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INTRODUCTION

Research urgency. In connection with transition of a comprehensive school to Federal state educational standards of the initial, basic and average (full) general education the especial attention is accented on requirement of formation of personal results of training.

Hence, it means, that the importance and an urgency is got by a question on perfection of approaches to formation of such maintenance of the school education which development would provide formation at schoolboys of personal results as their planned achievements.

Really, despite of that since a time of acceptance FGOSov there has passed a lot of time, in pedagogical activity essential objective difficulties which are connected with known nedoponimaniem how the teaching material maintenance that its use by the teacher in educational process has led to systematic formation at trained personal results should be updated remain.

The concept of Standards treats personal results as formiruyojushchujusja in educational process system of valuable relations: obuyochajushchihsja to itself, other participants of the educational process, most obyorazovatelnomu to process and its results. Along with it representations about personal results thanking their grouping on three cores of the block - self-determination, smysloobrazovanie and morally-ethical orientation are concretised.

Thus Concept FGOSov understands as self-determination sformirovannost an internal position trained - acceptance and development of a new social role trained; formation of bases of the Russian civil identity of the person as feelings of pride of the Native land, the people, history and comprehension of the ethnic accessory; self-esteem and ability development adequately to estimate itself and the achievements to see strong and weaknesses of the person.

In quality smysloobrazovanija the Concept considers search and an establishment of personal sense («values for itself») doctrines trained on the basis of steady system of uchebno-informative and social motives; understanding of borders of that, «that I know», and that, «that I do not know», "ignorances" and aspirations to overcoming of this rupture.

The maintenance of morally-ethical orientation is presented to Concepts as knowledge of the basic moral standards and orientation to their performance on the basis of understanding of their social necessity; ability to moral detsentratsii - to the account of positions, motives and interests of participants of a moral dilemma at its permission; development of ethical feelings - shame, fault, conscience as regulators of moral behaviour.

At the same time it is essential, that in the text of the Standard of the basic general education representation about personal results is reflected in categories of qualities of the person. For example, the orientation of modern formation on formation of readiness and ability trained to self-development and personal self-determination, sformirovannost their motivations to training and purposeful informative activity, system of significant social and interpersonal relations, the tsennostno-semantic installations reflecting personal and civic stands in activity is especially underlined, ability to put the purpose and to make vital plans, ability to comprehension of the Russian identity in polycultural society. Let's notice, that traditionally described personal qualities and characteristics were a subject of attention of the theory and an education technique, and in student teaching defined target reference points not training, and mainly educational efforts of the teacher which were carried out basically in after-hour educational work.

At the same time it is necessary to pay attention that in the Standard personal results are presented not so much as results of educational process, how many as planned results of process of training. The developed situation brings didactics an attention to the question on necessity of improvement of scientific positions concerning understanding of the pedagogical
Principles of formation of the teaching material focused on achievement of personal results as planned results of training.

Condition of a readiness of a problem of research. The question on formation of the maintenance of school education, first of all, is connected with its designing that is a subject modern is didactic researches.

Now in a pedagogical science the structure and structure of the maintenance of the general secondary education are studied, designing principles are defined, levels of the maintenance of the general secondary education (by J.N.Berezin, I.K.Zhuravlyov, L.JA.Zorin, V.V. Kraevsky, B.C are allocated. Lednev, I.J.Lerner, M.N.Skatkin, B.C. Shubinsky, etc.) : The first level - level of the general theoretical representation; the second level - subject level; the third level - teaching material level; the fourth level - level of the realised maintenance of formation in the course of training when the formation maintenance becomes a subject of joint activity of the teacher and the pupil; the fifth level - level on which the formation maintenance acts as result of training, it becomes a result of activity and property of the person trained. First three levels make together the maintenance of the general secondary education as pedagogical model of the social order and concern the projected maintenance existing as set norm, as that it is necessary to materialise in the course of training at following levels. Being realised in this process, the formation maintenance becomes finally property of each pupil. The fourth and fifth levels make the realised maintenance which joins in training activity.

