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pedagogical conditions of efficiency of model of pedagogical assistance to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy in out-of-class activity

Realisation of the model offered in the dissertation is based on passage by the teacher and the younger schoolboy of three stages of personal formation - motivatsionno-target, is substantial-operational and is reflective-diagnostic.

The basic condition of efficiency of offered model are events, situations among which it is allocated vital situations, meetings with lichnostno significant Another, with the nature, art.

For children of younger school age the special importance creation of educational space of school, the organisation of communications with cultural space of ethnos, microsociety, allocation «I - gets spaces». Creation of educational space of an elementary school gives the chance to operate on objective circumstances of a life of younger schoolboys and on a subjective basis of their person. In educational space to an elementary school are formed experience 125

Social behaviour, adequately to perceive ability the difficult vital phenomena, a humanistic orientation, social and material stratification smooth out. The educational space of an elementary school forms at the younger schoolboy skills of spiritual opposition asotsialnym to the phenomena, is environment for a free choice of actions, estimations, relations, provides with feeling of security, that first of all is defined by the person of the teacher. In educational space of an elementary school the younger schoolboy masters system of values, norms, society stereotypes, it has a system of the internal regulators, habitual forms of behaviour. The younger schoolboy adapts for the social environment, and becomes the creator of the life.

Except school educational space so-called "ja-space" - space of personal experiences, problems and ways of their decision, bytijnoe space, space of mutual relations and interactions with other schoolboys, teachers, parents, subject space, class space is allocated. Creation of the pedagogical conditions organically combining game types of activity, gives the chance to younger schoolboys to live brightly a life, to realise requirements for self-affirmation, self-realisation, that in turn provides effect of self-updating and self-improvement of the person. The game space does not play a role of a training apparatus of social and personal activity in an elementary school, it and is a life, life in which there is an improvisation place, to creativity. Game allows to create the isolated space for «internal socialisation» each child (h.p. Vygotsky) to become school of finding of experience of a public life, social activity.

Type of pedagogical assistance to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy in out-of-class activity at different stages of realisation of model - the active, included, selective pedagogical assistance.

The basic form of the organisation of pedagogical assistance duhovnoyonravstvennomu to formation of the person of the younger schoolboy is creation of necessary conditions for its meeting with familiar, and at the same time the unfamiliar, not noticed, meaningless object of environment. That this meeting became the base of its spiritually-moral formation, it should become the present event - the moment of life of the younger schoolboy when it spiritually reveals and by that is enriched - so-rejoices, with-worries, with-creates, with-thinks, soyochuvstvuet.

Event - the necessary mechanism of comprehension of the processes occurring inside and out of the younger schoolboy - a basis of employment in initial classes. Joint life (with-life) gives the chance to learn to do small spiritual steps - steps with-presence, with-action, with-chuvstvija, soyoperezhivanija, with-suffering, with-participation.

Thus, essence of employment - opening by the younger schoolboy of the World in itself, in Other; formation of ability of the younger schoolboy to intuitive, nonverbal comprehension of sense of life, an image.

According to requirements of the younger schoolboy character of pedagogical assistance got out.

Active pedagogical assistance provides prevalence of vital situations to which spiritually-moral formation is directed on development of emotionally-sensual and mental components. In situations interpersonal dialogue on actual problems for the younger schoolboy, initiated by the younger schoolboy (discussion of the book, a cartoon film, search of answers to exciting questions) and semantic creative activity (independent performance of the creative tasks directed on self-actualisation) with reflective judgement of own emotions and feelings was used. Teachers effectively applied the tasks stimulating development of empathy («Present itself a field plant and draw itself»,
«Represent a subject how its dog» sees, «Look other eyes», «Guess mood», «When I rejoice for...», Etc.).

