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the analysis of the maintenance of a teaching material of school textbooks from a position of their orientation to achievement of personal results of training

Having addressed to the analysis of psihologo-pedagogical researches which became the scientifically-proved reference point for definition of the conditions necessary for formation of personal results of schoolboys, began possible to define the following research problem which we see in allocation of existing empirical base for construction of educational tasks.

The similar approach will allow us to define, various kinds of educational tasks are how much purposefully used in student teaching, and also to define own reference points for working out of the toolkit, allowing to realise idea of working out of the special approach to designing of the educational tasks focused on formations of personal results of schoolboys in the course of training.

Recognising that one of the major implementers of the purposes of training the teaching material, and one of leading tutorials who contains a teaching material is, the textbook is, we will address to the degree analysis predstavlennosti in textbooks of mathematics of the educational tasks focused on formation of personal results of schoolboys

During research we had been analysed following textbooks of mathematics of 5th class:

Mathematics: the textbook for 5 kl. Educational institutions / Dorofeyev G. V, Sharygin I.F., etc. / under the editorship of Dorofeyev G. V, Sharygina I.F. - 12 izd., - M: Education, 2011. - 303 with.

Mathematics: the textbook for 5 kl. Educational institutions / N.J.Vilenkin, V.I.Zhohov, A.S.garlic, S.I.Shvartsburg. - 31 izd.ster. - M: Mnemozina.

Mathematics: 5 class: the textbook for pupils of general educational establishments / A.G. Merzljak, V.B.Polonsky, M.S.Jakir. - M: Ventana-columns, 2013.-304 with.: silt.

Mathematics. 5 kl.: the textbook for educational institutions / I.I.Zubarev, A.G.Mordkovich - 14-e izd., ispr. And dop. - M: Mnemozina, 2013. - 270 with.: silt.

The choice of textbooks of first three authors speaks that in the majority of schools throughout long time they are used as the basic textbooks. At a choice we proceeded also from this, that textbooks of these authors reflect the traditional approach to formation of the maintenance of formation. At the same time, modern lines in pedagogics, change of an educational paradigm have demanded revision of a role of the maintenance of formation in educational process. The textbook under the maintenance and the form should be a projection any more only scientific knowledge, - marks M.A.Holodnaja, - but also the basic psychological lines of intellectual development of children . The given ideas have found reflexion in textbooks of mathematics of authors I.I.Zubarevoj, A.G.Mordkovich. [29, с.62].

In the textbook A.G.Merzljak, V.B.Polonsky, M.S.Jakir the mathematics 5 class is provided urovnevaja the differentiation, allowing to form at schoolboys informative interest to mathematics. The textbook is included into system Algorithm of success which represents complete informatsionnoyoobrazovatelnuju the environment of the basic school constructed on the basis of uniform ideological, didactic and methodical principles, requirements FGOS directed on realisation. The textbook maintenance corresponds to federal state standard of the second generation of the basic general education.

The given textbook comprises two sections which consist of five heads, and chapters, in turn, - from paragraphs.

In total in the textbook of 38 paragraphs, each of which begins with a statement of a theoretical material, studying which,
It is necessary to turn special attention to the text typed by other font. So in the book the words meaning mathematical terms, rules and the most important mathematical statements are allocated. As a rule, the theoretical material comes to an end with examples of the decision of problems. They can be considered as one of possible samples of registration of the decision. For each paragraph problems for the independent decision are picked up, to start to which authors advise only after mastering of a theoretical material. Among tasks is both simple and average on complexity, and difficult.

In the reference to the teacher authors underline, that in the given textbook the numerous and various didactic material though it is possible is collected, for one academic year it will not be possible to solve all problems, yes in it and there is no necessity. At the same time, it is much more convenient to work, if there is a considerable stock of problems. It gives the chance to realise principles urovnevoj differentiation and an individual approach in training.

It is necessary to notice, that we analyzed textbooks of the given authors and later editions, but any essential changes in the maintenance and structure of educational tasks has not been revealed.

We will analyze the above-stated textbooks from an inclusiveness position in their maintenance of the tasks providing possibility of purposeful formation of personal results of schoolboys. From this point of view we define following criteria of the analysis predstavlennosti in the maintenance of textbooks of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training:

1. Completeness predstavlennosti:

- The tasks focused on inclusion of schoolboys in creative informative activity, having cultural-creative character;

- The tasks including informative activity in a context of ability to live of schoolboys;

- Tasks for necessity of social interaction of schoolboys with each other in the course of training;

- Tasks for formation at schoolboys of experience of a reflexion in poznayovatelnoj activity;

- Tasks of a tsennostno-semantic orientation; tasks for development at schoolboys of the critical relation to them and the form of their presentation;

- Tasks with absence of borders in search and a choice of ways of their performance.

