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activity of the emigrant out-of-school and educational organisations on familiarising of children with musical art

One of elements of educational space of Russian abroad were out-of-school establishments and the educational organisations. Among them there were, as shown in dissertation chapter 1, public universities, the Russian houses, a different sort courses, musical societies, etc.

Many of them brought the mite, at times considerable, in music education of children. We will subject to the analysis the maintenance and forms of activity of some of these establishments and the organisations on familiarising of children of Russian refugees with musical art.

The important place in business of familiarising of children of Russian emigrants to musical art was occupied with Russian public universities. Such universities have been created in several European cities.

In a public university of Paris work was spent by persons who supervised over activity of the Society of public universities in Petersburg earlier. Workers of university, realising, that Russian emigrant youth grows out of conditions of Russian life and out of influence of its cultural riches, aspired to that at least partially, out-of-school by to acquaint children and youth with what they are deprived, living abroad [120, with. 3]. For this purpose the public university arranged public lectures, reports, excursions. Conversations about Russian culture used special popularity. Organizers of these conversations aspired «to revive in memory of youth temporarily left
The native land in its historical monuments, its natural riches and beauty, in its literary works, musical creativity »[1, l. 59]. A component of the specified conversations were is musical-vocal branches where in execution of professional musicians products of Russian composers - P.I.Tchaikovsky, M.P.Musorgsky sounded, A.P. Borodino, N.A.Roman and others [6, l. 24]. In one of public university reports in Paris it is noticed, that for 10 years of its work 43 conversations on which was present about nine thousand persons [120 have been spent, with. 23]. Among listeners of these conversations there were children of the senior school age.

Similar work was spent in Russian public university to Sofia: lectures, seminars, conversations about Russian culture, including about Russian music and Russian theatre were arranged. Conversations about Russian culture spent in a public university of of Prague. They were devoted to creativity of Russian composers, executors, memorials of domestic musical culture. Actors of Russian opera, vocalists and instrumentalists took part in concert branches of these conversations. So, in concert branch of one of conversations such products, as «the Song of dark wood» A.P have sounded. Borodino, an aria from operas "Mermaid" A.S.Dargomyzhsky, «the Life for the tsar» M.I.Glinka, "Prince Igor" A.P. Borodino, P.I.Tchaikovsky "Queen of spades" [1, l. 13-16]. Separate conversations were devoted to creativity of the Czech composers, for example, B.Smetane.

In archival materials data that professors of Russian public universities came to Russian emigrant schools where acted with reports and lectures before pupils and teachers, including about Russian musical art contain. So, to the Russian real reformed grammar school Moravian Trzhebovy repeatedly there came professor I.I.Lapshin who has read in it a series of lectures «Russian music». Teachers of a grammar school noticed, that such meetings caused the big interest of pupils [35, l.

339].

Except conversations about Russian culture the public university in Prague regularly arranged concerts for Russian and Czech youth. In particular, the cycle of so-called historical concerts has been spent. These concerts have been organised in 1922 for the purpose of acquaintance of youth of both countries with history of development of Russian and Czech music [54, l. 2]. The Czech and Russian musicians took part in concerts. The program of concerts included Russian national songs, Russian and Czech tool music, including P.I.Tchaikovsky, N.A.Roman's products, A.P. Borodino, by A.S.Dargomyzhsky, B.Smetany, etc. From 1923 for 1928 in Russian public university of Prague 169 cultural and educational actions (concerts, the is musical-literary evenings, open meetings, etc.) which along with adults were visited also by schoolboys [23, l have been arranged. 88].

In Russian abroad enough considerable quantity of Russian houses has been created. They continued tradition of national houses existing in pre-revolutionary Russia. The satisfaction of spiritual, cultural requirements of Russian emigrants, especially Russian studying youth was one of the purposes of Russian houses. Russian houses represented the centres of an out-of-school life of Russian diasporas, were the centres of Russian culture. In one building some emigrant establishments quite often functioned: reading rooms, the youthful and youth organisations (for example, scout groups), folk theatres, general educational courses for adults, etc. In Russian houses were arranged concerts, literary evenings, were regularly read reports, were given religious-educational talks. The given establishments opened almost in all countries where there were Russian diasporas.

