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INTRODUCTION

the Urgency of a theme of research. The urgency and efficiency ­ of strategic management of the enterprises of various branches and complexes in ­ modern conditions of managing is proved by numerous spent earlier scientific researches.

Mechanisms of strategic management ­ of the enterprises of various sectors of economy should consider the basic tendencies ­ and specificity of development of branch, their adaptation to modern ­ conditions of managing is necessary also­. The given circumstances confirm ­ expediency of perfection of processes and mechanisms of strategic management ­ with the enterprises, branches, complexes, and also carrying out of the further researches in this area.

the Wood complex of the Russian Federation consolidates now set of branches and the manufactures connected by unity of technology and raw materials, has huge potential, but this time does not play the leading part in a national economy. Working out of the specific ­ mechanism of management by their activity is necessary for the enterprises of a wood complex ­ in strategic aspect. The greatest interest from the scientific and practical points of view represents ­ formation of the strategic mechanism of management by the enterprises of a wood ­ complex taking into account modern lines of development and specificity of branch.

the Strategic importance of a wood complex of the country predetermines necessity of creation of more flexible structures of management and the effective ­ mechanisms of integration providing development of the enterprises and branches entering ­ into its structure. The major factor of effective development of a wood ­ complex is effective and timely reproduction of wood resources. It provides not only steady lesopolzovanie, but also preservation ­ of ecological value of woods. Last years accrues disbalans in ­ timber cutting and reproduction questions ­ lesosyrevoj bases not in favour of the last. ­ Reproduction acceleration lesosyrevoj bases of a wood complex is one of strategic problems in system of its development. Thereupon it is necessary to note a cart ­
rastajushchy interest to management problems the industrial enterprises of a complex from a position of strategic management.

the Problem of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex, and also increase of productivity of their activity, has special social and economic importance as for separate regions, specificity of which branch structure ­ is advanced timber cutting and derevoobrabotka, and for the country as a whole regarding the decision of problems of preservation and augmentation of wood resources, ­ increase of economic return from them.

Thus, more detailed, detailed approach to management of the enterprises of the wood complex, directed on the decision ­ of strategic problems and considering the most effective ways of maintenance ­ of balance between increase of volume of a wood resource accessible to use and preservation of ecological potential of woods is necessary­­. Working out of the strategic ­ mechanism of management by the enterprises of a wood complex will allow to solve problems ­ of development and effective functioning of branch. Specified all above has caused a choice of a theme of research, statement of its purpose and problems.

Degree of a readiness of a problem. The problematics of management of the enterprises ­ and complexes is enough investigated as abroad, and in Russia.

The special place among works of the Russian researchers is taken away ­ to theorists and experts of management by the enterprises and complexes: Asaulu A.N., Vertakovoj J.V., Goncharovoj V.V., Gorfinkelju V. JA, Gribovu V. D, Zajtsevu N.L., Izmalkovoj S.A., Polidi A.A., Rumjantsevoj Z.P., Toroptsovu V. S, Fathudi - novu River A, Shvandar V. A and other scientists.

the Toolkit and methods of strategic management in a context development maintenance are presented by the enterprises in works of domestic and ­ foreign economists: Azoeva G. L, Ansoffa I, Vihansky Island S, Dzhuhi V, Klejnera G. B, Kotler F, Lambena Jean-Jacque, Mintsberga G, Paracinchona of Century N, Petrova A.N., Pisarenko N. L, Plotnikova V. A, Poljanina A.V., Striklenda A.Dzh., Tomsona A.A., Fomicheva A.N., Jablokovoj S.A., etc.

Questions of integration of the enterprises in branches and complexes as the important ­ component of structure of modern market economy, reveal in ­ works as foreign (Kenneth Andrews, Gort M., Yoshinara E., Sakuma A., Itami K., Pitts R. A., Hopkins, H. D.), and domestic researchers (Avdasheva, S.B., Markova V. D, Novitskij E.G., Belousova V. M, Makarov A. V, Garifullin A. R), thus a considerable role in these works is given to integration strategy­.