In L.P.Doblaeva, J.A.Mikka's works, A.M. Sohora, etc. the analysis of structure of the maintenance of formation at teaching material level is presented. A.V.farm's researches are devoted features of formation of personal results; the problems characterising a situation of realisation of the requirement of formation of personal results of formation, are opened in works in h.p.
Samsonenko; criteria of an estimation of personal results of training are revealed by O.A.Karabanovoj, etc.

In the cultural urological theory of the maintenance of formation of V.V. Kraevsky, I.J.Lernera, M.N.Skatkina finds the reflexion a training orientation on development of the person of schoolboys to what the analysis of works on pedagogics testifies.

However the question on didactic implementers of pedagogical potential of a teaching material in aspect of its orientation on achievement of personal results of schoolboys specially was not considered in pedagogical researches.

Let's note a number of the problems meeting in a modern pedagogical science, become by the reasons which complicate process of designing of the maintenance of formation at level of the teaching material providing systematic achievement trained personal results:

— Scientific representation about essence of concept «the educational task focused on achievement of personal results trained» is not developed;

— Main principles for revealing of a specific variety of the educational tasks aimed at achievement of personal results of training are not defined;

— The educational tasks meeting in textbooks on various subjects, in bolshej are directed degree only on formation of subject results trained;

— The educational task as a design tool of personal results of training as a part of a teaching material also did not become a subject of special research attention.

The developed situation testifies about nerazrabotannosti didactic positions from which point of view ways of construction of the educational tasks directed on achievement trained personal results can be allocated. All it causes difficulties in training practice which many teachers face in the activity, that, obviously, reduces
Efficiency of their efforts on realisation of requirements FGOS of the basic general education.

At the same time it is necessary to recognise, that (O.A.Karabanova, A.V.farm, etc.) is made by scientists a considerable step to research of ways of achievement of personal results of training. However, the given problem yet has not received the full decision. In particular, still there is insufficiently studied an essence, specificity and principles of designing of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, approaches to ordering of such tasks are not developed, and also the question on their place as a part of a teaching material is not solved.

In a number of researches (S.F.Zhujkov, I.J.Lerner, A.I.Uman, etc.) presents the separate didactic reference points which use will promote inclusion in the maintenance of formation of some groups of educational tasks. But the approaches thus developed by researchers not to the full reflect target characteristics of modern school education that is why require essential completion.

A number of teachers (S.M.Bondarenko, L.P.Dolbaev, I.K.Zhuravlyov, L.JA.Zorin, J.N.Kuljutkin, A.V.poljakova, A.I.Uman, etc.) is offered by classifications of educational tasks in which the various bases for allocation of their groups are used: tsennostno-focused, problem, with a choice of variants of decisions, tasks retseptivnogo, reproductive and creative character. However authors do not focus attention to studying of a place and a role of various kinds of educational tasks as a part of a teaching material, and also on disclosing of ways of their inclusion in the teaching material maintenance.

Thus, it is available contradictions:

- Between a demand in the maintenance of school training of the educational tasks which performance by the trained is capable to provide achievement of personal results, and practical absence of such tasks in the maintenance of school textbooks, and also in the scientifically-methodical literature for the teacher;

— Between requirement of use for school practice of the educational maintenance which is directed on acquisition by schoolboys of personal results of training in the course of performance of special educational tasks, and absence of scientifically verified approaches to its construction.

In connection with the revealed contradictions there was a research problem: what essence, pedagogical possibilities and ways of construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, and also ways of inclusion of these tasks in structure of the maintenance of the formation considered at level of a teaching material?

Necessity of the permission of a problem has caused a choice of a theme of research: «the Educational task as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training at the basic school».

Object - the educational task in the theory and practice of modern training in the conditions of the basic school.

Subject - the educational task as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training at the basic school.

Research objective - to develop didactic construction tools of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training, and their inclusion in the teaching material maintenance.

Research hypothesis: achievement of personal results of schoolboys will act as a natural consequence of training if used educational tasks are focused on:

— Achievement of all base set of personal results of the schoolboys designated in FGOS Open Company;

— Inclusion of schoolboys in the informative activity, stimulating them to development of new experience of social relations;

— Development of the maintenance deducing schoolboys on the organisation of interaction with other people.

The purpose and research hypothesis have defined following research problems:

1. To analyse theoretical approaches to judgement of intrinsic characteristics of the person and mechanisms of its formation, developed in psychology, for the purpose of formation of pedagogical generalisations about specificity of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training.