2. A specific variety of educational tasks.

3. Presence of the tasks aimed at achievement of base set of personal results of schoolboys.

As has shown the analysis, the tasks focused on achievement of personal results of schoolboys in textbooks very few. In N.J.Vilenkina's textbook 1849 tasks from which only 5 are directly directed achievement of personal results that makes 0,27 % of all tasks are presented. In G.V.Dorofeyev, I.F.Sharygina's textbook 1212 tasks from which 4 are directed on achievement of personal results that makes 0,33 % of all tasks are presented. In Zubarevoj I.I., A.G.Mordkovich's textbook 988 tasks from which 5 are directed on achievement of personal results that makes 0,5 % of all tasks are presented. In A.G.Merzljak, V.B.Polonsky's textbook 1222 tasks from which 7 are directed on achievement of personal results that makes 0, 57 % of all tasks are presented. These data are presented in table 4.

Table 4

The analysis of an inclusiveness of the educational tasks focused on achievement of personal results of training in school textbooks mathematicians of 5th class

The textbook name Total of tasks Quantity of tasks, orienyotirovannyh on achievement of personal results obuyochenija
Vilenkin N.JA. Mathematics: uchebyonik for 5 kl. Comprehensive schools. - 31 izd., a stereotype.-M.: Mnemozpna, 2013. 1849 5
Dorofeyev G. V, SHarygin II.Ф. MateYOmatika: the textbook for 5 kl. obshcheobrayozovatelnyh establishments.-12 izd., M.: education, 2011. 1212 4
Zubarev ILII., Mordkovpch A.G.MaYotematika 5 kl.: the textbook for obshcheobyorazovatelnyh uchrezhdenip. th.:

Mnemozpna, 2013.

988 5
Mathematics: 5 class: the textbook for pupils general educational

A.G.Merzljak, V.B.PoYolonsky, M.S.Jakpr's establishment/. - M.: Ventana - the Count, 2013.-304 with.: square

1222 7

The analysis of the maintenance of the designated textbooks has allowed us to obtain data about presence in them of considered educational tasks in textbooks of mathematics 5 classes. We have generalised these results in table 5.

Inclusiveness in the maintenance of a teaching material of mathematics 5 classes of the educational tasks directed on formation of personal results of schoolboys

The textbook name Criteria
Tasks for inclusion of schoolboys in the creative informative activity having kulturnoyosozidatelnyj character The tasks including informative activity in a context zhiznedejatelnost and schoolboys Tasks on it is necessary ost socially go vzaimodej stvija shkolniko in with each other in the course of training Tasks on it is formed ie at schoolboys of experience of a reflexion in poznavateln oh activity Tasks tsennostnoyosmyslovoj napravlenno sti Tasks for development kriticheskog about relations to the maintenance and their form predjavleni I Tasks about absence of m of borders in search and a choice of their ways vypolneni I
Vilenkin N.JA. Mathematics:

The textbook for 5 kl.

Comprehensive schools. - 31 izd., a stereotype. - M: Mnemozina, 2013.

1 1 0 1 1 0 1
Dorofeyev G. V, SHarygin I.F. Mathematics: the textbook for 5 kl. Educational institutions.-12 izd., M: Education, 2011. 1 1 0 0 1 0 1
Zubareva I.I., Mordkovich A.G. Mathematics 5 kl.: the textbook for educational institutions. - M: Mnemozina, 2013. 1 2 0 1 1 0 0
Mathematics: 5 class: the textbook for pupils general educational

Establishments / A.G. Merzljak, V.B.Polonsky, M.S.Jakir. - M:

Ventana-columns, 2013.-304 with.: silt.

2 1 0 1 3 0 0

In the given textbooks also there are tasks which will be directed on achievement of personal results of schoolboys if them to finish, add with questions, to accompany the historical inquiry, the facts. We will result some examples of such tasks.

Problem from N.J.Vilenkina's textbook № 1351 [8, with. 211].

For compote preparation have made a mix of 8 parts (on weight) dry apples, 4 parts of dried apricots and 3 parts of raisin. How many kgs of each of dried fruits to be necessary for 2,7 kg of such mix.

It is possible to improve the maintenance, having given to it an orientation on formation of personal results, for example, having added the given problem probably to add with a question: think, what practical importance for you the result received at the decision of the given problem has? This task also enriches also life experience of pupils.

Problem from G.V.Dorofeyev, I.F.Sharygina's textbook № 1044 [19, with. 221].

From the faulty crane water drips. Andrey has substituted under the crane a floor - an one-litre jar and has noticed, that it was filled with water for 2/3 ch.

How many water litres follow from this crane in an hour? For days?

For what time there will be full a 2-litre jar substituted under this faulty crane? A six-litre bucket?

Possible additional question: how many in roubles will make a damage for the poured out water? How this knowledge can change your actions in these situations?

The problem has been found in I.I.Zubarevoj, A.G.Mordkovich's textbook № 157 [29, with. 50].

