore
232 136 58,6 Thailand
151 133 88,1 Taiwan
1204 1009 83,8 Turkey
13 13 100,0 Philippines
473 399 84,4 Sri Lanka
803 688 85,7 Japan
7609 4838 63,6 The countries of the Near East and Northern

Africa, including:

190 157 82,6 Algeria
8 1 12,5 Bahrain
242 158 65,3 Egypt
464 367 79,1 Israel
602 337 56,0 Jordan
966 483 50,0 Iraq
682 153 22,4 Yemen
23 20 87,0 Kuwait
307 181 59,0 Lebanon
35 31 88,6 Libya
8 2 25,0 Mauritania
1378 1324 96,1 Morocco
97 28 28,9 Oman
601 188 31,3 Palestin
41 38 92,7 Saudi Arabia
1379 865 62,7 Syria
401 365 91,0 Tunis
178 133 74,7 Persons without citizenship
8092 4551 56,2 The countries of Africa (except Northern), in that

628 355 56,5 Angola
164 48 29,3 Benin
92 56 60,9 Botswana
4 4 100,0 Burkina Faso

The general number of students


2011/2012 Number

Students trained on the contract

Share of foreign pupils - of contract employees of % The countries
150 17 11,3 Burundi
39 28 71,8 Gabon
7 4 57,1 Gambia
583 419 71,9 Ghana
228 121 53,1 Guinea
210 63 30,0 Guinea-Bissau
208 125 60,1 Democratic Republic Congo (Zaire)
16 2 12,5 Djibouti
632 188 29,7 Zambia
92 56 60,9 Zimbabwe
47 2 4,3 Cabo Verde (Island of cape Verde)
331 277 83,7 Cameroon
463 349 75,4 Kenya
5 0 0,0 Comoro Islands
366 134 36,6 Cat-d'ivuar (Ivory coast)
71 37 52,1 Mauritius
67 5 7,5 Madagascar
31 31 100,0 Malawi
54 9 16,7 Mali
108 1 0,9 Mozambique
282 200 70,9 Namibia
3 1 33,3 Niger
1292 960 74,3 Nigeria
530 312 58,9 Republic Congo
23 12 52,2 Ruanda
12 0 0,0 Dignity-volume and Prinsipi
61 42 68,9 Swaziland
7 1 14,3 Seychelles
60 10 16,7 Senegal
78 27 34,6 Somalia
289 266 92,0 Sudan
21 3 14,3 Sierra Leone
238 173 72,7 Tanzania
11 7 63,6 That
44 32 72,7 Uganda
4 1 25,0 TSAR
183 38 20,8 Chad
240 108 45,0 Equatorial Guinea

14 13 92,9 Eritrea
95 10 10,5 Ethiopia
1957 1223 62,5 The countries of Latin America, in that



The general number of students


2011/2012 Number

Students trained on the contract

Share of foreign pupils - of contract employees of % The countries
5 0 0,0 Antigua and Barbuda
21 16 76,2 Argentina
44 12 27,3 Bolivia
553 529 95,7 Brazil
59 20 33,9 Venezuela
67 9 13,4 Haiti
9 6 66,7 Gyana
20 1 5,0 Guatemala
2 2 100,0 Honduras
4 0 0,0 Dominica
36 5 13,9 Dominican republic
255 121 47,5 Colombia
19 2 10,5 Costa Rica
124 116 93,5 Cuba
209 178 85,2 Mexico
7 2 28,6 Nicaragua
20 3 15,0 Panama
1 0 0,0 Paraguay
167 92 55,1 Peru
2 1 50,0 El Salvador
2 2 100,0 Uruguay
15 9 60,0 Chile
269 85 31,6 Ecuador
47 12 25,5 Jamaica
2117 2022 95,5 The countries of the North America and Ocenia, in

That number:

39 39 100,0 Australia
1 1 100,0 The Virgin Islands, the USA
105 77 73,3 Canada
8 8 100,0 New Zealand
1964 1897 96,6 THE USA
125538 83807 66,8 IN TOTAL

The appendix 3

Examples of templates of the business models, offered by various authors

The appreciable contribution to development of the concept of an outline of business model has introduced avtraliets Ervin Filt (Erwin Fielt) together with the compatriots. The first, that it has made is has re-planned a business model outline (a Fig. 1) [180].

Fig. 1 Outline of business model Ervina Filta.

It has made it at the expense of simple expansion of its skeleton for two independent groups of consumers. It has expanded subsequently the model, having made detailed elaboration of separate blocks, and has offered it for the companies with business model of joint creation of cost (fig. 2).

Under the contents to second model Filta the outline of business model of joint creation of value and Andreas Zolnovski's partnership (Andreas Zolnovski) [46] for the market of services (fig. 3) is very close.

The outline of business model of Volume Halme (Tom Hulme) [201] which has changed architecture, internal structure and names of separate components of classical outline Ostervaldera-Pine is original,

And also to the logician of communications between them (fig. 4). The model has received name IDEOлогической of model (IDEO Business Model Framework).

Fig. 2 Outline of business model of joint creation of cost

Ervina Filta.

