the Analysis of a modern condition of the noncommercial organisations to Russia, a role and a place of the crisis phenomena in their activity

In the world community value of "the third sector» as significant sector of economy and institute «soft force» grows. The noncommercial organisations appreciably form an image of the country, become the tool of cultural and political influence in the world.

the Noncommercial organisations which later have nicknamed «the third sector», have officially appeared in Russia on May, 31st, 1991 when the Supreme body of the USSR has approved Bases of the civil legislation of USSR and union republics. The separate law «About the noncommercial organisations», applied and now, has been signed by the president of the Russian Federation on January, 12th, 1996.

«the Noncommercial organisation (NKO) is the organisation which does not have extraction of profit as a main objective of the activity and not meting received profit between participants», - the law says.

And here the purposes at NKO under the law can be different - social, charitable, educational, scientific etc. Besides, to create NKO it is possible and for the purpose of health protection of citizens, development of sports, satisfaction of spiritual and other non-material requirements of citizens, including for legal aid rendering. That is for all that is directed «on achievement of public benefits».

In 2010 in the law the point which has entered separate kind NKO - socially focused (SONKO) has been brought. Their problem - the decision of social problems, development of a civil society in the Russian Federation. Since January, 1st, 2017 in the law there was a point about NKO,
executing socially useful services. As them are understood socially focused NKO which not less than year «render socially useful services of appropriate quality» and are not foreigns agent. Those who will get to the corresponding register, can count on grants from the state. But, by a recognition of the organisations, reception of the status of the executor of socially useful services goes very slowly.

Official treatments of a category «the noncommercial organisation» have allowed to allocate basic features of their activity:

- profit reception does not act as an overall objective of functioning of the organisation;

- the profit of the noncommercial organisation is not meted between its participants;

- the global name of the organisation consists in achievement of public benefits.

With a view of complex studying of essence of functioning and management of the noncommercial organisations it is reversible to their definitions, containing in various economic dictionaries (table 6).

Table 6 - category Research «Noncommercial organisation» with

~ ~25

positions of economic dictionaries

the Author of treatment the Name

the dictionary

Essence of a category the Note
Koporulina V. N, Ostapenko D.V. the New economic dictionary the Noncommercial organisation

(profitless) -

the organisation, not

putting the basic

the purpose of activity profit extraction. To such organisations belong

In our opinion,

application of a sign "profitless" contradicts possibility of the noncommercial organisation to be engaged enterprise

25 It is constituted by the author.

table Continuation

the public, religious, charitable organisations, assistance funds.

the Noncommercial organisations have

the right to be engaged

enterprise activity only for performance

the authorised purposes [26] .

activity, and

means to receive

profit and

to use for

the authorised purposes

Litvintseva G. P the Dictionary of terms on institutsionalnoj to economy the Noncommercial organisation, the profitless organisation, often

corporation, which owes the income of the activity behind a deduction the expense

to leave in the organisation and

to use for

achievements of objects in view. Such organisations have no proprietors, that is applicants for unallotted profit [27]

In definition

the emphasis also on unprofitableness of the noncommercial organisation is placed, but in the subsequent the algorithm of extraction of profit reveals: a difference

between the income and the expense of the managing subject.

Starodubtseva E.B., Lozovskij L.S., Rajzberg B.A. the Modern economic dictionary the Noncommercial organisation is the organisation which does not put the main objective

activity profit reception. The public, religious, charitable organisations, assistance and help funds concern such organisations

Much in common with the definition of the noncommercial organisation given by Koporulinoj V. N and Ostapenko D.V., but during too time more exact as the accent is cleaned on


to a science, culture,

to formation, public health services, sports, association, the unions, establishments. NKO can

to carry out enterprise for realisation

the authorised purposes [28] .

Ordering of the presented information allows to draw a conclusion, that the resulted definitions contain treatments of the Federal act in a basis about the noncommercial organisations and open their basic feature - functioning not for profit extraction as main objective.