Russian houses spent the big educational work in the slavic countries (Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria). In Belgrad, for example, the Russian house of a name of emperor Nikolay II which was one of the largest cultural-educational successfully worked
Establishments of Russian abroad. Such house under the name «Russian centre» was in Prague under the protection of the Czech Red Cross and the wife of the president of Czechoslovakia A.Masarika. Countess S.V.Panin managed «Russian centre». In a concert hall of this house Russian musical society in Prague regularly spent musicales, lectures, concerts. Actions were thematic, had educational character, were arranged for Russian and Czech audience, adults and children were listeners on these actions.

Spent to «Russian centre» concerts were devoted M.I.Glinka's to creativity, A.P. Borodino, M.P.Musorgsky, N.A.Roman, P.I.Tchaikovsky, A.K.Glazunov, etc. the anniversary evenings devoted by A.T.Grechaninovu and S.V.Rakhmaninov Have taken place. In concerts the best samples of opera art, romances of Russian composers, choral and vocal compositions, a sacred music sounded. The Russian musicians living in Czechoslovakia participated in concerts: vocalists A.P.Svechinsky, K.N.Shesterikova, M.V.Chernosvitova, S.I.Timashev, pianist L.I.Belotsvetova. The actors who were in emigration in other countries were invited also. So, the Russian opera singer, the former soloist of Mariinsky theatre A.D. Aleksandrovich, were in Paris, repeatedly took part in such actions. The Czech musicians of the Prague philharmonic society acted also: violoncellist Kyok, singer Jahno, pianist Ermil [168, l. 61]. Concerts were accompanied by an opening address. Especially often with such word professor I.I.Lapshin acted. Aaplets where except the list of compositions the brief information on composers and executed compositions was given were distributed to listeners.

In Bulgaria Russian houses have been opened in Sofia, Varna, Pleven, Tyrnove. Walls of rooms of these houses have been decorated by posters with texts of Russian proverbs, chronology of Russian history, names of outstanding Russian people. With children a sit-round gathering over tea from Russian was arranged
Samovar. Concerts on which Russian chorus in national suits [36 acted, l were held. 46].

In emigration for the Russian children trained at foreign schools, courses in Russian subjects have been created. Employment were spent during free time from the basic lessons at out-of-school establishments, and also where conditions allowed, in premises of schools of the countries of residing. Similar courses functioned in Prague, Nice, Paris and other cities of dispersion of Russian refugees. These courses differently were called: «Russian courses», «National courses», «Additional employment in Russian subjects», «Additional courses for Russian pupils», etc.

As an example we will consider work of the Russian courses operating at Russian academic group in Prague. The given courses have been created in 1925 at the initiative of Russian mothers. On courses lessons in such subjects, as the Law Divine, Russian, Russian history, geography of Russia, singing were conducted. Employment were visited by boys and girls at the age from 7 till 16 years during after-dinner time as first half of day has been occupied by lessons in comprehensive schools.

Musical employment on Russian courses at Russian academic group in Prague Russian teachers N.A.Masalsky, M.V.Chernosvitova, M.A.Nikishin, A.P.Malyshev, etc. [153 spent, l. 66]. In M.V.Chernosvitovoj's reports on musical work on the given courses it is said, that lessons of singing with children were spent once a week. Acquaintance of pupils with Russian national song and with though some products of Russian composers, and also musical development of children »[23, l was the purpose of employment«. 105]. The training maintenance included acquaintance of pupils with the musical reading and writing, a life and creativity of Russian composers. Children sang, listened to music. Products A.P, for example, have been included in the hearing program. Borodino («Sleeping knjazhna»), N.A.Roman («the sea»), A.T.Grechaninova («Night voices» does not foam, «Edge you mine»), etc. With children children's songs, Russian forgot

National songs, simple choruses from operas of Russian composers, prays, church chanting. Most often in choral execution A.S.Arensky, A.T.Grechaninova, T.A.Kjui, P.I.Tchaikovsky products sounded.

Children who were engaged on Russian courses in Prague, took part in annually arranged children's holidays. Pupils acted in Russian national suits. In celebratory concerts children's performances, dancing numbers were usually shown, Russian national songs, including children's songs-games [70, l were sung. 6-10]. Thanks to spent work children became, under M.V.Chernosvitovoj's certificate, «zealous visitors» musical employment, willingly sang, l actively participated in preparation and carrying out of holidays [28. 105].