At the present stage of development of a science and applied researches in sphere of management of the enterprises special interest is caused by researches of specificity of activity in various spheres of economy. The appreciable contribution to working out ­ of the theory of strategic management by the enterprises of a wood complex have brought ­ Burdin N.A., Bolshakov N.M., Egornov V. A, Zhideleva V.V., Kozhemjako N.P., ­ Kozhuhov N.I., Kondratyuk V. A, Sahanov V.V., Moiseev N.A., Petrov A.P., Perov V. N, Pisarenko A.I., Fetishcheva Z.I., Shalaev V. S, Shinkina V.V., Shlykov V. M, Janushko A.D. and other scientists.

Development of branches and complexes, expansion of fields of activity of the separate enterprises, including at the expense of penetration into others not related profiles ­ is interfaced to considerable risks. In wood sector integration processes in sphere lesohozjajstvennogo manufactures are the most brave, in view of its specificity of uncertainty reflecting elements, and duration of processes ­ of cultivation of wood. In these conditions there is an objective necessity ­ of search of effective strategy of development of the wood complex, ­ incomes of the enterprises providing ­ maximisation for its structure on the one hand, and in turn being the least risky with another, and also managements of processes of growth of scales of activity on creation and operation ­ of timber industry plantations.

the First practical recommendations about the organisation and technology ­ plantatsionnogo lesovyrashchivanija have been prepared LenNIILHom, BelNIILHom. A problematics of renewal of wood resources in system of wood business podni -
mali A.V.Zhigunov, V.G.Rubtsov, V.V. Strahov, I.V. Clowns, collective ­ of the All-Russia scientific research institute of forestry under the guidance of S.A.Rodina.

Thus, the urgency of studying economic and institutsionalnyh ­ bases of strategic management of processes of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex on the basis of formation of the strategic mechanism of management ­ by the enterprises of a wood complex is obvious.

the Purpose of dissertational research consists in development ­ teoretikometodicheskih positions and a substantiation of practical recommendations about ­ working out of the mechanism of strategic management by the enterprises of a wood complex in modern conditions of managing.

Achievement of the given purpose assumes statement and the decision of following problems:

- to reveal preconditions of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex on the basis of ­ the analysis of the basic tendencies and features of their development;

- to offer a method of an estimation of priorities and problems of strategic development of the enterprises of a wood complex;

- to develop a technique of an estimation of risks at integration lesohozjajstvennogo and derevoobrabatyvajushchego manufactures;

- to offer the resource approach to formation of the mechanism of strategic ­ management by the enterprises of a wood complex;

- to develop verbal model of a choice of strategy of integration of the enterprises ­ of a wood complex.

Object of work are the enterprises of a wood complex.

as the Object of research the administrative relations ­ arising at formation of the mechanism of strategic development of the enterprise - ty of a wood complex act­.

research Area. Research is executed within the limits of the passport of a scientific ­ speciality 08.00.05 - Economy and management of a national economy - management (item 10.9. The organisation as object of management. Management of the organisation ­ on stages of its life cycle; item 10.11. Managerial process organizatsi ­
to it, its separate subsystems and functions. Mechanisms and methods of acceptance and realisation of administrative decisions. Risk-management; item 10.15. Strategic ­ management, methods and forms of its realisation. The external and internal environment of the organisation. Process and methods of working out and strategy realisation. ­ Corporate strategy, optimisation of the size of firm and vertical integration, strategy diversifikatsii. Formation and management of chains of creation of value), and also 08.00.05 - Economy and management of a national economy: economy, the organisation and management of the enterprises, branches, complexes - the industry (item 1.1.4. Tools of intrafirm and strategic planning at the industrial enterprises, branches and complexes).