One of factors of uncertainty in the conditions of functioning of the noncommercial organisations consists that complexities with presence by the timely statistical information on activity of the third sector now are observed that is connected with absence of general account NKO.

the Federal service of the state statistics receives and processes data in a cut of kinds of economic activities.

In the annual report of Public chamber of the Russian Federation (OP the Russian Federation) is noticed, that in 2015-2017 the total of the noncommercial organisations in Russia remains stable, with the tendency to certain growth.

«If on the end of 2015 in the register of Ministry of Justice appeared about 226 thousand noncommercial organisations for December of 2016 - already hardly more than 227 thousand», - is marked in the report.

the Quantity of the noncommercial organisations on organizatsionnopravovym ­ to forms and in a cut of regions of Russia, including socially focused organisations is resulted in table 7:

Table 7 - Quantity of the noncommercial organisations on

to organisation-legal forms and in a cut of regions of Russia in 2017 29

29 the Site of public chamber of the Russian Federation.

According to the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation, in Russia for January, 1st, 2018 operates about 220 thousand NKO. Their quantity remains to constants throughout last several years. More and more NKO involve private donations and more actively work with citizens. Informal civil activity grows also. During too time the current social and economic situation testifies to complexities in development of noncommercial sector. For their overcoming NKO should become more transparent and accountable. The organisations should also is better co-operate with each other, create partnership, create the self-adjustable organisations that will allow to protect them from uncertainty and risk and will help them to become more accountable, to operate according to high ethical standards

the Fund of development of a civil society has analysed including a situation with financing NKO. They have noticed, that if all over the world the basic form of support of "the third sector» is state support in Russia it constitutes only 5 %.

«On the average, by a cumulative estimation, in the developed countries state financing NKO constitutes 48 % of their income (in developing - 22 %, in Russia - 5 %), incomes of activity, including membership dues, - 35 % (in developing countries - 61 %, in Russia - 22 %), donations of business, citizens and foreign funds - 17 % (in developing countries - 17 %, in Russia - 73 %) (estimation The Boston Consulting Group, 2011). The Most part of public funds

it is transferred socially significant NKO, t. e.tem which render social services to the population and work in close cooperation with the state bodies - as a rule, within the limits of target programs of the ministries and departments », - it was marked in the report.

last three years the volume of budgetary injections in «the third sector» with social orientation began to grow. According to the ministry report
economic development of the Russian Federation, following the results of 2014 the volume of state support socially focused NKO has constituted 4,2 billion roubles, in 2015 he has grown to 8,11 billion roubles, and in 2016 - to 11,32 billion roubles.

It is explainable including acceptance in the end of December, 2012 of the subroutine «Increase of efficiency of the state support of socially focused noncommercial organisations». It is a government program component «Social support of citizens». Only within the limits of one this subroutine planned state support SONKO from the federal budget for 2017 should constitute more than 896,19 million roubles. The total amount of financing with 2013 for 2020 under the subroutine is supposed at a rate of 6,32 billion roubles. Thus by the end of term number of regions in which the municipal programs of support SONKO accepted more than in 10 % of city districts and areas are realised, about 50 % are planned to finish. Besides, similar regional programs should have 83 regions.

As process of formation of noncommercial sector in Russia proceeds is inconsistent enough and it is difficult, it causes necessity of complex studying of such economic category as «the noncommercial organisation» as a basic element of maintenance of socially fair redistributive processes in the state.

Modernization of social sphere is a key problem of the state policy spent last years. The active participant in granting of social services is the noncommercial sector.

the Statistical account of sector of the is social-focused noncommercial organisations (WITH NKO) leads Rosstat. According to Rosstata, the quantity WITH NKO continues to grow: if on the end of 2016 in Russia it has been registered 140 031 WITH NKO, on the end of 2017 - 143 436. It

about 63 % from the general number registered NKO. However in this case it is necessary to say about sector growth, that more and more NKO formally concern a category of socially focused organisations - for this purpose enough mention in charter NKO at least one direction of the activity recognised socially focused. So, in number WITH NKO - the Analytical centre at the Government of the Russian Federation, Agency of strategic initiatives, various

the governmental funds.