The included pedagogical assistance is connected with comprehension by the teacher of importance of the participation in spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy in situations of a spiritually-moral orientation. Teachers encouraged aspiration of the younger schoolboy to discussion of exciting themes. The requirement for a recognition and respect of contemporaries has appeared prevailing motive of dialogue of the younger schoolboy. Actions of the teacher have been directed on assistance to the younger schoolboy to realise and comprehend the emotional conditions. As the tool of such situations employment by reading, music, the fine arts, the world knowledge, promoting comprehension of absolute values and transition from "external" action (contemplation, supervision) to "internal" (sensations, feelings, impressions, experiences) have acted.

Selective pedagogical assistance is caused by comprehension of the younger schoolboy of importance of participation of the teacher in its personal formation. Games, improvisations, etudes, game dramatisations promote spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy on the basis of a reflexion.

Designing and designing of situations for younger schoolboys are directed on active interaction of the teacher and the younger schoolboy, the purpose at planning - on a semantic aspect of assistance and connected with a reflexion.

In activity of the teacher probably application of tutorials and education, however character of activity essentially developing, the form of relations with the younger schoolboy - contractual, result - a choice the younger schoolboy of that line of conduct, which, in its opinion, correct and for which it bears responsibility.

Model of pedagogical assistance spiritually-moral

To formation of the person of the younger schoolboy it is directed on support of efforts of the child on formation of an emotionally-valuable basis of private world, on disclosing of intrinsic forces of the person. Process of spiritually-moral education of the person of the younger schoolboy represents dynamically functioning complete system of pedagogical conditions and the situations operating in the concrete environment.

The maintenance of pedagogical assistance on spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy consists in formation of a certain experience of knowledge, research of and the world, judgement of each moment of the life, positive transformation of and the world.

The basic strategic directions of pedagogical assistance are expressed to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy:

- In recognition and use in any situation of the educational moments;

- In an attention concentration on advantages of the child;

- In readiness to promote it in development of the abilities;

- In preparation of the younger schoolboy for a high-grade life taking into account its spiritually-moral nature;

- In an establishment of accurate frameworks in joint spiritual dialogue with the younger schoolboy.

Especially significant in the permission of a problem of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy in out-of-class activity designing pedagogicheski the organised conditions (situations) in which intentsii the younger schoolboy on spiritual self-formation would be realised to the full is represented to us.

In student teaching purposeful both regular construction and realisation of situations of a moral choice act as the mechanism of moral formation of the person.

The logic of our research allows to assert, that pedagogicheski
The organised situations in which the teacher and the younger schoolboy act at level the subject-subject of the relations which purposes are directed on comprehension of senses and connected with a spiritual reflexion, influence spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy. Among such situations are especially allocated critical which aim the teacher it is compatible to the purpose of the younger schoolboy and consists in removal of the stressful factor [150].

The following kind of situations is caused by "personal contributions» [102] significant others. As personal contributions are understood interaction with other semantic world, with other person, with other point of view. As the ideal form in such situations significant another acts (for the younger schoolboy - the real person or the invented hero). It acts as a way and the form of allocation of the world for the child. Obrashchennost the younger schoolboy to Another (the understanding and acceptance of Another), an orientation on Another (spiritual enrichment in the course of interaction with Another) are a basis of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy.

The third kind of situations - meetings with unusual - stimulate semantic creative activity of the younger schoolboy [41]. The essence of such situations consists in change of the point of view on habitual subjects, events, a behaviour stereotype... Situations of meetings with unusual are an ascension to values. The semantic creative maintenance is realised in joint spiritually-practical, moral activity of the teacher and the schoolboy on the basis of meetings with the nature, art.

Is intellectual-semantic and valuable interaction, meaningful dialogue, spiritually-creative, creative activity provide forward spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy.

Conditions of efficiency of model of pedagogical assistance duhovnoyonravstvennomu to formation of the person of the younger schoolboy in the out-of-class
Activity:

1) Love to people, service to Good, Belief in the light beginning of each child. Desire and ability to understand other people, empathy, responsiveness.

2) Complex influence of evident, verbal and practical methods of the education providing assistance to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy. Search of different approaches to development of spiritual energy and amateur performance of the younger schoolboy.

3) Knowledge of the nature of the younger schoolboy. Principle observance prirodosoobraznosti - a basis of successful spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy.