Make the list of products which you would like to buy to a celebratory table, learn their prices and, having executed estimation, define, whether 800 rivers will suffice you for purchase If will suffice, think, that else it is possible to buy on the remained money and if is not present what you should refuse.

Possible additional question: How you consider, with what vital situations you can be helped by the knowledge taken from the decision of the given problem?

In the textbook of authors A.G.Merzljak, V.B.Polonsky, M.S.Jakir. The problem № 1055 [52 has been found, with. 252].

Simultaneously on a frying pan it is possible to put two crucians. To roast one crucian on the one hand, 1 minute is necessary. Whether it is possible to roast for three minutes from two parties of three crucians?

Possible additional question: Think, what practical importance for you the result received at the decision of the given problem has?

Whether you can improve the life experience on the basis of the decision of this problem?

The carried out analysis of textbooks on the mathematician has shown 5 classes of absence in them of the tasks providing formation of following personal results on aspects of display of personal experience of following kinds of knowledge:

- Readiness to take of a reflective position in creative informative activity;

- Readiness for development of the critical relation for the maintenance, the form of a presentation of the task;

- Readiness for self-determination in the conditions of working out of informative strategy;

- Readiness for realisation of a tsennostno-semantic choice;

- Readiness for interaction of schoolboys with each other in the course of training;

- Readiness for an establishment of communications with other people;

- Readiness of inclusion of schoolboys in the informative activity, stimulating them to development of new social experience.

In the circumstances it is impossible to speak functional influence of the maintenance of a teaching material in aspect of its orientation on achievement by schoolboys of personal results as planned results of training.

Let's pay attention, that at all textbooks of mathematics there are educational tasks in which knowledge is fixed:

- About types of mathematical problems, which become a mastering subject (for example, problems for percent, on a part, on movement on the river);

- About ways of the decision of problems of certain type.

But at the same time, in the textbooks analysed by us almost there are no the tasks directed on formation of personal results of schoolboys, however, textbooks contain individual tasks:

- With historicism elements;

- With the description of vital situations,

- The tasks demanding inclusion of schoolboys in creative informative activity;

- The tasks creating conditions for display of reflective abilities,

- The tasks demanding realisation of a reflective position of the pupil in informative activity;

- The tasks stimulating the reference of the pupil to private world, the life experience.

It is carried out at the expense of use of problem character of a statement of a material, and also the organisation of some educational tasks in the form of dialogues (for example, dialogue of characters from a plot of tasks).

These features are looked through in the maintenance of educational tasks of the school textbooks, considered by us as predposylochnye characteristics against which it is possible to lean for designing of the maintenance of a teaching material as their use can lead to achievement of personal results of pupils. The given features are a necessary condition for formation of personal results of pupils, but not sufficient.

Thus, in the maintenance of the analysed textbooks, some possibilities for formation at schoolboys of personal results are put in pawn.

However, the set of seldom meeting tasks which maintenance is formation of separate personal results does not suffice. There are no the tasks abilities on development of the critical relation to the maintenance and the form of a presentation of the task, for inclusion of schoolboys in socially-significant creative informative activity became which maintenance, the tasks entering informative activity in a context of ability to live of schoolboys, the task for necessity of social interaction of schoolboys with each other in the course of training. In small quantity it is presented tasks for formation at schoolboys of experience of a reflexion in informative activity; tasks of a tsennostno-semantic orientation; tasks with absence of borders in search and a choice of ways of their performance.

It is obvious, that it is obviously not enough such quantity and set of tasks for systematic formation of personal results of pupils.

Results of the spent analysis of textbooks on the mathematician of 5 classes allow to draw a conclusion that personal results are not a subject of special attention of authors of textbooks. Therefore the maintenance of a teaching material of these textbooks does not create conditions for planned formation of personal results at schoolboys.

In this connection, there was a necessity of designing of such maintenance of textbooks which will provide formation at schoolboys of personal results in the conditions of skilled-experimental training.

2.2.

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A source: Beljaeva Ekaterina Aleksandrovna. the EDUCATIONAL TASK AS PEDAGOGICAL MEANS of ACHIEVEMENT of PERSONAL RESULTS of TRAINING At the BASIC SCHOOL. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Vladimir - 2019. 2019

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  1. Beljaeva Ekaterina Aleksandrovna. the EDUCATIONAL TASK AS PEDAGOGICAL MEANS of ACHIEVEMENT of PERSONAL RESULTS of TRAINING At the BASIC SCHOOL. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Vladimir - 2019, 2019
  2. BELJAEVA Ekaterina Aleksandrovna. the EDUCATIONAL TASK AS PEDAGOGICAL MEANS of ACHIEVEMENT of PERSONAL RESULTS of TRAINING At the BASIC SCHOOL. The dissertation AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Tver - 2019, 2019
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