According to Rosstata, the total amount of incomes WITH NKO in 2016 has constituted 686 billion roubles, in 2017 - already 831 billion roubles (in particular, incomes of realisation of the goods and services have constituted 254 billion roubles, receipts from the Russian commercial organisations - 174 billion roubles). The resulted figures will not be adjusted with available data on total amount of economy of real noncommercial sector (so, support WITH NKO from the federal budget has constituted in 2017 about 11 billion roubles).

it is obvious, that, in this case it is a question including of the various governmental funds sponsored from the budget sports clubs and other organisations which only nominally can be carried to the noncommercial.

Other figures Rosstata about sector WITH NKO also cause questions. So, according to department, an aggregate number of employees WITH NKO has reached by the end of 2016 991 thousand persons (in 2015 - 989 thousand persons), that has constituted about 1,3 % of economically active population of the country. However on the end of 2017 this indicator has constituted already 672 thousand persons. How for one year number of employees WITH NKO could decrease more than for 300 thousand persons? And this that time when the state increases financial support of noncommercial sector, WITH NKO are connected to rendering of social services. At the same time on

the end of 2016 Rosstat has counted about 2,5 million volunteers WITH NKO on the end of 2017 - already 3,8 million persons. So prompt growth against falling of quantity of constant employees is difficultly explainable.

In 2017 the public project «Opened NKO» in which frameworks data about grants are aggregated, grants and contracts NKO has been started. The project allows to see, which organisations became addressees of the state support. However, in our opinion, sociological interrogations and agregatory data cannot replace the state statistics.

Research of conditions of functioning of the noncommercial organisations testify, that there is a deep internal segmentation of the third sector. It includes as small NKO the social orientation, working on municipal level, and large corporate and private welfare funds and many other things kinds of the organisations.

the Important components of the third sector - the branched out professional and corporate associations, for example association business - (Commercial and industrial chamber of the Russian Federation, the Russian union of industrialists and businessmen, «the Support of Russia», Association country (farmer) economy and agricultural co-operatives of Russia), the self-adjustable organisations, trade unions, the creative unions, which problem - to protect interests of certain groups to express their consolidated point of view and to lead up it to legislative and the executive authority, to form the comfortable competitive environment. There are the organisations working in interests of the members, for example, gardening associations, societies of tourists etc. At last, to NKO such different public associations, as parish communities or clubs of sports fans concern.

the Considerable part of sector constitute small NKO (to five persons in staff) which work on a gratuitous basis, and costs (for the action organisation) cover reports, the minimum expenses at the expense of means of the head which also independently prepares and hands over in supervising bodies the zero reporting. In particular, according to interrogation local NKO, spent in 2017, almost 37 % NKO have shown, that in 2017 the volume of the means received by them has constituted less than 100 thousand roubles.

Also it is necessary to notice, that is NKO which are founded or created at support or directly state bodies. It is possible to carry sports clubs which are often registered as independent NKO to this category. For 2017 the sum of receipts from the state in the form of grants, grants and contracts in such clubs has exceeded 20 mlrd roubles.

As a part of sector is present much, as a matter of fact, budgetary establishments or NKO, affilirovannyh with the state. Such «the organised public sector» appreciably is occupied by service of the state order. In turn, it leads to nationalisation of the third sector.