4) the Positive example of the adult.

5) Pedagogical optimism of the teacher.

6) Satisfaction of requirement of the younger schoolboy in knowledge.

7) the Individual approach.

As personal qualities of the teacher are professionally significant, its spiritual self-improvement gets special value in a context of its professional work. Mastering by ways of pedagogical assistance to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy on the basis of deep understanding of its essence represents the important step of self-improvement of the teacher. With that end in view at each school seminar lessons with teachers of initial classes on themes «Intrinsic characteristics of spiritually-moral education","Spiritually-moral formation of the person as an ascension to Absolute values","Psychologoyopedagogichesky features of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy","Diagnostics and tselepolaganie in activity of the teacher on spiritually-moral education of the person of the younger schoolboy","Pedagogical assistance as a necessary condition of efficiency of process of spiritually-moral formation of the person have been conducted
The younger schoolboy "," Specificity of the organisation of pedagogical assistance to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy within the limits of the special course program «I and the world round me».

Spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy can judge efficiency of the model of pedagogical assistance offered by us by the results presented more low which are received during skilled-experimental activity.

Results of a control cut have allowed to formulate conclusions about degree of productivity of the offered pedagogical model and show positive dynamics in spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy.

Pedagogical supervision has helped to define, that responsibility of the younger schoolboy for the actions, acts, activity has increased. Acceptance by younger schoolboys of an ethical standard "well-badly" as unconditional and conclusive rule of behaviour in any situations has passed in realised, voluntary own requirement to carry out this norm without compulsion. Younger schoolboys showed knowledge of examples of samples of highly moral behaviour, acts, feats of real people. Spiritual fullness of moral concepts (kindly, the compassion, happiness, mercy, friendship, fidelity, a pardon, advantage, modesty, creativity, the world, an environment) younger schoolboys began to perceive more full, seriously, is realised.

Let's stop on more detailed processing of results of pedagogical experiment to which have carried indicators of dynamic numbers and criteria of proofs of a hypothesis of research.

Efficiency of the offered model of pedagogical assistance to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy is defined by a method of revealing of the generalised indicator in which quality used a complex validnyh diagnostic techniques.

The results received during pedagogical research give
The basis to speak and about qualitative change in spiritually-moral formation of the person of the schoolboy. For example, since 2006 on 2012 the quantity of the younger schoolboys possessing high level of spiritually-moral formation, has increased from 8,6 % to 22,6 %, and the share of pupils with low level has decreased from 42,4 % to 14,6 %. The average level percent has increased from 43 % to 56,8 % (drawing 9).

Fig. 9. Levels of spiritually-moral formation of the person of participants EG and KG at a stage of a control cut of forming experiment

Character of dynamics of indicators of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy has been revealed by the diagnostic techniques presented in table 9.

Table 9 the Complete set of diagnostic techniques for revealing of efficiency of model of pedagogical assistance to spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy

Aspects of studying Diagnostic means
Character of feelings, emotions, experiences of the younger schoolboy 1) the Content-analysis of children's drawings.

2) the Test «Definition of emotional conditions» (on h.p. Kolmogorovoj)

3) the Test "Mood" (on Z.A.Novojavlensky).

4) Methods of an expert estimation of teachers and a self-estimation of pupils.

5) Pedagogical supervision.

Requirements and motives of younger schoolboys 1) the Technique of "Proverb" (S.M.Petrovoj).

2) the Technique of "a choice Situation» (on L.V.Bajborodovoj).

3) the Technique «It is reflected on life experience» (on N.E.ShChurkovoj).

4) the Technique "Ladder" (on V.G.ShChur).

5) The is reflective-diagnostic technique «Who I?» (On M.Kunu, T Markpatlendu).

6) Projective drawing «I in 10 years».

7) Methods of an expert estimation of teachers and a self-estimation of pupils.

8) Pedagogical supervision.


Aspects of studying Diagnostic means
Mentality 1) the Technique of "Proverb" (S.M.Petrov).