Fig. 3 Outline of business model of joint creation of cost and Andreas Zolnovski's partnership

The outline of competitive cooperation (Co-opetition), developed Adamom Brandenburgerom (Adam Brandenburger) and Barry nejlbaffom (Barry Nalebuff) [146] (fig. 5) became development IDEO of logic business model. On 189

To opinion of Volume Halme, in case of a choice of this business model it is necessary to define forms of partner relations with acting and would-be competitors.

Fig. 4 Outline of GOBOLOGICHESKY business model of Volume Halme

Fig. 5 Outline of competitive cooperation (Co-opetition),

Brandenburgera - nejlbaffa.

Bryan Gladshtejn has offered the variant of modernisation of a classical outline of business model Ostervaldera-Peni and named it Business Model Canvas II (DUO) [48] (a Fig. 6).

Fig. 6 Outline of business model of Bryan Gladshtejna (Business Model Canvas II (DUO).

Model Gladshtejna includes following components:

- Target groups of consumers (Customer Segments);

- The valuable offer (Value Proposition);

- The alternative offer (Alternatives);

- Advancement channels (Channel);

- Technologies of client relations (Customer Relationship);

- Market capacity (Market Size);

- Market possibilities (Market Opportunity);

- Key processes (Key Activities);

- Key partners (key Partners);

- Key resources (Key Resources);

- Model of incomes (Revenue Model);

- Model of costs (Cost Model).

Their structure and the contents practically coincide with the contents of blocks of universal model Ostervaldera and Pine. Essential changes were undergone only by architecture of model. It is possible even to name these changes cardinal as the left-hand side of model Ostervaldera - Pine is transferred to the right, and right - to the left, i.e. has mirror changed the left and right parts, thereby focusing attention not on a product/service, and on demand and consumers. The given reception has been used further also by other business designers.

Besides, it has changed a lay-out of model and has graphically allocated the central block in which it has concentrated the components which are the centre of any business model: the valuable offer and competitive advantage of the company, target groups of consumers and the accepted formula of profit. All other components remained behind nucleus frameworks as supporting though many business designers with it in it are not agreed.

Further, he has added two new components: «the Alternative offer» and "Market". Idea of inclusion of "the Alternative offer» has supported Esh Maurja which later has included this component in an outline of business model of economical production.

Idea of inclusion of block "Market" has appreciated Uniforms Fitspatrik, having used it further in the business model and considering, that this block essentially supplements the block «Target groups of consumers».

The author of the following business model is new Zealander Mark Robotam (Mark Robotam) [47] which has included in model the block «Purpose BHAG» (Big Hairy Audacious Goal) - global, trudnodostizhimye, the arrogant, impudent purposes, therefore model has received the name "impudent" (fig. 3.7).

Rafal Kolodzhy (Rafal Kolodzji) [210] has created the following outline of business model which subsequently began to name "chelovekoorientirovannoj". It has replaced in an outline of classical model Ostervaldera-Pine only one block - «Target groups of consumers»

On the block «Recalls of clients and their deduction». But its basic merit is that subsequently it could enter an outline of classical model Ostervaldera-Pine in design structure of known business model of Henry Chesboro (Henry Chesborough) and Richard Rozenbljuma (Richard Rosenbloom) where an input in model was the block «Work which should be made» (Job­to-be-done), and an exit - the block «Result which should be reached» (Outcome-to-be-achived) (the Fig. 3.8).

Fig. 7 Outline of "impudent" business model of Mark Robotama

Further it is necessary to stay on offers Bernarda Dollja (Bernhard Doll) which was the adherent of classical model Ostervaldera-Pine and its modified version developed by Volume Halme. Despite it, it has introduced for discussion of scientific community the modified variant of an outline with addition of several blocks: «Work which should be made», «Underlying magic/technology», «gross profit Model» and «Speed of a turn-over of resources» [170] (a Fig. 9).

Fig. 8 Outline of business model of Raphael Kolodzhija

Fig. 9 Outline of "magic" business model Bernarda the Share

Other variant of modernisation is the outline of business model offered by Nigerian business adviser Elajja Ezendu (Elijah Ezendu). It contains 11 components and is a combination of several previous (a Fig. 10) [49]. Ezendu has suggested to transform business - model by means of following steps:

- The business model analysis;

- Working out of variants of the decision of the identified problems; - re-structuring of business model with search of more effective alternatives;

- Choice of the most effective alternative;

-Development of new business model and its analysis.

Fig. 10 Outline of business model Elajja Ezendu

The model saves all elements of outline Ostervaldera-Pine, but is added by two more blocks: «Internal factors of influence» and «External factors of influence». Internal factors are defined by it as formed by the company and depending on its activity. External - as forces,

Which influence psychology of consumers owing to what induce the company to act in the set direction. According to Chinarjana R. A who deeply analyzes business models in the works, despite importance of both groups of factors, they could be born for frameworks of an outline of business model [127].