Moreover, on occasion NKO it is registered only for participation in competitions and reception of grants from the state, original osvaivanija state supports. Layer NKO, specially focused under participation in grantovyh competitions and the state projects (intermediaries, advisers for advancement grantovoj demands) was generated. The Vivid example are data of Public chamber ­ of Kabardinobalkarsky Republic. In 2014 local public organisation "be good" has received the presidential grant at a rate of 1 million roubles on creation of the All-Russia debatable Internet platform "RosDisput". However in a network the given project is absent and, except the name, it is more about it
it is not known, as well as about variety of others which names of initiators speak nothing among public active workers of region. As a matter of fact, such organisations have no direct relation to noncommercial activity so, on them various privileges and preferentsii should not extend. However the current legislation does not allow to spend gradation of different types NKO that is factors of uncertainty of their effective functioning.

the State approaches to all NKO with uniform requirements that limits possibilities for introduction of additional fiscal incentives and preferentsy for separate categories NKO. There is a variety of forms of support of a small-scale business (simplification of registration, the reporting, dot support), but anything similar is not present in noncommercial sector. To NKO the same requirements on tax deductions, as to commercial sector today are applied. For example, there is no lowered tax rate on property and the earth NKO in this connection the public organisations containing shelters and the rehabilitation centres, are frequently forced to spend for taxes to third of cost of the project.

Stimulating privileges cannot be given all NKO. Consider expedient to consider the problem about allocation among NKO various categories with a different tax mode and different requirements corresponding to it to the reporting and a transparency.

special approaches to regulation of activity of welfare funds which collect the donations Are necessary, more detailed reporting should represent NKO which apply for the state support. Thus legislative differentiation of commercial and noncommercial activity that NKO were not used for taxation optimisation is necessary.

nestrukturirovannost the third sector leads to rather rigid requirements to registration NKO of which representatives small WITH NKO complain first of all, constituting sector overwhelming majority. Research of the given problems testifies that in real conditions registration and maintenance of status NKO is more difficult, than registration and maintenance of the status of the businessman. To open Open Company, than NKO easier, and quite often noncommercial initiatives are registered as business. On the one hand, considering, that many NKO collect private donations and apply for the state support, it is defensible, with another - for the small socially focused initiatives serves as a barrier at occurrence in sector.

Last years are noted by growth of the state measures in favour of the third sector is an increase grantovoj supports, admission NKO to rendering of social services in budgetary sphere. Certainly, similar state measures - the important steps to a direction of increase of financial stability of noncommercial sector. Appreciably the state initiates today development of noncommercial sector in the country.

as the Basic form of the state support WITH NKO grants (grants) from the Federation budget today act. The general assignments for financing of activity WITH NKO are increased from 8 billion in 2015 to 11,2 billion roubles in 2016. In 2017 only under the program of presidential grants on support NKO it is directed 7 billion roubles.

Financing of programs of support WITH NKO from the federal budget in 2015-2016 is resulted in table 8.

Table 8 - Financing of programs of support WITH NKO from the federal budget in 2015-2016 [29]

the State body of the Russian Federation giving financial support WITH NKO Volume of the state financial support presented WITH NKO

(thousand roubles)

Quantity WITH NKO, got financial support
2015 2016 Dynamics


2015 2016 Dynamics


the Administrative office of Administration of the President Russian Federations 4 228 200 4 589 900 +361700 1 377 1 579 +202


859 000 - - 3 964 - -
Ministry of culture


2 077 372 4 136 443 -1663729 199 227 +28
Ministry of Labor of Russia 765 598 2 320 439 -1554841 17 30 +13


- 86 373 +86373 16 +16
Rosmolodezh 74 000 103 200 +29200 44 100 +56
FSKN Russia 10 200 - - 8 - -
the Ministry of Emergency Measures of Russia 100 000 90 000 -10000 7 19 +12
Total 8 114 390 11 326 355 +3211965 5 616 1 971 -3645

In 2017 the system of state support NKO has changed: the uniform operator - Fund of presidential grants is created.

Results of its work testify, that quality of competitive selection of demands the distribution and expenditure transparency grantovyh means has improved, has raised, the system of electronic document circulation and a feedback with applicants is introduced. On competition the significant amount of demands has arrived. More than 80 % of owners of grants - representatives of regions.