2) The is reflective-diagnostic technique «Who I?» (On M.Kunu, T.Markpatlendu).

3) Projective drawing «I in 10 years».

4) Methods of an expert estimation of teachers and a self-estimation of pupils.

5) Pedagogical supervision.

Actions and acts 1) the Test «the Orientation on creativity» (on B.S.Alishevu).

2) the Technique «not Finished story» (on G.A.Uruntaevoj).

3) Methods of an expert estimation of teachers and a self-estimation of pupils.

4) Pedagogical supervision.

Satisfaction 1) the Content-analysis of children's drawings.

2) Tests and questionnaires.

At the final stage for level definition empatijnogo experiences of an emotional condition of Another we used a method «Definition of an emotional condition» h.p. Kolmogorovoj. Diagnostic data testify to positive change in levels empatijnogo experiences of an emotional condition of Another. Obviously considerable reduction of a share of the younger schoolboys having low level on the given indicator (EG - from 25 % to 8 %) and increase in percent of high level.

The level estimation sformirovannosti positive perception of and the world was spent in a kind risunochnyh tests. Results have shown, that younger schoolboys adequately correlate themselves to a social environment, the World. Projective drawings «I in ten years» visually convince us, that for participants EG as the important indicators of a successful future life act ability to communicate and co-operate, improve surrounding for improvement of the state of health and state of health of others, ability spiritually to grow and create good (in the prevailing majority of drawings - 64 % in EG).

Level samoaktualizirovannosti, motivations to

To self-improvement it was diagnosed by a technique V.G.ShChur's "Ladder". Results of the given interrogation show, that participants EG define themselves as the kind, fair, fair, independent, careful person at level above an average, while participants of KG on this
Level define itself as the organised, resourceful, generous person.

For the purpose of diagnostics of understanding of the maintenance of the social roles, expectations in relation to them from Others, the self-relation and an estimation of, motivation to self-improvement we execute the content-analysis of compositions of younger schoolboys on themes «My friend in a class», «I am a friend», «I am a son (daughter)».

At a composition writing «My friend in a class» younger schoolboys EG among the significant have allocated such spiritually-moral qualities - «my friend reliable», "very kind", «present, not the pretender», «never me throws», «I trust it», «we protect each other», «with it it is possible to have fun and pogrustit». The specified qualities testify that at the heart of friendship (relations with Another) lay not educational or particularly situational bases, and personal qualities. Among the most frequent characteristics in compositions of schoolboys of KG we mark the following - "real friend", "kind", «together we play, we walk», «well studies» - differing the description of joint affairs, appearance, mental abilities, though and in EG descriptions such more than actually spiritually-moral.

In compositions «I am a friend» younger schoolboys name less merits, than at the description of the friend, and basically are limited to following expressions «I help», «I will not betray», «I do not offend», though the given indicator in EG nevertheless above.

At the description of the family social role younger schoolboys EG use spiritually-moral qualities (on the average from 2 to 4 definitions), than schoolboys of KG (on the average from 0 to 2 definitions) is more often.

sformirovannosti moral relations we have applied N.E.ShChurkovoj's technique to level definition «we reflect on life experience». Results of diagnostics are presented in drawing 10.

Positive dynamics in all levels by criterion is obvious
Generated ™ moral relations. So in EG the gain on high level has made 12,4 %; on an average - 1,5 %; on the low reduction by 13,9 % is observed. Results of interrogation in KG testify to increase in quantity of younger schoolboys with high level on 4,5 %; with an average level - on 1,4 %; reduction of number of schoolboys with low level - on 5,9 %.

Fig. 10. A level estimation sformirovannosti moral relations at a stage of a control cut of forming experiment

The sphere of moral relations is studied by a technique «not Finished offers» and defined by us on parametres «the relation to», «the relation to Another», «the relation to a life», «the relation to a family».

Results of diagnostics are presented in table 10.

