Factors of occurrence of crisis in the noncommercial organisations

the Noncommercial organisation is important constituting komponentoj economy and represents the open system actively co-operating with an environment.

the Organization, in our opinion, receives a vector of the development not so much under the influence of internal operating system, and in bolshej degrees under the influence of external factors.

Within the limits of conditions of crisis considered in research it is expedient to name the given environment turbosredoj which is characterised by uncertainty, risks of various level. Interrelation of components of the noncommercial organisation in the conditions of crisis it is resulted in drawing 2.

Drawing 2 - Interrelation of components of the noncommercial organisation in the conditions of crisis 11

we Consider, that the management concept in the noncommercial organisation in the conditions of turbulence of an environment should should be directed on development of a triad of modern management which considers interests of business, the states and societies.

the Economic condition of the noncommercial organisations from positions krizisnosti is expedient for considering through a prism of characteristics of internal and external factors.

Now a common opinion in researches of influence of a various sort of factors on efficiency of functioning of economic systems, including the noncommercial organisations it is not developed. So, according to Kovana S.E., Mokrovoj L.P. and Rjahovskoj A.N.'s approach which is based on Parshentseva A.S.'s researches [11]
managing subjects depending on a stability or instability stage, are in three conditions:

- stable - the kind of ordinary management answers

- unstable and crisis to which there corresponds a kind of anti-recessionary management [12]

it is necessary to agree with Shlenskovoj E.S.'s opinion which notices, that counteraction toolkit to the crisis phenomena is the strategic management considering features of influence of an environment and principles of acceptance of administrative decisions in the organisation [13] .

In the developed social and economic conditions practical interest sizes up Gerashchenko So-called which places emphasis on formation of the adaptable resource potential capable operatively to react to dynamics of an environment [14] .

Interest is represented by Demjanova A.A.'s conclusions which suggests influence of negative factors to use the dual approach based on the one hand on revealing of internal problems of the managing subject with the subsequent development of decisions on their elimination for counteraction, and on the other hand on the basis of interaction with corporate or branch community for complex counteraction of all set of the crisis phenomena [15]

Taking into account features of functioning of managing subjects we will allocate the most significant from the point of view of counteraction to crisis factors and we will designate degree of their influence on stability of the organisation to them.

Table 2 - Factors and their influence on functioning of the noncommercial organisation [16]

a factor Accessory by Wednesday the factor Maintenance influence Level on NKO stability Degree

NKO to factor influence

the External factor:
Political and

legal factors

the Current legislation an average low
Planned changes in the legislation high low
the International legislation an average low
Regulating bodies and norms an average low
the State control over activity NKO high low
Financing, grants,


high low
Sotsiokulturnye factors Change of the legislation mentioning social aspects NKO high low
Base values an average low
the Brand, reputation NKO high low
Opinion and the relation to NKO high low
Representations of mass-media an average low
Advertising and communication with

the public

an average low
Business factors the Economic situation and tendencies an average average
Taxation NKO high average
Resources and communications high average
inflation Presence high average
Technologies and


Change and adaptation of new technologies, including digital an average average
Influence of a network the Internet an average average

table 2 Continuation
Development of an information society an average average
Prirodoklimatiche skie factors Ecological accidents an average low
Acts of nature an average low

prirodoklimaticheskih conditions

an average low
the Internal factor:
Administrative factors the Inefficient organisation-legal form of the managing

the subject

high high
Inefficient structure


high high
Low level

qualifications and

competence of shots

high high
Discrepancy of strategy and tactics in system


high high
Out-of-date forms, methods and technologies of management high high
Operational factors Low labour productivity high high
Underexploitation of a fixed capital high high
the Passive position to

to introduction of innovations

high high
Prevalence of a share

constant expenses in

to cost price structure

high high
Finansovoinvestitsionnye factors Dependence on the limited circle stekholderov high high
Inefficient system

a finance administration in NKO

high high
Excess of the admissible

limits of financial risks

high high
the Excessive share of the credit capital high high
the Considerable over-expenditure

investment resources

high high

Degree of stability of the noncommercial organisation to influence of the negative facts is characterised by ability to provide 25

administrative process of economic and social changes directed on liquidation or minimisation of consequences of influence of negative factors of the external and internal environment.

the Presented interpretation of the allocated levels and degree of stability to crisis influence testifies that degree of influence of the allocated internal factors high as at an assumption of administrative errors, inefficient administrative decisions in the field of industrial, financial and investment activity with high degree of probability liquidations of the noncommercial organisation can lead.