For the noncommercial organisations it is created new funktsional - possibility to submit the project on sofinansirovanie: such project receives
financial support and the states, and business through tools fandrajzinga.

we Consider, that it is necessary to extend more widely such practice to all kinds of the state support WITH NKO to bring up ability independently to find resources for a sustainable development and to avoid transformation NKO in kvazigosudarstvannye structure.

As to support of the noncommercial organisations from budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation negative consequences of abolition since 2016 of the program sofinansirovanija on a competitive basis of regional programs of support WITH NKO from the federal budget here are shown. A number of regions for lack of federal financing not only have not reduced, but even have increased support regional WITH NKO, however in the majority of regions preservation of such programs, especially in the conditions of budgetary deficiency, has high risks. And already it is now clear, that for lack of federal stimulus, the uniform system of the purposes, principles, criteria, measures of development WITH NKO can break up. Consider expedient to restore federal competitive sofinansirovanie regional programs of support WITH NKO.

Grantovaja support NKO at level of regions is less opened and uporjadochenna. It is necessary to enter into obligatory practice of the publication in open access not only data on addressees of budgetary funds and the supported projects, but also on results of realisation of projects.

the Regional authorities should expand not financial forms of support NKO, they are various enough are a gratuitous granting of premises, including in high schools, public institutions, schools, libraries, clubs, information, material support, for example, duplicating of materials. Thus in the majority of regions there is no open and clear information about accessible for NKO forms of not financial support. There are cases when premises
are leased under the preferential rate on behalf of NKO, and in a reality are used under commercial objectives. Today creation of the uniform electronic navigator with the open information on all accessible premises for NKO - by an example of the navigator for a small-scale business is actual.

to Estimate total amount of the state support of the third sector on the basis of existing statistics it is rather problematic. If to be guided on given Rosstata in 2016 cumulative receipts in the address WITH NKO from the federal budget have constituted 28 billion roubles, from budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation - 49 billion roubles, from municipal (local) budgets - 10 billion roubles, from the state off-budget funds - 6 billion roubles. During too time it is a question of reception independent NKO the state grants which are meted out of the law on public procurements. Among addressees of the state support - NKO, created at state social establishments, professional sports clubs which only can be carried to institutes of a civil society.

it is separately necessary to allocate a crisis component in activity of the noncommercial organisations of that they have no possibility to profit. The low wages some NKO at all in a condition to contain the bookkeeper and the lawyer Here remain. Meanwhile, in our opinion, the third sector - the important employer, and in the long term - a significant part of economy.

It is necessary NKO which wish to earn, rendering services or selling the goods to train, that they found means for new projects, risk and uncertainty decrease could pay the salary to employees as it is the major component of stability NKO.

In April, 2018 the State Duma in the third reading has approved the bill which makes to the Tax code of the amendment,
releasing citizens from payment of the tax to incomes of physical persons at reception of money resources from presidential grants.

It is very expected measure which provides the fair taxation of the noncommercial organisations and volunteers. Amendments will allow to remove encumbrance from those payments which NKO make to volunteers or any blagopoluchatelej. Volunteers will be released from payment NDFL provided that they have received the help in natural expression, for example in the form of payment of the ticket to a place where they will carry out the voluntary activity, and also residing, food and other needs.

Such measures will allow to increase horizon of strategic planning in the noncommercial organisations and will raise their efficiency as will put before NKO a problem to estimate social effect from projects, more responsibly to approach to expenses. As a certain reference point successful projects can serve in the given direction in the field of social business.

In developed conditions in regions of the Russian Federation appear NKO which are able to find additional financing, to involve volunteers, are ready to incur responsibility and to report to the state for the spent money. However it is a little of them, majority NKO does not have regular employees, an accurate control system of the organisation and professional accounts department, that is presence of the adverse factors demanding anti-recessionary influence is available.

Legal, consulting, information and organizational support of the noncommercial organisations in regions is rendered by the resource centres, the voluntary centres, the centres of innovations in social sphere. In our opinion, the given centres could be engaged in training of employees NKO to bases of legal and financial literacy.