Table 10

Spheres of moral relations of younger schoolboys

Kinds of relations The relation to The relation to Another The relation to

To family

The relation to

Lives

Positive (%)
EG 63,4 57,3 42,6 75,7
KG 58,3 41 36,5 62,4
Neutral (%)
EG 28,4 36,3 48,3 21,6
KG 29,4 48 50,3 29,2
Negative (%)
EG 8,2 6,4 9,1 2,7
KG 12,3 11 13,2 8,4

The positive relation to is shown at 63,4 % in EG and at 58,3 % in

KG. For them statements are characteristic: «When I think of myself... That I beautiful; I represent, that I am happy with myself; I have many kind friends». The negative relation to is shown at 8,2 % of schoolboys in EG and at 12,3 % of pupils in KG: «When I think of myself... I am dissatisfied with myself; it seems to me, that I full neumeha».

The positive relation to Another is brightly expressed in EG (57,3 %), than in KG (41 %). It is shown in following answers: «People with whom I communicate. To me like; very good; interesting, kind; love me». The negative relation is traced in statements: «People, with which I communicating. Call me; fools, bad, informers».

The positive relation to the family in EG makes 42,6 %, in KG - 36,5 % and are shown in answers: «I think, that my mum more often... Helps me, loves me, pays me attention». The neutral relation is expressed by answers: «I think, that my mum more often. Works on the house, washes ware;. The daddy - reads the newspaper, repairs the car». The negative relation to mother is noted in one statement, more often the younger schoolboy expresses the negative relation to the father, the proof of that are statements «the Daddy. Abuses mum, happens malicious, often angry, happens drunk».

The positive relation to the life is observed at the majority of schoolboys (75,7 % in EG and 62,4 % in KG). We have tracked this relation in type answers: «My life. The most wonderful, good, develops well». Rather high percent of the negative relation to the life in KG (8,4 %) - «My life. Against me; I have got tired» demands attention of teachers, psychologists, parents as is a disturbing signal.

Diagnostics of level of creative activity is defined by B.S.Alisheva, L.A.Volovicha, M.I.Rozhkova, J.S.Tjunnikova's technique by criterion «an orientation on creativity». Results of diagnostics are resulted drawing 11.

Studying sformirovannosti dejatelnostnogo a component
It was carried out by a method of pedagogical supervision. The purpose of the given work was display ascertaining by the younger schoolboy of promoting forms of behaviour - operating with-experience, with-radovanija, with-action.

Fig. 11. An orientation of creative activity of the younger schoolboy at a stage of a control cut of forming experiment

Results of supervision of interpersonal relations at lessons and in out-of-class activity have shown, that in promoting behaviour compassion display prevails, with-radovanie, sympathy and has steady character.

On the basis of the given diagnosing techniques (the adapted variant of the test «Is reflected on life experience» for younger schoolboys) conclusions about positive dynamics of level sformirovannosti moral relations of younger schoolboys are ascertained. Results of a control cut of forming experiment are presented in table 11.

Table 11 Dynamics of level sformirovannosti moral relations

Stages eksperimeta Levels
High (%) Average (%) Low (%)
EG KG EG KG EG KG
The ascertaining 16,4 15,8 57,6 56,9 26 27,3
Control cut of forming experiment 36,2 22,6 51 57,1 12,8 20,3

Results of pedagogical supervision over a daily life of younger schoolboys, statistical data of diagnosing techniques show positive dynamics of high level of promoting behaviour as in EG (the gain has made 15,2 %), and in KG (a quantitative gain - 3,4 %); an average level of promoting behaviour in EG the gain has made 8,9 %, in KG this indicator also has increased by 10,5 %; the difference between data of ascertaining experiment and a control cut of forming experiment on an indicator of low level of promoting behaviour in EG has made 24,1 % with dynamics of decrease, and in KG - 13,9 % with dynamics of decrease. Visually given are presented in drawing 12.

Quantitative changes of indicators of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy at a stage of a control cut of forming experiment are presented in table 12.