Scientific novelty of research consists in development ­ teoretikometodicheskih positions in area of strategic management of the enterprises of a wood complex on a basis prioritizatsii strategic problems and formation ­ of the strategic mechanism of management by the enterprises of a wood complex.

the Most essential scientific results received personally by the author, taken out on protection, are:

on a speciality 08.00.05 - Economy and management of a national economy ­(management):

1. Preconditions of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex are revealed, the author's approach to their allocation and ordering differs the account ­ of modern and perspective tendencies and the features of development of the enterprises ­ of a wood complex considered as specific object of strategic management (the item 10.9Ļąńļīšņą specialities 08.00.05);

2. The method of an estimation of priorities and problems of strategic development of the enterprises of the wood complex, based on two-level procedure of ranging and likelihood otsenivanija the priorities which use ­ has allowed to prove is offered,­ that creation of timber industry plantations as bases of a steady raw-material base of a wood complex is a strategic branch ­ priority in modern Russian conditions (item 10.15 of the Passport ­ of a speciality 08.00.05);

3. The technique of an estimation of risks is developed at integration lesohozjajstvennogo ­ and derevoobrabatyvajushchego the manufactures, differing the interfaced analysis ­ of incomes and expenses for restoration timber industry plantations taking into account likelihood character of course intra-and interfirm processes ­ of interaction which allows algoritmizirovat and to optimise decision-making process about a choice of a kind of strategy of development of the enterprises (item 10.11 ­ of the Passport of a speciality 08.00.05);

4. The resource approach to formation of the mechanism of strategic management by the enterprises of the wood complex, differing embeddings of the block of risk-management in resource maintenance of the enterprises ­ of a wood complex which allows to transform strategic alternatives to priority projects of integration of business processes on the basis of creation and operation of timber industry plantations with a risk minimum level (item 10.15 of the Passport of a speciality 08.00.05) is offered­;

on a speciality 08.00.05 - Economy and management of a national economy (economy, the organisation and management of the enterprises, branches, complexes - the industry):

5. The verbal model of a choice of strategy of integration of the enterprises ­ of the wood complex, differing by accent on equation of its development industrial (lesohozjajstvennoj, lesozagotovitelnoj and derevoobrabatyvajushchej­) subsystems with use of the resource concept that allows to synchronise strategic development of the separate enterprises and ­ the manufactures, providing formation of competitive advantages of a wood complex in whole (the item 1.1.4Ļąńļīšņą specialities 08.00.05) is developed­­­.

the Theoretical importance of results of research. The presented theoretical conclusions, concerning substantiations of perspectivity of development ­ of processes of integration lesohozjajstvennogo and derevoobrabatyvajushchego manufactures, and also the methodical approach to a choice of variants of integration on the basis of ­ comparison of productivity and riskovosti can form a basis for ­ the further researches in sphere of strategic management of the enterprises, from ­
rasljami and complexes. The generated theoretical conclusions and positions can be used in the course of teaching of courses of disciplines «­ Strategic management», «Industrial management», «Management of risks­», «the Organization and management in a wood complex» in high schools of Russia.

the Practical importance of results of research consists in possibility of application of the conclusions formulated in the dissertation and recommendations as in activity of the public authorities which are carrying out regulation in the field of strategic management by the enterprises of a wood complex, and in systems of management of these enterprises. The revealed priorities of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex can be considered in the course of formation of strategic directions of its development. The offered technique of an estimation of brave losses at integration lesohozjajstvennogo and derevoobrabatyvajushchego manufactures is expedient to use at a substantiation of a variant of development of the timber industry enterprises;

Approbation of results of research.

the Formulated positions of research, and also the received conclusions and recommendations have been discussed on faculty meetings of Management and economy ­ of business of the Voronezh state timber university of G.F.Morozova, and also reported at different international ­ scientifically-practical conferences («theory and ­ practice Pressing questions ­ financially - economic activities», Voronezh, 2017, «Actual directions of scientific researches of the XXI-st century: the theory and practice», Voronezh, 2016, «the Russian economy: a prospection», Tambov, 2017) and the All-Russia conferences («the Condition of woods and actual problems lesoupravlenija», ­ Khabarovsk, 2013, «Effective technologies and management practice in the modern companies of Russia», Tambov, 2017, «Sajapinsky readings», Tambov, 2017).

the Received results of research are approved in the course of teaching ­ of courses «Strategic management», «Industrial management» that is confirmed by inquiries on introduction. Formulated practical you ­
waters and recommendations are introduced in practice of work of Open Society «Djatkovo DOSES», that also is confirmed documentary.