2. To characterise essence and the concept maintenance «the educational task focused on achievement of personal results of schoolboys».

3. To formulate pedagogical principles of construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training.

4. To develop a variant of ordering of educational tasks,

The personal results of training focused on achievement.

5. To reveal ways of inclusion of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, in the teaching material maintenance.

6. To define kriterialnye the characteristics used for diagnostics of personal results of training.

7. To carry out skilled-experimental work on check of effectiveness of the developed didactic construction tools of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training.

Teoretiko-methodological basis of research have made:

- Positions about essence and mechanisms of development of the person (h.p. Vygotsky, A.N.Leontev, S.L.Rubinshtejn, B.G.Ananev, V.N.Mjasishchev, A.V.Petrovsky, V.A.Petrovskogo, A.A.Rean, A.G.Asmolov);

- Ideas dejatelnostnogo the approach to understanding of process of training (V.V. Davidov, A.N.Leontev, S.L.Rubinshtejn, etc.);

- Ideas and the positions opening bases of the maintenance of formation and process of its formation (I.K.Zhuravlyov, L.JA.Zorin, V.V. Kraevsky, V.S.Lednev, I.J.Lerner, I.I.Logvinov, I.M.Osmolovsky, L.M.Perminova, E.N.Seliverstov, M.N.Skatkin);

- The ideas revealing a parity between developing possibilities of the general education and the importance of personal potential trained (N.A.Alexey, E.V.Bondarevsky, O.S.Gazman, I.A.Kolesnikov, A.M. Kondakov, I.B.Kotova, E.A.Krjukova, N.D.Nikandrov, L.I.Novikova, V.A.Petrovsky, V.G.Razumovsky, V.V. Serikov, V.A.Slastenin, V.I.Slobodchikov, A.V.farm, G.A.Tsukerman, E.N.Shijanov, I.S.Jakimansky, etc.).

- Positions about the separate didactic reference points which use will promote inclusion in the maintenance of formation of some groups of educational tasks (S.F.Zhujkov, I.J.Lerner, A.I.Uman);

- Available classifications of educational tasks (S.M.Bondarenko, L.P.Dolbaev, I.K.Zhuravlyov, L.V.Zankov, L.JA.Zorin, J.N.Kuljutkin, A.V.poljakova, D.Tollingerova, A.I.Uman).

Research methods:

- Theoretical (the theoretical analysis and generalisation of the psychological, pedagogical and methodical literature, modelling);

- Empirical (pedagogical supervision, conversation, testing, pedagogical experiment, generalisation of pedagogical experience, studying of products of educational activity trained);

- Mathematical methods of processing of results of research.

Base for research were MOU Kitovsky SSH Shuisky of area of the Ivanovo area, MBOU SOSH № 6 of Vladimir, MBOU SOSH № 54 Chelyabinsk.

Investigation phases:

The first stage (2013-2014) - was carried out the theoretical analysis of the philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature; the problem condition in student teaching was studied: curriculums and a teaching material of school textbooks on the mathematician about inclusion of the tasks were analyzed, allowing to plan formation of personal results of training of schoolboys. Entrance diagnostics of level were carried out
sformirovannosti personal results of schoolboys, the technique of carrying out of pedagogical experiment was developed; requirements to the maintenance and ways of construction of the educational tasks directed on achievement of personal results of pupils were formulated; approaches to allocation of a specific variety of these tasks were developed; funds of educational tasks on a material of a subject of the "Mathematician" which performance provided planned achievement of personal results were developed.

The second stage (2015-2018) - realisation of training experiment, definition of experimental and control classes, carrying out of updating of the maintenance of a teaching material on the basis of addition with its educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results and developed with reference to maintenance of a subject of "Mathematician"; processing of intermediate results of research. The analysis of data of training experiment, a formulation of conclusions about effectiveness of the developed didactic construction tools of the educational tasks which use is capable to provide purposeful formation of personal results of schoolboys in the course of training.

The third stage (2018-2019) - processing and ordering of results of research, a formulation of total theoretical generalisations and theoretical conclusions; registration of the text of the dissertation.