The Russian courses similar Prague, have been organised in Switzerland (Geneva, Lausanne) by help Committee to Russian children. Here Russian, Russian history, geography of Russia, the Law Divine were taught. On courses the children's chorus which took part in holidays [39, l has been organised. 301-303]. In France Russian children of refugees also could attend the Russian courses organised at local educational institutions in which Russian children were trained: man's and female lycées of Paris and Nitstsy, preparatory French school in Nice, etc. Some employment were spent at churches (in Paris, Nice, Marseilles). Children were engaged on Thursdays - in day, free from lessons at the basic school. On the majority of courses with children musical lessons, more often in the form of choral singing [50, l were conducted. 133].

Courses for Russian pupils have been organised in 1922 in Tunis, at club under the name «Russian meeting». The purpose of this organisation was association of all emigrants on a basis kulturnoyoprosvetitelnoj activity. Creation of children's section of club became one of its first affairs to give the chance to the Russian children living in very heavy material conditions, to spend time in 117

Useful occupations. Teachers of section had been organised training of children to choral singing and game on musical instruments. With children children's performances in which their participants sang have been put some and danced.

Among Russian emigrants there were professional musicians. They aspired to unite, with that end in view created in the residing countries musical societies. Such societies were organised in many respects on the sample of the Russian musical society existing in pre-revolutionary Russia.

In 1931 the Russian musical society has been founded in Paris. It set as the purpose «association of musicians and the fans of Russian music who are abroad, for improvement of moral, legal and material conditions of a life of Russian musicians abroad. To develop, support, strengthen out of Russia Russian musical tradition and culture» [79, l. 9]. Year after the charter of Russian musical society in Prague has been confirmed. This Society was headed by S.A.Trailin, the structure of its Board included known figures of school music education of Russian abroad S.P. Eagles and M.V.Chernosvitova. One of problems of the activity the Society put «assistance to correct statement of aesthetic development of children and to mastering of rudiments of history of Russian music by them» [78, l. 1].

Russian musical society in Prague suited musicales, lectures, singing festivals, concerts, assisted the various organisations in the device of concerts, ran a different sort musical courses. Among constant listeners and participants of musical actions of the given Society there were children. In particular, for Russian youth paid musical courses on which were taught the elementary theory of music, solfeggio, harmony, music history have been organised. The society supported contacts to the Russian reformed real grammar school in Prague and with a grammar school in Moravian
Trzhebove. For singing-masters, heads of kindergartens and choral circles the Society musical editions were printed and extended. Russian musical society existed and in Berlin. It also was engaged in the edition of the musical literature and has published «many fine samples extremely approaching for student's concerts» [15, l. 246].

Among Russian musical associations abroad has received popularity the Franco-Russian society created at the initiative of A.D.Aleksandrovicha. The society was engaged in propagation of Russian musical art among emigrants and the French population, aspired «to support and extend, first of all, in the environment of the most Russian fleeing love to native music» [1, l. 70]. «There is no way of more effective, - it was marked in Society documents, - to stir Russian feeling, than Russian national song, our church music and, at last, the motives inspiring our musical creativity in Russian opera both its other forms and kinds» [1, l. 70]. The society gave a lot of attention to work with youth, promoted distribution of choral singing to a children's audience.

In Russian abroad musical establishments functioned created by Russian musicians of a different sort: musical schools, musical courses, private musical studios and others, created by Russian musicians. In these establishments children of emigrants could receive profound musical preparation, and in some cases and a trade of the musician. So, in 1924 on the basis of Russian public university in Paris the national conservatory on purpose «satisfactions of the cultural has been opened... Requirements for music education» [120, l. 18]. In four years it has been transformed to musical school which successfully operated and in 1931 has been reorganised in conservatory of a name of S.V.Rakhmaninov [25, l. 34].