Publications on a dissertation theme. The basic results of research are published in 18 scientific works in total amount 12,15 items of l. (The author's contribution - 3,65 items of l.) Including 6 articles are published in the leading reviewed magazines ­ recommended VAK at Minobrnauki to Russia. In the works published ­ in the co-authorship, the substantive provisions received personally by the author, are reflected in dissertational research. Personally the competitor reveals preconditions ­ of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex on the basis of the analysis of modern and ­ perspective tendencies and features of development of the enterprises of a wood complex [7,12,14,15]; the method of an estimation of priorities and problems of strategic development ­ of the enterprises of a wood complex is proved,­ and also features of creation of timber industry plantations as bases of a steady raw-material base of a wood complex [1,2,3,6,11,16,17] are investigated; specificity of an estimation of risks is investigated at integration ­ lesohozjajstvennogo and derevoobrabatyvajushchego manufactures [4,8,18]; ­ the resource approach to formation of the mechanism of strategic management by the enterprises of a wood complex [10,13] is proved­; Features of a choice of strategy ­ of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex [5,7,9] are revealed­.

the Structure and volume of dissertational work have been defined ­ by necessity of the decision of the put scientific problems. The dissertation consists of the introduction,­ three heads, conclusions and recommendations, the list of the literature and appendices.

In introduction the urgency of a theme of research, a definite purpose and problems, a subject and object of research is opened, scientific novelty is formulated, ­ the scientific positions which are taken out on protection are reflected, the practical ­ importance of work is proved,­ results of approbation and introduction of the received results are presented­.

In chapter 1 «Theoretical bases of strategic management ­ the enterprises of a wood complex» carry out the analysis of the basic tendencies and features of development of the enterprises of a wood complex; preconditions of integration of the enterprises of a wood complex are opened; importance strategic
managements of the enterprises of a wood complex is proved, arrangement ­ of priorities of strategic problems of development of the enterprises of a wood complex is carried out­.

In the second chapter «Scientifically-methodical aspects of strategic management the enterprises of a wood complex» investigate influence of the concept of "life cycle" on processes of strategic management by the enterprises of a wood complex in the conditions of integration; the method of an estimation of priorities and problems of strategic development of the enterprises of a wood complex is offered; the approach to a choice of strategy integratsy the enterprises of a wood complex is investigated; the verbal model of a choice of strategy of integration of the enterprises of a wood ­ complex is developed­.

In the third chapter «Working out of the mechanism of strategic management by the enterprises of a wood complex» results of the analysis of foreign experience of support of development of the enterprises of a wood complex and possibility of its adaptation to the Russian conditions are presented; the resource approach to formation of the mechanism of strategic management by the enterprises of a wood complex is offered; recommendations about harmonisation of branch and state support of development of the enterprises of a wood complex are given.

In the conclusion ­ the conclusions received during carried out research ­ and the recommendation are presented­.

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A source: TORZHOK IVAN OLEGOVICH. the MECHANISM of STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT of the ENTERPRISES of the WOOD COMPLEX. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. Voronezh - 2018. 2018

More on topic INTRODUCTION:

  1. in introduction
  2. INTRODUCTION
  3. INTRODUCTION
  4. 10.1. Introduction
  5. INTRODUCTION
  6. approbation and introduction of results.
  7. Introduction
  8. Introduction
  9. INTRODUCTION
  10. INTRODUCTION
  11. Introduction
  12. Introduction
  13. INTRODUCTION
  14. Instead of Introduction …
  15. PRACTICAL INTRODUCTION OF RESULTS OF WORK
  16. 5. Attention strengthening to questions of legal introduction.
  17. Introduction
  18. Introduction