Scientific novelty of research consists that in it:

- Approaches to expansion of scientific representations about kinds and pedagogical possibilities of educational tasks in aspect of their aiming at formation of personal results of training of schoolboys are proved; unlike the previous works devoted to various aspects of consideration of educational tasks (I.J.Lerner, V.A.Onishchuk, A.I.Uman, etc.), is put and solved a problem of allocation, a substantiation and the description of pedagogical possibilities and ways of designing of a new kind of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training;

— On the basis of judgement of psychological mechanisms of finding and their displays are defined by the person of personal characteristics of the requirement to construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of schoolboys;

— Ways of perfection of the maintenance of a teaching material by means of introduction in its structure of the educational tasks focused on achievement by schoolboys of personal results as planned results of training are revealed and theoretically proved;

— Pedagogical principles of construction of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training are formulated;

— Are defined kriterialnye the characteristics used for an estimation sformirovannosti of personal results of schoolboys;

— Funds of the educational tasks, which inclusion in educational process are developed at training to the mathematician provides purposeful formation at schoolboys of personal results of training.

The theoretical importance of research consists that in it:

— Didactic representations about qualitative heterogeneity of educational tasks by means of a substantiation of their new kind - the tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training are enriched;

— The substantiation of essence and the concept maintenance «the educational task functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training», expands conceptually-terminological system of didactics;

— The offered ordering of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, on the basis of revealing of their pedagogical possibilities concerning formation of various aspects of personal experience of schoolboys promotes the further differentiation of the given scientific concept by means of deepening of representations about its volume;

- The presented approach to inclusion of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, in the teaching material maintenance brings the contribution to development of the theory of the maintenance of formation, deepening scientific representations about ways of the organisation of a teaching material as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training.

The practical importance of research consists that:

- The revealed approaches to selection and construction of educational tasks can be used authors of textbooks for the purpose of perfection of the organisation of a teaching material in textbooks with orientation to requirements FGOS Open Company;

- Use of the basic conclusions and results of research in practice of school training will promote formation improvement of quality in aspect of achievement of personal results of pupils as planned results of training;

- Application in practice of school training of the educational tasks developed in research will promote increase of efficiency of training to the mathematics concerning achievement of personal results.

The personal contribution of the author to research consists in a choice and a theoretical substantiation of a problem and a research plan; in introduction and disclosing of the maintenance of concept «the educational task functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training»; in the characteristic of didactic means which define approaches to construction of the educational tasks providing achievement of personal results of training; in allocation of kinds and in creation of funds of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training on the basis of formulated base didactic principles of their construction; in definition kriterialnyh characteristics of achievement of personal results of schoolboys; in carrying out of skilled-experimental work; in quantitative and qualitative processing of results of research.

Reliability of scientific positions and conclusions is provided with a support on fundamental theories and modern scientific positions of psychology and 13

Pedagogics; complex use of the theoretical and empirical methods adequate to the purpose and research problems; carrying out opytnoyoeksperimentalnoj works which is characterised by stability of results confirming a hypothesis and the statistical importance of the conclusions made on this basis.

The substantive provisions which are taken out on protection:

1. The educational task functionally focused on achievement of personal results of training, is an effective pedagogical means of formation of personal results of training. This concept differs a polysemy depending on its consideration at various levels of the analysis of the maintenance of formation.

At level of the project of the maintenance of formation the educational task focused on achievement of personal results of training, represents itself as the form of the organisation of the maintenance of the teaching material which functions consist in planning of problems of personal development trained according to purposes FGOS Open Company. In this case such educational task is understood as a way of fixing of personal results of training as a part of the teaching material maintenance which development will lead to their guaranteed achievement. At this level the structure of the educational task can be presented in unity of three components: the first is a description of a vital situation or a historic fact which cause experiences and become lichnostno significant for trained; the second - the subject maintenance included in a context of such description; The third - questions / the requirements stimulating of internal communications trained to an establishment of a vital situation / of a historic fact with the subject maintenance for development of any certain vital and informative position or acceptances of the corresponding decision.