Well the music education has been put in some Russian diasporas of China (Harbin, Shanghai). In the mid-twenties, for example, in Shanghai three Russian vocal studios have been opened. Later enough considerable quantity of private schools and studios in which children were trained in game on a piano and a violin has been created. Among these establishments musical studio S.S used popularity. Aksakov. The training purpose in this studio consisted in preparation of pupils for pedagogical activity. In studio courses of the elementary theory of music, harmony, the musical form, music history were taught, lessons on a grand piano class were conducted. Since 1935 in Shanghai forces of Russian musicians-teachers had been founded «the First Russian musical school» [152, with. 44]. Fifteen years earlier musical school has been opened in Harbin. In it there were classes of a grand piano, a violin, a violoncello and solo singing [152, with. 41].

Except musical schools Russian pupils in emigration could be trained in musical art on different sorts musical courses. In Bulgaria at musical section of the Society of a unification of Russian musical courses of a name of A.K.Glazunov on which persons from 8 till 30 years were accepted have been opened. On these courses there were classes of a grand piano, a violin, a violoncello, singing, theoretical subjects (the elementary theory of music, solfeggio, harmonies, music encyclopaedias), music histories (general and Russian) [19, l. 19-33].

In emigration were extended private lessons of music. Many musicians gave such lessons. For example, in Prague S.A.Trailin privately was engaged, teaching lessons of harmony and the music theory.

The certain contribution to business of familiarising of rising generation to music was brought by the Russian children's Russian children's and youthful organisations. Most the wide circulation in emigration was received by such organisations, as «Russian falcons», "Scouts", "Heroes". They helped Russian children to be integrated in inokulturnuju environment and 120

To keep national originality. The main task of these organisations was development of intellectual, spiritual, physical potential of young men. We will characterise activity of some of these organisations.

The youth organisation «Russian falcon» set as the purpose «to help youth to realise the accessory to Russia, to bring up in... Hearts feeling of passionate love to it.», to promote preservation among refugees of Russian culture, language, national consciousness [121, with. 22]. With participants of this organisation talks on history and geography of Russia, religious-moral conversations were given, Russian national songs, sokolskie songs, church church chanting forgot. In some sokolskih the organisations student's orchestras were created. "Sokoljata" took part in celebratory actions. So, on one of holidays of "Day of Russian culture» in Paris sokolsky the orchestra and chorus have executed a fragment from P.I.Tchaikovsky opera "Evgenie Onegin". Specially by the given holiday the march which has sounded on a holiday in chorus and orchestra execution "sokoljat" [123 has been written and studied, with. 3].

For children were organised «sokolskie camp» which as emigrants marked, were «the mighty tool» education of children. All conditions promoted in camps to formation of national consciousness of children: Russian flag rose, "sokoljata" executed Russian hymn, Russian songs sounded.

In «the Russian falcon» in Yugoslavia (Zemun) employment by choral singing also have been organised. Evenings on which Russian music sounded were regularly arranged. Quite often children sang national songs under accordion accompaniment, such as «I Will harness a three fleet», «Gajda a three», etc. [122, with. 31]. Being in a system under Russian flag, children executed a slavic hymn «the Gay, Slavs», a song sokoljat «We children of great Russia» [8, l. 12].

The organisation concerned youth associations «Russian matitsa» which operated in Yugoslavia. This organisation for children and
Adults curriculums to Russian have been opened, Russian libraries and reading rooms are created, lectures, morning performances and literary - musicales were arranged. The theatrical section put performances, arranged concerts, Christmas fur-trees in which active participation was accepted by children of different age.

Cultural-educational work among youth was spent by youthful department of Russian student's Christian movement (RSHD). The given department has been organised in France in 1926 under the guidance of N.F.Fyodorova. For many years he spent kulturnoyoprosvetitelskuju and religious work, organizuja musical employment with children, visiting of theatres by them, museums, concerts. In Estonia Russian student's Christian movement had been organised Sunday employment with children of the younger age which program included games, reading of fairy tales, training to prays and church singing. In Paris by members of Russian student's Christian movement were spent together with sestrichestvom at the Aleksandro-Neva church chetvergovye and Sunday employment for Russian refugees and their children. To children of younger age were taught the Law Divine, the reading and writing, singing, manual skills, pupils of advanced age studied the New testament, divine service, church singing, history of church, life sacred, etc. [6, l. 76].