In 2017 the resource centres for NKO operated only in 31 region, and all on the country 234 resource centres work. Certainly, it is not enough of it, after all the resource centres could, besides rendering of consulting services, condition for joint projects, help to exchange positive experience, to duplicate the best experts of social service. After the termination of the program of support of the resource centres in the area of Minekonomrazvitija Russia the state support of such centres is carried out in the area of Fund of presidential grants. It is necessary to consider possibility of regular financing of the resource centres from regional budgets. In immediate prospects it is necessary to found such resource centres in regions of Russia, for example, on the basis of regional public chambers. It should be formed and a network of the municipal resource centres.

the role of Public chamber of the Russian Federation as centre kompetentsy is Important, the carrying out role of "open university», collecting the information on socially significant projects which will form culture of the public contract of business, the authorities and societies to define and co-ordinate methodical support of institutes of the public control, an independent estimation of quality of social services, dobrovolchestva, charity and social business.

the Adverse factor reducing stability of development of the noncommercial organisations, deficiency of trust between public sector, the state and NKO which does not allow to develop to sector is, does not allow to introduce actively institutes of public control and public mutual aid.

One of the reasons of such mistrust - presence in sector of the roguish organisations, mimikrirujushchih under funds and NKO. The border in sector NKO - associations of citizens round those or other themes and problems and the large funds founded by the state and
the organisations which are NKO under the form, but not as a matter of fact is unevident. The state spends huge money resources which deform representations about support of noncommercial sector in the country for their maintenance.

NKO and civil active workers it is not enough and seldom co-operate with each other. So, regional public chambers are completely focused on interaction with registered NKO, therefore there it is seldom possible to meet civil active workers.

In 2017 trust level to the third sector has grown: according to Public chamber of the Russian Federation of Russians of 66 % trust activity NKO and civil associations [30] .

According to experts, first, many do not understand, that councils of veterans, trade unions, sports sections to which they go, art mugs in which their children are engaged, are NKO.

Many resonant public actions (for example, «the Immortal regiment») also result of activity of concrete active workers. However these actions or the organisations are not perceived as NKO, as they a natural environment of each of citizens of Russia, a life part. Therefore at interrogations the relation to another NKO to which help it is necessary to resort seldom about which activity there are no sufficient data is fixed, as a rule.

Besides, in sector NKO self-regulation is poorly developed, it is not enough platforms for association and consolidation, the sector is separated, that leads to occurrence of a different sort of swindlers in charity sphere, podstavnyh NKO, the political for realisation political or commercial projects.

World practice shows, that by increase of trust of a society to activity NKO the transparency and an openness of their activity is main.

In Russia practice of public reporting NKO has not taken roots yet, the detailed reporting is only at several tens organisations. On renewed work in 2017 competition of reports NKO "Reference point" 244 reports have been submitted only. On the one hand, many organisations do not have time and resources for their writing, on the other hand - there is no external motivation, and internal motivation at NKO the lowest, even at welfare funds.

Meanwhile transparency NKO is necessary not only to the state bodies, but also all society. It is necessary to notice, that in the majority of the countries with the developed third sector there is a system of gradation NKO on level of the public reporting. Access NKO to state financing programs, tax and other privileges and preferentsijam assumes granting by the organisation more detailed data about the activity, including financial streams, otherwise, more rigid requirements to a transparency. Therefore differentiation of categories NKO assumes introduction of more flexible system of the reporting. It is necessary to think of working out of standards of reporting NKO by analogy to standards nefinansovoj the commercial companies. This standard could become a basis for communications NKO with an external world, including with donors and grantoraspredeljajushchimi structures.