Concerning structure of external factors it is necessary to notice, that their influence is estimated as average and high. So legal and sotsiokulturnye factors can lead to organisation liquidation, and influence prirodoklimaticheskih factors and technological influence is insignificant and thereupon is estimated as an average.

Characterizing an estimation of degree of stability of the noncommercial organisation to influence of factors, it is necessary to notice what resist to influence of external factors the organisation practically cannot, thereupon stability degree is defined as low and average. During too time stability before internal factors is defined as high as its level depends on potential of the noncommercial organisation and can be increased.

Thereupon, for maintenance of steady functioning of the noncommercial organisation it is necessary to give bolshee attention to anti-recessionary actions concerning the maintenance of internal factors.

the Offered gradation of degree of stability of the noncommercial organisation to influence of the negative facts and tools of anti-recessionary management in the developed conditions is resulted in table 3.

Table 3 - Author's gradation of degree of stability of the noncommercial organisation to influence of the negative facts [17]

Degree of stability NKO to factor influence Offered toolkit of anti-recessionary management for counteraction to the negative factor Funktsional the noncommercial organisation as a result of influence of negative factors
Low stability application of the measures capable slightly to lower the negative is possible

influence of factors;

takes place to be only the short-term forecast

functioning of the subject

- difficulties with execution of current obligations;

- impossibility of realisation

effective activity in the subsequent periods;

- full inability of the organisation in the subsequent periods to stability restoration

Average stability the Organization has

a set of the administrative

the decisions directed on decrease of influence

the negative factor; takes place to be only

the short-term forecast

functioning of the subject, in extreme cases long-term

- increase in cost of obligations of the organisation;

- profitableness decrease

the organisations;

- quality decrease

accepted administrative decisions

High stability the Organization has

a set of the timely

the administrative decisions directed on decrease of influence negative

the factor, including preventive character; take place to be as short-term and

the long-term forecast

functioning of the subject

- the organisation is capable

to resist to the majority to negative factors;

- available adverse indicators

functioning not

allow to state an estimation developed sotsialnoekonomicheskomu to organisation position as


In positions of formation of an effective control system with the noncommercial organisation on principles of anti-recessionary management we will allocate factors of an external and internal order which influence
has negative character and demands the raised administrative attention.

we Consider, that negative factors demanding special attention concern:

- an environment:

- tax restrictions;

- backwardness of charity, volonterskogo movements, passivity of the population in Russia;

- competition increase;

- reduction of foreign and domestic investments;

- weak knowledge and awareness of a society on activity of the noncommercial organisations.

- the internal environment:

- low financial stability of the noncommercial organisations;

- low level of wages in the given sector;

- nonprofessionalism of volunteers, volunteers;

- low level of organizational activity in the noncommercial organisation;

- absence of strategy of development of the noncommercial organisation.

Research of the negative factors resulting in development of crisis in functioning of the noncommercial organisation testifies that now management in managing subjects of the given sector mismatches requirements of effective management and is based on weak competitive advantages.

Thus, discrepancy of a control system of the noncommercial organisation to modern realities of economy is caused by considerable turbulence of an environment, and also in bolshej degrees absence of a system professional knowledge, skills at the administrative personnel.


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A source: Surovneva Anna Aleksandrovna. FORMATION of ANTI-RECESSIONARY STRATEGY of the NONCOMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. An eagle - 2018. 2018

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