In emigration big enough attention was given to creation of Russian choruses. Demand for choral collectives has especially increased in connection with carrying out in emigrant diasporas of a holiday «Day of Russian culture». Emigrants noticed, that «without chorus, without singing the holiday is inconceivable» [125, with. 338]. School choruses became a basis of Russian choruses usually. The attention to increase of singing level of these choruses was paid. In Latvia in summertime special courses for improvement of professional skill of the singing-masters supervising school choruses were arranged. As a result of the done work in Latvia was over twenty Russian choruses, with success acting on holidays [125, with. 338].

Abroad Russian church choral collectives have been formed many. Wide development has received church choral business in Harbin. Choruses of Cathedral, Iversky, Modjagousky and Sofia churches were the largest here. These collectives periodically suited spiritual concerts on which were executed D.S.Bortnjansky, A.A.Arkhangelsk, P.G.Chesnokova, A.D.Kastalsky, A.T.Grechaninova, N.N.Cherepnina's composition and other Russian composers. Such concerts were appreciated among Russian public [70, l. 181-182].

Choral collectives of Russian abroad organised singing holidays, holidays of Russian song. The scale holiday of Russian song has taken place in 1939 in Estonia. It passed under historical walls of the Pechersky monastery. On a holiday 54 Russian choruses, including nurseries, from Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia have acted. The musical management of a holiday was incurred by actors D.A.Smirnov and A.D.Aleksandrovich [181, with. 371]. Emigrants marked good performing level of choral collectives. A.D.Aleksandrovich wrote: «it is necessary to note, as we - Russian - get stronger and we allocate from ourselves fine ensembles and choruses» [86, with. 1].

The considerable role in familiarising of children of refugees with musical art was played by the holidays arranged with Russian by school, out-of-school establishments and the educational organisations in many countries of moving of emigrants. «Day of Russian education», «Day of Russian culture», «Day of the Russian child», «Day of the Russian invalid» concerned such holidays.

Necessity of carrying out of the given actions has been caused by concern of figures of formation and culture of Russian abroad denationalisation of Russian children increasing in the course of time. In this connection search of forms of work which would allow to keep national traditions and achievements of domestic culture among young generation was spent. The organisation from the middle became one of such forms
1920th years in Russian abroad of an annual holiday «Day of Russian culture».

A.S.Pushkin - as «an aura of cultural values of Russian people» [5, l was a holiday symbol. 31]. Birthday of the poet (on June, 6th) in which the holiday was had, has been identified happy birthday «new Russia» abroad. The mission of a holiday consisted in association of Russian which «have been interspersed by singles or on neskolku families in the foreign environment and consequently require in connection with native culture and a unification with the compatriots» [38, l. 104]. The problem that each Russian person who has appeared on foreign land, could attach «the voice to powerful chorus of the voices distributed in all ends of the world in glory of Russia» [34, l was put. 29]. Holiday mission saw in that this day Russian people recollected the Native land, its cultural wealth which has found reflexion in domestic poetry, music, painting, a theatrical art, scientific thought, and acquainted with these values Russian rising generation abroad.

For the first time the specified holiday was marked under the name «Day of Russian education» in Estonia in 1924 and has been dated for the 125 anniversary from the date of A.S.Pushkin's birth. Next year this holiday has taken place in Prague and has been named by "Day of Russian culture». The next years it was spent in many countries of Europe and other continents where Russian diasporas were generated.

For the holiday organisation the committee into which authoritative Russian figures entered, including prince P.D.Dolgorukov, academician P.B.Struve, professor E.V.Spektorsky was created. In three years after the basis of a holiday it had a hymn written by A.G.Chesnokovym on verses of A.S.Pushkin («the Solemn song»). Execution of this product in the countries of dispersion of Russian refugees at celebrating of "Day of Russian culture», was considered as «some uniting beginning» [29, l. 29].

To carrying out of "Days of Russian culture» the big spadework was spent. Programs of holidays which were devoted to known historical events of Russia, to Russian musicians, artists, writers, scientific, to public figures (in connection with their anniversaries) were developed. Uniqueness of a holiday consisted in a variety of spent actions. It were concerts, performances, exhibitions with Russian subjects, readings of "the good Russian book», lecture of scientists. In some European centres of Russian emigration (Paris, Prague) the given holiday was marked especially widely, sometimes some days. Separate actions this day have been specially calculated on a children's audience. Many grammar schools of Russian abroad as the centres of domestic culture, were one of the most active participants of these holidays.