Considerable influence on structure and a condition of an infrastructure of support NKO renders so-called «long financing», i.e. financing of projects and programs for from 1 year and more. Influence on structure and a condition of an infrastructure of support NKO renders first of all the state and municipal financing, but it does not replace with itself the international financing as on volumes of means, and a thematic orientation, udobnosti. Besides, federal subsidising of regional programs in itself leads to "doubling" of social productivity of support NKO at regional level. With
other party, the international financing, at all complexities with its reception today, also has disbalans in remedial subjects. They not always can receive financing on that activity which costs on «the Russian agenda», including in questions of support of infrastructural projects. In this situation in the absence of turned out an expert on attraction of local means of private philanthropists of the organisation of infrastructural support are simply under the threat of disappearance, especially in the conditions of entering threat in the register of the organisations executing functions of the foreign agent. The state and municipal financing as already was underlined above, does not replace to the full the international financing.

Absence of accurate and transparent system of an estimation of monitoring under different programs of financing of an infrastructure of support NKO also gives rise to "the general uncertainty» of necessary volumes of support of this infrastructure, what demand and who the customer on this infrastructure.

the Analysis of a modern condition of the noncommercial organisations in Russia allows to make that on their effective functioning and development render great value of the crisis phenomena of objective and subjective character.

- underestimation from controls and potential business «the third sector»,

- bureaucratism in administrative structures,

- immunity of administration of region to public inquiries,

- to shortage of experience at NKO and at the state bodies in an establishment of constructive relations with each other,

- disconnexion and separation NKO,

- absence of coordination between the noncommercial organisations and civil active workers of different regions,

- mistrust of a society to activity of the noncommercial organisations,

- complexities of maintenance of the constant steady budget of the organisation and attraction of additional financing for the noncommercial organisation,

- difficulties with registration, application for participation in competition and the subsequent reporting on grantovoj to the program,

- on the sites of majority NKO receiving presidential grants, there are no program and financial annual reports, many in general do not have site,

- employees NKO do not have not enough knowledge and the competence for realisation of system projects,

the carried out analysis of a condition and dynamics of development of noncommercial sector in Russia shows, that «the third sector» which already is the large employer (in it is employed about 1 million Russians), yet did not become the significant factor of an economic life of the country. By different estimations, the contribution of noncommercial sector to country gross national product constitutes less than 1 % [169]. Taking into account that in the countries with the developed noncommercial sector its contribution to economy reaches 10 %, in Russia there is a huge potential for growth of all sector.

the Economic basis of development of noncommercial sector is formed of various sources. For the noncommercial organisations the most significant is the question of economic security of the organisation which allows to realise long-term programs. Stability assumes attraction of various sources of finance, preventive management and monitoring of influence of adverse factors, the best forecasting and fuller awareness on plans of donors and the state.


<< | >>
A source: Surovneva Anna Aleksandrovna. FORMATION of ANTI-RECESSIONARY STRATEGY of the NONCOMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of a Cand.Econ.Sci. An eagle - 2018. 2018

More on topic the Analysis of a modern condition of the noncommercial organisations to Russia, a role and a place of the crisis phenomena in their activity:

  1. Factors of occurrence of crisis in the noncommercial organisations
  2. Functions, principles and methods of strategic management of the noncommercial organisations in the conditions of crisis
  4. Identification of crises in activity ofthe noncommercial organisations
  5. 1.3 Role and a place of portfolios of banking services in activity of a modern bank of commerce
  7. System of indicators of an estimation of activity of the noncommercial organisations in the conditions of realisation of anti-recessionary strategy of development
  8. § 2.3. The noncommercial organisations as a kind not state The organisations
  9. 1.1. A condition and prospects of development of a securities market, a problem of activity of banks of commerce in a role of intermediaries on a securities market in Russia
  10. the Condition and prospects of development of a securities market, a problem of activity of banks of commerce in a role of intermediaries on a securities market in Russia
  11. § 3. A modern condition of frontier cooperation of territorial bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia with competent bodies of the foreign states in sphere of operatively-search activity
  12. Paragraph 2.2 the Legal capacity of the noncommercial organisations.
  13. § 1.1 Noncommercial organisations as subjects of an inconsistency
  14. CHAPTER 1. A place and a role of electronic trade in modern economy.