At level of realisation of the maintenance of formation, at realisation of process of training, the educational task focused on achievement of personal results of training, acts in a role of the special instruction (requirement),
Which function consists in the decision of problems of personal development trained by means of enrichment of their personal experience according to purposes FGOS Open Company. In this case such educational task is understood as the requirement to make some actions in the established conditions, motivating the presented maintenance trained to experience taking into account personal experience available for it, to search of sense of acquired knowledge, to self-determination in knowledge in the course of that choice, that it is necessary to make how to make, what conditions to observe, in what form to present result.

2. Construction of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results, is carried out on the basis of the special requirements fixed in the maintenance of following base didactic principles:

- Principle of a tsennostno-semantic orientation of the maintenance of tasks;

- Principle valuable kollizijnosti maintenances of tasks;

- Principle of the account of age features of formation of the person;

- Principle of a specific variety of tasks concerning completeness of coverage of all base set of personal results of training.

3. According to representation about qualitative heterogeneity of personal results of training in the conditions of the basic school it is expedient to allocate following kinds of the educational tasks functionally focused on achievement of personal results to clean of training:

- Tasks for inclusions of schoolboys in the socially-significant creative informative activity having cultural-creative character;

- Tasks for a variety of kinds of the informative activity, entering it in a context of ability to live of schoolboys;

- Tasks for necessity of social interaction of schoolboys with each other and with other subjects in the course of training;

- Tasks for formation at schoolboys of experience of a reflexion in poznayovatelnoj activity;

- Tasks of a tsennostno-semantic orientation;

- Tasks for development at schoolboys of the critical relation to the maintenance of the task and to the form of its presentation;

- Tasks with absence of borders in search and a choice of ways of their performance.

4. Kriterialnye the characteristics used for an estimation sformirovannosti of personal results of training, are presented by criteria (quantitative and qualitative) and their indicators, and also diagnostic techniques.

5. Inclusion of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training, in the teaching material maintenance is carried out by means of use of set of the didactic means assuming:

- A specific variety of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training;

- Didactic principles of their construction;

- kriterialnye the characteristics used for an estimation

sformirovannosti personal results of training.

Effectiveness of the given complex of didactic means is proved in the course of a theoretical substantiation, and also skilled-experimental work which is characterised by stability of results confirming a hypothesis and the statistical importance of the conclusions made on this basis.

Approbation of results of research

In the course of work on dissertational research, substantive provisions and results were discussed at scientific conferences professorsko - teaching structure and post-graduate students of the Vladimir state university (2013-2019); in the course of participation on international nauchnoyoteoreticheskoj conferences "the Maintenance and methods of updated formation: development of a creative heritage of I.J.Lernera" (Vladimir-Moscow, 2017), participations in the international competition of post-graduate students (within the limits of requirements FGOS) UNIVERCITY KNOWLEDGE-2017 (1 place), participations on a symposium on
To educational robotics of the International festival of a robotics "Robofinist" (St.-Petersburg 2017, 2018), participations in the international competition of post-graduate students Discovery Scince: UNIVERCITY-2018 (3 place), participations in design session «the Accessible additional education of children in the Tyumen area» (Tyumen, 2018), in the course of carrying out of seminars and vebinarov for teachers, heads of methodical associations of of Vladimir and area on a theme «the Educational task as pedagogical means of achievement of personal results of training of schoolboys»; in the course of preparation and carrying out of Inter-regional network telecommunication projects for schoolboys; through the publication of materials on a research theme.

The structure and volume of dissertational work includes the introduction, two heads, the conclusion, the list of the literature, the appendix. Volume of dissertational work - 133 pages, including 12 diagrammes and 1 8 tables, in addition - 6 appendices. The literature list includes 109 sources.

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A source: Beljaeva Ekaterina Aleksandrovna. the EDUCATIONAL TASK AS PEDAGOGICAL MEANS of ACHIEVEMENT of PERSONAL RESULTS of TRAINING At the BASIC SCHOOL. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Vladimir - 2019. 2019

More on topic INTRODUCTION:

  1. in introduction
  2. INTRODUCTION
  3. INTRODUCTION
  4. 10.1. Introduction
  5. INTRODUCTION
  6. approbation and introduction of results.
  7. Introduction
  8. Introduction
  9. INTRODUCTION
  10. INTRODUCTION
  11. Introduction
  12. Introduction