Within «Day of Russian culture» were organised national guljanija in which children participated also. Played wind bands, children's choral collectives acted. Russian national songs and dancings were sung, spent kostjumirovannye processions. For children Russian national games, entertainments were organised, exhibitions of ancient things and needlework were arranged also.

Special value in «the Bottom of Russian culture» was played by music. For the organisation of a musical part of the given holidays the special musical commission which structure included musical figures, teachers-musicians of educational institutions, regents of church choruses was created, etc. Under the guidance of members of the commission selection and preparation of the pieces of music sounding on a holiday were carried out. Music accompanied all holiday - from morning divine service to a solemn evening concert. The big place in programs of concerts was occupied with the products prepared by choruses and orchestras of pupils of grammar schools. In concerts exclusively Russian music sounded: spiritual compositions, processings of Russian national songs, secular products, choruses from operas.
The musical committee of a holiday focused its participants on preparation of qualitative musical programs. With that end in view it has developed the list of recommended musical collections for their use by preparation of "Day of Russian culture». Collections of national songs of M.A.Balakirev, A.K.Ljadova, N.A.Roman who were one of the best collections have been included In the list, published in pre-revolutionary Russia [35, l, in particular. 45].

The analysis of programs of the concerts spent in frameworks «Day of Russian culture», has shown, that in number of most often executed products there were such Russian national songs as «Along the street a rain, on wide pure», «the Crane on berezhku», «In a field beryozonka stood», «As at ours Dunjushki», «On Saturday day rainy», «Ah you, Vanja, razudala a head». Such products as «I Sit at a lattice», «the Share of the poor man», "Borodino" were often executed also, «With vjunom I go», «That to the sea» [20, l. 225]. The basis of many concert programs was made by M.I.Glinka, P.I.Tchaikovsky products, A.P. Borodino, N.A.Roman, M.P.Musorgsky and other Russian composers. In some countries pupils executed national hymns of that country in which lived on holidays. It became, as emigrants, «in a sign on gratitude for the good relation to Russian» [5 marked, l. 35].

The known Russian singers who have emigrated from Russia, musicians took part in celebrating, scientific. At local musical and drama theatres this day at the desire of Committee on carrying out «Day of Russian culture» Russian operas and plays were put. Foreign scientists, cultures, arts acted also. So, for example, the symphonic orchestra of the Czech philharmonic society took part in Prague in one of holidays under control of professor F.Stupki. In orchestra execution products A.P have sounded. Borodino, A.K.Glazunov, P.I.Tchaikovsky [36, l. 148]. The given holidays promoted not only to association of Russian people abroad on the basis of domestic cultural wealth, but
And propagation of Russian culture in the West countries. Celebrating of "Day of Russian culture» proceeded prior to the beginning of the Second World War and has renewed, but already in more modest kind, in 1947.

Other large cultural action in emigration was «Day of the Russian child». For the first time this holiday spent in day of the Lady day, has been arranged in 1929 for the purpose of fund raising on development of child care centres [68, l. 64]. Some foreign public organisations it is sympathetic concerned this action. In Czechoslovakia cheshsko-Russian committee «Day of the Russian child» under protectorate of a municipal duma of Prague and Czechoslovak national board, for example, has been formed. Gathering which were spent this day, went to the general fund «Day of the Russian child» and l were distributed among the most requiring [7. 4].

In «Day of the Russian child» charitable performances, concert performances which were spent by forces of pupils were arranged., As a rule, the holiday began with a liturgy in a gymnasia temple. Then pupils of elementary grades played Russian national fairy tales. On city streets there passed a gymnasia orchestra, executing pieces of music. The holiday came to the end with a concert, in which student's orchestras and choruses (secular and spiritual) [70, l took part. 181]. Russian national songs, compositions of domestic and foreign composers, a sacred music were used. The emigrants who were present at given concerts, noticed, that the Russian songs executed by school choruses, «have shown to public as loves and carefully the administration of each school concerns singing teaching, doing, thus, Russia close to children in native sounds and songs» [5, l. 77].