Essentially the outline of innovative business model of Patrick Shtellera (Patrick Stahller) (fig. 11) [267, 268] which distinguishes not only originality of the approach, but also the contents differs from all previous. SHteller has demonstrated the original approach to structure and the contents of an outline of business model, having allocated in model 4 base a direction (block): the Valuable offer, Architecture of creation of value, Model of incomes and the Command and Values. Feature of model is that the valuable offer in it is addressed at once to two groups of interested parties: to consumers and partners.

However SHteller identifies "competence" and "ability" terms, that, according to the author, not absolutely correctly. In item 1.1 of the given work various definitions of these concepts (a comment of the author) have been given, however it does not influence in any way an estimation of the given kind of business model as one of the most comprehensible in many cases.

For this reason, in one of Chinarjan R. A's works [128]. At the analysis of the given business model says that the outline of business model SHtellera can be considered universal since it as much as possible corresponds to criterion of possibility of wide use in various areas of business and branches of the market without entering of essential changes into the concept and model structure.

This model, in its opinion, can be considered also key since it as much as possible corresponds to criterion of essential influence on methodical approaches to working out of all subsequent universal models, and also on formation of the international standards modelling business-.

Fig. 11 Outline of innovative business model of Patrick Shtellera

Further we will pass to consideration of model of development of consumers of Steve Blanka (Steve Blank) (fig. 3.12) [50] which is a new direction in development of client relations.

Fig. 12 Development of consumers (Steve Blanka's business model)

The form considers all actions connected with search, attraction and development of clients within the limits of uniform process, and divides them into 4 stages: «Revealing of consumers», «Verification of consumers», «Expansion of client base» and «company Forming». As fairly notices Chinarjan R. A, the two first stage actually represent business model search, and the third and the fourth - its realisation [128].

Process of revealing of consumers, according to the Form, is search of an optimum parity "problem/decision". Thus in many business models the block «the Problem which should be decided», is replaced with the block «Work which should be made (Job to be done). This part of model undergoes the greatest changes in the Form concept though he, as well as many, recommends to take for a basis an outline of business model Ostervaldera - Pine.

Robert Fittspatrik (Robert L. FitzPatrik) [182] has offered a graphic method of a combination of templates of business model Ostervaldera-Pine and Steve Blanka (fig. 13). It has changed a template lay-out, has cleaned blocks "Compositions of costs" and «Technology of client relations», has thus taken from model of development of the Form blocks "Problems", "Decisions", "Market", and also has added the blocks: «External risks» and «Key indicators of activity». Thus not all its contemporaries - theorists modelling business - have positively reacted to occurrence of this business model.

Further we will consider business model economical startapa Esha Mauri (fig. 14). The term «economical startap» has entered for the first time Eris Rice (Eric Ries) [222]. Distinctive feature of business model Esha Mauri is that it has introduced to component structure «Problem (consumers)» a subcomponent «Early users», and in structure «Target groups of consumers» a subcomponent «Early users». The third subcomponent of "Pieces of foreign exchange" has been entered into component structure «Unique valuable offer». As it Maurja has suggested to understand a short phrase which should contain the clear description of value of offers of the company.

Fig. 13 Outline of business model startapa Robert Fittspatrika

But replacement «Key kompetentsy» on «Key metrics» was basic novation Mauri. As key metrics usually understand key indicators of efficiency (for example, cost of the involved capital, vital value of the client, etc.). In startapah the number of key metrics can include some statistics, and also the indicators concerning attraction, activation, deduction, recommendations and to a monetization of users.

Fig. 14 Outline of business model economical startapa Esha Mauri

Many business designers consider, that in startapah there should be very much a small amount of metrics, and some in general suggest to be limited to one, most important metrics reflecting a main objective of the given project. The business model "economical" startapa Esha Mauri has received a wide circulation and has been reused by followers as base for modernisation. Dirk SHnekenberg (Dirk Schneckenberg) is the author of an outline of business model

"Self-organised" startapa (fig. 15) [258].

On a configuration its business model is close to previous, i.e. to business model "economical" startapa. Despite the changed name, the "Business hypothesis" component describes the unique valuable offer, thus SHnekenberg attaches importance for business model to self-organising possibility.

The component «External support» urged to answer on a question, what business and the company is going to involve services for support, and a component "Development" - to answer a question as the company will establish and develop relations with clients.

Fig. 15 Outline of business model "self-organised" startapa Dirka SHnekenberga.

And though SHnekenberg has changed names of the majority of the components, however it has not made any essential changes in their contents.

New Zealander Grejm Filder (Graeme Filder) has developed an outline business - of model "venture" startapa (fig. 16) [181], assuming financing of the company from venture funds.

Fig. 16 Outline of business model "venture" startapa Grejma Fildera

It bases on models Ostervaldera-Pine, Fitstpatrika, Mauri and Robotana. The given model is a by-product and does not contain any innovations neither in structure, nor in architecture. Nevertheless, occurrence of such new element as «Trading partners» does its interesting and supplements an existing ruler of templates business - of models.

Iskan Elgin (Is ι

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A source: Petrishchev Peter Vladimirovich. MANAGEMENT of INTEGRATION PROCESSES AT FORMATION of the INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ALLIANCES. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. Vladivostok - 2018. 2018

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