Fig. 12. An estimation of level of promoting behaviour in EG and KG at a stage of a control cut of forming experiment

The quantitative data of diagnosing techniques cited in the table on spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy establish the fact of positive dynamics of levels duhovnoyonravstvennogo formation both in EG, and in KG.

Table 12

Dynamics of growth of indicators of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy at a stage of a control cut of forming experiment

№ p/p Indicators Results of diagnostics (%)
Ascertaining experiment Forming experiment
EG KG EG KG
1 Empatijnoe experience of an emotional condition of Another 20,1 20,3 36,2 27,4
2 Positive perception of and the World 30,6 32,4 46,5 36,6
3 Motivation to self-improvement 28,6 26,8 55,3 34,7
4 Requirements of spiritually-moral interaction 32,6 33 60 42
5 Knowledge of samples of spiritually-moral acts, ability to project own behaviour 16,4 15,8 44,2 36,3
6 Representations about own moral activity for mood, state of health of Others 30,2 32,5 64,8 41,2
7 Promoting behaviour (active soyochuvstvie, with-radovanie, attention and care display) 44,2 46,2 75,1 50,2
8 Orientation of the person on positive transformation of world around 20,8 18,6 42,7 21

However, if results of ascertaining experiment showed to us, that between results of starting cuts in EG and KG there were no basic distinctions indicators of data of a control cut at a stage of forming experiment visually show more essential qualitative gain in EG. So, for example, the quantitative gain on an indicator «Empatijnoe experience of an emotional condition of Another» in EG has made 16,1 %, and in KG - 7,1 %. On an indicator «Positive perception of and the World» the gain in EG has made 15,9 %, in KG - 4,2 %.

On an indicator «Motivation to self-improvement» in EG the gain has made 26,7 %, in KG - 7,9 %. On an indicator «Requirements duhovnoyonravstvennogo interactions» a gain in EG - 17,6 %, in KG - 9 %. On
To indicator «Knowledge of samples of spiritually-moral acts, ability to project own behaviour» the gain in EG makes 27,8 %, in KG - 20,5 %. On an indicator «Representations about own moral activity for mood, state of health of Others» the gain makes 34,6 %, in in KG on the same indicator - 8,7 %. On an indicator «Promoting behaviour (active with-chuvstvie, with-radovanie, attention and care display)» the gain makes 30,9 %, in KG - 14 %. On an indicator «the Orientation of the person on positive transformation of world around» the gain makes 11,9 %, in KG - 2,4 %. Dynamics of a quantitative gain on indicators of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy in EG and KG is presented in drawing 13.

1) Empatijnoe experience of an emotional condition of Another.

2) Positive perception of and the World.

3) Motivation to self-improvement.

4) Requirements of spiritually-moral interaction.

5) Knowledge of samples of spiritually-moral acts, ability to project own behaviour.

6) Representations about own moral activity for mood, state of health of Others.

7) Promoting behaviour (active with-chuvstvie, with-radovanie, attention and care display).

8) the Orientation of the person on positive transformation of world around.

Fig. 13. Dynamics of a qualitative gain of indicators of spiritually-moral formation of the person of the younger schoolboy in comparison EG-KG

Results of a control cut of forming experiment have been analysed from a point of a mathematical substantiation, having applied to the analysis Fisher's f-criterion (Fisher's angular transformation) for empirical distributions. As prospective hypotheses we will put forward

Following positions in which Н0 - «Distinctions of level duhovnoyonravstvennogo formation of the person of younger schoolboys are insufficiently considerable and consequently distribution of estimations concerns a general totality, and as consequence, sample is made correctly»; Н1 - «Distinctions between both distributions are considerable enough». The spent mathematical processing has proved reliability of distribution of estimations of a control cut of forming experiment in control and experimental groups, and has proved, that hypothesis Н1 is true.

Table 13

Empirical data of ascertaining experiment of levels duhovnoyonravstvennogo formation of the person of participants of experiment

Groups Levels sformirovannosti (in % from quantity of participants)
The high Average The low
Experimental (N = 323) 36,4 51,3 12,3
Control (N=322) 14,3 64,9 20,8
Significance value r r
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