Sometimes at concerts of "Day of the Russian child» pupils of grammar schools of the countries of residing acted. So, for example, in San Francisco the chorus of the American pupils under control of F.F.Gorbachev has sung in Russian songs «Russian glory","snow","Ah, not one in a field are not white
dorozhenka "," Downwards on the mother, across Volga », and also« Much summer »by D.S.Bortnjansky, etc. In the report on a holiday it is noticed, that« fine singing, a pure pronunciation in Russian and participation of Americans in the Bottom of the Russian child has created such raised mood of an audience which left in present ovatsiju to the American chorus and the Russian regent »[5, l. 77].

Let's sum up the stated. The essential contribution to music education and education of children of Russian refugees brought out-of-school and educational establishments and the organisations of Russian abroad - public universities, Russian houses, courses in Russian subjects, musical societies and schools, the children's and youthful organisations. The basic forms of activity of the given establishments and the organisations were lectures and conversations about music, concerts, holidays, excursions, musical employment. Preparation and carrying out of these actions have been directed on promoting wider acquaintance of children and the youthes, appeared abroad, with a cultural heritage of Russia. The leading place in all forms of out-of-school is musical-educational and educational work was taken away to acquaintance of children with Russian musical art - national songs, a sacred music, products of domestic composers. Spent activity helped, on the one hand, to formation of national consciousness of children, with another - promoted distribution, propagation of Russian musical art among the population (children and adults) foreign countries.

In research end we will show ways of possible use of teoretiko-methodical and practical experience of music education of Russian abroad of 1920-1930th years to modern general music education. Application of this experience (at its critical judgement) is possible, in our opinion, in following two directions:

By working out of concepts, programmno-methodical documents, carrying out of practical work on musical training and education of children at modern Russian schools and additional education establishments;

At the decision of problems of music education of rising generation at the modern Russian schools which are in the countries of near and far abroad.

Speaking about the first direction, we will underline first of all the importance for a modern Russian is musical-pedagogical science and practice of some the ideas which have made a theoretical basis of music education in Russian abroad. Today, for example, still remain actual stated by domestic thinkers-emigrants and comprehensively developed still Russian filosofsko-pedagogical thought XIX - the beginnings of the XX-th century of idea about the complete person and complete formation. Opening the vision of the complete person, they underlined necessity of development for the person not only intellectual, but also emotionally-sensual sphere, and importance of last was underlined by them especially. Development of the emotionally-sensual beginning in the person (on V.V. Zenkovsky, «to blossoming in children of an emotional life») in the greatest measure is promoted by various art forms, in particular music. In this connection domestic thinkers, putting forward idea of complete formation, specified in necessity of introduction for structure of this formation of subjects of art, marked importance of teaching of lessons of music for all children during all period of their training at school. Today at an hourly lesson of music in 1-7th classes of a comprehensive school it is difficult to speak about high-grade realisation of ideas of the complete person and complete formation. It is thought, these ideas should find today the place as a base basis in the modern concept of teaching of a subject domain "Art".

For the modern theory and practice of the general and additional music education the idea about an education priority in complete educational process, about huge possibilities of musical art, music education in education of various sides of the person of the growing person has conceptual value preached by filosofsko-pedagogical thought of Russian abroad. In 1990th years of a problem of education at domestic school, as is known, have appeared on the second plan, and only last years the attention to questions of educational work with children and youth has considerably increased. It was promoted by messages of the president of the Russian Federation to Federal Meeting of the Russian Federation in which the given questions have been staticized, and in these documents it was specified in necessity of realisation of all educational work first of all on the basis of national cultural wealth, in a support on domestic traditions. On this basis, as shown in the present research, educational work at Russian emigrant schools where musical employment were the powerful factor of patriotic education of children, developments in them of feeling of love to Russia, formation of national consciousness has been constructed. The forms opened in the dissertation and methods of this work can find application in modern muzykalnoyovospitatelnoj of practice.

Great value for the given practice installation on prime acquaintance of pupils with domestic music (at due attention to foreign musical art) has and cultivated by teachers-musicians of Russian emigration, a sight at school as conductor of Russian culture. In a situation when the ear for music and taste of the modern Russian schoolboy through a various news media quite often appreciably is formed on samples of western musical "production" far not better quality, practical realisation of the specified installation is represented essential business.

The special attention is deserved, in our opinion, by experience of Russian teachers - of emigrants on wide introduction in school training and a life of children of Russian national songs. In domestic folklore, as shown in the dissertation, instructors of youth saw huge aesthetic and ethical values, aspired to attach to these values rising generation. In today's conditions when a tune of "a darling song» (M.V.Lomonosov) sounds in a children's audience not so often as it would be desirable to consider operating time of domestic musicians outside of Russia, it is represented quite pertinent, as well as to use (with known corrective amendments) their experience of introduction in the maintenance of school training of Russian sacred music which after a multiten years' break in a certain measure began to sound again at music lessons at the Russian school and additional education establishments. The unconditional urgency is represented by the experience of Russian emigrant schools analysed in the dissertation on the organisation and activity of student's musical collectives. In support of undertaken last years in our country of measures on development of school choruses and orchestras very many in this respect still it is necessary to make. And the educational experience of the Russian abroad which continued and have developed domestic pre-revolutionary practice of familiarising of growing generation to musical art through playing music in orchestras and choruses, can promote the decision of this problem to a certain extent.

As to the second direction - uses of emigrant experience of music education at the modern Russian schools which are in the countries of near and far abroad, - that here are important, in our opinion, two aspects. First of all the operational experience of teachers-musicians of Russian abroad is of value for the named schools on preservation of children by Russian in conditions inokulturnoj environments. Applied at emigrant schools and out-of-school establishments of 1920YO1930 th years approaches, forms and work methods (accent in the musical
Training of pupils on studying of domestic musical culture, especially Russian national pesennogo creativity, learning of uniform musical repertoire from products of domestic authors for its joint execution by children of Russian schools, drawing up of recommendatory lists of pieces of music, preparation and carrying out of concerts in days of Russian national holidays, the organisation of days of Russian culture with the developed musical program) and can be used today in practice of Russian schools abroad.

For the given schools the experience of teachers-musicians of Russian abroad opened in the dissertation on an establishment through musical art of intercultural dialogue between Russian children and pupils of schools of the countries of moving of refugees is represented also significant. Introduction in the maintenance of formation of Russian schools of music of the people of the countries of residing, the device of joint musical actions by pupils of Russian and local national schools, a mutual exchange of concerts, carrying out in Russian educational institutions of performances of domestic and foreign musicians - all it can take place in practice of music education of modern Russian schools abroad, promoting an establishment of friendly relations and mutual understanding atmospheres between children of the different people.

Such are possible ways of use of results of the carried out research to the modern is musical-pedagogical theory and practice.

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A source: MAMAYEVA Nadezhda PAVLOVNA. MUSIC EDUCATION of CHILDREN At SCHOOLS And OUT-OF-SCHOOL ESTABLISHMENTS of RUSSIAN ABROAD (1920-1930th years). The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Perm - 2018. 2018

More on topic activity of the emigrant out-of-school and educational organisations on familiarising of children with musical art:

  1. features of aesthetic education of children of average school age in nonlearning activity of educational institution
  2. 2.1. Is functional-substantial model of aesthetic education of children of average school age in nonlearning activity of educational institution
  3. Chapter 1. Theoretical bases of pedagogical maintenance of aesthetic education of children of average school age in nonlearning activity of educational institution
  4. Chapter 2. Skilled-experimental work on pedagogical maintenance of aesthetic education of children of average school age in nonlearning activity of educational institution
  5. aesthetic education of children of average school age in structure of complete educational process
  6. essence and features of pedagogical maintenance of aesthetic education of children of average school age in the conditions of educational institution
  7. Abaeva Gulnar Barievna. Pedagogical maintenance of aesthetic education of children of average school age in nonlearning activity of educational institution. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Tver - 2014, 2014
  8. ABAEVA GULNAR BARIEVNA. PEDAGOGICAL MAINTENANCE of AESTHETIC EDUCATION of CHILDREN of AVERAGE SCHOOL AGE IN NONLEARNING ACTIVITY of EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION. The dissertation author's abstract on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Tver - 2014, 2014
  9. Self-educational activity of the teacher of an elementary school and its feature
  10. Model of integrated development of preschool children on an example of employment by English language at Children's school of arts